The Cold Wars

After the war he set to work on this in collaboration with his friend V. L. Ginzburg , who worked at the Lebedev Institute in Moscow . It was not far from Kapitza's laboratory ... A neophyte baker would have to make 130 THE COLD WARS.

Author: Jean Matricon

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813532950

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 484

There is no temperature below absolute zero, and, in fact, zero itself is impossible to reach. The quest to reach it has lured scientists for several centuries revealing interesting and unexpected phenomena along the way. Atoms move more slowly at low temperatures, but matter at bareLy above absolute zero is not immobile or even necessarily frozen. Among the most peculiar of matter's strange behaviors is superconductivity3/4simply described as electric current without resistance3/4discovered in 1911. With the 1986 discovery that, contrary to previous expectations, superconductivity was possible at temperatures well above absolute zero, research into practical applications has flourished. Superconductivity has turned out to be a fruitful arena for developments in condensed matter physics, which have proved applicable in particle physics and cosmology as well. Cold Wars tells the history of superconductivity, providing perspective on the development of the field and its relationship with the rest of physics and the history of our time. The authors provide a rare look at the scientists and their research, mostly little known beyond a small coterie of specialists. Superconductivity provides an excellent example of the evolution of physics in the twentieth century: the science itself, its epistemological foundations, and its social context. Cold Wars will be of equal interest to students of physics and the history of science and technology, and general readers interested in story behind this remarkable phenomenon.

Cold Wars

Cold Wars tells the story of the common cold , the most widespread disease of all . From ancient Egypt to the space age , colds have plagued humanity , and many attempts have been made to find a cure . Today , we spend millions of ...

Author: David Arthur John Tyrrell

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192632852

Category: Medical

Page: 253

View: 477

This is the story of one of the most familiar, if rarely fatal, diseases - the common cold. It examines the attempts by scientists and doctors from ancient to modern times to provide a cure, with particular emphasis on the work of an eccentric institution based in Salisbury - the Common Cold Unit.

Cold Wars

Since mid 1950, it included the militarization of the North Atlantic Treaty (NATO) with an integrated command system and the alliance's geographical inclusion of two previous Cold War hotspots–Turkey and Greece.

Author: Lorenz M. Lüthi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108418333

Category: History

Page: 784

View: 737

A new interpretation of the Cold War from the perspective of the smaller and middle powers in Asia, the Middle East and Europe.

Cold Wars

Climbing the fine line between risk and reality Andy Kirkpatrick. BOLD WARS CLIMBING THE FINE LINE BETWEEN RISK AND REALITY TIIE AWARD-WINNING nunmn or PS YOHOVERTIL'AL Andy Kirkpatrick ColdWars C LIMBING THE FINE LINE BETWEEN RISK.

Author: Andy Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Vertebrate Publishing

ISBN: 1906148376

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 288

View: 566

I was aware that I was cold - beyond cold. I was a lump of meat left for too long in a freezer, a body trapped beneath the ice, sinking down into the dark. 'I was freezing to death.' In this brilliant sequel to his award-winning debut "Psychovertical", mountaineering stand-up Andy Kirkpatrick has achieved his life's ambition to become one of the world's leading climbers. Pushing himself to new extremes, he embarks on his toughest climbs yet - on big walls in the Alps and Patagonia - in the depths of winter. Kirkpatrick has more success, but the savagery and danger of these encounters comes at huge personal cost. Questioning his commitment to his chosen craft, Kirkpatrick is torn between family life and the dangerous path he has chosen. Written with his trademark wit and honesty, "Cold Wars" is a gripping account of modern adventure.

Gale Researcher Guide for Cold Wars and Hot Spots

Beyond the Bipolar View The concept of the Cold War as being primarily a bipolar power struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union meant that when conflicts broke out in other places around the world—Southeast Asia, ...

Author: Valerie Deacon

Publisher: Gale, Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1535866659

Category: Study Aids

Page: 8

View: 229

Gale Researcher Guide for: Cold Wars and Hot Spots is selected from Gale's academic platform Gale Researcher. These study guides provide peer-reviewed articles that allow students early success in finding scholarly materials and to gain the confidence and vocabulary needed to pursue deeper research.

America and the Intellectual Cold Wars in Europe

As the headings of the central chapters indicate, this book would like to stimulate the development of a more transatlantic approach to the sociocultural history of the Cold War and to the ideas and policies that this war produced in ...

Author: Volker R. Berghahn

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691186189

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 646

In 1958, Shepard Stone, then directing the Ford Foundation's International Affairs program, suggested that his staff "measure" America's cultural impact in Europe. He wanted to determine whether efforts to improve opinions of American culture were yielding good returns. Taking Stone's career as a point of departure and frequent return, Volker Berghahn examines the triangular relationship between the producers of ideas and ideologies, corporate America, and Washington policymakers at a peculiar juncture of U.S. history. He also looks across the Atlantic, at the Western European intellectuals, politicians, and businessmen with whom these Americans were in frequent contact. While shattered materially and psychologically by World War II, educated Europeans did not shed their opinions about the inferiority, vulgarity, and commercialism of American culture. American elites--particularly the East Coast establishment--deeply resented this condescension. They believed that the United States had two culture wars to win: one against the Soviet Bloc as part of the larger struggle against communism and the other against deeply rooted negative views of America as a civilization. To triumph, they spent large sums of money on overt and covert activities, from tours of American orchestras to the often secret funding of European publications and intellectual congresses by the CIA. At the center of these activities were the Ford Foundation, the Congress for Cultural Freedom, and Washington's agents of cultural diplomacy. This was a world of Ivy League academics and East Coast intellectuals, of American philanthropic organizations and their backers in big business, of U.S. government agencies and their counterparts across the Atlantic. This book uses Shepard Stone as a window to this world in which the European-American relationship was hammered out in cultural terms--an arena where many of the twentieth century's major intellectual trends and conflicts unfolded.

The End of the Cold War

2 An End to Which Cold War ? WALTER LAFEBER Before we conclude that the Cold War era has ended , it might be well to decide which Cold War is under discussion . To telescope the past forty - five years into only a U.S. - Soviet ...

Author: Michael J Hogan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521437318

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 551

This book, first published in 1992, examines the end of the Cold War and the implications for the history and future of the world order.

U S Army Uniforms of the Cold War 1948 1973

The adaptation of Army uniforms during those wars are covered in U.S. Army Uniforms of World War II and U.S. Army Uniforms of the Korean War . The initiation of the Cold War between rival superpowers , and their allies , ushered in an ...

Author: Shelby L. Stanton

Publisher: Stackpole Books

ISBN: 9780811729505

Category: History

Page:

View: 778

Talks about the evolution of Army uniforms from World War II to Vietnam. This work traces uniform systems from conception through actual field development and issue.

Bringing Cold War Democracy to West Berlin

Berghahn, America and the Intellectual Cold Wars in Europe, 74–75. Ellen Schrecker, Many Are the Crimes: McCarthyism in America (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998), 232; Berghahn, America and the Intellectual Cold Wars in ...

Author: Scott H. Krause

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351578332

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 697

Within the span of a generation, Nazi Germany’s former capital, Berlin, found a new role as a symbol of freedom and resilient democracy in the Cold War. This book unearths how this remarkable transformation resulted from a network of liberal American occupation officials, and returned émigrés, or remigrés, of the Marxist Social Democratic Party (SPD). This network derived from lengthy physical and political journeys. After fleeing Hitler, German-speaking self-professed "revolutionary socialists" emphasized "anti-totalitarianism" in New Deal America and contributed to its intelligence apparatus. These experiences made these remigrés especially adept at cultural translation in postwar Berlin against Stalinism. This book provides a new explanation for the alignment of Germany’s principal left-wing party with the Western camp. While the Cold War has traditionally been analyzed from the perspective of decision makers in Moscow or Washington, this study demonstrates the agency of hitherto marginalized on the conflict’s first battlefield. Examining local political culture and social networks underscores how both Berliners and émigrés understood the East-West competition over the rubble that the Nazis left behind as a chance to reinvent themselves as democrats and cultural mediators, respectively. As this network popularized an anti-Communist, pro-Western Left, this book identifies how often ostracized émigrés made a crucial contribution to the Federal Republic of Germany’s democratization.

Cold War

—Dwight David Eisenhower For readers in the twenty-first century, even those who experienced some of the events described in this book, the Cold War has taken on a patina of antiquity. Scarcely had the Berlin Wall collapsed and the ...

Author: Carole K. Fink

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 081335062X

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 825

The decades-long Cold War was more than a bipolar conflict between two Superpowers-it had implications for the entire world. In this accessible, comprehensive retelling, Carole K. Fink provides new insights and perspectives on key events with an emphasis on people, power, and ideas. Cold War goes beyond US-USSR relations to explore the Cold War from an international perspective, including developments in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Fink also offers a broader time line of the Cold War than any other text, charting the lead-up to the conflict from the Russian Revolution to World War II and discussing the aftermath of the Cold War up to the present day. The second edition reflects the latest research and scholarship and offers additional information about the post-Cold War period, including the "new Cold War" with Russia. For today's students and history buffs, Cold War is the consummate book on this complex conflict.