Energy and Civilization

Smil describes humanity's energy eras in panoramic and interdisciplinary fashion, offering readers a magisterial overview. This book is an extensively updated and expanded version of Smil's Energy in World History (1994).

Author: Vaclav Smil

Publisher:

ISBN: 0262536161

Category: Energiekonsum

Page: 552

View: 179

A comprehensive account of how energy has shaped society throughout history, from pre-agricultural foraging societies through today's fossil fuel-driven civilization. "I wait for new Smil books the way some people wait for the next 'Star Wars' movie. In his latest book, Energy and Civilization: A History, he goes deep and broad to explain how innovations in humans' ability to turn energy into heat, light, and motion have been a driving force behind our cultural and economic progress over the past 10,000 years. --Bill Gates, Gates Notes, Best Books of the Year Energy is the only universal currency; it is necessary for getting anything done. The conversion of energy on Earth ranges from terra-forming forces of plate tectonics to cumulative erosive effects of raindrops. Life on Earth depends on the photosynthetic conversion of solar energy into plant biomass. Humans have come to rely on many more energy flows--ranging from fossil fuels to photovoltaic generation of electricity--for their civilized existence. In this monumental history, Vaclav Smil provides a comprehensive account of how energy has shaped society, from pre-agricultural foraging societies through today's fossil fuel-driven civilization. Humans are the only species that can systematically harness energies outside their bodies, using the power of their intellect and an enormous variety of artifacts--from the simplest tools to internal combustion engines and nuclear reactors. The epochal transition to fossil fuels affected everything: agriculture, industry, transportation, weapons, communication, economics, urbanization, quality of life, politics, and the environment. Smil describes humanity's energy eras in panoramic and interdisciplinary fashion, offering readers a magisterial overview. This book is an extensively updated and expanded version of Smil's Energy in World History (1994). Smil has incorporated an enormous amount of new material, reflecting the dramatic developments in energy studies over the last two decades and his own research over that time.

General Energetics

Presented here for the first time is a comprehensive, single-volume treatment of all the important aspects of biospheric civilizational energetics.

Author: Vaclav Smil

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 886

Presented here for the first time is a comprehensive, single-volume treatment of all the important aspects of biospheric civilizational energetics. The author uses measurements of energy and power densities and intensities throughout to provide an integrated framework of analysis. All segments of energetics are examined, including planetary energetics (solar radiation and geomorphic processes) and bioenergetics (photosynthesis) to human energetics (metabolism and thermoregulation) traced from hunting-gathering and agricultural societies through modern day industrial civilization. Concludes with general patterns, trends and socio-economic considerations of energy use today plus their impact on the environment.

Energy in Nature and Society

Throughout the book, the author chooses to emphasize the complexities and peculiarities of the real world, and the counterintuitive outcomes of many of its processes, over abstract models.

Author: Professor of Geography Vaclav Smil

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262693569

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 847

Throughout the book, the author chooses to emphasize the complexities and peculiarities of the real world, and the counterintuitive outcomes of many of its processes, over abstract models.

Energy Storage and Civilization

This book provides a starting point for engineers, scientists and energy analysts for exploring the role of storage in energy transition studies, and for gaining an appreciation of the biophysical constraints of storage.

Author: Graham Palmer

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030330931

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 173

View: 100

Fossil fuels comprise the accumulation of prehistoric biomass that was energised by sunlight, and formed by earth system dynamics. Fossil fuels can be conceptualized as stored energy stocks that can be readily converted to power flows, on demand. A transition from a reliance on stored energy stocks, to renewable energy flows, will require a replication of energy storage by technological devices and energy conversion methods. Most analyses of energy storage focus solely on the economic-technical properties of storage within incumbent energy systems. This book broadens the scope of the study of storage by placing it within a broader, historical, biophysical framework. The role and value of storage is examined from first principles, and framed within the contemporary context of electrical grids and markets. The energy-economic cost of electrical storage may be critical to the efficacy of high penetration renewable scenarios, and understanding the costs and benefits of storage is needed for a proper assessment of storage in energy transition studies. This book provides a starting point for engineers, scientists and energy analysts for exploring the role of storage in energy transition studies, and for gaining an appreciation of the biophysical constraints of storage.

Energies

Accurate, balanced AND imaginative.Jesse H. Anusubel, Director, Program for the Human Environment, The Rockefeller University

Author: Vaclav Smil

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262692359

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 133

Accurate, balanced AND imaginative.Jesse H. Anusubel, Director, Program for the Human Environment, The Rockefeller University

In the Servitude of Power

This stimulating, informative and at times frightening book provides an overall history of energy usage as a fundamental factor in the evolution of the world's major civilizations, from pre-history to the present day.

Author: Jean-Paul Deléage

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9780862329426

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 536

This stimulating, informative and at times frightening book provides an overall history of energy usage as a fundamental factor in the evolution of the world's major civilizations, from pre-history to the present day. It serves as a history of human impact on the biosphere and the consequences of this for the rise and fall of civilizations. The authors look in detail at how different forms of energy use have shaped society in the earliest civilizations – Egypt, Mesopotamia and India – as well as in Ancient Greece and Rome, Imperial China, Medieval Europe, and during the industrial revolution. They go on to cover the rise of the internal combustion engine, electrification, oil, nuclear power, and contemporary ecological problems. They show how all societies are dependent on fragile and unstable energy systems that combine particular technical knowledge, conceptions of nature, and relations of power. When this system reaches its limits, a major crisis is inevitable. Our own world is entering such a crisis as we exhaust our non-renewable resources and confront the consequences of global warming. And the Third World and Eastern Europe face even worse dilemmas. As for nuclear energy, the authors show it to be an economically unviable attempt to shore up an outworn system. They ask whether there is any technical way of overcoming these limits other than an overall change in the way our society functions. In the Servitude of Poweris an authoritative and comprehensive guide to what promises to be the end of an era.

Colleges a Power in Civilization to be Used for Christ

... considered apart from them , which we are to estimate , and the relations of
which to Christian civilization I am briefly to ... It hath that vital energy in it , and
that reproductive tendency , if so be it be a true thought , which will not let it
slumber ...

Author: Richard Salter Storrs

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Bible

Page: 22

View: 832


A Dictionary of the Arts of Life and Civilization

It is only since the introduca heckle belt , for preparing the sliver , tion of the
power - loom that it can be with various pullies , rails , and forcing- considered as
having been established plates , to facilitate the operation of a on a permanent
basis ...

Author: Richard Phillips

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Technology

Page: 14

View: 121


Energy at the Crossroads

An objective, comprehensive treatment of the world's energy situation assesses the major trends in energy consumption across the globe while examining the potential of wind, solar, hydroenergy, and biomass energy. (Technology)

Author: Vaclav Smil

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262693240

Category: Science

Page: 427

View: 944

An objective, comprehensive treatment of the world's energy situation assesses the major trends in energy consumption across the globe while examining the potential of wind, solar, hydroenergy, and biomass energy. (Technology)

Power Density

The first systematic, quantitative appraisal of power density, offering detailed reviews of power densities of renewable energy flows, fossil fuels, and all common energy uses. “There's no author whose books I look forward to more than ...

Author: Vaclav Smil

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262326930

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 909

The first systematic, quantitative appraisal of power density, offering detailed reviews of power densities of renewable energy flows, fossil fuels, and all common energy uses. “There's no author whose books I look forward to more than Vaclav Smil.” —Bill Gates In this book, Vaclav Smil argues that power density is a key determinant of the nature and dynamics of energy systems. Any understanding of complex energy systems must rely on quantitative measures of many fundamental variables. Power density—the rate of energy flux per unit of area—is an important but largely overlooked measure. Smil provides the first systematic, quantitative appraisal of power density, offering detailed reviews of the power densities of renewable energy flows, fossil fuels, thermal electricity generation, and all common energy uses. Smil shows that careful quantification, critical appraisals, and revealing comparisons of power densities make possible a deeper understanding of the ways we harness, convert, and use energies. Conscientious assessment of power densities, he argues, proves particularly revealing when contrasting the fossil fuel–based energy system with renewable energy conversions. Smil explains that modern civilization has evolved as a direct expression of the high power densities of fossil fuel extraction. He argues that our inevitable (and desirable) move to new energy arrangements involving conversions of lower-density renewable energy sources will require our society—currently dominated by megacities and concentrated industrial production—to undergo a profound spatial restructuring of its energy system.

Energy and the Making of Modern California

George Basalla , “ Energy and Civilization , ” in Science , Technology and the
Human Prospect , Chauncey Starr , ed . ( New York : Pergamon Press , 1980 ) ,
39 - 52 , carefully questions long - held assumptions that the standard of living ,
as ...

Author: James C. Williams

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 465

View: 499

Energy and the Making of Modern California illuminates the forces that formed the state's culture and economy through the interplay of technology, population growth, human values, and the environment. With impeccable scholarship and vivid abundance of detail, James C.


History of Civilization in England

Disregarding the state of the blood , he says , that the cause of all fever is a
diminished energy of the brain . 227 Such diminution may be produced by
various sedatives , the most common of which are effluvia , whether marsh or
human ...

Author: Henry Thomas Buckle

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: France

Page:

View: 805


The History of Civilization

The seventh century made no attempt at attack or resistance ; the ecclesiastical
power and freedom of thought had not even occasion to commence a struggle . Is
it not , then , to this cause that the intellectual apathy and sterility of this epoch ...

Author: Guizot (M., François)

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Civilization

Page:

View: 323


The Psychic Factors of Civilization

Yet its germs doubtless exist in all races and have existed at all times , capable of
development through civilization . ... from the standpoint of social progress or
from that of individual welfare the liberation of social energy is the desideratum .

Author: Lester Frank Ward

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Beschaving

Page: 369

View: 340


Civilization and Climate

Finally , the level of Siamese civilization may have been raised by contact with
other races , by the adoption of particular institutions of government , forms of
religion , or social organization , or by the inspiration and energy of a few men of
 ...

Author: Ellsworth Huntington

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Human beings

Page: 333

View: 236


The Philosophy of Civilization

To complete now this system of mechanical evolution , Cosmic Philosophy is
bound to acknowledge , as necessary postulate , an original motive power ,
working from outside the inert nebula cloud , to set it in motion and keep the
machine ...

Author: Jan Helenus Ferguson

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Civilization

Page: 342

View: 341


History of Civilization

165 ; energy of the , 167 . of , in a political point of view ; two Civilization , a fact , i
. 17 ; difficulty of political systems defended by , 138 ; relating it , ib . ; variety of
questions account of the condition of , between to which its consideration gives ...

Author: François Guizot

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Civilization

Page:

View: 188


History of Civilization in Europe

Nothing was to be seen in them which discovered that genuine political feeling
which aspires to the possession of influence , and to the power of reforming and
governing ; nothing attests in them either energy of mind , or loftiness of ambition
 ...

Author: François Guizot

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Civilization

Page: 270

View: 429


History of Civilization in England In 5 Vol

On the other hand , the energy and regularity with which labour is conducted , will
be entirely dependent on the influence of climate . This will display itself in two
different ways . The first , 3 By unemployed classes , I mean what Adam Smith ...

Author: Henry Thomas Buckle

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 681