The Physics of Atmospheres

To a more limited extent than on Venus it is also effective for the earth where the average surface temperature approaches 290 K. 1.3 Hydrostatic equation Because a planet's atmosphere is in the planet's gravitational field ...

Author: John T. Houghton

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521214438

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 912

Dr Houghton has revised the acclaimed first edition of The Physics of Atmospheres in order to bring this important textbook completely up-to-date. Several factors have led to vigorous growth in the atmospheric sciences, particularly the availability of powerful computers for detailed modelling, the investigation of the atmospheres of other planets, and techniques of remote sensing. The author describes the physical processes governing the structure and circulation of the atmosphere. Simple physical models are constructed by applying the principles of classical thermodynamics, radiative transfer and fluid mechanics, together with analytic and numerical techniques. These models are applied to real planetary atmospheres. This new edition is essential for undergraduates or graduate students studying atmospheric physics, climatology or meteorology, as well as planetary scientists with an interest in atmospheres.

Molecular Complexes in Earth s Planetary Cometary and Interstellar Atmospheres

It has been soon recognized that such dimers , or even higher aggregates , can be formed in atmospheres of cosmic ... to other sufficiently dense planetary atmospheres and that , in principle , they must be present in any atmosphere ...

Author: Andrei A. Vigasin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810232115

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 963

This book introduces systematically the concept of weakly-bound complexes into the broad field of atmospheric sciences. To fill up the gap between our rapidly expanding knowledge of the individual properties of Van der Waals and hydrogen-bonded molecules, and our understanding of their role in the atmospheric processes, an ensemble of related topics are covered by a team of expert co-authors. The general properties of the weakly bound molecular complexes (or ?clusters?) are discussed, as well as their distribution in the planetary atmospheres. Collision-induced and dimeric absorption and emission are considered in the context of atmospheric spectroscopy. The advanced experimental techniques which enable us to study the spectroscopic features of molecular complexes in the gas phase, or which are adsorbed, are reviewed. The role of molecular complexes in the cometary atmosphere, the Earth mesosphere, and the atmospheres of the giant planets and some of their satellites are also discussed in detail.

Architectural Atmospheres

CB: One thing is to describe atmospheres from a phenomenological point of view, studying how we experience architecture. Another is to argue that atmospheres should form a kind of yardstick that architects should always keep in mind and ...

Author: Christian Borch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3038211788

Category: Architecture

Page: 112

View: 327

Architecture is increasingly understood to be a sensual, spatial experience, which means that the experience of buildings and spatial constellations is also a perception of atmospheres that are rated as positive or negative. Architects, planners, investors, and politicians must produce effects such as these according to intersubjective and communicable criteria, and not intuitively or randomly. Architectural Atmospheres addresses the growing awareness of the atmospheric dimension of architecture and provides a current, programmatic discussion of this topic. What possibilities does this approach open to architecture, what value does this knowledge have? Three essays and a conversation lead a cross-discipline discussion on the impact of architecture, and contribute to the debate first initiated by Peter Zumthor. The texts are accompanied bythirty-five color images that capture architectural moods in a variety of ways. Gernot Böhme is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Darmstadt Technical University and Director of the Institute for Practical Philosophy, e.V., Ipph, in Darmstadt, Germany. Christian Borch is Professor of Political Sociology at the Department of Management, Politics, and Philosophy, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark. Olafur Eliasson is a Danish-Icelandic artist. Eliasson incessantly explores our modes of perceiving. His work spans photography, installation, sculpture, and film. Juhani Pallasmaa is one of Finland's most distinguished architects and architectural thinkers.

The Aesthetics of Atmospheres

Atmospheres are quasi-objective, namely they are out there; you can enter an atmosphere and you can be surprisingly caught by an atmosphere. But on the other hand atmospheres are not beings like things; they are nothing without a ...

Author: Gernot Böhme

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134967918

Category: Science

Page: 231

View: 262

Interest in sensory atmospheres and architectural and urban ambiances has been growing for over 30 years. A key figure in this field is acclaimed German philosopher Gernot Böhme whose influential conception of what atmospheres are and how they function has been only partially available to the English-speaking public. This translation of key essays along with an original introduction charts the development of Gernot Böhme's philosophy of atmospheres and how it can be applied in various contexts such as scenography, commodity aesthetics, advertising, architecture, design, and art. The phenomenological analysis of atmospheres has proved very fruitful and its most important, and successful, application has been within aesthetics. The material background of this success may be seen in the ubiquitous aestheticization of our lifeworld, or from another perspective, of the staging of everything, every event and performance. The theory of atmospheres becoming an aesthetic theory thus reveals the theatrical, not to say manipulative, character of politics, commerce, of the event-society. But, taken as a positive theory of certain phenomena, it offers new perspectives on architecture, design, and art. It made the spatial and the experience of space and places a central subject and hence rehabilitated the ephemeral in the arts. Taking its numerous impacts in many fields together, it initiated a new humanism: the individual as a living person and his or her perspective are taken seriously, and this fosters the ongoing democratization of culture, in particular the possibility for everybody to participate in art and its works.

Atmosphere Atmospheres

ATMOSPHERES OF AND IN GEOGRAPHY by Libera D'Alessandro, Rosario Sommella and Lida Viganoni19 1. The atmospheres of geography The most effective way to introduce this contribution is to paraphrase the title we have chosen, i.e. not only ...

Author: Tonino Griffero

Publisher: Mimesis

ISBN: 8869772047

Category: Architecture


View: 891

What is an “Atmosphere”? As part of the book series “Atmospheric Spaces”, this volume analyses a new phenomenological and aesthetic paradigm based on the notion of the “Atmosphere”, conceived as a feeling spread out into the external space rather than as a private mood. The idea of “Atmosphere” is here explored from different perspectives and disciplines, in the context of a full valorization of the so-called “affective turn” in Humanities.

Supplemental Atmospheres

UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED AF Cambridge Research Laboratories , Bedford , 1. Atmosphere model Mass . Geophysics Research Directorate 2. Meteorology SUPPLEMENTAL ATMOSPHERES , by A. Court , A.J. Kantor , and A. E. Cole , September 1962 .

Author: A. Court



Category: Atmosphere

Page: 21

View: 273

Atmospheres typical of the tropics (15 degrees N), sub-tropics (30 degrees N), and mid-latitudes (45 degrees N) were prepared as members of a family of atmospheres supplemental to the 1962 US Standard Atmosphere; they provide information on latitudinal and seasonal changes in atmospheric structure up to 90 km. Temperature gradients for various segments are linear with geopotential height. Humidity is incorporated into the lowermost 10 km of each atmosphere. Figures and tables depict temperature, relative humidity, pressure, and density, The atmospheres are mutually consistent; zonal wind profiles computed from the geostrophic wind equation at selected pressure heights compare favorably with existing rawinsonde and Meteorological Rocket Network wind observations. (Author).

Planetary Atmospheres

The sensitivity of these methods decreases rapidly with increasing molecular weight; for the application of Öpik's criterion to a pure helium-ethane upper atmosphere results in a maximum He/C2H6 mixing ratio between 5x 107* and 107*.

Author: C. Sagan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401030634

Category: Science

Page: 425

View: 235

Proceedings of the IAU Symposium No. 40, held in Marfa, Texas, U.S.A., October 26-31, 1969

Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres

The aerosols in the upper atmospheres of planets have scattering parameters of the order of unity, and hence are extremely effective in using a limited amount of material for altering the radiation field. The total fractional abundance ...

Author: Yuk Ling Yung

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019510501X

Category: Science

Page: 471

View: 407

Eleven planetary atmospheres are included for detailed study in this reference/text, four for the giant planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune), four for the small bodies (Io, Titan, Triton, and Pluto), and three for the terrestrial planets (Mars, Venus, and Earth). The authors have carried out a comprehensive survey of the principal chemical cycles that control the present composition and past history of planetary atmospheres, using the database provided by recent spacecraft missions supplemented by Earth-based observations.

An Introduction to Planetary Atmospheres

An Introduction to Planetary Atmospheres " This comprehensive textbook on planetary atmospheres is versatile and well organized , with an exposition that is sensitive to different audiences and equally at ease explaining the chemical ...

Author: Agustin Sanchez-Lavega

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439894663

Category: Science

Page: 629

View: 786

Planetary atmospheres is a relatively new, interdisciplinary subject that incorporates various areas of the physical and chemical sciences, including geophysics, geophysical fluid dynamics, atmospheric science, astronomy, and astrophysics. Providing a much-needed resource for this cross-disciplinary field, An Introduction to Planetary Atmospheres p