A Beowulf Handbook

Social milieu by John M. Hill Summary : Readers have discussed various Germanic social customs , values , and structures found in Beowulf : gift giving ...

Author: Robert E. Bjork

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803212374

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 466

View: 119

The most revered work composed in Old English, Beowulf is one of the landmarks of European literature. This handbook supplies a wealth of insights into all major aspects of this wondrous poem and its scholarly tradition. Each chapter provides a history of the scholarly interest in a particular topic, a synthesis of present knowledge and opinion, and an analysis of scholarly work that remains to be done. Written to accommodate the needs of a broad audience, A Beowulf Handbook will be of value to nonspecialists who wish simply to read and enjoy Beowulf and to scholars at work on their own research. In its clear and comprehensive treatment of the poem and its scholarship, this book will prove an indispensable guide to readers and specialists for many years to come.

The Art of Beowulf

terrible power of Beowulf's antagonist , the immutable decree of Fate , and Beowulf's heroic fortitude in a combat which no man could hope to survive .

Author: Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520015128

Category: Beowulf

Page: 283

View: 544

During the twenty years that have passed since the publication of J.R.R. Tolkien's famous lecture, "Beowulf, the Monsters and the Critics," interest in Beowulf as a work of art has increased gratifyingly, and many fine papers have made distinguished contributions to our understanding of the poem as poetry and as heroic narrative. Much more, however, remains to be done. We have still no systematic and sensitive appraisal of the poem later than Walter Morris Hart's Ballad and Epic, no thorough examination of the poet's gifts and powers, of the effects for which he strove and the means he used to achieve them. More than enough remains to occupy a generation of scholars. It is my hope that this book may serve as a kind of prolegomenon to such study. It makes no claim to completeness or finality; it contributes only the convictions and impressions which have been borne in upon me in the course of forty years of study of the poem. - Preface.

The Narrative Pulse of Beowulf

thinks Beowulf may harbour some suspicion that they are cowards (p. 248, n. 9). 3 Bjork, 'Speech as Gift,' p. 1014. 4 To hear criticism in 'dollic,' as Andy ...

Author: John M. Hill

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802093299

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 119

View: 192

John M. Hill discerns a distinctive 'narrative pulse' arising out of the poem's many scenes of arrival and departure. He argues that such scenes, far from being fixed or 'type' scenes, are socially dramatic and a key to understanding the structural density of the poem.

Beowulf Cluster Computing with Linux

cial users of Beowulf support the widely distributed commercial Microsoft Windows operating system . Both types of Beowulf system use middleware that is a ...

Author: Thomas Lawrence Sterling

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262692748

Category: Computers

Page: 496

View: 531

Enabling technologies - An overview of cluster computing / Thomas Sterling / - Node Hardware / Thomas Sterling / - Linux / Peter H. Beckman / - Network Hardware / Thomas Sterling / - Network Software / Thomas Sterling / - Setting Up clusters : installation and configuration - How fast is my beowulf? / David Bailey / - Parallel programming / - Parallel programming with MPI / William Gropp / - Advanced topics in MPI programming / William Gropp / - Parallel programming with PVM / Al Geist / - Fault-tolerant and adaptive programs with PVM / Al Geist / - Managing clusters / - Cluster workload management / James Patton Jones / - Condor : a distributed job scheduler / - Maui scheduler : A multifunction cluster scheduler / David B. Jackson / - PBS : portable batch system / James Patton Jones / - PVFS : parallel virtual file system / Walt Ligon / - Chiba city : the Argonne scalable cluster.

Language Sign and Gender in Beowulf

Swords and Signs : Dynamic Semeiosis in Beowulf Coro A sign is something by knowing which we know something more Charles Sanders Peirce Interlace ...

Author: Gillian R. Overing

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809315635

Category: Poetry

Page: 137

View: 383

Not a book about what Beowulf means but how it means, and how the reader participates in the process of meaning construction. Overing’s primary aim is to address the poem on its own terms, to trace and develop an interpretive strategy consonant with the extent of its difference. Beowulf’s arcane structure describes cyclical repetitions and patterned intersections of themes which baffle a linear perspective, and suggest instead the irresolution and dynamism of the deconstructionist free play of textual elements. Chapter 1 posits the self/reader as a function of the text/language, examining the ways in which the text "speaks" the reader. Chapter 2 develops an interactive semiotic strategy in an attempt to describe an isomorphic relation between poem and reader, between text and self. Chapter 3 addresses the notions of text and self as more complex functions or formulations of desire, and thus complicates and expands the arguments of the two preceding chapters. The final chapter examines the issue of desire in the poem, and, to a lesser extent, desire in the reader (insofar as these may legitimately be viewed as distinct from each other).


Beowulf is a hero worthy of our only great English epic , a warrior sans peur et sans reproche . " His love of fighting , his eagerness for praise ( 3182 ) , his touch of braggadocio , were far from being faults in the eyes of the ...

Author: Alfred John Wyatt



Category: Beowulf

Page: 242

View: 817


BEOWULF . Lo ! we have learned by tradition the majesty of the Gar - Danes , of the mighty kings in days of yore , how the noble men perfected valour .






View: 482


is visited every night by Grendel (102, 1 15), who, along with his mother, is slain by Beowulf (711 ff., 1493 ff). HroS- gar's rich gifts to Beowulf, in consequence, 1021, 1818; he is praised as being generous, 71 ff.,80, 1028 ff., ...

Author: James Albert Harrison



Category: English poetry

Page: 361

View: 268


He believes himself safe in maintaining that the lay of Beowulf consisted originally of separate poems , which with time were united into one whole . It is evident , he thinks , that ' our lay of Beowulf is not the planned and regular ...

Author: Thomas Arnold




Page: 223

View: 770


Yet in his youth, the poet reveals, Beowulf had shown no signs of future greatness. The Geats “were convinced he was slow, or lazy, / a coward of a noble.

Author: Harold Bloom

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438114419

Category: Beowulf

Page: 112

View: 934

Discusses the characters, plot and writing of the epic poem involving the legendary hero Beowulf and his battle with the creature Grendel.


'Beowulf, the Edda and the Performance of Medieval Epic: Notes from the Workshop of a Reconstructed “Singer of Tales”'. Evelyn Birge Vitz, Nancy Freeman ...

Author: Jodi-Anne George

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137221755

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 192

View: 501

Of unknown authorship, Beowulf is an Old English epic poem which incites contentious debate and has been endlessly interpreted over the centuries. This Reader's Guide provides a much-needed overview of the large body of Beowulf criticism, moving from eighteenth-century reactions to twenty-first-century responses. Jodi-Ann George: • charts the changes in critical trends and theoretical approaches applied to the poem • includes discussion of J. R. R. Tolkein's pioneering 1936 lecture on Beowulf , and Seamus Heaney's recent translation • analyses Beowulf in popular culture, addressing the poem's life in film versions, graphic novels, music and comics. Clear and engaging, this is an indispensable introductory guide to a widely-studied and enigmatic work which continues to fascinate readers everywhere.

Beowulf and the Illusion of History

But, as elegy, there is more to this part than the end of Beowulf. Hroðgar's ''Sermon,'' toward the end of the first part, constitutes, in its admonition, ...

Author: John F. Vickrey

Publisher: University of Delaware Press

ISBN: 0980149665

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 254

View: 655

Most Beowulf scholars have held either that the poems' minor episodes are more or less based on incidents in Scandinavian history or at least that they entail nothing of the fabulous or monstrous. Beowulf and the Illusion of History contends that, like the poem's Grendelkin episodes, certain minor episodes involve monsters and contain motifs of the "Bear's Son" folktale. In the Finn Episode the monsters are to be taken as physically present in the story as we have it, while in the mention of the hero's fight with Daeghrefn and perhaps in the accounts of the fight with Ongenbeow, the principal foes, though originally monsters, appear now more like ordinary humans. The inference permits the elucidation of passages hitherto obscure and indicates that the capability of the Beowulf poet as a "maker" is greater than has been thought. John F. Vickrey, is Professor of English, Emeritus, at Lehigh University.

The Deeds of Beowulf

In the year 1833 appeared the first English edition of the Beowulf - text , edited by J. M. Kemble , of Trinity College , Cambridge . It was a single volume , in 12mo , containing the text , with a Preface and Glossary , both short ' .

Author: John Earle



Category: Beowulf

Page: 203

View: 513

An early scholarly rendering of Beowulf into prose.


1904 SIEVERS E. Zum Beowulf (l.5, Criticism of Kock), P.B.B. XXIX, 560-76. Reply by Kock, Anglia, XXVIII (1905), 140-2. 1905 TRAUTMANN, M. Auch zum Beowulf: ...

Author: Robert W. Chambers

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3734034795

Category: Fiction

Page: 448

View: 564

Reproduction of the original: Beowulf by Robert W. Chambers

On the Aesthetics of Beowulf and Other Old English Poems

liedertheorie, which was to dominate Beowulf criticism for the next fifty years.23 between the dying out of liedertheorie and the turning point in ...

Author: John M. Hill

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802099440

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 299

View: 188

What makes one Anglo-Saxon poem better than another? Why does Beowulf still have the power to move us after so many centuries? What might have been aesthetically pleasing to Old English readers and writers of poetry? While there is an apparent consensus by scholars on a core of poems considered to be exceptional literary achievements - Beowulf, Judith, the Vercelli book - there has been little systematic investigation of the basis for these appraisals. With new essays on rhetoric, wordplay, meter, structure, irony, form, psychology, ethos, and reader response, the contributors to this collection aim to find objective aesthetic qualities in Anglo-Saxon poetry. Posing questions of quality and beauty as discoverable in artefacts, On the Aesthetics of Beowulf and Other Old English Poems significantly advances our understanding not only of aesthetics and Old English poetry, but also of Old English attitudes towards literature as an art form.


We cannot know for certain whether the Beowulf poet knew of this incestuous birth. Hrothgar's poet's recitation about Sigemund is usually believed to ...

Author: Kevin Crossley-Holland

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 0192833200

Category: Fiction

Page: 128

View: 474

Beowulf is the longest and finest literary work to have come down to us from Anglo-Saxon times, and one of the world's greatest epic poems. Set in the half-legendary, half historical Scandinavian past, it tells the story of the hero Beowulf, who comes to the aid of the Danish king Hrothgar by killing first the terrifying, demonic monster Grendel, and then Grendel's infuriated and vengeful mother. A lifetime later, Beowulf's own kingdom, Geatland, is threatened by a fiery dragon; Beowulf heroically takes on this challenge, but himself dies killing the dragon. The poem celebrates the virtues of the heroic life, but Hrothgar and Beowulf are beacons of wisdom and courage in a dark world of feuds, violence and uncertainty, and Beowulf's selfless heroism is set against a background of ruthless power struggles, fratricide and tyranny. This acclaimed translation is complemented by a critical introduction and substantial editorial apparatus. `The poem has at last found its translator . . .supremely well done' Charles Causley


language with that of the “ Canterbury Chronicle ' for the first quarter of the tenth century ( where the record , as shown by Mr. Earle in his Introduction , ' is contemporary with the events described ) , we shall find in Beowulf ...

Author: Beowulf




Page: 223

View: 683

Basilisks and Beowulf

61 Beowulf , 1351b - 1352a , ASPR IV . 62 Beowulf , 105a ; 1352a ; 720b ; 1682a ; 141a ; 986b , ASPR IV . 63 Beowulf , 761a , ASPR IV .

Author: Tim Flight

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1789144345

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 974

An eye-opening, engrossing look at the central role of monsters in the Anglo-Saxon worldview. This book addresses a simple question: why were the Anglo-Saxons obsessed with monsters, many of which did not exist? Drawing on literature and art, theology, and a wealth of firsthand evidence, Basilisks and Beowulf reveals a people huddled at the edge of the known map, using the fantastic and the grotesque as a way of understanding the world around them and their place within it. For the Anglo-Saxons, monsters helped to distinguish the sacred and the profane; they carried God’s message to mankind, exposing His divine hand in creation itself. At the same time, monsters were agents of disorder, seeking to kill people, conquer their lands, and even challenge what it meant to be human. Learning about where monsters lived and how they behaved allowed the Anglo-Saxons to situate themselves in the world, as well as to apprehend something of the divine plan. It is for these reasons that monsters were at the very center of their worldview. From map monsters to demons, dragons to Leviathan, we neglect these beasts at our peril.


Beowulf tears Grendel's shoulder from its socket, and the monster retreats to his den, howling and yelling with agony and fury. The wound is fatal.

Author: Anonymous,

Publisher: First Avenue Editions ™

ISBN: 146778687X

Category: Poetry

Page: 190

View: 138

King Hrothgar of Denmark has a problem: though his land prospers, his great mead-hall is plagued nightly by a horrible beast, Grendel, that pillages and kills his men. Leaving his home in Sweden, the warrior Beowulf sails to the king's aid. Beowulf and his men camp in the mead-hall to wait for Grendel. When the beast attacks, Beowulf grabs him by the claw and rips his arm off, making the beast flee in defeat. But Grendel isn't the only challenge facing Beowulf and, even in his native Sweden, adventures and dangers await. Written between the 8th and 11th centuries, Beowulf is the oldest surviving epic poem written in Old English. This unabridged version is taken from the translation by published by John Lesslie Hall in 1892.