Emerging Conceptual Ethical and Policy Issues in Bionanotechnology

The merging of biotechnology with the environment and human nature requires that our ethical reflections encompass biomedical ethics, social ethics and environmental ethics. The precautionary principle is often invoked as a tool to ...

Author: Fabrice Jotterand

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402086490

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 619

Nanobiotechnology is the convergence of existing and new biotechnology with the 1 ability to manipulate matter at or near the molecular level. This ability to manipulate matter on a scale of 100 nanometers (nm) or less is what constitutes the nanotechnology revolution occurring today, the potentially vast economic and social implications of which are yet to be fully understood (Royal Society, 2004). The most immediate way to understand the implications of nanobiotechnology for ethics is to consider the real life concerns of communities that are mobilizing within civil society. The conflicts and ethical debates surrounding nanotechnology will, almost by definition, emerge on the fault lines between different civil society actors, researchers and financial interests associated with nanobiotechnology, as well as (potentially) government regulators. These fault lines are all reflected within the concerns (as expressed d- cursively) of the communities mobilizing. This chapter will explore converging d- courses regarding converging technologies. Converging Technologies (CT) are already a familiar theme in the next gene- tion of biotechnology, nanotechnology, pharmacogenomics and proteomics research 2 and development. Nanobiotechnology means that previously separate disciplines (IT, physics, chemistry, and biology) are merging and converging to create new applications and even new life forms through converged technological platforms. Schummer (2004), and Glimell and Fogelberg (2003, p. 43), note the predominance of interdisciplinarity as a core theme of nano-discourse.

Ethics Biotechnology

Janice Wood-Harper is a Lecturer in Biology and Health Studies at Salford College. She is a recent graduate in Health-Care Ethics from the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy, University of Manchester, and her current research interest ...

Author: Anthony Dyson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134874626

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 240

The development of biotechnology has produced nothing short of a revolution, both in our capacity to manipulate living things from single plant cells to human nature itself, but also to manufacture brand new life forms. This power to shape and create forms of life has sometimes been described as the power to "play God" and this book is about the ethics of "playing God" in the field of biotechnology. International scholars cover moral dilemmas posed by biotechnology, from the smallest cells through animals to the engineering of human beings.

Ethics and Policy of Biometrics

Third International Conference on Ethics and Policy of Biometrics and International Data Sharing, Hong Kong, January 4-5, 2010 Ajay Kumar, David Zhang. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Determine the Social Impacts of Biotechnology ...

Author: Ajay Kumar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642125956

Category: Computers

Page: 169

View: 100

The past decade has seen tremendous growth in the demand for biometrics and data security technologies in applications ranging from law enforcement and immigration control to online security. The benefits of biometrics technologies are apparent as they become important technologies for information security of governments, business enterprises, and individuals. At the same time, however, the use of biometrics has raised concerns as to issues of ethics, privacy, and the policy implications of its wi- spread use. The large-scale deployment of biometrics technologies in e-governance, e-security, and e-commerce has required that we launch an international dialogue on these issues, a dialogue that must involve key stakeholders and that must consider the legal, poli- cal, philosophical and cultural aspects of the deployment of biometrics technologies. The Third International Conference on Ethics and Policy of Biometrics and Inter- tional Data Sharing was highly successful in facilitating such interaction among - searchers, policymakers, consumers, and privacy groups. This conference was supported and funded as part of the RISE project in its ongoing effort to develop wide consensus and policy recommendations on ethical, medical, legal, social, cultural, and political concerns in the usage of biometrics and data security technologies. The - tential concerns over the deployment of biometrics systems can be jointly addressed by developing smart biometrics technologies and by developing policies for the - ployment of biometrics technologies that clearly demarcate conflicts of interest - tween stakeholders.

Engaging the World

Holm (Institute of Medicine, Law, and Bioethics, University of Manchester, UK) and Jonas (Center for Social Ethics and Policy, University of Manchester) gather papers representing the work performed as part of the Empirical Methods in ...

Author: S Holm

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586034009

Category: Medical

Page: 170

View: 709

Holm (Institute of Medicine, Law, and Bioethics, University of Manchester, UK) and Jonas (Center for Social Ethics and Policy, University of Manchester) gather papers representing the work performed as part of the Empirical Methods in Bioethics project sponsored by the European Commission, DG-Research. The papers are mainly concerned with investiga.

Encyclopedia of Ethical Legal and Policy Issues in Biotechnology

Moreover a social ethics approach works with what is , technically speaking , a " wide reflective equilibrium methodology ... This code of ethics has achieved adherence among EuropaBio members independent of their respective national ...

Author: Thomas H. Murray

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 598

View: 494

This set is comprehensive and technically literate and more informative on regulation and policy issues. Thomas Murray is a world-renowned leader in this field.

Wonderwoman and Superman

Discusses the morality involved with using molecular biology, and stresses the need to use it responsibly

Author: John Harris

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 200

Discusses the morality involved with using molecular biology, and stresses the need to use it responsibly

The New Biology

Freedom to undertake re search in the exciting and fertile frontiers of the "New Biology" and to master the Genetic Code must be nur tured and maintained.

Author: George P. Smith II

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 682

Improvement of man's genetic endowment by direct ac tions aimed at striving for the positive propagation of those with a superior genetic profile (an element of which is commonly recognized as a high intelligence quotient) or-conversely-delimitation of those with negative genetic inheritance has always remained a pri mary concern of the geneticist and the social engineer. Genetic integrity, eugenic advancement, and a strong genetic pool designed to eliminate illness and suffering have been the benchmarks of the "Genetic Movement" and the challenge of Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four. If the quality of life can in some way be either im proved or advanced by use of the law, then this policy must be developed and pursued. No longer does the Dostoyevskian quest to give life meaning through suf fering become an inescapable given. By and through the development and application of new scientific advances in the field of genetics (and especially genetic engi neering), the real potential exists to prevent, to a very vii Preface viii real extent, most human suffering before it ever mani fests itself in or through life. Freedom to undertake re search in the exciting and fertile frontiers of the "New Biology" and to master the Genetic Code must be nur tured and maintained. The search for the truth inevi tably prevents intellectual, social, and economic stag nation, as well as-ideally-frees all from anxiety and fright. Yet, there is a very real potential for this quest to confuse and confound.

Animal Biotechnology and Ethics

Among those to whom the book will be of particular interest are practitioners of animal biotechnology, and those whose interest lies in assessing its credentials, such as philosophers and social or political scientists.

Author: Alan J. Holland

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9780412756801

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 579

Advanced biomedical techniques such as genetic engineering are now used extensively in animal related research and development. As the pace of development has quickened, there has been growing public anxiety about the ethical issues involved. Animal Biotechnology and Ethics draws together in one book some of the leading themes and issues which have emerged in the recent debates surrounding biotechnology as applied to animals. With contributions from authors of many different viewpoints, the subject is given a thorough and balanced treatment. Among those to whom the book will be of particular interest are practitioners of animal biotechnology, and those whose interest lies in assessing its credentials, such as philosophers and social or political scientists. It also has a great deal to interest policy-makers and pressure groups, as well as more general readers. The strong chapters on the legal and regulatory framework will make it useful to those involved in advising on company policy, patenting or litigation.

Food Ethics

These stark facts imply that in addressing ethical aspects of food biotechnology it is the social dimension which is of ... ethical systems'.7 My concerns here are thus with a branch of social ethics which is relevant to public policy, ...

Author: Ben Mepham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134803435

Category: Philosophy

Page: 193

View: 815

None of us can avoid being interested in food. Our very existence depends on the supply of safe, nutritious foods. It is then hardly surprising that food has become the focus of a wide range of ethical concerns: Is the food we buy safe? Is it produced by means which respect the welfare of animals and sustain the land? Are modern biotechnologies employed in food production immoral? This book addresses such issues by applying ethical principles to many areas of current concern. The contributors provide original and thought-provoking treatments of a number of highly topical issues - from global hunger and its ethical implications to the cultural habits affecting consumption. This interdisciplinary study will prove to be essential reading for all those concerned with food, as professionals, students or consumers.

Biotechnology Public Perception

Descriptors : animal - experiments ; biotechnology- ; ethics- ; consumer - information technology , not a barrier . Such regulations must be based on ... Center for Biotechnology Policy and Ethics , Texas A & M University , [ 1993 ] 24 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biotechnology

Page: 52

View: 594