Christianization and Commonwealth in Early Medieval Europe

a host of Christians who were Jews in secret and compounded the problem of Judaizers. ... 268–9; Bernard S. Bachrach, Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977), pp. 56–62, 161–2; ...

Author: Nathan J. Ristuccia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192539647

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 182

Christianization and Commonwealth in Early Medieval Europe re-examines the alterations in Western European life that followed widespread conversion to Christianity-the phenomena traditionally termed "Christianization". It refocuses scholarly paradigms for Christianization around the development of mandatory rituals. One prominent ritual, Rogationtide supplies an ideal case study demonstrating a new paradigm of "Christianization without religion." Christianization in the Middle Ages was not a slow process through which a Christian system of religious beliefs and practices replaced an earlier pagan system. In the Middle Ages, religion did not exist in the sense of a fixed system of belief bounded off from other spheres of life. Rather, Christianization was primarily ritual performance. Being a Christian meant joining a local church community. After the fall of Rome, mandatory rituals such as Rogationtide arose to separate a Christian commonwealth from the pagans, heretics, and Jews outside it. A Latin West between the polis and the parish had its own institution-the Rogation procession-for organizing local communities. For medieval people, sectarian borders were often flexible and rituals served to demarcate these borders. Rogationtide is an ideal case study of this demarcation, because it was an emotionally powerful feast, which combined pageantry with doctrinal instruction, community formation, social ranking, devotional exercises, and bodily mortification. As a result, rival groups quarrelled over the holiday's meaning and procedure, sometimes violently, in order to reshape the local order and ban people and practices as non-Christian.

Medieval Encounters

The doctrine of Jewish witness found a wide range of interpretations and adaptations in early medieval Europe, from the moderate Jewish policy of Gregory the Great to the more restrictive outlooks of Isidore of Seville and Agobard of ...




Category: Christianity and other religions


View: 653

Early Medieval World The From the Fall of Rome to the Time of Charlemagne

Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977. Cohen, Mark R. Under Cross and Crescent: The Jews in the Middle Ages. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994. Fredriksen, Paula.

Author: Michael Frassetto

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598849964

Category: History

Page: 740

View: 184

This book examines a pivotal period in ancient human history: the fall of the Roman Empire and the birth of a new European civilization in the early Middle Ages.

The Jews of Medieval Western Christendom

The same Frank Talmage produced one of the fullest biographies of a medieval Jewish leader in his David Kimhi: The Man ... See especially Bernard S. Bachrach, Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe (Minneapolis: University of ...

Author: Robert Chazan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139459877

Category: History


View: 593

Between the years AD 1000 and 1500, western Christendom absorbed by conquest and attracted through immigration a growing number of Jews. This community was to make a valuable contribution to rapidly developing European civilisation but was also to suffer some terrible setbacks, culminating in a series of expulsions from the more advanced westerly areas of Europe. At the same time, vigorous new branches of world Jewry emerged and a rich new Jewish cultural legacy was created. In this important historical synthesis, Robert Chazan discusses the Jewish experience over a 500 year period across the entire continent of Europe. As well as being the story of medieval Jewry, the book simultaneously illuminates important aspects of majority life in Europe during this period. This book is essential reading for all students of medieval Jewish history and an important reference for any scholar of medieval Europe.

The Foundations of Royal Power in Early Medieval Germany

foreign slaves by Jews is recorded in the Raffelstetten toll ordinance, issued by the government of Louis the Child in ... Bernard S. Bachrach, Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe (Minneapolis, 1977), 96–97; Peter Johannek, ...

Author: David S. Bachrach

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 1783277289


Page: 384

View: 797

Provocative interrogation of how the Ottonian kingdom grew and flourished, focussing on the resources required.

Under Crescent and Cross

Also compare Bernhard Blumenkranz , Juifs et chrétiens dans le monde occidental 430–1096 ( Paris , 1960 ) , 375 ; and Bachrach , Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe , 66 , 137 . 93. Hillgarth , Christianity and Paganism ...

Author: Mark R. Cohen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400844339

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 478

Did Muslims and Jews in the Middle Ages cohabit in a peaceful "interfaith utopia"? Or were Jews under Muslim rule persecuted, much as they were in Christian lands? Rejecting both polemically charged ideas as myths, Mark Cohen offers a systematic comparison of Jewish life in medieval Islam and Christendom--and the first in-depth explanation of why medieval Islamic-Jewish relations, though not utopic, were less confrontational and violent than those between Christians and Jews in the West. Under Crescent and Cross has been translated into Turkish, Hebrew, German, Arabic, French, and Spanish, and its historic message continues to be relevant across continents and time. This updated edition, which contains an important new introduction and afterword by the author, serves as a great companion to the original.

Reassessing Jewish Life in Medieval Europe

Bachrach, Bernard S. Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977. Baer, Yitzhak. A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Trans. Louis Schoffman et al. 2 vols.

Author: Robert Chazan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493043

Category: History


View: 821

This book re-evaluates the prevailing notion that Jews in medieval Christian Europe lived under an appalling regime of ecclesiastical limitation, governmental exploitation and expropriation, and unceasing popular violence. Robert Chazan argues that, while Jewish life in medieval Western Christendom was indeed beset with grave difficulties, it was nevertheless an environment rich in opportunities; the Jews of medieval Europe overcame obstacles, grew in number, explored innovative economic options, and fashioned enduring new forms of Jewish living. His research also provides a reconsideration of the legacy of medieval Jewish life, which is often depicted as equally destructive and projected as the underpinning of the twentieth-century catastrophes of antisemitism and the Holocaust. Dr Chazan's research proves that, although Jewish life in the medieval West laid the foundation for much Jewish suffering in the post-medieval world, it also stimulated considerable Jewish ingenuity, which lies at the root of impressive Jewish successes in the modern West.

Medieval Christianity

John Van Engen's article, a vigorous response to the French folklorists, is “The Christian Middle Ages as an ... is Bernard Bachrach, Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977).

Author: Kevin Madigan

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300158726

Category: History

Page: 487

View: 458

A new narrative history of medieval Christianity, spanning from A.D. 500 to 1500, focuses on the role of women in Christianity; the relationships among Christians, Jews and Muslims; the experience of ordinary parishioners; the adventure of asceticism, devotion and worship; and instruction through drama, architecture and art.

Reconstructing Ashkenaz

See Bernhard Blumenkranz, “Germany, 843–1096,” in The Dark Ages: Jews in Christian Europe 711–1096, ed. Cecil Roth (Tel Aviv 1966), 167; Bernard S. Bachrach, Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe (Minneapolis 1977), 107–108; ...

Author: David Malkiel

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804786844

Category: Religion

Page: 376

View: 779

Reconstructing Ashkenaz shows that, contrary to traditional accounts, the Jews of Western Europe in the High Middle Ages were not a society of saints and martyrs. David Malkiel offers provocative revisions of commonly held interpretations of Jewish martyrdom in the First Crusade massacres, the level of obedience to rabbinic authority, and relations with apostates and with Christians. In the process, he also reexamines and radically revises the view that Ashkenazic Jewry was more pious than its Sephardic counterpart.