Black and British

Drawing on new genealogical research, original records, and expert testimony, Black and British reaches back to Roman Britain, the medieval imagination, Elizabethan ‘blackamoors’ and the global slave-trading empire.

Author: David Olusoga

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 1447299744

Category: History


View: 745

Winner of the 2017 PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize. Winner of the Longman History Today Trustees' Award. A History Book of the Year. Longlisted for the Orwell Prize. Shortlisted for the inaugural Jhalak Prize. In this vital re-examination of a shared history, historian and broadcaster David Olusoga tells the rich and revealing story of the long relationship between the British Isles and the people of Africa and the Caribbean. Drawing on new genealogical research, original records, and expert testimony, Black and British reaches back to Roman Britain, the medieval imagination, Elizabethan ‘blackamoors’ and the global slave-trading empire. It shows that the great industrial boom of the nineteenth century was built on American slavery, and that black Britons fought at Trafalgar and in the trenches of both World Wars. Black British history is woven into the cultural and economic histories of the nation. It is not a singular history, but one that belongs to us all. Unflinching, confronting taboos and revealing hitherto unknown scandals, Olusoga describes how the lives of black and white Britons have been entwined for centuries.

Black and British A short essential history

Their talents and their training , which Britain had found useful during the war
years , were often disregarded . Many also faced terrible discrimination at work .
At times white people refused to work alongside their new Black colleagues and

Author: David Olusoga

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 1529064422

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction


View: 466

A short, essential introduction to Black British history for readers of 12+ by award-winning historian and broadcaster David Olusoga. When did Africans first come to Britain? Who are the well-dressed black children in Georgian paintings? Why did the American Civil War disrupt the Industrial Revolution? These and many other questions are answered in this essential introduction to 1800 years of the Black British history: from the Roman Africans who guarded Hadrian’s Wall right up to the present day. This children's version of the bestseller Black and British: A Forgotten History is Illustrated with maps, photos and portraits. Macmillan Children's Books will donate 50p from every copy sold to The Black Curriculum.

Race and Antiracism in Black British and British Asian Literature

kind of black'. Adebayo thus presents the overtly political as indispensable, or, at
least, unavoidable, in the creation of black identities, and engages directly with
the symbiotic relations present in contemporary British racial discourse in which ...

Author: Dave Gunning

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1781388180

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 196

View: 870

Race and Antiracism in Black British and British Asian Literature' offers the first extended exploration of the cultural impact of the politics of race and antiracism in Britain through focussing on a selection of recent novels by black British and British Asian writers. The study argues that an understanding of how race and ethnicity function in contemporary Britain can only be gained through attention to antiracism: the politics of opposing discrimination that manifest at the level of state legislation, within local and national activism, and inside the scholarly exploration of race. It is antiracism that now most strongly conditions the emergence of racial categorisations but also of racial identities and models of behaviour. This sense of how antiracism may determine the form and content of both political debate and individual identity is traced through an examination of ten novels by black British and British Asian writers. These authors range from the well known to the critically neglected: works by Monica Ali, Nadeem Aslam, Fred D'Aguiar, Ferdinand Dennis, Hanif Kureishi, Gautam Malkani, Caryl Phillips, Mike Phillips, Zadie Smith, and Meera Syal are carefully read to explore the impacts of antiracism. These literary studies are grouped into three main themes, each of which is central to the direction of racial political identities over the last two decades in Britain: the use of the continent of Africa as a symbolic focus for black political culture; the changing forms of Muslim culture in Britain; and the emergence of a multiculturalist ethos based around the notion of ethnic communities.

Western European and British Barbarity Savagery and Brutality in the Transatlantic Chattel Slave Trade

The entification is that white slavery had been introduced by Britain before black
slavery and black and white slavery existed and juxtaposed in Britain and Europe
and the USA by Britain. The preference to black enslavement was (a) that ...

Author: Dr. Robinson A. Milwood PhD

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1483608387

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 675

Man makes history, in a fashion, and history also makes man. As with other men, the historical experience of the African over the centuries has had a profound effect on his self-image as well as on his perception of the external world. Perhaps more than other men, the African in pre-colonial times developed a strong historical tradition, and his perception of himself and his world came to depend very much on his view of the past. European colonialism, brief as it was, produced a traumatic effect largely because it tried to impose on the African a gross distortion of his historical tradition.

Ethnic Labour and British Imperial Trade

Introduction Historians of Britain , with few exceptions , see their subject matter as
being exclusively ' White ' , despite the 2 , 000 - year presence of Black peoples
in these isles . Historians of the left seemingly do not notice the Black leftist even

Author: Diane Frost

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714641850

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 145

View: 753

This collection of essays identifies a neglected but significant component of Britain's maritime and labour history, that of ethnic labour drawn from Britain's colonies in West Africa, the Middle East and Asia. The interdisciplinary nature of the volume (with contributors from sociologists, historians and Middle Eastern specialists), has meant that a number of important issues are raised. These include the themes of race and ethnicity, colonialism and migration, social class and the complex nature of racial hostility meted out by organized white labour. Taken together, the contributions highlight the considerable degree of shared and similar experiences that ethnic seamen endured whilst working on British ships (including inferior wages and conditions, racial hostility and a precarious legal status). This ethnic presence in Britain before the Second World War represented an important link with the post-war migrations, both of which were powerful legacies of empire. These essays contribute to the neglected pre-1945 ethnic presence in Britain as well as more 'mainstream' British maritime and labour history.

Opposition In Discourse

The implication is apparently that if the Labour Party calls a man black, they are
denying his Britishness. This is therefore a complementary opposition; it is
implied that you cannot be both black and British. This opposition appears to
confirm ...

Author: Lesley Jeffries

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472524438

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 160

View: 918

In this important book, Lesley Jeffries introduces a phenomenon which has not been given the attention it deserves - the contextual construction of oppositional meaning. These are opposites not recognisable as such out of context but that are clearly set up this way in the text concerned. The significance of oppositional meaning is well-known, and has been discussed by scholars for millennia, from Philosophy to Politics. But the main emphasis has always been on the conventional opposite: the opposite recognised by lexical semantics. Starting from socio-cultural viewpoints, moving to original research and then concluding with a new theoretical formulation, this book introduces and consolidates a significant new approach to the analysis of oppositional meaning. It closes with a discussion of the importance of constructed opposition in hegemonic practice and makes a case for the inclusion of opposition as a central tool of critical discourse analysis. It is now essential reading for researchers and graduates in stylistics, linguistics and language studies.

Race Sport and British Society

Already, Scotland has shamed itself in the eyes of the world by electing a twenty-
first-century parliament without a single black or Asian member. ('Scotland's
shame', in The Guardian, 10 August, 1999, p. 15) The opening chapter by Paul ...

Author: Ben Carrington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134578164

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 858

Contrary to the popular belief that sport is an arena largely free from the corrosive effects of racism, this book argues that racism is evident throughout British sport. From playing fields and boardrooms of sports organisations, to the offices of sports policy makers and the media, this book breaks new ground in showing how discourses of 'race' and nation continue to pervade our sporting life. Looking at a range of sports, including football, rugby league and cricket, this book covers key topics such as: * British nationalism and nationalist ideology * racial science and the images of Asian and black physicality * sport, racism and the law * black feminism and the issues of race, gender and sport * the role of the media in perpetuating and challenging racial stereotypes. Challenging the prevailing liberal view that sport is one area of society where 'good race-relations' are developed, this book offers a wealth of research material, and a strong theoretical perspective on contemporary British sport. It will therefore be of vital interest to sociologists, sports studies students, sport policy-makers and anyone with an interest in contemporary British sport.

The Complete Farrier and British Sportsman

This is a subject upon which horsemen | The chief and principal colours are the
entertain very different opinions ; still there bay , the chesnut , the black , the
brown , the is an old adage , that “ a good horse cannot | dapple - grey , and the
sorrel ...

Author: Richard Lawrence (veterinary surgeon.)



Category: Dogs

Page: 507

View: 922

Films and British National Identity

black. man. as. hero. The concept of a British national identity compounded of
Protestantism , empire , parliamentary democracy , monarchy and a particular
conception of the national character was widely disseminated and widely shared

Author: Jeffrey Richards

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719047435

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 387

View: 614

This book seeks to examine the ways in which the cinema has defined, mythified and disseminated British national identity during the course of the twentieth century. It takes the form of a series of linked essays which examine chronologically, thematically and by specific case studies of films, stars and genres the complexities and ambiguities in the process of evolution and definition of the national identity. It argues for the creation of a distinctive British national identity both in cinema and the wider culture. But it also assesses the creation of alternative identities both ethnic and regional and examines the interaction of cinema and other cultural forms (music, literature and television).

The Game Fish of the Northern States and British Provinces

The hackles are in my opinion altogether inferior , except the black - winged
hackle , which , of a bright warm day , is irresistible . The ibis and professor ,
dressed à l ' Américaine , with yellow floss body and red tail , are both excellent
flies .

Author: Robert Barnwell Roosevelt



Category: Fishes

Page: 324

View: 448

British Historical Cinema

lies. Black. histories. and. British. historical. films. Stephen. Bourne. In the 1960s
a new generation of African-Caribbean children were growing up in racially-
mixed communities all over Britain: the offspring of parents who had come to
Britain ...

Author: Claire Monk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136366490

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 288

View: 710

Films recreating or addressing 'the past' - recent or distant, actual or imagined - have been a mainstay of British cinema since the silent era. From Elizabeth to Carry On Up The Khyber, and from the heritage-film debate to issues of authenticity and questions of genre, British Historical Cinema explores the ways in which British films have represented the past on screen, the issues they raise and the debates they have provoked. Discussing films from biopics to literary adaptations, and from depictions of Britain's colonial past to the re-imagining of recent decades in retro films such as Velvet Goldmine, a range of contributors ask whose history is being represented, from whose perspective, and why.

Black British Intellectuals and Education

The distance travelled through the educational struggles of the 1960s and 70s
was, in cultural and political terms, another migration for Britain's black
communities. And if, to borrow Stuart Hall's formulation, 'we struggle where we
are' (Gillborn, ...

Author: Paul Warmington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317752368

Category: Education

Page: 180

View: 790

Ask any moderately interested Briton to name a black intellectual and chances are the response will be an American name: Malcolm X or Barack Obama, Toni Morrison or Cornel West. Yet Britain has its own robust black intellectual traditions and its own master teachers, among them C.L.R. James, Claudia Jones, Ambalavaner Sivanandan, Stuart Hall and Paul Gilroy. However, while in the USA black public intellectuals are an embedded, if often embattled, feature of national life, black British thinkers remain routinely marginalized. Black British Intellectuals and Education counters this neglect by exploring histories of race, education and social justice through the work of black British public intellectuals: academics, educators and campaigners. The book provides a critical history of diverse currents in black British intellectual production, from the eighteenth century, through post-war migration and into the ‘post-multicultural’ present, focusing on the sometimes hidden impacts of black thinkers on education and social justice. Firstly, it argues that black British thinkers have helped fundamentally to shape educational policy, practice and philosophy, particularly in the post-war period. Secondly, it suggests that education has been one of the key spaces in which the mass consciousness of being black and British has emerged, and a key site in which black British intellectual positions have been defined and differentiated. Chapters explore: • the early development of black British intellectual life, from the slave narratives to the anti-colonial movements of the early twentieth century • how African-Caribbean and Asian communities began to organize against racial inequalities in schooling in the post-Windrush era of the 1950s and 60s • how, from out of these grassroots struggles, black intellectuals and activists of the 1970s, 80s and 90s developed radical critiques of education, youth and structural racism • the influence of multiculturalism, black cultural studies and black feminism on education • current developments in black British educational work, including ‘post-racial’ approaches, Critical Race Theory and black social conservatism. Black British Intellectuals and Education will be of key relevance to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics engaged in research on race, ethnicity, education, social justice and cultural studies.

Portraiture and British Gothic Fiction

Culture, Politics, and Society in Britain, 1660*1800. Ed. Ieremy Black and Ieremy
Gregory. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1991. 131—53. . Portraiture. Oxford:
Oxford UP, 2004. White, Thomas H. Bellgrove Castle; or, The Horrid Spectre! 4

Author: Kamilla Elliott

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421408643

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 352

View: 976

Traditionally, kings and rulers were featured on stamps and money, the titled and affluent commissioned busts and portraits, and criminals and missing persons appeared on wanted posters. British writers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, however, reworked ideas about portraiture to promote the value and agendas of the ordinary middle classes. According to Kamilla Elliott, our current practices of "picture identification" (driver’s licenses, passports, and so on) are rooted in these late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century debates. Portraiture and British Gothic Fiction examines ways writers such as Horace Walpole, Ann Radcliffe, Mary Shelley, and C. R. Maturin as well as artists, historians, politicians, and periodical authors dealt with changes in how social identities were understood and valued in British culture—specifically, who was represented by portraits and how they were represented as they vied for social power. Elliott investigates multiple aspects of picture identification: its politics, epistemologies, semiotics, and aesthetics, and the desires and phobias that it produces. Her extensive research not only covers Gothic literature’s best-known and most studied texts but also engages with more than 100 Gothic works in total, expanding knowledge of first-wave Gothic fiction as well as opening new windows into familiar work.

Britishness Since 1870

British. Ethnicity. and. Britishness. For many people the greatest challenge to
Britishness since the late 1940s has been ... 1 Powell saw black immigration as
destructive of the very existence of Britain: We must be mad [he said] , literally
mad, ...

Author: Paul Ward

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415220163

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 802

What does it mean to be British? It is now recognized that being British is not innate, static or permanent, but that national identities within Britain are constantly constructed and reconstructed. Britishness since 1870 examines this definition and redefinition of the British national identity since the 1870s. Paul Ward argues that British national identity is a resilient force, and looks at how Britishness has adapted to changing circumstances. Taking a thematic approach, Britishness since 1870 examines the forces that have contributed to a sense of Britishness, and considers how Britishness has been mediated by other identities such as class, gender, region, ethnicity and the sense of belonging to England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

Debating the Slave Trade

The anxiety over being judged and found wanting by black people consistently
appeared in antislavery poetry, ... Claiming a (Protestant) Christian Ethos: Black
Voices and British Identity The recovery of "authentic" African voices from the ...

Author: Professor Srividhya Swaminathan

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409475360

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 262

View: 892

How did the arguments developed in the debate to abolish the slave trade help to construct a British national identity and character in the late eighteenth century? Srividhya Swaminathan examines books, pamphlets, and literary works to trace the changes in rhetorical strategies utilized by both sides of the abolitionist debate. Framing them as competing narratives engaged in defining the nature of the Briton, Swaminathan reads the arguments of pro- and anti-abolitionists as a series of dialogues among diverse groups at the center and peripheries of the empire. Arguing that neither side emerged triumphant, Swaminathan suggests that the Briton who emerged from these debates represented a synthesis of arguments, and that the debates to abolish the slave trade are marked by rhetorical transformations defining the image of the Briton as one that led naturally to nineteenth-century imperialism and a sense of global superiority. Because the slave-trade debates were waged openly in print rather than behind the closed doors of Parliament, they exerted a singular influence on the British public. At their height, between 1788 and 1793, publications numbered in the hundreds, spanned every genre, and circulated throughout the empire. Among the voices represented are writers from both sides of the Atlantic in dialogue with one another, such as key African authors like Ignatius Sancho, Phillis Wheatley, and Olaudah Equiano; West India planters and merchants; and Quaker activist Anthony Benezet. Throughout, Swaminathan offers fresh and nuanced readings that eschew the view that the abolition of the slave trade was inevitable or that the ultimate defeat of pro-slavery advocates was absolute.

Representing Black Britain

As the 2000 Sydney Olympics demonstrated, we are now quite used to seeing
the televisual image of Black-British gold-medal winning athletes draped in a
Union Jack. On the one hand, this vision of success marks a public confirmation
that ...

Author: Sarita Malik

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761970274

Category: Social Science

Page: 201

View: 949

`This is one of the most important books on race, representation and politics to come along in a decade.... Sarita Malik's book is a brilliant contribution to the literature on race, cultural studies and public pedagogy' - Henry Giroux, Penn State University Representing Black Britain offers a critical history of Black and Asian representation on British television from the earliest days of broadcasting to the present day. Working through programs as wide-ranging as the early documentaries to `ethnic sitcoms' and youth television, this book provides a detailed analysis of shifting institutional contexts, images of `race' and ethnic-minority cultural politics in modern Britain.

A Concise Companion to Contemporary British Fiction

... issue of representation (as an act of delegation) is itself valuable to an
understanding of the shifting modes of representation (as an act of artistic
depiction) adopted within contemporary black and British Asian fiction over the
past 25 years.

Author: James F. English

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 140515215X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 296

View: 180

A Concise Companion to Contemporary British Fiction offers an authoritative overview of contemporary British fiction in its social, political, and economic contexts. Focuses on the fiction that has emerged since the late 1970s, roughly since the start of the Thatcher era. Comprises original essays from major scholars. Topics range from the rise and fall of the postcolonial novel to controversies over the celebrity author. The emphasis is on the whole fiction scene, from bookstores and prizes to the changing economics of film adaptation. Enables students to read contemporary works of British fiction with a much clearer sense of where they fit within British cultural life.

My Scotland Our Britain

... population mobility and fluctuating living standards'.34 Of course it has always
been intrinsic to the Union that we have multiple loyalties – Scots and British,
English and British and now today Black and British, and Muslim and British too.

Author: Gordon Brown

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1471137511

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 321

My Scotland, Our Britain: A Future Worth Sharingis a highly personal account of Gordon Brown's Scotland, the nation he was born in, and our Britain, the multinational state that the Scots, English, Welsh and Northern Irish have created and share. Laying bare his family's ancestry over 300 years of the Union and explaining how it shaped his background, Brown charts what it was like growing up in Scotland in the 1950s and 1960s, and explains the influence of religion, education and Scotland's unique industrial structure on the shaping of his and Scotland's identity. He sets out the dramatic economic, social and cultural changes of the past fifty years and the vastly different prospects his children will face, demonstrating that a sense of Scottish national identity has always remained strong and how Scottish institutions have always fiercely guarded their independence. The referendum should not be seen as a battle between Scotland and Britain, he argues, but one between two visions of Scotland's future: one that sees Scotland prosper with a strong Scottish Parliament that is part of the UK, and one that severs all the political links Scots have with the UK. Brown puts forward his proposal for a constitutional settlement that could unite the country, and argues that in tune with Scotland's history of deep engagement with the wider world -as inventors, explorers, traders, missionaries, business leaders and aid workers -the best future for Scots is not to leave Britain, but to continue to shape it.