Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Traditions

These essays yield increased understanding of specialized craft production and long-distance exchange; decorative variation at community and regional scales to reveal past communities of practice and identity; ancient Caddo cosmological and ...

Author: Duncan P. McKinnon

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 0807171182

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 398

Finely decorated ceramic vessels made for cooking, storage, and serving were a hallmark of Native Caddo cultures. The tradition began as many as 3,000 years ago among Woodland-period ancestors, thrived between c. 800 and 1800, and continues today in the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma. In Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Traditions, eighteen experts offer a comprehensive assessment of recent findings about the manufacture and use of Caddo pottery, touching on craft technology, artistic and stylistic variation, and links between ancestral production and modern artistic expression. Part I discusses the evolution of ceramic design and morphology in the Caddo Archaeological Area by geographic region: southwestern Arkansas, northwestern Louisiana, southeastern Oklahoma, and East Texas. It also gives focused study to the salt-making industry and its associated pottery. Part II features ceramic studies employing state-of-the-art techniques such as geochemical analysis, fine-grained analysis of stylistic elements, iconography, and network analysis. These essays yield increased understanding of specialized craft production and long-distance exchange; decorative variation at community and regional scales to reveal past communities of practice and identity; ancient Caddo cosmological and religious beliefs; and geographical variation in vessel forms. In Part III, two contemporary Caddos furnish an important Native perspective. Drawing on personal experience, they explore meaning and inspiration behind modern pottery productions as a cultural strategy for the persistence of community and identity. The first volume of its kind for Caddo archaeology, Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Traditions is also a valuable reference on ceramic practices across the broader southeastern archaeological region.

Reconsidering Mississippian Communities and Households

... in North America: Innovative Techniques for Anthropological Applications and Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Traditions. Current research includes distributional analyses of Caddo art and ceramics to evaluate social exchange and interaction ...

Author: Elizabeth Watts Malouchos

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817320881


Page: 336

View: 646

Explores the archaeology of Mississippian communities and households using new data and advances in method and theory First published in 1995, Mississippian Communities and Households, edited by J. Daniel Rogers and Bruce D. Smith, was a foundational text that advanced southeastern archaeology in significant ways and brought household-level archaeology to the forefront of the field. The impressive breadth of case studies presented allowed archaeologists to grapple with the complexities of Mississippian social organization across the region. Reconsidering Mississippian Communitiesand Households revisits and builds on what has been learned in the years since the Rogers and Smith volume. Edited by Elizabeth Watts Malouchos and Alleen Betzenhauser, this new volume advances the field further with the diverse perspectives of current social theory and methods and big data as applied to communities in Native America from the AD 900s to 1700s and from northeast Florida to southwest Arkansas. The book is divided into four parts with overarching themes: articulating communities and households; coalescing and conflicting communities; community and cosmos; and movement, memory, and histories. Watts Malouchos and Betzenhauser bring together scholars researching diverse Mississippian Southeast and Midwest sites to investigate aspects of community and household construction, maintenance, and dissolution. By tacking back and forth between daily domestic practices and wider communal landscapes, contributors engage with communities and households as locations of daily social, political, economic, and religious negotiations. Thirteen original case studies prove that community can be enacted and expressed in various ways, including in feasting, pottery styles, war and conflict, and mortuary treatments.

Peering Through the Sands of Time

Caddo ceramic potters typically used locally- sources of cultural and historical information about the Caddo peoples. 2. ... it is evident that ceramics were important to the ancestral Caddo in: the cooking and serving of foods and ...

Author: Mason D. Miller, M.A.

Publisher: The Texas Department of Transportation and AmaTerra Environmental, Inc.


Category: Social Science

Page: 115

View: 191

Explore the rich cultural heritage and history of the Caddo in northeast Texas through the archeological excavations of the Kitchen Branch site (41CP220), a late Titus Phase occupation (15th through 17th Centuries A.D.) site in Camp County. Who are the Caddo and why were they so influential in Texas history and prehistory? Archeologists working on behalf of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) use the materials the prehistoric Caddo left behind to narrate one small part of their story. Immerse yourself in the excavations of a Caddo homestead. Discussions focus on Caddo ceramics and the rich ceramic-making tradition that contributes to their heritage. Learn how the Caddo made pots for everyday use as well as special, ceremonial occasions. See photos of actual vessels recovered from other sites in the region and virtual three-dimensional models of both archeological and modern analogs. Includes a detailed, illustrated glossary of terms. This is a direct PDF export of a fully-interactive electronic document of the same name available for iPad and Mac computer devices through the iTunes Store. Interactive components are therefore not preserved.

The Archaeology of the Caddo

Their roots can be traced to several ancestral Woodland Period culture groups of varying sociopolitical complexities, ... which began to settle down in dispersed communities throughout the region, to manufacture ceramics for cooking and ...

Author: Timothy K. Perttula

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803220960

Category: Social Science

Page: 516

View: 282

This landmark volume provides the most comprehensive overview to date of the prehistory and archaeology of the Caddo peoples. The Caddos lived in the Southeastern Woodlands for more than 900 years beginning around AD 800?900, before being forced to relocate to Oklahoma in 1859. They left behind a spectacular archaeological record, including the famous Spiro Mound site in Oklahoma as well as many other mound centers, plazas, farmsteads, villages, and cemeteries. The Archaeology of the Caddo examines new advances in studying the history of the Caddo peoples, including ceramic analysis, reconstructions of settlement and regional histories of different Caddo communities, Geographic Information Systems and geophysical landscape studies at several spatial scales, the cosmological significance of mound and structure placements, and better ways to understand mortuary practices. Findings from major sites and drainages such as the Crenshaw site, mounds in the Arkansas River basin, Spiro Mound, the Oak Hill Village site, the George C. Davis site, the Willow Chute Bayou Locality, the Hughes site, Big Cypress Creek basin, and the McClelland and Joe Clark sites are also summarized and interpreted. This volume reintroduces the Caddos? heritage, creativity, and political and religious complexity.

A Prehistory of Houston and Southeast Texas

It could be that the steady westward spread of Tchefuncte ceramics, and perhaps also the concept of burial mounds, ... the Fourche Maline material culture, thought to be a likely ancestral culture of the Caddo (Schambach and Early 1994; ...

Author: Dan M. Worrall

Publisher: Concertina Press (

ISBN: 0982599633

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 358

Houston and Southeast Texas have an ancient, storied prehistory. Using data from hundreds of archeological site reports, a changing coastal landscape modeled through time in 3D, historical information on Native Americans taken from the accounts of the earliest European visitors, and digital GIS mapping to weave it all together, this book recounts the development of the physical landscape of this region and the cultures of its Native American inhabitants from the peak of the last ice age until the Spanish colonial era. Its 504 pages are illustrated with nearly 350 full color maps, charts, drawings and photographs.

Land of the Tejas

Prehistoric sites possessing both the Toyah lithic assemblage and the distinctive Rockport ceramic assemblage are referred to as “Rockport Phase,” rather than Toyah, and are considered ancestral to historic Karankawa culture groups.

Author: John Wesley Arnn

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292747691

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 519

Combining archaeological, historical, ethnographic, and environmental data, Land of the Tejas represents a sweeping, interdisciplinary look at Texas during the late prehistoric and early historic periods. Through this revolutionary approach, John Wesley Arnn reconstructs Native identity and social structures among both mobile foragers and sedentary agriculturalists. Providing a new methodology for studying such populations, Arnn describes a complex, vast, exotic region marked by sociocultural and geographical complexity, tracing numerous distinct peoples over multiple centuries. Drawing heavily on a detailed analysis of Toyah (a Late Prehistoric II material culture), as well as early European documentary records, an investigation of the regional environment, and comparisons of these data with similar regions around the world, Land of the Tejas examines a full scope of previously overlooked details. From the enigmatic Jumano Indian leader Juan Sabata to Spanish friar Casanas's 1691 account of the vast Native American Tejas alliance, Arnn's study shines new light on Texas's poorly understood past and debunks long-held misconceptions of prehistory and history while proposing a provocative new approach to the process by which we attempt to reconstruct the history of humanity.

The Ritual Landscape of Late Precontact Eastern Oklahoma

Caddo researchers briefly used a five-part chronological division across the Caddo area, numbered Caddo I–V in the ... of a series of ceramic types suggesting connections with the Plum Bayou culture of central Arkansas (Rogers 2011:2).

Author: Amanda L. Regnier

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817320253

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 728

Revisits and updates WPA-funded archaeological research on key Oklahoma mound sites As part of Great Depression relief projects started in the 1930s, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) sponsored massive archaeological projects across Oklahoma. The WPA crews excavated eight mound sites and dozens of nonmound residential sites in the Arkansas River Valley that date between AD 1000 and 1450. These sites are considered the westernmost representations of Mississippian culture in the Southeast. The results of these excavations were documented in field journals and photographs prepared by the field supervisors and submitted in a series of quarterly reports to WPA headquarters. These reports contain a wealth of unpublished information summarizing excavations at the mound sites and residential sites, including mound profiles, burial descriptions, house maps, artifact tables, and artifact sketches. Of the excavated mound sites, results from only one, Spiro, have been extensively studied and synthesized in academic literature. The seven additional WPA-excavated mound sites—Norman, Hughes, Brackett, Eufaula, Skidgel, Reed, and Lillie Creek—are known to archaeologists outside of Oklahoma only as unlabeled points on maps of mound sites in the Southeast. The Ritual Landscape of Late Precontact Eastern Oklahoma curates and contextualizes the results of the WPA excavations, showing how they inform archaeological understanding of Mississippian occupation in the Arkansas Valley. Regnier, Hammerstedt, and Savage also relate the history and experiences of practicing archaeology in the 1930s, incorporating colorful excerpts from field journals of the young, inexperienced archaeologists. Finally, the authors update current knowledge of mound and nonmound sites in the region, providing an excellent example of historical archaeology.

Why Stop

Today, the Caddo nation headquarters is in Binger, Oklahoma, where members of the tribe maintain cultural traditions through pottery, song, dance and language. As an ancestral homeland, this area is an important part of the Caddo's rich ...

Author: Betty Dooley-Awbrey

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1589797892

Category: History

Page: 531

View: 262

This guide to more than 2,500 Texas roadside markers features historical events; famous and infamous Texans; origins of town, churches, and organizations; battles, skirmishes, and gunfights; and settlers, pioneers, Indians, and outlaws. This Sixth edition includes more than 100 new historical roadside markers with the actual inscriptions. With this book, travelers relive the tragedies and triumphs of Lone Star history.

The Arkansas Archeologist

opinion that the Fourche Maline people were the ancestral Caddo ( Bruseth 1998 : 53 ; Early 1982 : 86 ; Early 2000 ... 2000 ) , was representative of a unique , western Caddo area " focus " representing a " frontier culture facing the ...




Category: Arkansas


View: 454

The Journal HAS Number 137

This is followed by two papers by Mike Woods which deal with some very unique ground stone artifacts from Middle to Late Archaic sites in Jasper County. Lastly, are three papers that deal with Paleoindian points from Texas.

Author: Wilson Crook


ISBN: 9781548183608


Page: 116

View: 553

This issue of the HAS Journal contains thirteen articles about various aspects of Texas archeology covering the Paleoindian, Archaic, Late Prehistoric, and Historic periods. The first two papers cover attempts to source turquoise artifacts from two sites in northeast Texas using X-Ray Fluorescence technology. The first paper describes in detail the difficulties in attempting to use X-Ray Fluorescence as an archeological sourcing tool, especially for complex minerals like turquoise. The second paper demonstrates how this methodology may have successfully sourced turquoise beads found in a burial excavated at the Goss Farm site in Fannin County (41FN12) in the 1940's to a distant source in Arizona. The turquoise sourcing papers are followed by three short articles by noted ancestral Caddo archeologist, Tim Perttula, and deal with ceramic collections from Falls, Limestone and Navarro Counties which are currently curated at Baylor University. Perttula focuses on identifying Caddo sherds which are present in the collections from these areas west of the traditional ancestral Caddo homeland. The Caddo ceramic articles are followed by a comprehensive study on the damage observed on arrow points from the Late Prehistoric sites along the East Fork of the Trinity River. The paper attempts to quantify observed damage with arrow point design and how their design may have changed over time. Next is a short paper on some unusually large projectile points found in a few Late Prehistoric age sites along the East Fork in Collin, Rockwall and Dallas Counties. This is followed by two papers by Mike Woods which deal with some very unique ground stone artifacts from Middle to Late Archaic sites in Jasper County. Lastly, are three papers that deal with Paleoindian points from Texas. These include a brief description of an unusual Fishtail-like point which was recently discovered in a private collection of a local avocational archeologist from McFadden Beach. The artifact and its possible relationship to South American Fishtail points is discussed. The next paper describes the discovery and analysis of two new artifacts from the Timber Fawn Clovis site (41HR1165), including another broken fluted point. Next is a description of a Clovis point found in the R. Don Patton Collection and includes both a description as well as a trace element geochemical analysis which sources the chert used to make the point to the general Gault-Fort Hood area of Central Texas. The last paper in this issue is a munitions analysis by Tom Nuckols of two Minnie balls recovered at the Levi-Jordan Plantation.