Epic Singers and Oral Tradition

The case of oral-traditional poetry, specifically epic song, is somewhat different, because with it we are dealing with ... What is the impact on the individual singer of the introduction of writing into the oral epic poet's community?

Author: Albert Bates Lord

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501731920

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

View: 478

Albert Bates Lord here offers an unparalleled overview of the nature of oral-traditional epic songs and the practices of the singers who composed them. Shaped by the conviction that theory should be based on what singers actually do, and have done in times past, the essays collected here span half a century of Lord's research on the oral tradition from Homer to the twentieth century. Drawing on his extensive fieldwork in living oral traditions and on the theoretical writings of Milman Parry, Lord concentrates on the singers and their art as manifested in texts of performance. In thirteen essays, some previously unpublished and all of them revised for book publication, he explores questions of composition, transmittal, and interpretation and raises important comparative issues. Individual chapters discuss aspects of the Homeric poems, South Slavic oral-traditional epics, the songs of Avdo Metedovic, Beowulf and Anglo-Saxon poetry, the medieval Greek Digenis Akritas and other medieval epics, central Asiatic and Balkan epics, the Finnish Kalevala, and the Bulgarian oral epic. The work of one of the most respected scholars of his generation, Epic Singers and Oral Tradition will be an invaluable resource for scholars and students of myth and folklore, classicists, medievalists, Slavists, comparatists, literary theorists, and anthropologists.

Singing the Past

By now, the debate originally generated by this juxtaposition in The Singer of Tales has had a long history, but the actual ... both of which appeared in the Myth and Poetics series: Epic Singers and Oral Tradition (1991) and The Singer ...

Author: Karl Reichl

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501732161

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 351

Oral epic poetry is still performed by Turkic singers in Central Asia. On trips to the region, Karl Reichl collected heroic poems from the Uzbek, Kazakh, and Karakalpak oral traditions. Through a close analysis of these Turkic works, he shows that they are typologically similar to heroic poetry in Old English, Old High German, and Old French and that they can offer scholars new insights into the oral background of these medieval texts. Reichl draws on his research in Central Asia to discuss questions regarding performance as well as the singers' training, role in society, and repertoire. He asserts that heroic poetry and epic are primarily concerned with the interpretation of the past in song: the courageous deeds of ancestors, the search for tribal and societal roots, and the definition and transmission of cultural values. Reichl finds that in these traditions the heroic epic is part of a generic system that includes historical and eulogistic poetry as well as heroic lays, a view that has diachronic implications for medieval poetry. Singing the Past reminds readers that because much medieval poetry was composed for oral recitation, both the Turkic and the medieval heroic poems must always be appreciated as poetry in performance, as sound listened to, as words spoken or sung.

Oral Tradition and the Internet

Oral Tradition 9 (1994): 281–314. Available at http://journal.oraltradition.org/issues/9ii/klein Kolsti, John. The Bilingual Singer: A Study in Albanian and Serbo-Croatian Oral Epic Traditions. New York: Garland, 1990. Lessig, Lawrence.

Author: John Miles Foley

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252078691

Category: Computers

Page: 292

View: 907

The major purpose of this book is to illustrate and explain the fundamental similarities and correspondences between humankind's oldest and newest thought-technologies: oral tradition and the Internet. Despite superficial differences, both technologies are radically alike in depending not on static products but rather on continuous processes, not on "What?" but on "How do I get there?" In contrast to the fixed spatial organization of the page and book, the technologies of oral tradition and the Internet mime the way we think by processing along pathways within a network. In both media it's pathways--not things--that matter. To illustrate these ideas, this volume is designed as a "morphing book," a collection of linked nodes that can be read in innumerable different ways. Doing nothing less fundamental than challenging the default medium of the linear book and page and all that they entail, Oral Tradition and the Internet shows readers that there are large, complex, wholly viable, alternative worlds of media-technology out there--if only they are willing to explore, to think outside the usual, culturally constructed categories. This "brick-and-mortar" book exists as an extension of The Pathways Project (http://pathwaysproject.org), an open-access online suite of chapter-nodes, linked websites, and multimedia all dedicated to exploring and demonstrating the dynamic relationship between oral tradition and Internet technology

Oral Epic Traditions in China and Beyond

Ring composition: Different from epic cycle, this is a common structure found in many oral traditions, ... In Chinese studies, the term “song” is not used to cover these various genres, and epic singers are usually called “epic artists.

Author: Chao Gejin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000529843

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 469

This volume is the masterpiece of Chao Gejin, one of the best-known Chinese scholars of Epic studies, representing his most influential works on the change of the nature of the Epic across the twentieth century. The discussion ranges from Homeric and Indo-European epics to renewed discoveries of age-old African and Asian epics. The author details developments in research from Parry and Lord’s work on Serbo-Croat oral poetry to his own research on the Mongol heroic epic. The book traces the formation of theoretical systems such as Oral Formulaic Theory, Ethnopoetics and Performance Theory, and ends with the author’s explorations of the 20th-century Mongolian bard Arimpil’s singing of his native epic poetry. Using methods that previous scholars used to demonstrate the fundamentally oral nature of the Homeric epic, Chao brings to light the poetic richness of the still-living Mongol oral epic tradition. Students and scholars of epic studies, literature, folklore and anthropology will find this an essential reference.

Xhosa Poets and Poetry

Confronted by critics with varieties of oral style and of oral composition , he came to write in his posthumous Epic singers and oral tradition ( 1991 ) of " oral - traditional epic ” rather than “ oral epic ” ; “ improvisation ” was ...

Author: Jeff Opland

Publisher: New Africa Books

ISBN: 9780864864208

Category: Folk poetry, Xhosa

Page: 365

View: 786

Xhosa oral poetry has defied the threats to its integrity over two centuries, to take its place in a free South Africa. This volume establishes the background to this poetic re-emergence, preserving and transmitting the voice of the Xhosa poet.

The Oral Traditional Background of Ancient Greek Literature

The Singer of Tales. Harvard Studies in Comparative Literature 24. Cambridge, MA. Lord, A. B. 1991. Epic Singers and Oral Tradition. Ithaca. Lord, A. B. 1995. The Singer Resumes the Tale (ed. M. L. Lord). Ithaca.

Author: Gregory Nagy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136539670

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 350

View: 307

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Singers of Lamentations

In Multinational Literature of Yugoslavia . Ed . , A. B. Lord , 101-11 . New York : St. John's University , 1974 . “ Formula and Non - Narrative Theme in South Slavic Oral Epic and the OT . ” In Oral Tradition and Old Testament Studies ...

Author: Nancy Lee

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004497196

Category: Religion


View: 574

The author analyzes the poetic songs of Lamentations in the Bible using an oral-poetic folkloric method for the first time with surprising results. Contemporary lament poems are compared then from recent post-war Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina about suffering in cities under siege.

Oral Scribal Dimensions of Scripture Piety and Practice

Epic Singers and Oral Tradition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991. Mills, Margaret A. “Domains of Folkloristic Concerns: Interpretation of Scriptures.” In Text and Tradition: The Hebrew Bible and Folklore, edited by Susan ...

Author: Werner H. Kelber

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1498236707

Category: Religion

Page: 356

View: 272

In April 2008 a conference was convened at Rice University that brought together experts in the three monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The papers discussed at the conference are presented here, revised and updated. The thirteen contributions comprise the keynote address by John Miles Foley; three essays on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible; three on the New Testament; three on the Qur'an; and two summarizing pieces, by the Africanist Ruth Finnegan and the Islamicist William Graham respectively. The central thesis of the book states that sacred Scripture was experienced by the three faiths less as a text contained between two covers and a literary genre, and far more as an oral phenomenon. In developing the performative, recitative aspects of the three religions, the authors directly or by implication challenge their distinctly textual identities. Instead of viewing the three faiths as quintessential religions of the book, these writers argue that the religions have been and continue to be appropriated not only as written but also very much as oral authorities, with the two media interpenetrating and mutually influencing each other in myriad ways.

Homer s Traditional Art

Epic Singers and Oral Tradition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ______. 1995. The Singer Resumes the Tale. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. The Albert Bates Lord Studies in Oral Tradition. 1987-. 17 vols. Ed. John Miles Foley.

Author: John Miles Foley

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271072393

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 384

View: 115

In recent decades, the evidence for an oral epic tradition in ancient Greece has grown enormously along with our ever-increasing awareness of worldwide oral traditions. John Foley here examines the artistic implications that oral tradition holds for the understanding of the Iliad and Odyssey in order to establish a context for their original performance and modern-day reception. In Homer's Traditional Art, Foley addresses three crucially interlocking areas that lead us to a fuller appreciation of the Homeric poems. He first explores the reality of Homer as their actual author, examining historical and comparative evidence to propose that "Homer" is a legendary and anthropomorphic figure rather than a real-life author. He next presents the poetic tradition as a specialized and highly resonant language bristling with idiomatic implication. Finally, he looks at Homer's overall artistic achievement, showing that it is best evaluated via a poetics aimed specifically at works that emerge from oral tradition. Along the way, Foley offers new perspectives on such topics as characterization and personal interaction in the epics, the nature of Penelope's heroism, the implications of feasting and lament, and the problematic ending of the Odyssey. His comparative references to the South Slavic oral epic open up new vistas on Homer's language, narrative patterning, and identity. Homer's Traditional Art represents a disentangling of the interwoven strands of orality, textuality, and verbal art. It shows how we can learn to appreciate how Homer's art succeeds not in spite of the oral tradition in which it was composed but rather through its unique agency.

The Singer of Tales in Performance

The Theme of the Withdrawn Hero in Serbo - Croatian Oral Epic . " Prilozi za književnost , jezik , istoriju i ... Tradition and the Oral Poet : Homer , Huso , and Avdo Medjedović . ... Epic Singers and Oral Tradition . Ithaca , N.Y .

Author: John Miles Foley

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253322258

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 488

"A great book... " -- Choice "... a groundbreaking work of scholarship... " -- Asian Folklore Studies "This extremely fascinating study opens an important chapter in the ethnography of speech, briliantly confirming the views advanced by Dell Hymes, Albert Lord and Richard Baumann." -- The Journal of Indo-European Studies Building on his work in Traditional Oral Epic and Immanent Art, John Foley dissolves the perceived barrier between "oral" and "written," creating a composite theory from oral-formulaic theory and the ethnography of speaking and ethnopoetics. "…a groundbreaking work of scholarship that clears the path for solving the perennial problem of the interpretation of oral-derived texts. The book will be of immense value to students of folklore and literature, and to those seriously interested in the interface of the two traditionally divided disciplines." -- Asian Folklore Studies