Catholics and Anti Catholicism in Chos n Korea

He returned to Korea in 1784 and began baptizing Koreans. Thus, when the first foreign missionary arrived in Korea, there were already four thousand Catholics. See Cho Kwang, Chosŏn hugi Ch'ŏnjugyosa yŏn'gu, 20–31.

Author: Don Baker

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824879260

Category: History

Page: 329

View: 229

Korea’s first significant encounter with the West occurred in the last quarter of the eighteenth century when a Korean Catholic community emerged on the peninsula. Decades of persecution followed, resulting in the deaths of thousands of Korean Catholics. Don Baker provides an invaluable analysis of late-Chosŏn (1392–1897) thought, politics, and society to help readers understand the response of Confucians to Catholicism and of Korean Catholics to years of violent harassment. His analysis is informed by two remarkable documents expertly translated with the assistance of Franklin Rausch and annotated here for the first time: an anti-Catholic essay written in the 1780s by Confucian scholar Ahn Chŏngbok (1712–1791) and a firsthand account of the 1801 anti-Catholic persecution by one of its last victims, the religious leader Hwang Sayŏng (1775–1801). Confucian assumptions about Catholicism are revealed in Ahn’s essay, Conversation on Catholicism. The work is based on the scholar’s exchanges with his son-in-law, who joined the small group of Catholics in the 1780s. Ahn argues that Catholicism is immoral because it puts more importance on the salvation of one’s soul than on what is best for one’s family or community. Conspicuously absent from his Conversation is the reason behind the conversions of his son-in-law and a few other young Confucian intellectuals. Baker examines numerous Confucian texts of the time to argue that, in the late eighteenth century, Korean Confucians were tormented by a growing concern over human moral frailty. Some among them came to view Catholicism as a way to overcome their moral weakness, become virtuous, and, in the process, gain eternal life. These anxieties are echoed in Hwang’s Silk Letter, in which he details for the bishop in Beijing his persecution and the decade preceding it. He explains why Koreans joined (and some abandoned) the Catholic faith and their devotion to the new religion in the face of torture and execution. Together the two texts reveal much about not only Korean beliefs and values of two centuries ago, but also how Koreans viewed their country and their king as well as China and its culture.

Wiley Blackwell Companion to Christian Martyrdom

The history of Christian martyrdom in Korea, though perhaps not as long as that of other countries, is certainly rich, ... The Silk Letter of Hwang Sayo&c.breve;ng: Catholics and AntiCatholicism in Choso&c.breve;n Dynasty Korea.

Author: Paul Middleton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111910002X

Category: Religion

Page: 560

View: 715

A unique, wide-ranging volume exploring the historical, religious, cultural, political, and social aspects of Christian martyrdom Although a well-studied and researched topic in early Christianity, martyrdom had become a relatively neglected subject of scholarship by the latter half of the 20th century. However, in the years following the attack on the Twin Towers on September 11, 2001, the study of martyrdom has experienced a remarkable resurgence. Heightened cultural, religious, and political debates about Islamic martyrdom have, in a large part, prompted increased interest in the role of martyrdom in the Christian tradition. The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Christian Martyrdom is a comprehensive examination of the phenomenon from its beginnings to its role in the present day. This timely volume presents essays written by 30 prominent scholars that explore the fundamental concepts, key questions, and contemporary debates surrounding martyrdom in Christianity. Broad in scope, this volume explores topics ranging from the origins, influences, and theology of martyrdom in the early church, with particular emphasis placed on the Martyr Acts, to contemporary issues of gender, identity construction, and the place of martyrdom in the modern church. Essays address the role of martyrdom after the establishment of Christendom, especially its crucial contribution during and after the Reformation period in the development of Christian and European national-building, as well as its role in forming Christian identities in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. This important contribution to Christian scholarship: Offers the first comprehensive reference work to examine the topic of martyrdom throughout Christian history Includes an exploration of martyrdom and its links to traditions in Judaism and Islam Covers extensive geographical zones, time periods, and perspectives Provides topical commentary on Islamic martyrdom and its parallels to the Christian church Discusses hotly debated topics such as the extent of the Roman persecution of early Christians The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Christian Martyrdom is an invaluable resource for scholars and students of religious studies, theology, and Christian history, as well as readers with interest in the topic of Christian martyrdom.

Beyond Death

The Politics of Suicide and Martyrdom in Korea Charles R. Kim, Jungwon Kim, Hwasook B. Nam, Serk-Bae Suh ... “ Into the Sunset : Ch'õndogyo in North Korea , 1945-1950 . ... Catholics and Anti - Catholicism in Chosön Korea .

Author: Charles R. Kim

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295746335

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 380

Suicide and martyrdom are closely intertwined with Korean social and political processes. In this first book-length study of the evolving ideals of honorable death and martyrdom from the Chosŏn Dynasty (1392–1910) to contemporary South Korea, interdisciplinary essays explore the changing ways in which Korean historical agents have considered what constitutes a sociopolitically meaningful death and how the surviving community should remember such events. Among the topics covered are the implications of women’s chaste suicides and men’s righteous killings in the evolving Confucian-influenced social order of the latter half of the Chosŏn Dynasty; changing nation-centered constructions of sacrifice and martyrdom put forth by influential intellectual figures in mid-twentieth-century South Korea, which were informed by the politics of postcolonial transition and Cold War ideology; and the decisive role of martyrdom in South Korea’s interlinked democracy and labor movements, including Chun Tae-il’s self-immolation in 1970, the loss of hundreds of lives during the Kwangju Uprising of 1980, and the escalation of protest suicides in the 1980s and early 1990s.

The Role and Meaning of Religion for Korean Society

Catholics and Anti-Catholicism in Choson Korea. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, ... Cawley, Kevin N. 2014. Dis-assembling Traditions: Deconstructing Tasan via ... (In Korean) Cho, Kwang. 2006. On the Vernacular Catholic Books in ...

Author: Song-Chong Lee

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038978884

Category: Religion

Page: 182

View: 147

This special issue presents discussions of the role and meaning of religion for Korean society. Covering wide-ranging time periods, the authors explores with their own cases four major characteristics of Korean religion: Creativity, Greater Responsiveness, Adaptability, and Prophethood. Their topical religious traditions include Neo-Confucianism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Korean new religious movements.

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church

Like the Catholics, Protestants in the N. suffered greatly and upwards of 80,000, or 40% of the N. Protestant population, migrated to the ... TSL D. Baker and F. Rausch, Catholics and Anti-Catholicism in Chosŏn Korea (Honolulu, 2017).

Author: Andrew Louth

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192638157

Category: Religion

Page: 2224

View: 509

Uniquely authoritative and wide-ranging in its scope, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church is the indispensable reference work on all aspects of the Christian Church. It contains over 6,500 cross-referenced A-Z entries, and offers unrivalled coverage of all aspects of this vast and often complex subject, from theology; churches and denominations; patristic scholarship; and the bible; to the church calendar and its organization; popes; archbishops; other church leaders; saints; and mystics. In this new edition, great efforts have been made to increase and strengthen coverage of non-Anglican denominations (for example non-Western European Christianity), as well as broadening the focus on Christianity and the history of churches in areas beyond Western Europe. In particular, there have been extensive additions with regards to the Christian Church in Asia, Africa, Latin America, North America, and Australasia. Significant updates have also been included on topics such as liturgy, Canon Law, recent international developments, non-Anglican missionary activity, and the increasingly important area of moral and pastoral theology, among many others. Since its first appearance in 1957, the ODCC has established itself as an essential resource for ordinands, clergy, and members of religious orders, and an invaluable tool for academics, teachers, and students of church history and theology, as well as for the general reader.

North Korea

Many Japanese stayed on in Korea , eking a living amid the postbattle chaos until Hideyoshi attacked again with 140,000 ... Meanwhile , European missionaries had been spreading the Gospel across Asia , and Catholic missionaries had ...

Author: Robert Willoughby

Publisher: Bradt Travel Guides

ISBN: 9781841622194

Category: Travel

Page: 252

View: 360

The only travel guide currently on the market to this country which lives in almost total seclusion from the rest of the world.

Balancing Communities

Nation, State, and Protestant Christianity in Korea, 1884–1942 Paul S. Cha ... “ Han - Il hapbyong ' chonhu Hwanghae - do ch'onju kyohoe wa Pillem sinbu " [ The Catholic Church in Hwanghae and Priest Wilhelm before and after the ...

Author: Paul S. Cha

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824891155

Category: History

Page: 265

View: 774

Starting in 1884 with the arrival of the first resident Protestant missionary in Korea and ending with the expulsion of missionaries from the peninsula by the Japanese colonial government in 1942, Balancing Communities examines how the competing demands of communal identities and memberships shaped the early history of Protestantism in Korea. In so doing, the author challenges the conventional history of Korean Protestantism in terms of its relationship to the (South) Korean nation-state. Conversion to Christianity granted Koreans membership in a faith-based organization that, at least in theory, transcended national and political boundaries. As a result, Korean Christians possessed dual membership in a transnational religious community and an earthly political state. Some strove to harmonize these two associations. Others privileged one membership over the other. Regardless, the potential for conflict was always present. Balancing competing demands was not simply a Korean issue. Missionaries also struggled to reconcile their national allegiances, political identities, and religious partnerships with both Korean Christian leaders and government officials. Improperly calibrated communal demands produced conflict and instability among missionaries, Korean Christians, and the state. These demands led to struggles for control over social institutions such as hospitals and schools, incited schisms and debates over church membership, and challenged state power and social patterns. When they were balanced differently, these demands could lead to surprisingly stable and long-lasting relations. The price of this stability, however, was often the perpetuation of inequality, for the language of community masked the hierarchy of power embedded in these associations. Scholars of both Korea and World Christianity have identified South Korea as a prime example of the “successful” spread of Christianity outside Euro-America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Paul S. Cha interrogates the construction of Korean Protestantism and successfully argues that frameworks anchored to nationalism or the nation-state fail to capture the complexities of this religion’s history in Korea and the relationships that formed among Korean Christians, missionaries, and government officials, especially during the colonial period.

Korea Journal

Bishop Hong Yong - ho of P'yongyang Diocese filed a strong protest over such anti - Catholic action , but this only ... As a result , no Catholic priest remains in north Korea today.46 the Korean Church could now take direct part in ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Korea

Page:

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Christianity in Korea

283, 284, 296–297, 298, 299, 301t, 310t, 330, 340; 2000, 283, 299; Catholic Church vs., 301t; decline in, 325–327; ... 265– 272 reunification movement of the Protestant Church: aid e¤orts to North Korean, 252–254, 337; Cho ̆n Tuhwan ...

Author: Robert E. Buswell, Jr.

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824861892

Category: Religion

Page: 417

View: 605

Despite the significance of Korea in world Christianity and the crucial role Christianity plays in contemporary Korean religious life, the tradition has been little studied in the West. Christianity in Korea seeks to fill this lacuna by providing a wide-ranging overview of the growth and development of Korean Christianity and the implications that development has had for Korean politics, interreligious dialogue, and gender and social issues. The volume begins with an accessibly written overview that traces in broad outline the history and development of Christianity on the peninsula. This is followed by chapters on broad themes, such as the survival of early Korean Catholics in a Neo-Confucian society, relations between Christian churches and colonial authorities during the Japanese occupation, premillennialism, and the theological significance of the division and prospective reunification of Korea. Others look in more detail at individuals and movements, including the story of the female martyr Kollumba Kang Wansuk; the influence of Presbyterianism on the renowned nationalist Ahn Changho; the sociopolitical and theological background of the Minjung Protestant Movement; and the success and challenges of Evangelical Protestantism in Korea. The book concludes with a discussion of how best to encourage a rapprochement between Buddhism and Christianity in Korea.

Redemption and Regret

Modernizing Korea in the Writings of James Scarth Gale James Scarth Gale Daniel Pieper. Korea Bookman Korea ... Kukcho inmulchi: Pu saegin [Korea's Record of Famous Men, Indexed]. ... Catholics and Anti-Catholicism in Chosŏn Korea.

Author: James Scarth Gale

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1487504349

Category: History

Page: 681

View: 245

This work presents the unpublished and largely unknown writings of the missionary James Scarth Gale, one of the most important scholars and translators in modern Korean history.