Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications 3 Volume Set

Automotive. Applications: Polymers. in. I.A. Aderibigbe, E.R. Sadiku and A.P.I. Popoola Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa ...

Author: Munmaya Mishra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351019406

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 5250

View: 372

Undoubtedly the applications of polymers are rapidly evolving. Technology is continually changing and quickly advancing as polymers are needed to solve a variety of day-to-day challenges leading to improvements in quality of life. The Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications presents state-of-the-art research and development on the applications of polymers. This groundbreaking work provides important overviews to help stimulate further advancements in all areas of polymers. This comprehensive multi-volume reference includes articles contributed from a diverse and global team of renowned researchers. It offers a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics in a variety of applications, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. The encyclopedia provides introductions, classifications, properties, selection, types, technologies, shelf-life, recycling, testing and applications for each of the entries where applicable. It features critical content for both novices and experts including, engineers, scientists (polymer scientists, materials scientists, biomedical engineers, macromolecular chemists), researchers, and students, as well as interested readers in academia, industry, and research institutions.

Biomedical Applications Polymer Blends

4 Discussion A large variety of polymers are used for medical applications in direct contact with the biosystem, short and long term, intra- and extracorporal. The polymers generally fulfill the mechanical requirements perfectly; ...


Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540488383

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 900

Biomedical and Dental Applications of Polymers

Some of these problems and the attempts to solve them are discussed in this volume.

Author: Charles Gebelein

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781475795127

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 801

The development and use of medical and dental materials are highly interdisciplinary endeavors which require expertise in chemistry, materials science, medicine and/or dentistry, mechanics and design engineering. The Symposium upon which this treatise is based was organized to bring members from these communities together to explore problems of mutual interest. The biomaterials which are used in medical or dental prostheses must not only exhibit structural stability and provide the desired function, but they must also perform over extended periods of time in the environment of the body. The latter is a very stringent requirement. The oral and other physiological environments are designed by nature to break down many organic substances. Also of importance is the requirement that materials used in the prosthesis not have a deleterious effect on body tissues. Most foreign (to the body) substances are somewhat toxic to human tissues; in fact, few factors are more limiting in the medical prosthesis field than the biocompatibility problem. Some of these problems and the attempts to solve them are discussed in this volume.

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Poor shear strength of the adhesive joint, particularly in aqueous environments in both medical and non-medical applications, 3. High modulus or stiffness of cured polymers at soft tissue application sites and associated mechanical ...

Author: Johannes Karl Fink

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0128145102

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 735

Reactive Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications: A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers, Third Edition introduces engineers and scientists to a range of reactive polymers and then details their applications and performance benefits. Basic principles and industrial processes are described for each class of reactive resin (thermoset), as well as additives, the curing process, applications and uses. The initial chapters are devoted to individual resin types (e.g., epoxides, cyanacrylates), followed by more general chapters on topics such as reactive extrusion and dental applications. Injection molding of reactive polymers, radiation curing, thermosetting elastomers, and reactive extrusion equipment are covered as well. The use of reactive polymers enables manufacturers to make chemical changes at a late stage in the production process, which, in turn, cause changes in performance and properties. Material selection and control of the reaction are essential to achieve optimal performance. Material new to this edition includes the most recent developments, applications and commercial products for each chemical class of thermosets, as well as sections on fabrication methods, reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers and case studies. Covers the basics and most recent developments, including reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, nanocomposites and fluorosilicones Offers an indispensable guide for engineers and advanced students alike Provides extensive literature and patent review Reflects a thorough review of all literature published in this area since 2014 Features revised and updated chapters to reflect the latest research in reactive polymers

Applications of Electroactive Polymers

The electrochemical p - doping - undoping process , which switches conjugated polymers between insulating and ... oxidation reduction reaction involving ion transport into and out of the polymer matrix to balance the electronic charge .

Author: Bruno Scrosati

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412414305

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 874

Electroactive polymers have been the object of increasing academic and industrial interest and in the past ten to fifteen years substantial progress has been achieved in the development and the characterization of this important new class of conducting materials. These materials are usually classified in two large groups, according to the mode of their electric transport. One group includes polymers having transport almost exclusively of the ionic type and they are often called 'polymer electrolytes' or, in a broader way, 'polymer ionics'. The other group includes polymeric materials where the transport mechanism is mainly electronic in nature and which are commonly termed 'conducting polymers'. Ionically conducting polymers or polymer ionics may be typically described as polar macromolecular solids in which one or more of a wide range of salts has been dissolved. The most classic example is the combina tion of poly(ethylene oxide), PEO, and lithium salts, LiX. These PEO-LiX polymer ionics were first described and proposed for applications just over ten years ago. The practical relevance of these new materials was im mediately recognized and in the course of a few years the field expanded tremendously with the involvement of many academic and industrial lab oratories. Following this diversified research activity, the ionic transport mechanism in polymer ionics was soon established and this has led to the development of new host polymers of various types, new salts and advanced polymer architectures which have enabled room temperature conductivity to be raised by several orders of magnitude.

Telechelic Polymers Synthesis and Applications

The application of telechelic polymers is important particularly in rubber elasticity studies because, owing to the sufficient length of the chains, the resulting networks, even in the limit of full conversion of reactive groups to ...

Author: Eric J. Goethals

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351093991

Category: Science

Page: 410

View: 996

This first-of-its-kind publication reviews the most impor-tant literature on the synthesis, properties, and applications of telechelic polymers. Written by a group of internationally known ex-perts in the field, this text contains a review table which allows the reader to search for given polymers with given end groups. Over 1,250 references are listed, covering primary and review articles as well as patents. Chapters include the preparation of telechelics by stepwise polymerization, anionic polymerization, radical polymer-ization, cationic polymerization, ring-opening polymerization and controlled polymer degradation. Polyols for the polyurethane pro-duction are described, as well as halato-telechelic polymers. Also, a more theoretical contribution on the physical properties of net-works formed from telechelic polymers is provided.

Acrylate Polymers for Advanced Applications

Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier; 2016 [2] Shalaby S, Nagatomi S, Peniston S. Polymeric biomaterials for articulating joint repair and total joint replacement. In: Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications.

Author: Ángel Serrano-Aroca

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 1789851831

Category: Science

Page: 106

View: 809

This book presents five chapters, organised into two sections, on the latest developments in acrylate polymers materials in terms of properties, new ideas in design, synthesis and detailed applications. Section I presents three chapters on acrylate polymer properties and advanced applications such as pH dependence acrylate-derivative polyelectrolyte properties and polymer material classification as acrylic heat resistant glass and polycarbonate antiballistic glass. Section II includes two chapters on acrylic-based materials in the form of hydrogels, interpenetrated polymer networks, composites and nanocomposites for biomedical and bioengineering applications such as tissue engineering, antimicrobial therapy, orthopaedics and ophthalmologic devices.

Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications

Functional polymers offer a unique set of properties according to their chemical structure, even a slight alteration to which brings a significant difference in the material properties of the polymers and hence the applications.

Author: Vaibhav Jain

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466556900

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 302

View: 404

Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications provides a basic introduction to the optical properties of polymers, as well as a systematic overview of the latest developments in their nano engineering applications. Covering an increasingly important class of materials relevant not only in academic research but also in industry, this comprehensive text: Considers the advantages of the liquid gradient refractive index (L-GRIN) lenses over the conventional solid lenses Explores the electrochemistry of photorefractive polymers, the molecular structure of commonly used polymers, and various 3D holographic displays Discusses gene detection using the optical properties of conjugated polymers Highlights the physics of fluorescence in photoluminescent polymers, and energy and electron transfer mechanisms Introduces conventional polymer ion sensors based on the optical sensors of conjugated polymers prepared by click chemistry reactions Explains colorimetric visual detection of ions by donor–acceptor chromophores Describes optical sensors based on fluorescent polymers and for the detection of explosives and metal ion analytes Addresses holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal technology, its optical setups, and its applications in organic lasers Presents cutting-edge research on electrochromic devices, along with new concepts, prototypes, commercial products, and future prospects Demonstrates new techniques for creating nanoscale morphologies through self-assembly, which affect the optical properties of the functional polymers Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications emphasizes the importance of nano engineering in improving the fundamental optical properties of the functional polymers, elaborating on high-level research while thoroughly explaining the underlying principles.

Science and Applications of Conducting Polymers Papers from the Sixth European Industrial Workshop

polymers change color at cathodic potentials and return to the original color at anodic potentials , but both of these ... permeability and ion storage capability of conducting polymers provides a number of applications possibilities .

Author: Salaneck

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750300490

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 196

View: 248

Science and Applications of Conducting Polymers emphasizes potential industrial applications of conducting polymers. The papers presented discuss the basic physics and chemistry of conducting polymers, followed by an in-depth examination of applications. The book is ideal for researchers in polymer physics, electronics, optics, and semiconductor physics.

Nanostructured Polymer Composites for Biomedical Applications

Within a few decades, many synthetic polymers have found established uses in a number of important areas involving mechanical and electrical engineering, telecommunication, aerospace, chemical, biochemical, and biomedical applications ...

Author: Sarat Kumar Swain

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128168927

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 366

Nanostructured Polymer Composites for Biomedical Applications addresses the challenges researchers face regarding the creation of nanostructured polymer composites that not only have superior performance and mechanical properties, but also have acceptable biological function. This book discusses current efforts to meet this challenge by discussing the multidisciplinary nature of nanostructured polymer composite biomaterials from various fields, including materials science, polymer science, biomedical engineering and biomedicine. This compilation of existing knowledge will lead to the generation of new terminology and definitions across individual disciplines. As such, this book will help researchers and engineers develop new products and devices for use in effective medical treatment. Summarizes the most recent strategies to develop nanostructured polymer composite biomaterials for biomedicine Outlines the major preparation and characterization techniques for a range of polymer nanocomposites used in biomedicine Explores the design of new types of nanostructured polymer composites for applications in drug delivery, tissue engineering, gene therapy and bone replacement