Destined for War

In Destined for War, eminent Harvard scholar Graham Allison masterfully blends history and current events to explain the timeless machinery of Thucydides’s Trap—and to explore the painful steps that might prevent disaster today. “[A] ...

Author: Graham Allison

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0544935330

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 464

A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK OF THE YEAR | SHORT-LISTED FOR THE 2018 LIONEL GELBER PRIZE | NAMED A BEST BOOK OF THE YEAR BY: FINANCIAL TIMES * THE TIMES (LONDON) * AMAZON “Allison is one of the keenest observers of international affairs around.”— JOE BIDEN, former vice president of the United States China and the United States are heading toward a war neither wants. The reason is Thucydides’s Trap: when a rising power threatens to displace a ruling one, violence is the likeliest result. Over the past five hundred years, these conditions have occurred sixteen times; war broke out in twelve. Today, as an unstoppable China approaches an immovable America, and both Xi Jinping and Donald Trump promise to make their countries “great again,” the seventeenth case looks grim. A trade conflict, cyberattack, Korean crisis, or accident at sea could easily spark a major war. In Destined for War, eminent Harvard scholar Graham Allison masterfully blends history and current events to explain the timeless machinery of Thucydides’s Trap—and to explore the painful steps that might prevent disaster today. “[A] must-read book in both Washington and Beijing.”— NIALL FERGUSON, BOSTON GLOBE “[Allison is] a first-class academic with the instincts of a first-rate politician.”— BLOOMBERG NEWS “[Full of] wide-ranging, erudite case studies that span human history . . . [A] fine book.”— NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW

Destined for War Can America and China Escape Thucydides Trap

In Destined for War, the eminent Harvard scholar Graham Allison explains why Thucydides's Trap is the best lens for understanding U.S.-China relations in the twenty-first century.

Author: Graham Allison

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781925849981

Category: Balance of power

Page: 400

View: 339

China and the United States are heading toward a war neither wants. The reason is Thucydides' Trap, a deadly pattern of structural stress that results when a rising power challenges a ruling one. This phenomenon is as old as history itself. About the Peloponnesian War that devastated ancient Greece, the historian Thucydides explained- 'It was the rise of Athens and the fear that this instilled in Sparta that made war inevitable.' Over the past 500 years, these conditions have occurred sixteen times. War broke out in twelve of them. Today, as an unstoppable China approaches an immovable America, and both Xi Jinping and Donald Trump promise to make their countries 'great again', the seventeenth case looks grim. Unless China is willing to scale back its ambitions or Washington can accept becoming number two in the Pacific, a trade conflict, cyberattack, or accident at sea could soon escalate into all-out war. In Destined for War, the eminent Harvard scholar Graham Allison explains why Thucydides' Trap is the best lens for understanding U.S.-China relations in the twenty-first century. Through uncanny historical parallels and war scenarios, he shows how close we are to the unthinkable. Yet, stressing that war is not inevitable, Allison also reveals how clashing powers have kept the peace in the past - and what painful steps the United States and China must take to avoid disaster today.

Destined for War

As Graham Allison explains, in the past 500 years, great powers have found themselves in 'Thucydides's Trap' 16 times.

Author: Graham T. Allison

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781925322378

Category: Balance of power

Page: 368

View: 723

Will the twenty-first century be defined by the inevitability of conflict between China and the USA?When Athens went to war with Sparta some 2,500 years ago, the Greek historian Thucydides identified one simple cause- a rising power threatened to displace a ruling one, leading inexorably to conflict. As Graham Allison explains, in the past 500 years, great powers have found themselves in 'Thucydides's Trap' sixteen times. In twelve of the sixteen - from war between the French and the Hapsburgs in the sixteenth century to the two world wars of the twentieth - the results have been catastrophic. Today, the same structural forces propel China and the United States toward a cataclysm of unseen proportions, even as both sides insist that such a war could never occur. In Destined for War, Allison compares the U.S.-China conflict to its closest parallel- World War I. There, a rising Germany threatened the supremacy of the British Empire. He sketches several scenarios in which America and China might slide, against their intent and better judgment, into a similar conflict. But he also examines the rare instances when two clashing powers have avoided disaster, and speculates about whether the current standoff could be one of those exceptions.

Summary of Destined for War

These questions can be used to create hours of conversation: - Foster a deeper understanding of the book - Promote an atmosphere of discussion for groups - Assist in the study of the book, either individually or corporately - Explore unseen ...

Author: LONDON SKY. PRESS

Publisher: Blurb

ISBN: 9780368233593

Category:

Page: 80

View: 767

Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides's Trap? by Graham Allison: Conversation Starters China has arrived as a superpower and America seems to have a hard time grasping this reality. The US and China have to learn the skill to make adjustments to this global power shift. The law of Thucydides's Trap says that "when a rising power threatens to displace a ruling one, violence is the likeliest result." History shows that this situation has happened sixteen times and twelve of these led to war. China cannot be stopped anymore while America refuses to budge. Destined for War is cited by the New York Times as Notable Book of the Year. It is included in the 2018 Lionel Gelber Prize shortlist. It is also named by The Financial Times (London) as Best Book of the Year. A Brief Look Inside: EVERY GOOD BOOK CONTAINS A WORLD FAR DEEPER than the surface of its pages. The characters and their world come alive, and the characters and its world still live on. Conversation Starters is peppered with questions designed to bring us beneath the surface of the page and invite us into the world that lives on. These questions can be used to create hours of conversation: - Foster a deeper understanding of the book - Promote an atmosphere of discussion for groups - Assist in the study of the book, either individually or corporately - Explore unseen realms of the book as never seen before Disclaimer: This book you are about to enjoy is an independent resource to supplement the original book, enhancing your experience. If you have not yet purchased a copy of the original book, please do before purchasing this unofficial Conversation Starters. (c) Copyright 2019 Download your copy now on sale Read it on your PC, Mac, iOS or Android smartphone, tablet devices.

Thucydides Other Traps The United States China and the Prospect of Inevitable War Origins of War Roles of Economic Power Leaders Allies Causality and Necessity Human Rights in China

Reactions to the Thucydides Trap * 4. Power Transition Theory before the Thucydides Trap * 5. What Does Thucydides Actually Say about the Origins of the War? * 6. In Search of Causality and Necessity: Aitiai and Prophasis * 7.

Author: U. S. Military

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781696969192

Category:

Page: 100

View: 866

Two authoritative reports are included in this unique reproduction. The notion of a "Thucydides Trap" that will ensnare China and the United States in a 21st century conflict--much as the rising power of Athens alarmed Sparta and made war "inevitable" between the Aegean superpowers of the 5th century BCE--has received global attention since entering the international relations lexicon 6 years ago. Scholars, journalists, bloggers, and politicians in many countries, notably China, have embraced this beguiling metaphor, coined by Harvard political science professor Graham Allison, as a framework for examining the likelihood of a Sino- American war. Allison's active promotion has given Thucydides (ca. 460-ca. 399 BCE), historian of the Peloponnesian War, new cachet as a sage of U.S.-China relations. References in academic journals, politicians' speeches, and political cartoons have become ubiquitous across the Indo- Pacific region. Allison examines this historical metaphor at length in his May 2017 book Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides's Trap? This case study examines the Thucydides Trap metaphor and the response it has elicited. Hewing closely to what the historian of the Peloponnesian War actually says about the causes and inevitability of war, it argues that, while Thucydides' text does not support Allison's normative assertion about the "inevitable" result of an encounter between "rising" and "ruling" powers, the History of the Peloponnesian War (hereafter, History) does identify elements of leadership and political dynamic that bear directly on whether a clash of interests between two states is resolved through peaceful means or escalates to war.Contents: 1. Introduction * 2. From the Aegean to the South (and East) China Sea * 3. Reactions to the Thucydides Trap * 4. Power Transition Theory before the Thucydides Trap * 5. What Does Thucydides Actually Say about the Origins of the War? * 6. In Search of Causality and Necessity: Aitiai and Prophasis * 7. Fear, Honor, and Interest, and Thucydides' other "Traps" * 8. Trap 1: National Character * 9. Trap 2: Governing System * 10. Trap 3: Domestic Tranquility * 11. Trap 4: Economic Power * 12. Trap 5: Leaders * 13. Trap 6: Allies and Alliances * 14. Trap 7: The Role of Tykē (Chance) in Peace and War * 15. Assessing the "Allison Trap" * 16. Conclusions: Destined for Difficult Diplomacy, Not for War * 17. Geography, History, DestinyThis compilation also includes a reproduction of the 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community.Additional content: CRS Report, Human Rights in China - Thirty years after the June 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown, the Communist Party of China (CCP) remains firmly in power. People's Republic of China (PRC) leaders have maintained political control through a mix of repression and responsiveness to some public preferences, delivering economic prosperity to many citizens, co-opting the middle and educated classes, and stoking nationalism to bolster CCP legitimacy. The party is particularly wary of unsanctioned collective activity related to sensitive groups, such as religious and labor groups, ethnic minorities, political dissidents, and human rights activists. PRC authorities have implemented particularly harsh policies against Tibetans, Uyghurs, and followers of the Falun Gong spiritual exercise. Under the previous PRC leader, Hu Jintao (2002-2012), the CCP tolerated limited public criticism of state policies, relatively unfettered dissemination of news and exchange of opinion on social media on some topics, and some human rights advocacy around issues not seen as threatening to CCP control.

Destined War Sovereign

Every era had countless legends.

Author: Ai Ling

Publisher: Funstory

ISBN: 1649910878

Category: Fiction

Page:

View: 641

Every era had countless legends. Some legends could penetrate time and become memories of immortality. In this strange and joyful world of martial cultivation, could a Martial God whose memories were shattered and whose soul had been reborn establish his own legend ... A man should lie drunk on the knees of beauties, waking up to rule the world! The Ancestor will bring you into a vast and mysterious fantasy world where blood is like fire, passion is everywhere, and desire is limitless ...

Destined for War Coloring Book

We present 25 warcraft coloring pages to calm yourself down and make you relaxed. Which will prevent world war III. Graham Roger is author of many bestselling coloring books.

Author: Graham Roger

Publisher: Blurb

ISBN: 9781389958434

Category:

Page:

View: 389

We present 25 warcraft coloring pages to calm yourself down and make you relaxed. Which will prevent world war III. Graham Roger is author of many bestselling coloring books.


A Leap of Fate Episode 7 Destined for War

War is vicious, brutal, horrifying, and heart-breaking...and so is this story. Dare to take the gamble that you can withstand it and press on till the end. It may very well shock you.

Author: G. L. Fontenot

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781518783937

Category:

Page: 646

View: 285

Ron finally gets to spend some time away from the struggle against the Triad and can't help but enjoy it, but once he rejoins Cache and finds out what really went on behind the scenes of the Games, his blood begins to boil. Out into the vastness of space the two heroes trudge, determined to set three more planets free from the tyranny of the Kreete, but little do they know what intricate plans have been laid to thwart them. Enemies and allies get intertwined in this episode, and at times Ron and Cache can barely keep them separate, but as always, the truth is all it takes to illuminate friend from foe. The two Raulden ambassadors venture into treacherous situations that push them to the very brink of their determination and fortitude, and for one of them, it goes far beyond even that. War is vicious, brutal, horrifying, and heart-breaking...and so is this story. Dare to take the gamble that you can withstand it and press on till the end. It may very well shock you.

Destined to Live

Her ability to survive, to love, and to live well, has been her greatest triumph. 'I couldn't put down this engaging, honest story of love, loss and survival.

Author: Diana Bagnall

Publisher: HarperCollins Australia

ISBN: 0730400514

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 126

An extraordinary story of courage, forgiveness and reconciliation. Sabina Wolanski was just 12 years old when her home town in Poland was invaded by Nazis. In her diary, along with innocent adolescent longings, she recorded what happened next: the humiliations and terrors, the murder of her beloved family and the startling story of her own survival. Leaving Europe after the war, Sabina forged a new life in Australia, juggling a thriving design business, her family, and an unorthodox love life. But as time wore on, she began asking herself why had she survived when so many died? And what kind of justice fitted such crimes? In May 2005, when Germany opened its controversial Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, in Berlin, Sabina was chosen to speak as the voice of the six million dead. In her speech she noted that although the Holocaust had taken everything she valued, it had also taught her that hatred and discrimination are doomed to fail. Her ability to survive, to love, and to live well, has been her greatest triumph. 'I couldn't put down this engaging, honest story of love, loss and survival.' Diane Armstrong, bestselling author of tHE VOYAGER OF tHEIR LIFE 'important and wonderfully written' Australian Literary Review


The U S Merchant Marine at War 1775 1945

13 The “ European War ” . and American Victims For all the toll of Allied ships taken by U - boats , and of neutral ships with war cargoes destined for ...

Author: Bruce L. Felknor

Publisher: Naval Inst Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 362

View: 895

As the U.S. Merchant Marine has declined over the last several decades, so too has the memory of the countless acts of unflinching courage and patriotism performed by its civilian officers and seamen in America's armed struggles. Scouring long-out-of-print books and dusty archives, veteran writer and merchant marine officer Bruce Felknor has collected the most dramatic of these stories from all of America's wars through World War II into a single comprehensive illustrated volume. Excerpts from such authors as Winston Churchill, Samuel Eliot Morison, and Lowell Thomas are combined with eyewitness accounts - many never before published - by heroes, victims, and survivors.

Destined to be Wives

31 IV hem , excepted the domie First World Four of the Potter sisters had died before the First World War . For the remaining five , the war provided the ...

Author: Barbara Caine

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 781

Do you ever wonder what your future holds? As ministry leader Jean Fleming began pondering how she could serve God with more purpose, she created Pursue the Intentional Life, a book that will help you discover how God's promises and instructions contain just what you need for the unknown days ahead. Whether you are facing the end of something in your life, or embarking on a new beginning, this book will help you live meaningfully and intentionally in the present while preparing well for the future.

China s Good War

Wartime China emerges as victor rather than victim. The shifting story has nurtured a number of new views.

Author: Rana Mitter

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674249550

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 973

Chinese leaders once tried to suppress memories of their nation’s brutal experience during World War II. Now they celebrate the “victory”—a key foundation of China’s rising nationalism. For most of its history, the People’s Republic of China discouraged public discussion of the war against Japan. It was an experience of victimization—and one that saw Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek fighting for the same goals. But now, as China grows more powerful, the meaning of the war is changing. Rana Mitter argues that China’s reassessment of the war years is central to its newfound confidence abroad and to mounting nationalism at home. China’s Good War begins with the academics who shepherded the once-taboo subject into wider discourse. Encouraged by reforms under Deng Xiaoping, they researched the Guomindang war effort, collaboration with the Japanese, and China’s role in forming the post-1945 global order. But interest in the war would not stay confined to scholarly journals. Today public sites of memory—including museums, movies and television shows, street art, popular writing, and social media—define the war as a founding myth for an ascendant China. Wartime China emerges as victor rather than victim. The shifting story has nurtured a number of new views. One rehabilitates Chiang Kai-shek’s war efforts, minimizing the bloody conflicts between him and Mao and aiming to heal the wounds of the Cultural Revolution. Another narrative positions Beijing as creator and protector of the international order that emerged from the war—an order, China argues, under threat today largely from the United States. China’s radical reassessment of its collective memory of the war has created a new foundation for a people destined to shape the world.


Destined War Sovereign

Every era had countless legends.

Author: Ai Ling

Publisher: Funstory

ISBN: 163622203X

Category: Fiction

Page: 527

View: 466

Every era had countless legends. Some legends could penetrate time and become memories of immortality. In this strange and joyful world of martial cultivation, could a Martial God whose memories were shattered and whose soul had been reborn establish his own legend ... A man should lie drunk on the knees of beauties, waking up to rule the world! The Ancestor will bring you into a vast and mysterious fantasy world where blood is like fire, passion is everywhere, and desire is limitless ...

Destined War Sovereign

Every era had countless legends.

Author: Ai Ling

Publisher: Funstory

ISBN: 1649918658

Category: Fiction

Page:

View: 417

Every era had countless legends. Some legends could penetrate time and become memories of immortality. In this strange and joyful world of martial cultivation, could a Martial God whose memories were shattered and whose soul had been reborn establish his own legend ... A man should lie drunk on the knees of beauties, waking up to rule the world! The Ancestor will bring you into a vast and mysterious fantasy world where blood is like fire, passion is everywhere, and desire is limitless ...

Destined War Sovereign

Every era had countless legends.

Author: Ai Ling

Publisher: Funstory

ISBN: 1649758170

Category: Fiction

Page:

View: 158

Every era had countless legends. Some legends could penetrate time and become memories of immortality. In this strange and joyful world of martial cultivation, could a Martial God whose memories were shattered and whose soul had been reborn establish his own legend ... A man should lie drunk on the knees of beauties, waking up to rule the world! The Ancestor will bring you into a vast and mysterious fantasy world where blood is like fire, passion is everywhere, and desire is limitless ...

Destined War Sovereign

Every era had countless legends.

Author: Ai Ling

Publisher: Funstory

ISBN: 1649911815

Category: Fiction

Page:

View: 906

Every era had countless legends. Some legends could penetrate time and become memories of immortality. In this strange and joyful world of martial cultivation, could a Martial God whose memories were shattered and whose soul had been reborn establish his own legend ... A man should lie drunk on the knees of beauties, waking up to rule the world! The Ancestor will bring you into a vast and mysterious fantasy world where blood is like fire, passion is everywhere, and desire is limitless ...