Barbary Captives

It stands out among other European Barbary captivity narratives for its detailed account of the otherwise little-documented Atlantic land raids for human bounty, which include similar attacks in Madeira in 1617 and Ireland in 1631. 4.

Author: Mario Klarer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231555121

Category: History


View: 386

In the early modern period, hundreds of thousands of Europeans, both male and female, were abducted by pirates, sold on the slave market, and enslaved in North Africa. Between the sixteenth and the early nineteenth centuries, pirates from Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli, and Morocco not only attacked sailors and merchants in the Mediterranean but also roved as far as Iceland. A substantial number of the European captives who later returned home from the Barbary Coast, as maritime North Africa was then called, wrote and published accounts of their experiences. These popular narratives greatly influenced the development of the modern novel and autobiography, and they also shaped European perceptions of slavery as well as of the Muslim world. Barbary Captives brings together a selection of early modern slave narratives in English translation for the first time. It features accounts written by men and women across three centuries and in nine different languages that recount the experience of capture and servitude in North Africa. These texts tell the stories of Christian pirates, Christian rowers on Muslim galleys, house slaves in the palaces of rulers, domestic servants, agricultural slaves, renegades, and social climbers in captivity. They also depict liberation through ransom, escape, or religious conversion. This book sheds new light on the social history of Mediterranean slavery and piracy, early modern concepts of unfree labor, and the evolution of the Barbary captivity narrative as a literary and historical genre.

The Global Eighteenth Century

2 Yet what is most remarkable about this text is that it is a Barbary captivity narrative written and published by a woman who is known beyond doubt to have been herself a captive . As Joe Snader has recently described , Barbary ...

Author: Felicity Nussbaum

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801882692

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 973

These essays explore both literal and metaphorical crossings of the globe, addressing the cultural significance of maps, paintings, travel writing, tourist manuals, cultural identities, island gardens, and other topics in order to lend insight to our perception of global culture during the long 18th century.

From Captives to Consuls

Three Sailors in Barbary and Their Self-Making across the Early American Republic, 1770-1840 Brett Goodin ... These were followed by, to just name a few, Martha Elena Rojas, “ 'Insults Unpunished': Barbary Captives, American Slaves, ...

Author: Brett Goodin

Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press

ISBN: 1421438976

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 603

Drawing on archival collections, newspapers, private correspondence, and government documents, From Captives to Consuls sheds new light on the significance of ordinary individuals in guiding early American ideas of science, international relations, and what it meant to be a self-made man.

Domestic Captivity and the British Subject 1660 1750

See Piracy, Slavery, and Redemption: Barbary Captivity Narratives from Early Modern England, selected and edited by Daniel J. Vitkus, introduced by Nabil Matar (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001), 17. 10.

Author: Catherine Ingrassia

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 081394810X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 296

View: 843

In seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Britain, captivity emerged as a persistent metaphor as well as a material reality. The exercise of power on both an institutional and a personal level created conditions in which those least empowered, particularly women, perceived themselves to be captive subjects. This "domestic captivity" was inextricably connected to England’s systematic enslavement of kidnapped Africans and the wealth accumulation realized from those actions, even as early fictional narratives suppressed or ignored the experience of the enslaved. Domestic Captivity and the British Subject, 1660–1750 explores how captivity informed identity, actions, and human relationships for white British subjects as represented in fictional texts by British authors from the period. This work complicates interpretations of canonical authors such as Aphra Behn, Richard Steele, and Eliza Haywood and asserts the importance of authors such as Penelope Aubin and Edward Kimber. Drawing on the popular press, unpublished personal correspondence, and archival documents, Catherine Ingrassia provides a rich cultural description that situates literary texts from a range of genres within the material world of captivity. Ultimately, the book calls for a reevaluation of how literary texts that code a heretofore undiscussed connection to the slave trade or other types of captivity are understood.

Mediterranean Slavery and World Literature

It is the very affinity of Eisenschmied's text to the Barbary captivity narrative genre, in combination with its distance from the Robinsonade genre, that speaks for its authenticity. As previously mentioned, Eisenschmied's captivity on ...

Author: Mario Klarer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351967576

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 352

View: 468

Mediterranean Slavery and World Literature is a collection of selected essays about the transformations of captivity experiences in major early modern texts of world literature and popular media, including works by Cervantes, de Vega, Defoe, Rousseau, and Mozart. Where most studies of Mediterranean slavery, until now, have been limited to historical and autobiographical accounts, this volume looks specifically at literary adaptations from a multicultural perspective.

British Slaves and Barbary Corsairs 1580 1750

His ships recaptured several prizes , and at Algiers he was able to free a number of Barbary captives in exchange for his own , sweetening the deal with gifts of gunpowder.99 Allin offered more exchanges when he returned in 1669 ...

Author: Bernard Capp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192671804

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 809

British Slaves and Barbary Corsairs is the first comprehensive study of the thousands of Britons captured and enslaved in North Africa in the early modern period, an issue of intense contemporary concern but almost wholly overlooked in modern histories of Britain. The study charts the course of victims' lives from capture to eventual liberation, death in Barbary, or, for a lucky few, escape. After sketching the outlines of Barbary's government and society, and the world of the corsairs, it describes the trauma of the slave-market, the lives of galley-slaves and labourers, and the fate of female captives. Most captives clung on to their Christian faith, but a significant minority apostatized and accepted Islam. For them, and for Britons who joined the corsairs voluntarily, identity became fluid and multi-layered. Bernard Capp also explores in depth how ransoms were raised by private and public initiatives, and how redemptions were organised by merchants, consuls, and other intermediaries. With most families too poor to raise any ransom, the state came under intense pressure to intervene. From the mid-seventeenth century, the navy played a significant role in 'gunboat diplomacy' that eventually helped end the corsair threat. The Barbary corsairs posed a challenge to most European powers, and the study places the British story within the wider context of Mediterranean slavery, which saw Moors and Christians as both captors and captives.

Narratives of Barbary Captivity

... 182 ; surrender of ships by , li , lviii – lx , 192-93 Barbary captives , xxiii , 9 , 11 ; conversion to Islam by , lxii – lxiii , 98 , 130 , 132 , 135 , 146 , 176n6 , 219 , 223–24 , 248 , 284 , 304-05 ; negotiations for redemption ...

Author: Robert J. Allison



Category: Africa, North

Page: 314

View: 797

Pirates of Barbary

Corsairs, Conquests and Captivity in the Seventeenth-Century Mediterranean Adrian Tinniswood. ELEVEN. Deliverance: The Liberation of Barbary Captives Robert Blake and Jawdar ben Abd Allah left the English court and returned to Morocco ...

Author: Adrian Tinniswood

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101445319

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 104

The stirring story of the seventeenth-century pirates of the Mediterranean-the forerunners of today's bandits of the seas-and how their conquests shaped the clash between Christianity and Islam. It's easy to think of piracy as a romantic way of life long gone-if not for today's frightening headlines of robbery and kidnapping on the high seas. Pirates have existed since the invention of commerce itself, but they reached the zenith of their power during the 1600s, when the Mediterranean was the crossroads of the world and pirates were the scourge of Europe and the glory of Islam. They attacked ships, enslaved crews, plundered cargoes, enraged governments, and swayed empires, wreaking havoc from Gibraltar to the Holy Land and beyond. Historian and author Adrian Tinniswood brings alive this dynamic chapter in history, where clashes between pirates of the East-Tunis, Algiers, and Tripoli-and governments of the West-England, France, Spain, and Venice-grew increasingly intense and dangerous. In vivid detail, Tinniswood recounts the brutal struggles, glorious triumphs, and enduring personalities of the pirates of the Barbary Coast, and how their maneuverings between the Muslim empires and Christian Europe shed light on the religious and moral battles that still rage today. As Tinniswood notes in Pirates of Barbary, "Pirates are history." In this fascinating and entertaining book, he reveals that the history of piracy is also the history that shaped our modern world.