So it does seem that Descartes believed confusion in one's ideas does not bar validity in one's inferences. The account of confusion I will give later in this book makes room for this combination of conceptual confusion and valid ...

Author: Joseph L. CAMP

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674029178

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 877

Everyone has mistaken one thing for another, such as a stranger for an acquaintance. A person who has mistaken two things, Joseph Camp argues, even on a massive scale, is still capable of logical thought. In order to make that idea precise, one needs a logic of confused thought that is blind to the distinction between the objects that have been confused. Confused thought and language cannot be characterized as true or false even though reasoning conducted in such language can be classified as valid or invalid. To the extent that philosophers have addressed this issue at all, they take it for granted that confusion is a kind of ambiguity. Camp rejects this notion; his fundamental claim is that confusion is not a mental state. To attribute confusion to someone is to take up a paternalistic stance in evaluating his reasoning. Camp proposes a novel characterization of confusion, and then demonstrates its fruitfulness with several applications in the history of philosophy and the history of science.


Confusion! Yes my life has been filled with confusion and it probably will continue, but any confusion as to my gender has finally come to an end. I am and always have been a woman. It's too bad it took me sixty plus long years to ...

Author: J. Sarah Duflo

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1440168458

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 724

View: 646

The life of a young girl raised as a male. her struggles in life and society to become the woman she was born as. this book tells of her struggles from childhood to adult and the struggles as a special Forces Officer in the Navy.

Warning Confusion and Deception in the Church

Why is there so much confusion Regarding the teachings of the Bible? The devil is in virtually all of the books of the New Testament. In the book of James, who was writing to a congregation in many different stages of confusion and were ...

Author: Terry Case

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1524691771

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 885

Gods Word has much to say to believers but will confound the unbelievers. Confusion has entered the church to deceive believers from Gods truth. The church is not the same when many preachers are proclaiming lies, which is false doctrine. Many denominations have caused this confusion to be sustained as truth through their people for many past generations. People think preachers only proclaim truth. When you tell a lie long enough, you believe it. Some denominations tell the world that Gods Word is full of errors and contradictions, which is what Satan wants to cause more deception. If you do what God wants, you will have peace with God. If you do less than what is expected, God will take your talent and give it to someone else. If you are available, God will meet you there. The Bible does command you to commit your way to the Lord and follow him.

Confusion People

CONFUSION. PEOPLE. (A Poem of West Indian wisdom) Confusion people vex me all the time. They always saying crazy things mixing up a man's mind. You know them confusion people they gotta be that way making all their troubles fall down on ...

Author: Ed Teja

Publisher: Float Street Press


Category: Fiction

Page: 256

View: 993

A Caribbean crime thriller Framed for a bewildering array of crimes, Martin is on the run. The government thinks Hodges is either dead or gone rogue. That makes it hard to save the world from his ex-wife who is doing her best to take over various arms and drug deals, and whatever else the cartels are doing. With both Interpol and the bad guys after them, time is not their friend.

The Confusion

Author: Neal Stephenson

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061793388

Category: Fiction

Page: 848

View: 760

In the year 1689, a cabal of Barbary galley slaves -- including one Jack Shaftoe, aka King of the Vagabonds, aka Half-Cocked Jack -- devises a daring plan to win freedom and fortune. A great adventure ensues -- a perilous race for an enormous prize of silver ... nay, gold ... nay, legendary gold. In Europe, the exquisite and resourceful Eliza, Countess de la Zeur, is stripped of her immense personal fortune by France's most dashing privateer. Penniless and at risk from those who desire either her or her head (or both), she is caught up in a web of international intrigue, even as she desperately seeks the return of her most precious possession. Meanwhile, Newton and Leibniz continue to propound their grand theories as their infamous rivalry intensifies, stubborn alchemy does battle with the natural sciences, dastardly plots are set in motion ... and Daniel Waterhouse seeks passage to the Massachusetts colony in hopes of escaping the madness into which his world has descended. This P.S. edition features an extra 16 pages of insights into the book, including author interviews, recommended reading, and more.

Confusion of Tongues

Normative disagreements involve a confusion of tongues, like that which thwarted the construction of the Tower of Babel, and the hope to raise ourselves above animality with a scientific resolution of these disagreements is in vain.

Author: Stephen Finlay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190649631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 289

View: 136

Can normative words like 'good', 'ought', and 'reason' be defined in non-normative terms? Stephen Finlay argues that they can, advancing a new theory of the meaning of this language and providing pragmatic explanations of the specially problematic features of its moral and deliberative uses which comprise the puzzles of metaethics.

The Evolution of Confusion

"Not knowing is what brings on confusion. While security is an ordered, learned system — confusion is disorder. Security is something understood as predictable. Certain responses are expected and counted on. You depend on it, ...

Author: Meiner

Publisher: Xulon Press

ISBN: 1615797459

Category: Fiction

Page: 454

View: 907

The Confusion between Art and Design

Hence, the confusion and anarchy pervading art in the course of the last century is also the main reason for the current confusion between art and design. All products of design are either objects, concrete or virtual, ...

Author: Tsion Avital

Publisher: Vernon Press

ISBN: 1622732057

Category: Art

Page: 429

View: 515

In the past century the borders have blurred between art and design. Designers, artists, aestheticians, curators, art and design critics, historians and students all seem confused about these borders. Figurative painting was reduced to graphic design while still being called 'art'. Figurative sculpture was reduced to nonfunctional industrial design while being called 'sculpture'. This fundamental blunder resulted from total misunderstanding of the concept of "abstraction" by the founders of modern art. Comprehensive analysis shows that so-called "abstract art" is neither abstract nor art, but a very simple, even trivial, kind of design. In this book the prehistoric, philosophical, logical, historic and religious sources of the confusion between art and design are analyzed. A new and coherent conceptual framework is proposed, to distinguish between art and design. Nearly one hundred distinctions, contradistinctions and comparisons between art and design are presented, showing clearly that they are totally independent domains. Philosophy of art books are written by philosophers for philosophers, not for artists and designers; therefore they are irrelevant for the latter, especially for students who normally lack the necessary conceptual training. This book is not only for theoreticians but for art and design practitioners at all levels. This is a new kind of book: an illustrated philosophical book for the art and design world, which can make philosophical knowledge accessible and useful for solving real problems for designers and artists who are mostly visual rather than conceptual thinkers. The book contains over two hundred images; thus art and design people can easily follow the arguments and reasoning presented in this book in their own language; images. Lack of distinction between art and design harms both. Design is contaminated by the ills of modern art, while modern art cannot recover from its current stagnation whilst under the illusion that it is actually art rather than design.

Confusion Matrix and Other Poems

Murray's Confusion Matrix and Other Poems is a collection of poetry that weaves together many different components of life using the thread of our most unavoidable emotion—confusion. Language and content combine beautifully as Murray ...

Author: David James Murray

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595898785

Category: Poetry

Page: 174

View: 646

David J. Murray's Confusion Matrix and Other Poems is a collection of poetry that weaves together many different components of life using the thread of our most unavoidable emotion-confusion. Language and content combine beautifully as Murray seamlessly blends concrete detail into abstraction. This mellifluous marriage of the tangible and the universal shows that confusion is an emotion as valuable to the human experience as fear or grief or even love. We move smoothly from one aspect of life to another, from one poem to the next, carried along by the familiar and inevitable undercurrent of confusion. The title work, "Confusion Matrix", takes us on a winding, existential path through the confusion created by man's examination of nature, love and life itself. This epic saga is followed by ten sets of poems, each with a specific theme, including art, music and even madness. Whether about a change in seasons or an unthinkable tragedy, Murray's extraordinary poems speak to the questions we all ask ourselves during the most quiet and thoughtful moments in life.

Turning Confusion into Clarity

It's very important to understand what creates samsara, also called the realm of confusion. Samsara does not arise from external circumstances. It's not tied to any particular object in the world around us. What creates samsara is how ...

Author: Yongey Mingyur

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 0834829754

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 191

By offering detailed instruction and friendly, inspiring advice for those embarking on the Tibetan Buddhist foundation practices, Yongey Mingyur Rinpoche provides gentle yet thorough commentary, companionship, and inspiration for committing to the Vajrayana path.