France and the Spanish Civil War

In this wide-ranging study of French intellectuals who represented the Spanish Civil War as it was happening and in its immediate aftermath, Martin Hurcombe explores the ways in which these individuals addressed national anxieties and ...

Author: Martin Hurcombe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317133471

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 992

In this wide-ranging study of French intellectuals who represented the Spanish Civil War as it was happening and in its immediate aftermath, Martin Hurcombe explores the ways in which these individuals addressed national anxieties and shaped the French political landscape. Bringing together reportage, essays, and fiction by French supporters of Franco's Nationalists and of the Spanish Republic, Hurcombe shows the multifaceted ways in which that conflict impacted upon French political culture. He argues that French cultural representations of the war often articulated a utopian image of the Nationalists or of the Spanish Republic that served as models behind which the radical right or the radical left in France might mobilise. His book will be of interest not only to scholars of French literature and culture but also to those interested in how events unfolding in Spain found an echo in the political landscapes of other countries.

France Divided

The book ends with the agony of the Republican exodus.

Author: David Wingeate Pike

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781845194901

Category: History

Page: 433

View: 306

France Divided analyzes the schism in French public opinion - during the Spanish Civil War - that was to end in the tragic collapse of French national unity. It examines how the French people viewed their position in the international imbroglio swirling around the Spanish question and how news was manipulated as never before. Since opinion polls were nonexistent and radio commentary had little influence, the press was the main means of gauging public opinion. Mainstream historical fact is presented as the skeleton on which French press reportage is grafted. Included in the historical material is the author's research in the archives of all five of the French departements bordering on Spain. Within the press, four areas predominate: editorial opinion, propaganda, French correspondents in Spain, and collateral events in France (frontier incidents, arms supplies, foreign volunteers, and espionage activities). The book is divided into two parts, with a chronological hiatus coming in Decemb

L Espagne R publicaine

This work examines the Spanish question in the context of post-war French politics and foreign policy, in particular during the period 1943-1946.

Author: David A. Messenger

Publisher: ISBS

ISBN: 9781845192594

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 599

This work examines the Spanish question in the context of post-war French politics and foreign policy, in particular during the period 1943-1946. The war had been fought against authoritarian fascism, yet Francisco Franco and his regime remained in power. Spanish Republican refugees in France were heralded as model democrats awaiting liberation, a liberation that France could best provide through pursuit of an antagonistic policy toward Franco. But in reality, members of Charles de Gaulle's government-in-exile had developed ties to Spain during the war in conjunction with the United States and Great Britain. France was in the midst of renewal and redefinition, a process with both national and international aspects. The importance of the Spanish case in that process has been neglected by historians. With significant differences, there was an important parallel to the debates that engaged France during the Spanish Civil War. Different visions of France and its role in Europe competed with one another as Spanish policy was debated. L'Espagne Republicaine is based on research from unpublished sources from state and private archives in Paris, Madrid, Toulouse, London, and Washington DC.

France and the Spanish Civil War

"This study examines all of the political and intellectual reactions in France to the Spanish Civil War, during the war and afterwards"--Abstract.

Author: Richard Alan Gordon

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: France

Page: 1042

View: 313

"This study examines all of the political and intellectual reactions in France to the Spanish Civil War, during the war and afterwards"--Abstract.



The routes to exile

This book explores the array of opportunities, constraints, choices and motivations that characterised their lives.

Author: Scott Soo

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 1526102528

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 516

As they trudged over the Pyrenees, the Spanish republicans became one of the most iconoclastic groups of refugees to have sought refuge in twentieth-century France. This book explores the array of opportunities, constraints, choices and motivations that characterised their lives. Using a wide range of empirical material, it presents a compelling case for rethinking exile in relation to refugees’ lived experiences and memory activities. The major historical events of the period are covered: the development of refugees’ rights and the ‘concentration’ camps of the Third Republic, the para-military labour formations of the Second World War, the dynamics shaping resistance activities, and the role of memory in the campaign to return to Spain. This study additionally analyses how these experiences have shaped homes and France’s memorial landscape, thereby offering an unparalleled exploration of the long-term effects of exile from the mass exodus of 1939 through to the seventieth-anniversary commemorations in 2009.

Leon Blum

This study will investigate Blum's response to the Spanish Civil War.

Author: Gail Schechter

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: France

Page: 202

View: 675

This study will investigate Blum's response to the Spanish Civil War. Contemporaries and later scholars have differed in their assessments of this response. First, Blum's most recent biographers, Colton and Lacouture, maintain that his fear of taking risks prevented him from taking a strong stance in support of the Spanish Republic. Blum's perception of his duties as a democratic leader within a coalition government were reinforced by his personal qualities. Writes Colton, "his desire not to offend political allies or even strong opponents, his role as conciliator and advocate of compromise, his strong sense of moral integrity, his faith in the integrity of others" limited Blum's vision of alternatives to nonintervention. Colton and Lacouture accuse Blum of a naive and misguided faith in the cooperation of national leaders, borne of his socialist ideals. The nonintervention policy embodies the tragedy of this faith. o other contemporaries and Blum, the nonintervention policy was the only alternative to civil war in France. Anthony Eden related in his memoirs an interview with the Portuguese Foreign Minister, Senhor Monteiro, who had come away from France "apprehensive." "He would be much relieved if France got through the next few months without some serious internal conflict." "Monteiro," Eden went on, "was one of the first to think that France might be shattered, because the hatreds within the country were greater than the hatred of same Frenchmen for the foreign enemy." Would a majority of the French have followed Blum into Spain? Blum said it was impossible for him to risk war without the consent of public opinion. But according to Blum's former Minister of Aviation, the working class "would have willingly given up the advent of an unquestionably just social legislation to help the Spanish Republic." Thirdly, still other historians view Blum's policy from the perspective of dissension within the Popular Front itself. Lacouture argues, for example, that since the Communist Party refused to participate in the cabinet, Blum's political stand depended on alliance with the more moderate Radical Party. When one considers that the two most influential Radical ministers in the circumstances, the Minister of Foreign Affairs (Delbos) and the Minister of National Defense (Daladier), became, respectively the symbol and the defender of nonintervention, it is justifiable to say that in the Spanish affair, the Radical party, half the Popular Front on the governmental level, exercised an invincible force of obstruction. Any policy claiming to provide long-term aid for the Spanish Republic would obviously have led to a cabinet crisis and a breaking of the Popular Front "contract." How "obvious" was the threat of the Radical Party? Fourthly, some explain that Blum advocated nonintervention aware that a rebel victory was likely, that Italy and Germany would have sent more arms to Spain anyway, and that the French military establishment supported the Franquists. Did Blum accurately gauge the strategic threat? How much authority did Blum exert over the military, and did this affect his decision? "While prepared to justify his policy in terms of military exigencies, it seems unlikely he was so susceptible to their dictates, "observes historian Robert Young. He adds a "stunning fact": ... in this crucial three-week period, preceding the nonintervention decision, the government failed to consult the French chiefs of staff on the precise nature of the strategic menace or on the kinds of operations which could be mounted against it. The last prevailing argument is that the British government forced nonintervention on France. "Rightly or wrongly," wrote Pierre Cot, "it looked as if the non-intervention policy would be the only way of preventing England from aiding Franco." On the other hand, others, such as the British Minister in Paris, Hugh Lloyd Thomas, confirmed this rumor was government-directed, to "appease the hostility of the extreme elements within their country, which looked like getting them into international complications. This thesis will answer the above questions in an attempt to assess the major reasons for Blum's response to the Spanish Civil War.




The Routes to Exile

This book explores the array of opportunities, constraints, choices and motivations that characterised the lives of this exceptional group of people.

Author: Scott Soo

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781526106841

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 326

Analyses the experiences of Spanish Republican refugees in France


The Spanish Civil War

This monumental book offers a comprehensive history and analysis of Republican political life during the Spanish Civil War.

Author: Burnett Bolloten

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469624478

Category: History

Page: 1148

View: 997

This monumental book offers a comprehensive history and analysis of Republican political life during the Spanish Civil War. Completed by Burnett Bolloten just before his death in 1987 and first published in English in 1991, The Spanish Civil War is the culmination of fifty years of dedicated and painstaking research and is the most exhaustive study on the subject in any language. It has been regarded as the authoritative political history of the war and an indispensable encyclopedic guide to Republican affairs during the Spanish conflict. This new edition includes a new introduction by Spanish Civil War scholar George Esenwein, an updated bibliography featuring books on the Spanish Civil War published since 1987, and seventy-three photos of the war's participants.






Homage to the Spanish Exiles

This book is dedicated to those exiles and aims to provide a profile of Spain and the Spaniards by recording thier sentiments and actions in detail.

Author: Nancy Macdonald

Publisher: Human Sciences Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 358

View: 980

By the end of the Spanish Civil War in March 1939 there were over 500,000 refugees from Spain registered in France. This book is dedicated to those exiles and aims to provide a profile of Spain and the Spaniards by recording thier sentiments and actions in detail.