Atmospheres

The Pritzker-winning architect outlines the creative process he employs while designing the atmosphere of his houses, describing in nine short and self-observant chapters his efforts to instill a feeling of harmonious presence into his ...

Author: Peter Zumthor

Publisher: Birkhaüser

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page: 75

View: 472

The Pritzker-winning architect outlines the creative process he employs while designing the atmosphere of his houses, describing in nine short and self-observant chapters his efforts to instill a feeling of harmonious presence into his environments.

The Aesthetics of Atmospheres

This translation of key essays along with an original introduction charts the development of Gernot Böhme's philosophy of atmospheres and how it can be applied in various contexts such as scenography, commodity aesthetics, advertising, ...

Author: Gernot Böhme

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134967985

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 373

Interest in sensory atmospheres and architectural and urban ambiances has been growing for over 30 years. A key figure in this field is acclaimed German philosopher Gernot Böhme whose influential conception of what atmospheres are and how they function has been only partially available to the English-speaking public. This translation of key essays along with an original introduction charts the development of Gernot Böhme's philosophy of atmospheres and how it can be applied in various contexts such as scenography, commodity aesthetics, advertising, architecture, design, and art. The phenomenological analysis of atmospheres has proved very fruitful and its most important, and successful, application has been within aesthetics. The material background of this success may be seen in the ubiquitous aestheticization of our lifeworld, or from another perspective, of the staging of everything, every event and performance. The theory of atmospheres becoming an aesthetic theory thus reveals the theatrical, not to say manipulative, character of politics, commerce, of the event-society. But, taken as a positive theory of certain phenomena, it offers new perspectives on architecture, design, and art. It made the spatial and the experience of space and places a central subject and hence rehabilitated the ephemeral in the arts. Taking its numerous impacts in many fields together, it initiated a new humanism: the individual as a living person and his or her perspective are taken seriously, and this fosters the ongoing democratization of culture, in particular the possibility for everybody to participate in art and its works.

The Physics of Atmospheres

Third edition of John Houghton's acclaimed textbook for advanced undergraduate/graduate courses in atmospheric science.

Author: John Houghton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521011228

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 600

Third edition of John Houghton's acclaimed textbook for advanced undergraduate/graduate courses in atmospheric science.

Exoplanet Atmospheres

"This book fills an important gap between astronomy and planetary science. I am quite sure it will become the standard text for any course covering exoplanet atmospheres.

Author: Sara Seager

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691146454

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 699

Describes the basic physical processes, including radiative transfer, molecular absorption, and chemical processes, common to all planetary atmospheres as well as the transit, eclipse, and thermal phase variation observations that are unique to exoplanets.

Atmospheres Aesthetics of Emotional Spaces

Originally published in Italian in 2010, this book is the first to address the theory of atmospheres in a thorough and systematic way.

Author: Tonino Griffero

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317177487

Category: Architecture

Page: 180

View: 872

Originally published in Italian in 2010, this book is the first to address the theory of atmospheres in a thorough and systematic way. It examines the role of atmospheres in daily life, and defines their main characteristics. Outlining the typical phenomenological situations in which we experience atmospheres, it assesses their impact on contemporary aesthetics. It puts forward a philosophical approach which systematises a constellation of affects and climates, finds patterns in the emotional tones of different spaces (affordances) and assesses their impact on the felt body. It also critically discusses the spatial turn invoked by several of the social sciences, and argues that there is a need for a non-psychologistic rethinking of the philosophy of emotions. It provides a history of the term 'atmosphere' and of the concepts anticipating its meaning (genius loci, aura, Stimmung, numinous, emotional design and ambiance), and examines the main ontological characteristics of atmospheres and their principal phenomenological characteristics. It concludes by showing how atmospheres affect our emotions, our bodies' reactions, our state of mind and, as a result, our behaviour and judgments. Griffero assesses how atmospheres are more effective than we have been rationally willing to admit, and to what extent traditional aesthetics, unilaterally oriented towards art, has underestimated this truth.

Controlled and Modified Atmospheres for Fresh and Fresh Cut Produce

Controlled and Modified Atmospheres for Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce is the ultimate reference book of CA/MA recommendations for selected commodities.

Author: Maria Isabel Gil

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012804621X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 684

View: 783

Controlled and Modified Atmospheres for Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce is the ultimate reference book of CA/MA recommendations for selected commodities. It includes the basic knowledge of physiology and technologies to the current application of recommended CA/MAP conditions for fresh and fresh-cut fruits and vegetables. For each commodity, a summary with requirements and recommendations is presented. The book is divided into three parts, with each focusing on different aspects of CA/MA, including fundamental topics on the physiological and quality effects of CA and MAP for fresh and fresh-cut fruits and vegetables, optimal CA/MAP conditions and recommendations, and optimal conditions for fresh-cut fruits and vegetables. Provides guidelines and recommendations of CA/MAP for the fresh produce industry Illustrates the benefits and defects caused by CA/MA in full color Brings more than 54 fruits and vegetables and their respective summary with the requirements and recommendations of CA/MA conditions Includes the optimal CA/MAP conditions and recommendations for selected fresh fruits and vegetables

Host Stars and their Effects on Exoplanet Atmospheres

This text is primarily for researchers and graduate students who are studying exoplanet atmospheres and habitability, but who may not have a background in the physics and phenomenology of host stars that provide the environment in which ...

Author: Jeffrey Linsky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 303011452X

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 970

Like planets in our solar system, exoplanets form, evolve, and interact with their host stars in many ways. As exoplanets acquire material and grow to the final size, their atmospheres are subjected to intense UV and X-radiation and high-energy particle bombardment from the young host star. Whether a planet can retain its atmosphere and the conditions for significant mass loss both depend upon the strength of the host star's high-energy radiation and wind, the distance of the exoplanet from its host star, the gravitational potential of the exoplanet, and the initial chemical composition of the exoplanet atmosphere. This introductory overview describes the physical processes responsible for the emission of radiation and acceleration of winds of host stars that together control the environment of an exoplanet, focusing on topics that are critically important for understanding exoplanetary atmospheres but are usually not posed from the perspective of host stars. Accordingly, both host stars and exoplanets are not studied in isolation but are treated as integrated systems. Stellar magnetic fields, which are the energy source for activity phenomena including high-energy radiation and winds, play a critical role in determining whether exoplanets are habitable. This text is primarily for researchers and graduate students who are studying exoplanet atmospheres and habitability, but who may not have a background in the physics and phenomenology of host stars that provide the environment in which exoplanets evolve. It provides a comprehensive overview of this broad topic rather than going deeply into many technical aspects but includes a large list of references to guide those interested in pursuing these questions. Nonspecialists with a scientific background should also find this text a valuable resource for understanding the critical issues of contemporary exoplanet research.

Shifting Atmospheres

You can take dominion over the supernatural environment for the Kingdom of God! Dawna De Silva presents a strategy for spiritual victory.

Author: Dawna DeSilva

Publisher: Destiny Image Publishers

ISBN: 0768415713

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 823

Push back the darkness! The atmosphere around you is alive with unseen spiritual activity—a battle between forces of darkness and light. You can take dominion over the supernatural environment for the Kingdom of God! Dawna De Silva presents a strategy for spiritual victory. Get ready to discern the enemy's tactics and learn how to use your weapons of warfare to enforce Jesus' victory over forces that war against your mind, your family, and your region! Don’t be blind to the unseen reality—every Christian is in the midst of a supernatural conflict. Don’t fall victim to the enemy! Every Christian can release God’s power into places and situations under the influence of evil. Through the power of the Holy Spirit, you can transform your spiritual environment from darkness to light. Dawna De Silva shows you how. Through her revelatory teaching, you will learn to… Discern the spiritual atmospheres and forces at work around you Draw from the Holy Spirit’s presence within you to release God’s Kingdom power Demonstrate the authority of Jesus over the powers of darkness Join the fight! When God’s Kingdom advances, darkness must flee. *Enhance your learning with the companion e-Course, DVD study and interactive manual.

Designing atmospheres

Cities grow and change. New urban space emerges and existing urban spaces are being changed. We expect from these spaces not only to fulfil important functions, but also to possess particular spatial qualities.

Author: Weidinger, Jürgen

Publisher: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin

ISBN: 3798329664

Category: Architecture

Page: 219

View: 525

Cities grow and change. New urban space emerges and existing urban spaces are being changed. We expect from these spaces not only to fulfil important functions, but also to possess particular spatial qualities. How can such qualities be defined and evaluated? Jürgen Weidinger, professor for landscape architecture at the Technische Universität Berlin answers to these questions by engagement with the phenomenon of atmosphere. This way, the spatial quality of urban places, such as parks, promenades and squares, can be augmented. Weidinger offers a method for the designing of atmospheric places. This approach can also serve to evaluate design concepts and realised projects. The reader presents comments by internationally active landscape architects as well as writers from different fields such as environmental psychology, theatre studies, the arts and literature studies. Cities grow and change. New urban space emerges and existing urban spaces are being changed. We expect from these spaces not only to fulfil important functions, but also to possess particular spatial qualities. How can such qualities be defined and evaluated? Jürgen Weidinger, professor for landscape architecture at the Technische Universität Berlin answers to these questions by engagement with the phenomenon of atmosphere. This way, the spatial quality of urban places, such as parks, promenades and squares, can be augmented. Weidinger offers a method for the designing of atmospheric places. This approach can also serve to evaluate design concepts and realised projects. The reader presents comments by internationally active landscape architects as well as writers from different fields such as environmental psychology, theatre studies, the arts and literature studies. Städte wachsen und verändern sich. Neue Stadträume entstehen und bestehende Stadträume werden verändert. Von diesen Orten erwarten wir, dass sie nicht nur wichtige Funktionen übernehmen, sondern auch über besondere räumliche Qualitäten verfügen. Wie können diese räumlichen Qualitäten beschrieben und bewertet werden? Jürgen Weidinger, Professor für Landschaftsarchitektur an der Technischen Universität Berlin, beantwortet diese Frage durch die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Phänomen der Atmosphäre. Die räumliche Qualität städtischer Orte, wie Parks, Promenaden und Stadtplätze kann in dieser Weise gesteigert werden. Weidinger bietet eine Methode für das Entwerfen atmosphärischer Orte an. Dieser Ansatz kann auch dazu dienen, Entwurfsideen und realisierte Projekte zu bewerten. Im Sammelband äußern sich neben international tätigen Landschaftsarchitekten auch Autoren aus den Bereichen Umweltpsychologie, Theater-, Kunst und Literaturwissenschaft.

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres

Based on the author’s own work and results obtained by international teams he coordinated, this SpringerBrief offers a concise discussion of the origin and early evolution of atmospheres of terrestrial planets during the active phase of ...

Author: Helmut Lammer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642320864

Category: Science

Page: 98

View: 942

Based on the author’s own work and results obtained by international teams he coordinated, this SpringerBrief offers a concise discussion of the origin and early evolution of atmospheres of terrestrial planets during the active phase of their host stars, as well as of the environmental conditions which are necessary in order for planets like the Earth to obtain N_2-rich atmospheres. Possible thermal and non-thermal atmospheric escape processes are discussed in a comparative way between the planets in the Solar System and exoplanets. Lastly, a hypothesis for how to test and study the discussed atmosphere evolution theories using future UV transit observations of terrestrial exoplanets within the orbits of dwarf stars is presented.

Planetary Atmospheres

STUDY OF EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE Final Report R. Minzner Apr. 1965 98 p refs ( Contract ... planetary atmospheres generated from solar radiation and absorption ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Planets

Page:

View: 581


Atmosphere Atmospheres

As part of the book series “Atmospheric Spaces”, this volume analyses a new phenomenological and aesthetic paradigm based on the notion of the “Atmosphere”, conceived as a feeling spread out into the external space rather than as a ...

Author: Tonino Griffero

Publisher: Mimesis

ISBN: 8869772047

Category: Architecture

Page:

View: 481

What is an “Atmosphere”? As part of the book series “Atmospheric Spaces”, this volume analyses a new phenomenological and aesthetic paradigm based on the notion of the “Atmosphere”, conceived as a feeling spread out into the external space rather than as a private mood. The idea of “Atmosphere” is here explored from different perspectives and disciplines, in the context of a full valorization of the so-called “affective turn” in Humanities.


Exploring Atmospheres Ethnographically

Exploring Atmospheres Ethnographically develops and refines the concept of atmosphere, seeking to render it productive for anthropological and social scientific research.

Author: Sara Asu Schroer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780367593667

Category:

Page: 202

View: 737

The notion of atmosphere has always been part of academic discourse, but often refers to something vague and diffuse - a phenomenon connected with our affective engagement with the world that is difficult to grasp. This volume develops and refines the concept of atmosphere, seeking to render it productive for anthropological and social scientific research by bringing together a range of original ethnographic studies in combination with investigation of the use of the term in language. The chapters examine dimensions of atmosphere through topics of interdisciplinary concern, such as learning and the acquisition of skills, the experience of place, affect and mood, multi-species relations and the perception of weather and environment - whether in natural landscapes, medical and educational settings, homes or creative contexts - Exploring Atmospheres Ethnographically analyses the relational and transformational processes through which people perceive, experience and live in a moving atmospheric world. As such, it will appeal to scholars of anthropology, sociology, geography and cultural studies with interests in space and place, sensory ethnography and affect.


Photochemistry of the Atmospheres of Mars and Venus

This is especially the case for planetary atmospheres, whose properties were for the most part either not at all or only erroneously known.

Author: Vladimir A. Krasnopolsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642704018

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 278

Spacecraft study of the Solar system is one of humanity's most outstanding achievements. Thanks to this study, our present knowledge of properties of and conditions on the planets exceeds many-fold that of 20 years ago: planets have been rediscovered. This is especially the case for planetary atmospheres, whose properties were for the most part either not at all or only erroneously known. Much research has been invested in the study of the atmospheres of Mars and Venus, and their chemical composition and photochemistry are basic problems in these studies. In the present publication I have tried to summarize all findings in this field. The English version of the book includes new data in the field from the last 3 years since the book was published in Russian. I wish to thank U. von Zahn, who initiated my talks with Springer-Verlag and acted as technical editor. December 2, 1985 V. A. KRASNOPOLSKY Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 Chemical Composition and Structure of the Martian Atmosphere 4 1. 1 Carbon Dioxide and Atmospheric Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1. 2 CO and O Mixing Ratios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2 1. 3 Ozone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1. 4 Water Vapor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 1. 5 Composition of the Upper Atmosphere as Determined from Airglow Spectroscopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 1. 6 Mass Spectrometric Measurements of the Atmospheric Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 1. 7 Ionospheric Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 1. 8 Temperature Profile of the Lower Atmosphere. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 1. 9 Temperature of the Upper Atmosphere . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 1. 10 Eddy Diffusion Coefficient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 2 Photochemistry of the Martian Atmosphere . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Atmospheres of Breathing

Drawing from a number of traditions of breathing, including from Indian and East Asian religion and philosophy, the book considers breath in relation to ontological, hermeneutical, phenomenological, ethical, and aesthetic concerns in ...

Author: Lenart Škof

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438469756

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 473

Attempts to think anew about philosophical questions from the perspective of breath and breathing. As a physiological or biological matter, breath is mostly considered to be mechanical and thoughtless. By expanding on the insights of many religions and therapeutic practices, which emphasize the cultivation of breath, the contributors argue that breath should be understood as fundamentally and comprehensively intertwined with human life and experience. Various dimensions of the respiratory world are referred to as “atmospheres” that encircle and connect human existence, coexistence, and the world. Drawing from a number of traditions of breathing, including from Indian and East Asian religion and philosophy, the book considers breath in relation to ontological, hermeneutical, phenomenological, ethical, and aesthetic concerns in philosophy. The wide-ranging topics include poetry, theater, environmental issues and health, feminism, and media studies. “Atmospheres of Breathing, the first collection of its kind, explores an emerging ‘respiratory philosophy’ of great consequence for philosophy and other fields. Its rich and diverse essays, many written by the pioneers of this radically new direction, show the deep historical and intercultural roots of such a philosophy, ranging from treatments of forerunners like Zhuangzi and Heraclitus to contemporary theorists of breathing such as Abram and Kleinberg-Levin. Presented here is the vision of innovative ways in which philosophy, on its own or inspired by spiritual practices, can bring breathing into the center of its concern. This is a landmark book that scintillates with brilliant and original insights. If taken as seriously as it deserves, this book has the potential to revolutionize contemporary and future thought.” — Edward S. Casey, author of The World at a Glance and The World on Edge “Air, the misunderstood element, finds ways and means of advancing to places where no one reckons with its presence; and, more significantly, it makes space on its own strength for strange places where there were previously none.” — Peter Sloterdijk


Theory of Stellar Atmospheres

This book provides an in-depth and self-contained treatment of the latest advances achieved in quantitative spectroscopic analyses of the observable outer layers of stars and similar objects.

Author: Ivan Hubeny

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691163294

Category: Science

Page: 944

View: 687

This book provides an in-depth and self-contained treatment of the latest advances achieved in quantitative spectroscopic analyses of the observable outer layers of stars and similar objects. Written by two leading researchers in the field, it presents a comprehensive account of both the physical foundations and numerical methods of such analyses. The book is ideal for astronomers who want to acquire deeper insight into the physical foundations of the theory of stellar atmospheres, or who want to learn about modern computational techniques for treating radiative transfer in non-equilibrium situations. It can also serve as a rigorous yet accessible introduction to the discipline for graduate students. Provides a comprehensive, up-to-date account of the field Covers computational methods as well as the underlying physics Serves as an ideal reference book for researchers and a rigorous yet accessible textbook for graduate students An online illustration package is available to professors at press.princeton.edu