Agricultural and Forestry Residues in Brazil

Agriculture and forestry generate a significant amount of residues that could be used in conversion technologies for energy generation, based on the type of biomass, residues available and the market demand.

Author: Bruna Missagia

Publisher: Sudwestdeutscher Verlag Fur Hochschulschriften AG

ISBN: 9783838134659


Page: 228

View: 123

Agriculture and forestry generate a significant amount of residues that could be used in conversion technologies for energy generation, based on the type of biomass, residues available and the market demand. Several case studies and social groups were investigated in Brazil to identify different resource management strategies, which biomass technology was applied and the needs of the local population. It was concluded that the compaction of biomass to generate solid biofuels with uniform properties could be a cost-effective alternative for communities taking advantage of the resources available in the region to produce energy. Nevertheless, the cultural, geographical and socio-economic discrepancies of Brazil could involve challenges on the implementation of future projects, even when their development would provide benefits for Brazil as a whole.

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

This includes the following: 390MT from crop residues, 343MT from perennial
energy crops (both tree and herbaceous), 80MT of grains for biofuels, and 96 MT
from animal manure, ... In this study, the estimated energy potential of solid
agricultural residues and forest residues is ~40Mtoe. ... BRIC (Brazil, Russia,
India, and China) BRAZIL Brazil has a large amount of biomass stock available in
the country.

Author: Ashok Pandey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444632905

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 504

View: 242

This book provides general information and data on one of the most promising renewable energy sources: biomass for its thermochemical conversion. During the last few years, there has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. This book provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative processing of biomass as well as the process development elements on thermochemical processing of biomass for the production of biofuels and bio-products on (biomass-based biorefinery). The conversion of biomass to biofuels and other value-added products on the principle biorefinery offers potential from technological perspectives as alternate energy. The book covers intensive R&D and technological developments done during the last few years in the area of renewable energy utilizing biomass as feedstock and will be highly beneficial for the researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of biomass-biofuels- biorefinery. Provides the most advanced and innovative thermochemical conversion technology for biomass Provides information on large scales such as thermochemical biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale up Serves as both a textbook for graduate students and a reference book for researchers Provides information on integration of process and technology on thermochemical conversion of biomass

Nigerian Universities Inaugural Lectures Series

This study was repeated substituting agricultural residues for wood residues ,
and successes recorded . Again the account in Brazil is an indication that the so
called agriculture and forest residues in this country are not necessarily wastes .
3 .




Category: Speeches, addresses, etc


View: 652

Inaugural lectures delivered in the Nigerian University System.

Industrial Uses of Biomass Energy

This book is an interdisciplinary, multi-author work, based upon a recently completed international study by Brazilian and British experts and will prove a valuable reference to all those working in this field.

Author: Frank Rosillo-Calle

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203194034

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 203

Industrial Uses of Biomass Energy demonstrates that energy-rich vegetation, biomass, is a key renewable energy resource for the future. Brazil, uniquely, has a recent history of large-scale biomass industrial uses that makes it a specially important test-bed both for the development of biomass technology and its utilisation, and for understanding how this is shaped by political and socio-economic forces. The book analyses the cause for this and the alternatives. It is argued that Brazil's experience with the development for industrial biomass use provides wider lessons and insights in the context of the international movement for sustainable economic development. This book is an interdisciplinary, multi-author work, based upon a recently completed international study by Brazilian and British experts and will prove a valuable reference to all those working in this field.

Biofuels for Aviation

in the 2014 Farm Bill, and expanded the program to include bio-based
renewable chemicals and bio-based product manufacturing through ... Currently,
Brazil does not have a specific policy for alternative aviation fuels, however,
initiatives exist on the state level. ... the process can be applied to other
feedstocks, in particular, cellulosic sugars from woody biomass and agricultural
or forest residues [35].

Author: Christopher Chuck

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128032154

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 390

View: 155

Biofuels for Aviation: Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation presents the issues surrounding the research and use of biofuels for aviation, such as policy, markets, certification and performance requirements, life cycle assessment, and the economic and technical barriers to their full implementation. Readers involved in bioenergy and aviation sectors—research, planning, or policy making activities—will benefit from this thorough overview. The aviation industry’s commitment to reducing GHG emissions along with increasing oil prices have sparked the need for renewable and affordable energy sources tailored to this sector’s very specific needs. As jet engines cannot be readily electrified, turning to biofuels is the most viable option. However, aviation is a type of transportation for which traditional biofuels, such as bioethanol and biodiesel, do not fulfill key fuel requirements. Therefore, different solutions to this situation are being researched and tested around the globe, which makes navigating this scenario particularly challenging. This book guides readers through this intricate subject, bringing them up to speed with its current status and future prospects both from the academic and the industry point of view. Science and technology chapters delve into the technical aspects of the currently tested and the most promising technology in development, as well as their respective feedstocks and the use of additives as a way of adapting them to meet certain specifications. Conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch are explored and their results are assessed for current and future viability. Presents the current status of biofuels for the aviation sector, including technologies that are currently in use and the most promising future technologies, their production processes and viability Explains the requirements for certification and performance of aviation fuels and how that can be achieved by biofuels Explores the economic and policy issues, as well as life cycle assessment, a comparative techno-economic analysis of promising technologies and a roadmap to the future Explores conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch

Biofuels in Brazil

The federal government created the Agroenergy Embrapa Center in 2006 in
Brasilia research issues related to biodiesel, ethanol, and the energetic use of
agricultural and forest residues. Petrobras Biofuels has promoted the
engagement of ...

Author: Silvio Silvério da Silva

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319050206

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 107

This book discusses the commercialization of biofuels and the Brazilian government policies for the promotion of renewable energy program in Brazil, which could be a learning module for several countries for implementing biofuels policy to improve their socioeconomic status and make them energy independent. Researchers in academia and industries, policy makers, and economic analysts will be assisted by important source of information in their ongoing research and future perspectives. This book will benefit graduate and postgraduate students of chemical and biochemical engineering, forestry, microbiology, biochemistry, biotechnology, applied chemistry, environmental science, sustainable energy, and biotech business disciplines by signifying the applied aspects of bioenergy production from various natural sources and their implications. Graduate and postgraduate students as well as postdoctoral researchers will find clear concepts of feedstock analysis, feedstock degradation, microbial fermentation, genetic engineering, renewable energy generation and storage, climate changes, and techno-economic analysis of biofuels production technologies.

Energy Crisis Vol 4

... the North American plains and Argentina , the sugar cane residues of Brazil ,
the dense forests of Central America and the Amazon ... It focused on producing
energy from wood , wood wastes , agricultural commodities and farm residues .

Author: Lester A. Sobel


ISBN: 9780871962843

Category: Energy policy

Page: 220

View: 861

Soil Management and Climate Change

... 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Soil use
alterations Liming Forestry residues FIG. ... The main reasons that Brazil
occupies the third position are changes in agricultural land use through
extensification ...

Author: Maria Angeles Munoz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128121297

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 114

Soil Management and Climate Change: Effects on Organic Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions provides a state of the art overview of recent findings and future research challenges regarding physical, chemical and biological processes controlling soil carbon, nitrogen dynamic and greenhouse gas emissions from soils. This book is for students and academics in soil science and environmental science, land managers, public administrators and legislators, and will increase understanding of organic matter preservation in soil and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. Given the central role soil plays on the global carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycles and its impact on greenhouse gas emissions, there is an urgent need to increase our common understanding about sources, mechanisms and processes that regulate organic matter mineralization and stabilization, and to identify those management practices and processes which mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, helping increase organic matter stabilization with suitable supplies of available N. Provides the latest findings about soil organic matter stabilization and greenhouse gas emissions Covers the effect of practices and management on soil organic matter stabilization Includes information for readers to select the most suitable management practices to increase soil organic matter stabilization

The Forestry Chronicle

Therefore , it is common in Brazil to use intensive silvicultural practices such as
herbicide application , mechanized ... of applying these residues to forest
plantations are lower than those presented by similar systems in agricultural
areas ( Rizzi ...




Category: Forests and forestry


View: 99

Environmental and Economic Evaluation of Energy Recovery from Agricultural and Forestry Residues

U.S. Department of Agriculture , Statistical Reporting Service , Agricultural
Statistics 1977 , Washington , D.C. ( 1977 ) . 4 . ... Sresnewsky , S.C. Trind ade ,
Casava Fuel Alcohol in Brazil , Proceedings of the 12th Inter society Energy
Conversion ...

Author: Argonne National Laboratory



Category: Agricultural wastes

Page: 106

View: 946