Nanotechnology Science and Computation

Many DNA-based nanodevices have been constructed which can execute motion on a nanoscale. By the end of 2004, 19 different forms of such devices have been published, as witnessed by references [1–19]. The number of published DNA-based ...

Author: Junghuei Chen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540302964

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 393

View: 229

Nanoscale science and computing is becoming a major research area as today's scientists try to understand the processes of natural and biomolecular computing. The field is concerned with the architectures and design of molecular self-assembly, nanostructures and molecular devices, and with understanding and exploiting the computational processes of biomolecules in nature. This book offers a unique and authoritative perspective on current research in nanoscale science, engineering and computing. Leading researchers cover the topics of DNA self-assembly in two-dimensional arrays and three-dimensional structures, molecular motors, DNA word design, molecular electronics, gene assembly, surface layer protein assembly, and membrane computing. The book is suitable for academic and industrial scientists and engineers working in nanoscale science, in particular researchers engaged with the idea of computing at a molecular level.

DNA Based Nanodevices

International Symposium on DNA-Based Nanodevices Wolfgang Fritsche, Frank F. Bier. DNA - Templated Pd Conductive Metallic Nanowires K. Nguyen , M. Monteverde , S. Lyonnais , S. Campidelli , J.-Ph. Bourgoin and A. Filoramo Laboratoire ...

Author: Wolfgang Fritsche

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 146

The use of molecular units promises novel materials and devices with special properties. This approach requires the combination of these novel structures with today’s technical environment. DNA could potentially solve this integration probelem by providing highly specific -- but on the other side -- nearly unlimited variations of coupling schemes in order to combine molecular structures with typical technical elements, e.g. on a chip surface.

DNA and RNA Based Computing Systems

Further developments in dynamic reconfiguration of structural devices were led by the desire to increase the number of topological states adopted by a nanodevice. Turberfield incorporated hairpin motifs at the edges of a DNA tetrahedron ...

Author: Evgeny Katz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527347208

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 207

Discover the science of biocomputing with this comprehensive and forward-looking new resource DNA- and RNA-Based Computing Systems delivers an authoritative overview of DNA- and RNA-based biocomputing systems that touches on cutting-edge advancements in computer science, biotechnology, nanotechnology, and materials science. Accomplished researcher, academic, and author Evgeny Katz offers readers an examination of the intersection of computational, chemical, materials, and engineering aspects of biomolecular information processing. A perfect companion to the recently published Enzyme-Based Computing by the same editor, the book is an authoritative reference for those who hope to better understand DNA- and RNA-based logic gates, multi-component logic networks, combinatorial calculators, and related computational systems that have recently been developed for use in biocomputing devices. DNA- and RNA-Based Computing Systems summarizes the latest research efforts in this rapidly evolving field and points to possible future research foci. Along with an examination of potential applications in biosensing and bioactuation, particularly in the field of biomedicine, the book also includes topics like: A thorough introduction to the fields of DNA and RNA computing, including DNA/enzyme circuits A description of DNA logic gates, switches and circuits, and how to program them An introduction to photonic logic using DNA and RNA The development and applications of DNA computing for use in databases and robotics Perfect for biochemists, biotechnologists, materials scientists, and bioengineers, DNA- and RNA-Based Computing Systems also belongs on the bookshelves of computer technologists and electrical engineers who seek to improve their understanding of biomolecular information processing. Senior undergraduate students and graduate students in biochemistry, materials science, and computer science will also benefit from this book.

Templated DNA Nanotechnology

corresponding, 116–17 cytosine-rich, 128 linear, 113–14 synthesis of, 110, 114–17, 119–25, 130, 141 DNA and RNA, 244, 302–3, ... 93 DNA-based multichromophore systems, 2 DNA-based nanodevices and aptamers, 376 DNA-based nanomaterials, ...

Author: Thimmaiah Govindaraju

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429767668

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 439

Nucleic acids have structurally evolved over billions of years to effectively store and transfer genetic information. In the 1980s, Nadrian Seeman’s idea of constructing a 3D lattice from DNA led to utilizing DNA as nanomolecular building blocks to create emergent molecular systems and nanomaterial objects. This bottom-up approach to construct nanoscale architectures with DNA marked the beginning of a new field, DNA nanotechnology, contributing significantly to the broad area of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The molecular architectonics of small "designer" molecules and short DNA sequences through complementary binding interaction engenders well-defined functional nanoarchitectures with realistic applications in areas ranging from biology to materials science and is termed "DNA nanoarchitectonics." This book discusses novel approaches adapted by leading researchers from all over the world to create functional nucleic acid molecular systems and nanoarchitectures. Individual chapters contributed by active practitioners provide fundamental and advanced knowledge emanated from their own and others’ work. Each chapter includes numerous illustrations, historical perspectives, case studies and practical examples, critical discussions, and future prospects. This book can serve as a practical handbook or as a textbook for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of nanotechnology and DNA nanotechnology, supramolecular chemistry, and nanoarchitectonics and researchers working on macromolecular science, nanotechnology, chemistry, biology, and medicine, especially those with an interest in sensors, biosensors, nanoswitches and nanodevices, diagnostics, drug delivery, and therapeutics.

DNA Computing

Here we show that bulk materials can be given new properties through the incorporation of DNA-based nanodevices. In particular, by employing simple nanodevices as crosslinks in polyacrylamide gels we have made the mechanical properties ...

Author: Alessandra Carbone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 354034165X

Category: Computers

Page: 444

View: 462

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on DNA Based Computers, DNA11, held in London, ON, Canada, in June 2005. The 34 revised full papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement from an initial total of 79 submissions. The wide-ranging topics include in vitro and in vivo biomolecular computation, algorithmic self-assembly, DNA device design, DNA coding theory, and membrane computing.

Data Analytics in Medicine Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

In vivo implementation of molecular devices based on nuclic acids (DNA or RNA) can be achieved in two very different ways i.e. (i) Chemical modification of nanodevices, followed by packaging and delivery or (ii) Transfection of cells ...

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1799812057

Category: Medical

Page: 2071

View: 303

Advancements in data science have created opportunities to sort, manage, and analyze large amounts of data more effectively and efficiently. Applying these new technologies to the healthcare industry, which has vast quantities of patient and medical data and is increasingly becoming more data-reliant, is crucial for refining medical practices and patient care. Data Analytics in Medicine: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source that examines practical applications of healthcare analytics for improved patient care, resource allocation, and medical performance, as well as for diagnosing, predicting, and identifying at-risk populations. Highlighting a range of topics such as data security and privacy, health informatics, and predictive analytics, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for doctors, hospital administrators, nurses, medical professionals, IT specialists, computer engineers, information technologists, biomedical engineers, data-processing specialists, healthcare practitioners, academicians, and researchers interested in current research on the connections between data analytics in the field of medicine.

Charge Migration in DNA

DNA-Based. Thermoelectric. Nanodevices: A. Theoretical. Perspective. Enrique Maciá Departamento de Física de Materiales, Facultad Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040, Madrid, ...

Author: Tapash Chakraborty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354072494X

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 589

Charge migration through DNA has been the focus of considerable interest in recent years. This book presents contributions from an international team of researchers active in this field. It contains a wide range of topics that includes the mathematical background of the quantum processes involved, the role of charge transfer in DNA radiation damage, a new approach to DNA sequencing, DNA photonics, and many others.

Design Principle and Application of Self Assembled Nanobiomaterials in Biology and Medicine

DNA. nanodevices. in. nanomedicine. 17.4.1 Diagnosis Diagnosis of multiple disease biomarkers or pathogenic factors has been mostly achieved through bioimaging tools made from multiple nanodevices including DNA-based biosensors.

Author: Alok Pandya

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 032390985X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 316

View: 980

Design, Principle and Application of Self-Assembled Nanobiomaterials in Biology and Medicine discusses recent advances in science and technology using nanoscale units that show the novel concept of combining nanotechnology with various research disciplines within both the biomedical and medicine fields. Self-assembly of molecules, macromolecules, and polymers is a fascinating strategy for the construction of various desired nanofabrication in chemistry, biology, and medicine for advanced applications. It has a number of advantages: (1) It is involving atomic-level modification of molecular structure using bond formation advanced techniques of synthetic chemistry. (2) It draws from the enormous wealth of examples in biology for the development of complex, functional structures. (3) It can incorporate biological structures directly as components in the final systems. (4) It requires that the target self-assembled structures be thermodynamically most stable with relatively defect-free and self-healing. In this book, we cover the various emerging self-assembled nanostructured objects including molecular machines, nano-cars molecular rotors, nanoparticles, nanosheets, nanotubes, nanowires, nano-flakes, nano-cubes, nano-disks, nanorings, DNA origami, transmembrane channels, and vesicles. These self-assembled materials are used for sensing, drug delivery, molecular recognition, tissue engineering energy generation, and molecular tuning. Provides a basic understanding of how to design, and implement various self-assembled nanobiomaterials Covers principles implemented in the constructions of novel nanostructured materials Offers many applications of self-assemblies in fluorescent biological labels, drug and gene delivery, bio-detection of pathogens, detection of proteins, probing of DNA structure, tissue engineering, and many more

Integrating Biologically Inspired Nanotechnology into Medical Practice

In vivo implementation of molecular devices based on nuclic acids (DNA or RNA) can be achieved in two very different ways i.e. (i) Chemical modification of nanodevices, followed by packaging and delivery or (ii) Transfection of cells ...

Author: Nayak, B.K.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 152250611X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 394

View: 511

Nanotechnology has grown in its use and adoption across sectors. In particular, the medical field has identified the vast opportunities nanotechnology presents, especially for earlier disease detection and diagnosis versus traditional methods. Integrating Biologically-Inspired Nanotechnology into Medical Practice presents the latest research on nanobiotechnology and its application as a real-world healthcare solution. Emphasizing applications of micro-scale technologies in the areas of oncology, food science, and pharmacology, this reference publication is an essential resource for medical professionals, researchers, chemists, and graduate-level students in the medical and pharmaceutical sciences.

Nanoneuroscience

2.2.2 DNA Nanodevices Single or double strands of DNA are suitable biological materials for making biosensors, biomolecular actuators, and information ... Electromagnetic fields can even be used to manipulate DNA-based nanodevices.

Author: Nancy J. Woolf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642035841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 491

Nanoneuroscience is the study of computationally relevant biomolecules found inside neurons. Because of recent technological advances at the nanometer scale, scientists have at their disposal increasingly better ways to study the brain and the biophysics of its molecules. This book describes how biomolecules contribute to the operations of synapses and perform other computationally relevant functions inside dendrites. These biomolecular operations considerably expand the brain-computer analogy - endowing each neuron with the processing power of a silicon-based multiprocessor. Amazingly, the brain contains hundreds of billions of neurons.