A Theory of Justice for Animals

Tackling animal ethics as it relates to justice and non-ideal theory, this is a seminal work that will challenge traditional approaches and offer a compelling new vision of animal justice.

Author: Robert Garner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199936323

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 679

Are animals worthy recipients of justice? If so, what do we owe them, and what is to be gained by using the language of justice when considering our duties toward them? This innovative book argues that not only are animals worthy recipients of justice, but that the language of justice offers a stronger base of claims for animal advocates than does the language of ethics or morality. Contending that a genuinely political theory of animal rights must go beyond the level of ideal theory, this is the first account of animal ethics to use nonideal theory to plot a course from where we are now to where we want to be. Robert Garner argues that a valid theory of justice for animals should be rights-based, and that animals have a right to not suffer at the hands of humans. At the same time, he argues that humans have a greater interest in life and liberty than most species of nonhuman animals. Tackling animal ethics as it relates to justice and non-ideal theory, this is a seminal work that will challenge traditional approaches and offer a compelling new vision of animal justice.

Sentientist Politics

Crucially, this worth and these rights create a duty on moral agents to establish and maintain a political order dedicated to their interests. This book is devoted to sketching what this 'sentientist politics' might look like.

Author: Alasdair Cochrane

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192507036

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 696

There is now widespread agreement that many non-human animals are sentient, and that this fact has important moral and political implications. Indeed, most are in agreement that animal sentience ought to constrain the actions of political institutions, limiting the harms that can be perpetrated against animals. The primary aim of this book is to show that the political implications of animal sentience go even further than this. For this book argues that sentience establishes a moral equality and a shared set of rights amongst those creatures who possess it. Crucially, this worth and these rights create a duty on moral agents to establish and maintain a political order dedicated to their interests. This book is devoted to sketching what this 'sentientist politics' might look like. It argues in favour of a ' sentientist cosmopolitan democracy': a global political system made up of overlapping local, national, regional and global communities comprised of human and non-human members who exist within shared 'communities of fate'. Furthermore, the institutions of those communities should be democratic - that is to say, participative, deliberative and representative. Finally, those institutions should include dedicated representatives of non-human animals whose job should be to translate the interests of animals into deliberations over what is in the public good for their communities.

Animal Ethics

It is important to note at this point that Rawls does not intend to exclude animals from any moral consideration . Despite his Kantian roots , his is not a theory emphasizing that we owe only indirect duties to animals .

Author: Robert Garner

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745630793

Category: Nature

Page: 189

View: 813

This book is an attempt to lead the way through the moral maze that is our relationship with nonhuman animals. Written by an author with an established reputation in this field, the book takes the reader step by step through the main parameters of the debate, demonstrating at each turn the different positions adopted. In the second part of the book, the implications of holding each position for the ethical permissibility of what is done to animals - in laboratories, farms, the home and the wild - are explained. Garner starts by asking whether animals have any moral standing before moving on to assess exactly what degree of moral status ought to be accorded to them. It is suggested that whilst animals should not be granted the same moral status as humans, they are worthy of greater moral consideration than the orthodox animal welfare position allows. As a result, it is suggested that many of the ways we currently treat animals are morally illegitimate. In the final chapter, the issue of political praxis is tackled. How are reforms to the ways in which animals are treated to be achieved? This book suggests that currently dominant debates about insider status and direct action are less important than the question of agency. That is, the important question is not what is done to change the way animals are treated as much as whom is to be mobilised to join the cause. Students of philosophy, politics and environmental issues will find this an essential textbook.

The Political Theory of Animal Rights

Looking at the impact on political thinking caused by the idea that animals are morally important beings, this text suggests that liberalism, despite having weaknesses, is the most appropriate ideological position for the protection of ...

Author: Robert Garner

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719067105

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 260

Looking at the impact on political thinking caused by the idea that animals are morally important beings, this text suggests that liberalism, despite having weaknesses, is the most appropriate ideological position for the protection of animal interests.

The Political Turn in Animal Ethics

This edited collection of original essays focuses on the political dimension of the debate about our treatment of nonhuman animals.

Author: Robert Garner

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1783487267

Category: Philosophy

Page: 226

View: 927

This edited collection of original essays focuses on the political dimension of the debate about our treatment of nonhuman animals.

The Ethics of Killing Animals

It addresses a number of questions: Can painless killing harm or benefit an animal and, if so, why and under what conditions? Can coming into existence harm or benefit an animal? Is killing animals morally acceptable?

Author: Tatjana ViƩsak

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199396086

Category: Animal rights

Page: 272

View: 320

While it is generally accepted that animal welfare matters morally, it is less clear how to morally evaluate the ending of an animal's life. It seems to matter for the animal whether it experiences pain or pleasure, or enjoyment or suffering. But does it also matter for the animal whether it lives or dies? Is a longer life better for an animal than a shorter life? If so, under what conditions is this so, and why is this the case? Is it better for an animal to live rather than never to be born at all? The Ethics of Killing Animals addresses these value-theoretical questions about animal life, death and welfare. It also discusses whether and how answers to these questions are relevant for our moral duties towards animals. Is killing animals ever morally acceptable and, if so, under what conditions? Do animals have moral rights, such as the right to life and should they be accorded legal rights? How should our moral duties towards animals inform our individual behavior and policy-making? This volume presents a collection of contributions from major thinkers in ethics and animal welfare, with a special focus on the moral evaluation of killing animals.

Zoopolis

To all of these animals we owe respect for their basic inviolable rights.

Author: Sue Donaldson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199599661

Category: Nature

Page: 329

View: 662

To all of these animals we owe respect for their basic inviolable rights.

Opponents and Implications of A Theory of Justice

3 The first objection is contained explicitly in Michael S. Pritchard and Wade L. Robinson , " Justice and the Treatment of Animals : A Critique of Rawls . " Environmental Ethics 3 ( 1981 ) : 55-61 . Robert Elliol responds to this ...

Author: Henry S. Richardson

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780815329275

Category: Philosophy

Page: 314

View: 274

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Political Animals and Animal Politics

The way I approach this concrete aim is to consider the thought of the great liberal philosopher John Rawls, whose original views on animals came very close to adopting the 'animals are beneath politics' line. Animals, Rawls wrote in A ...

Author: Marcel Wissenburg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349683086

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

View: 782

While much has been written on environmental politics on the one hand, and animal ethics and welfare on the other, animal politics is underexamined. There are key political implications in the increase of animal protection laws, the rights of nature, and political parties dedicated to animals.

A Theory of Justice

But within the context of the theory of justice as a whole , there is much less urgency to take this course . ... Not only are many aspects of morality left aside , but no account is given of right conduct in regard to animals and the ...

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674042582

Category: Law

Page: 564

View: 381

Previous edition, 1st, published in 1971.