Genetic Engineering of Plants

William C. Taylor Department of Genetics University of California Berkeley, California 94720 It is evident by now that there is a great deal of interest in exploiting the new technologies to genetically engineer new forms of plants.

Author: Tsune Kosuge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468445448

Category: Nature

Page: 499

View: 804

William C. Taylor Department of Genetics University of California Berkeley, California 94720 It is evident by now that there is a great deal of interest in exploiting the new technologies to genetically engineer new forms of plants. A purpose of this meeting is to assess the possibilities. The papers that follow are concerned with the analysis of single genes or small gene families. We will read about genes found within the nucleus, plastids, and bacteria which are responsible for agri culturally important traits. Given that these genes can be isolated by recombinant DNA techniques, there are two possible strategies for plant engineering. One involves isolating a gene from a cultivated plant, changing it in a specific way and then inserting it back into the same plant where it produces an altered gene product. An example might be changing the amino acid composition of a seed pro tein so as to make the seed a more efficient food source. A second strategy is to isolate a gene from one species and transfer it to another species where it produces a desirable feature. An example might be the transfer of a gene which encodes a more efficient pho tosynthetic enzyme from a wild relative into a cultivated species. There are three technical hurdles which must be overcome for either strategy to work. The gene of interest must be physically isolated.

Plant Genetic Engineering

This volume shows the worldwide advances and potential benefits of plant genetic engineering focusing on the third millennium.

Author: A.D. Arencibia

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080539058

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 442

Plant biotechnology offers important opportunities for agriculture, horticulture, and the pharmaceutical and food industry by generating transgenic varieties with altered properties. This is likely to change farming practice and reduce the potential negative impact of plant production on the environment. This volume shows the worldwide advances and potential benefits of plant genetic engineering focusing on the third millennium. The authors discuss the production of transgenic plants resistant to biotic and abiotic stress, the improvement of plant qualities, the use of transgenic plants as bioreactors, and the use of plant genomics for genetic improvement and gene cloning. Unique to this book is the integrative point of view taken between plant genetic engineering and socioeconomic and environmental issues. Considerations of regulatory processes to release genetically modified plants, as well as the public acceptance of the transgenic plants are also discussed. This book will be welcomed by biotechnologists, researchers and students alike working in the biological sciences. It should also prove useful to everyone dedicated to the study of the socioeconomic and environmental impact of the new technologies, while providing recent scientific information on the progress and perspectives of the production of genetically modified plants. The work is dedicated to Professor Marc van Montagu.

Genetic Engin of Plants for Crop Improvement

Genetic Engineering of Plants for Crop Improvement discusses current genetic engineering methods for plants and addresses the commercial opportunities for transgenic plants.

Author: Rup Lal

Publisher: CRC PressI Llc

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 431

Genetic Engineering of Plants for Crop Improvement discusses current genetic engineering methods for plants and addresses the commercial opportunities for transgenic plants. Topics covered include Agrobacterium-mediated transformations, the use of electroporation, PEG-mediated transformation, microinjection, the microprojectile bombardment method, and the electrical discharge particle acceleration method. A concise account of the resistance of transgenic plants to insect attack, viral infection, and herbicides has also been provided. Possibilities for genetic manipulation for proteins that have superior nutritional properties are discussed, and a brief account of tests confirming the safety and commercial validity of transgenic plants is included. Genetic Engineering of Plants for Crop Improvement provides valuable information for researchers and students in plant biotechnology, plant gene manipulation, molecular biology, and all areas of the life sciences.

Genetic Modification of Plants

Conceived with the aim of sorting fact from fiction over genetically modified (GM) crops, this book brings together the knowledge of 30 specialists in the field of transgenic plants.

Author: Frank Kempken

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642023916

Category: Science

Page: 675

View: 159

Conceived with the aim of sorting fact from fiction over genetically modified (GM) crops, this book brings together the knowledge of 30 specialists in the field of transgenic plants. It covers the generation and detection of these plants as well as the genetic traits conferred on transgenic plants. In addition, the book looks at a wide variety of crops, ornamental plants and tree species that are subject to genetic modifications, assessing the risks involved in genetic modification as well as the potential economic benefits of the technology in specific cases. The book’s structure, with fully cross-referenced chapters, gives readers a quick access to specific topics, whether that is comprehensive data on particular species of ornamentals, or coverage of the socioeconomic implications of GM technology. With an increasing demand for bioenergy, and the necessary higher yields relying on wider genetic variation, this book supplies all the technical details required to move forward to a new era in agriculture.

Plant Protoplasts and Genetic Engineering VI

This volume comprising 28 chapters on the in vitro manipulation of plant protoplasts contributed by inter- national experts deals with the isolation, fusion, culture, immobilization, cryopreservation and ultrastructural studies on ...

Author: Y.P.S Bajaj

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642578403

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 313

View: 697

This volume comprising 28 chapters on the in vitro manipulation of plant protoplasts contributed by inter- national experts deals with the isolation, fusion, culture, immobilization, cryopreservation and ultrastructural studies on protoplasts and the regeneration of somatic hybrids and cybrids.

PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING

The book is primarily designed for B.Sc. and M.Sc. students of Biotechnology, Botany, Plant Biotechnology, Plant Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering as well as for those pursuing B.Tech. and M.Tech. in Biotechnology ...

Author: C.M. Govil, Ashok Aggarwal and Jitender Sharma

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120353145

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 455

The book is primarily designed for B.Sc. and M.Sc. students of Biotechnology, Botany, Plant Biotechnology, Plant Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering as well as for those pursuing B.Tech. and M.Tech. in Biotechnology. It will also be of immense value to the research scholars and academics in the field. Though ample literature is available on this subject, still a textbook combining biotechnology and genetic engineering has always been in demand by the readers. Hence, with this objective, the authors have presented this compact yet comprehensive text to the students and the teaching fraternity, providing clear and concise understanding of the principles of biotechnology and genetic engineering. It has a special focus on tissue culture, protoplasm isolation and fusion, and transgenic plants in addition to the basic concepts and techniques of the subject. It gives sound knowledge of gene structure, manipulation and plant transformation vectors. KEY FEATURES • Combines knowledge of Plant Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering in a single volume. • Text interspersed with illustrative examples. • Graded questions and pedagogy, Multiple choice questions, Fill in the blanks, True-false, Short answer questions, Long answer questions and discussion problems in each chapter. • Clear, self-explanatory, and labelled diagrams. • Solutions to all MCQs in the respective chapters.

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops

As modern biotechnology has helped to increase crop productivity by introducing novel gene(s) with high quality disease resistance and increased drought tolerance, this is an ideal resource for researchers and industry professionals.

Author: Gyana Ranjan Rout

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128104406

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 693

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops provides key insights into commercialized crops, their improved productivity, disease and pest resistance, and enhanced nutritional or medicinal benefits. It includes insights into key technologies, such as marker traits identification and genetic traits transfer for increased productivity, examining the latest transgenic advances in a variety of crops and providing foundational information that can be applied to new areas of study. As modern biotechnology has helped to increase crop productivity by introducing novel gene(s) with high quality disease resistance and increased drought tolerance, this is an ideal resource for researchers and industry professionals. Provides examples of current technologies and methodologies, addressing abiotic and biotic stresses, pest resistance and yield improvement Presents protocols on plant genetic engineering in a variety of wide-use crops Includes biosafety rule regulation of genetically modified crops in the USA and third world countries

Genetic Engineering of Plants

"The book...is, in fact, a short text on the many practical problems...associated with translating the explosion in basic biotechnological research into the next Green Revolution," explains Economic Botany.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309034345

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 877

"The book . . . is, in fact, a short text on the many practical problems . . . associated with translating the explosion in basic biotechnological research into the next Green Revolution," explains Economic Botany. The book is "a concise and accurate narrative, that also manages to be interesting and personal . . . a splendid little book." Biotechnology states, "Because of the clarity with which it is written, this thin volume makes a major contribution to improving public understanding of genetic engineering's potential for enlarging the world's food supply . . . and can be profitably read by practically anyone interested in application of molecular biology to improvement of productivity in agriculture."

Plant Biotechnology

The book describes the techniques underpinning genetic manipulation and makes extensive use of case studies to illustrate how this influential tool is used in practice.

Author: Adrian Slater

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199282617

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 274

Plant Biotechnology presents a balanced, objective exploration of the technology behind genetic manipulation, and its application to the growth and cultivation of plants. The book describes the techniques underpinning genetic manipulation and makes extensive use of case studies to illustrate how this influential tool is used in practice.

Plant Protoplasts and Genetic Engineering II

The present volume, Plant Protoplasts and Genetic Engineering II, deals with some of the newer techniques such as microinjections, elec­ trofusion, flow cytometry, uptake and integration of DNA, nuclei, iso­ lated chromosomes by plant ...

Author: Y. P. S. Bajaj

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642744563

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 499

View: 928

Genetic engineering through DNA recombinants and the in vitro manipulation of isolated protoplasts has recently attracted much atten tion in agricultural biotechnology, and has greatly advanced during the last 5 years. In an earlier book, Plant Protoplasts and Genetic Engineer ing I, methods for the isolation, fusion and culture of protoplasts were reviewed and the regeneration of complete plants from isolated pro toplasts of rice, potato, soybean, linseed, cabbage, chicory, lettuce, but terbur, orchids, citrus and some other tree species, and interspecific and intergeneric somatic hybrids in Lycopersicon, Petunia, Nicotiana, Solanum, Glycine, Citrus, Brassica, Medicago and Trifolium spp. were discussed. The present volume, Plant Protoplasts and Genetic Engineering II, deals with some of the newer techniques such as microinjections, elec trofusion, flow cytometry, uptake and integration of DNA, nuclei, iso lated chromosomes by plant protoplasts and the subsequent regeneration of transgenic plants. The literature on the DNA recombinants and genetic transformation, both Agrobacterium-mediated and direct gene transfer in agricultural crops and trees, such as poplars, is reviewed, and the uses of cytoplasts and miniprotoplasts in genetic manipulation are highlighted.