Lupins as Crop Plants

An authoritative account of Lupinus species.

Author: J. S. Gladstones

Publisher: C A B International

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 465

View: 437

An authoritative account of Lupinus species. Topics include breeding, genetics and biotechnology, nutrition, nitrogen fixation, transport physiology, toxins, stress responses, pests and diseases, agronomy and farming systems, composition and food uses, and economic value.

Plant Genetic Resources of Legumes in the Mediterranean

23. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben/International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy. Cowling, W.A., Huyghe, C. and Swiecicki, W, 1998b. Lupin breeding. In: Lupins as Crop Plants: Biology, ...

Author: Nigel Maxted

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401598231

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 139

Genetic erosion, that is, the loss of native plant and genetic diversity has been exponential from the Mediterranean Basin through the Twentieth century. This careless eradication of species and genetic diversity as a result of human activities from a 'hot-spot' of diversity threatens sustainable agriculture and food security for the temperate regions of the world. Since the early 1900s there has been a largely ad hoc movement to halt the loss of plant diversity and enhance its utilisation. The Convention on Biological Diversity and Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources, both highlight the need to improve conservation methodologies and enhance utilisation techniques. It has been argued that the most important component of biodiversity is the genetic diversity of crop and forage species used to feed humans and livestock. These cultivated and related wild species provides the raw material for further selection and improvement. Leguminosae species are of major economic importance (peas, chickpeas, lentils and faba beans, as well as numerous forage species) and provide a particularly rich source of protein for human and animal foods. Their distribution is concentrated in the Mediterranean region and therefore the improvement of their conservation and use in the region is critical. This text is designed to help ensure an adequate breadth of legume diversity is conserved and to help maximise the use of that conserved diversity. The subjects of conservation and use of legume diversity, the Mediterranean ecosystem and taxonomy of legumes are introduced. Generic reviews of the taxonomy, centre of diversity, ecogeographic distribution, genetic diversity distribution, conservation status, conservation gaps and future research needs are provided, along with a discussion of the importance of rhizobia to the maintenance of legume diversity. Current ex situ and in situ conservation activities as well current legume uses are reviewed. In conclusion future priorities for ex situ and in situ plant genetic conservation and use of Mediterranean legumes are highlighted. All contributors look forward rather than simply reviewing past and current activities and therefore it is hoped that the identification of genetic erosion, location of taxonomic and genetic diversity and promotion of more efficient utilisation of conserved material will be enhanced.

Top 100 Food Plants

Lupin, Lupinus L. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy. 105 pp. Gladstone, J.S. 1970. Lupins as crop plants. Field Crop Abstr. 23: 123–148. Gladstones, J.S. 1974. Lupins of the Mediterranean region and Africa.

Author: Ernest Small

Publisher: NRC Research Press

ISBN: 0660198584

Category: Food crops

Page: 636

View: 740

Reviews scientific and technological information about the world's major food plants and their culinary uses. This title features a chapter that discusses nutritional and other fundamental scientific aspects of plant foods. It covers various categories of food plants such as cereals, oilseeds, fruits, nuts, vegetables, legumes, herbs, and spices.

The Lupin Genome

In: Gladstones JS, Atkins CA, Hamblin J (eds) Lupins as crop plants— biology, production and utilization. CAB International UK, pp 1–39 Goddard ME, Hayes BJ (2009) Mapping genes for complex traits in domestic animals and their use in ...

Author: Karam B. Singh

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 303021270X

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 200

This book on lupin genomics primarily focuses on the narrow-leafed lupin (NLL), and details the genomic resources that have been developed and how they are currently being used to help advance both fundamental and applied research on NLL in areas ranging from its domestication to plant–microbe interactions and syntenic relationships between NLL and other legume crops. It also reports on genomic efforts being pursued with regard to other lupin crops. Lupins are important ecological ‘engineers’: they can colonise and thrive in low-nutrient soils due to their ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen in symbiosis with bacteria and efficiently take up phosphorous. Recently, lupins have attracted considerable interest, not only because of their value for sustainable farming as a break crop, but also as a potential ‘super food’ for fighting major health issues in connection with diabetes and obesity. Narrow-leafed lupin is the main grain legume crop, grown primarily in Australia, and was therefore selected for the development of a reference lupin genome and associated genomic resources. Its genome has recently been sequenced with a focus on the gene-rich space, which has advanced the development of new breeding tools for the improvement of NLL and related lupin crops.

Transgenic Crops VI

In: Gladstones JS, Atkins CA, Hamblin J (eds) Lupins as crop plants: biology, production and utilization. CAB International, Wallingford, pp 67–92 Babaoglu M, McCabe MS, Power JB, Davey MR (2000) Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of ...

Author: Eng Chong Pua

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540717110

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 442

View: 974

This volume, Transgenic Crops VI, includes the following broad topic sections: Oils and Fibers, Medicinal Crops, Ornamental Crops, Forages and Grains, Regulatory and Intellectual Property of Genetically Manipulated Plants. It is an invaluable reference for plant breeders, researchers and graduate students in the fields of plant biotechnology, agronomy, horticulture, forestry, genetics, and both plant cell and molecular biology.

Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Chromosomes of the eastMediterranean lupines, Isr. J. Bot., 26, 115, 1977. Peel, D.N.Y. and Galwey. N.W., Identification of stable plant architecture: The key to development of Lupinus albus as a crop for Northern Europe. In Proc.

Author: Ram J. Singh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203489284

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 926

The first book in this new series discusses grain legumes, which rank only second to cereals in supplying calories and protein to the world's population. With each chapter written by an internationally renowned scientist, the book reviews the role of alien germplasm for the domestication of each major legume crop. Discussion for each crop covers or

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops

Lupin breeding. In: Gladstones, J.S., Atkins, C.A., Hamblin, J. (Eds.), Lupins as Crop Plants: Biology, Production and Utilization. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 93–120. Cowling, W.A., Buirchell, B.J., Tapia, M., 1998b.

Author: Victor Sadras

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128191953

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 778

View: 131

Crop Physiology: Case Histories of Major Crops updates the physiology of broad-acre crops with a focus on the genetic, environmental and management drivers of development, capture and efficiency in the use of radiation, water and nutrients, the formation of yield and aspects of quality. These physiological process are presented in a double context of challenges and solutions. The challenges to increase plant-based food, fodder, fiber and energy against the backdrop of population increase, climate change, dietary choices and declining public funding for research and development in agriculture are unprecedented and urgent. The proximal technological solutions to these challenges are genetic improvement and agronomy. Hence, the premise of the book is that crop physiology is most valuable when it engages meaningfully with breeding and agronomy. With contributions from 92 leading scientists from around the world, each chapter deals with a crop: maize, rice, wheat, barley, sorghum and oat; quinoa; soybean, field pea, chickpea, peanut, common bean, lentil, lupin and faba bean; sunflower and canola; potato, cassava, sugar beet and sugarcane; and cotton. A crop-based approach to crop physiology in a G x E x M context Captures the perspectives of global experts on 22 crops

The Origin and Domestication of Cultivated Plants

the loss of dispersibility, in other species, e.g. horticultural crops, this character complex is less or not at all affected but an allometric ... Review of three onion improvement schemes in the tropics. ... Lupins as crop plants.

Author: C. Barigozzi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444599924

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 386

This book consists of the proceedings of a symposium organized by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome. The proceedings are unusual in that it is a rare event to see archaeologists and geneticists coming together to discuss the connection between historical facts and biological phenomena. The aim of the symposium was to discuss the origin of some important cultivated plants (wheat, maize, barley, oat, legumes and fruit trees) not only in relation to genetical mechanisms but also as a complex of historical facts recognizable through archaeological research. This international Meeting based on interdisciplinary concepts, met with a prompt and positive reaction from all those specialists invited to attend. The book itself is an unparalleled contribution to the interdisciplinary knowledge on the origin of crop plants and agriculture.

Wild Crop Relatives Genomic and Breeding Resources

Legume Crops and Forages Chittaranjan Kole ... In: van Santen E, Wink M, Weissmann S, Romer P (eds) Lupin, an ancient crop for the new millennium. ... Hamblin J (eds) Lupins as crop plants: biology, production and utilization.

Author: Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642143873

Category: Science

Page: 321

View: 275

Wild crop relatives are now playing a significant part in the elucidation and improvement of the genomes of their cultivated counterparts. This work includes comprehensive examinations of the status, origin, distribution, morphology, cytology, genetic diversity and available genetic and genomic resources of numerous wild crop relatives, as well as of their evolution and phylogenetic relationship. Further topics include their role as model plants, genetic erosion and conservation efforts, and their domestication for the purposes of bioenergy, phytomedicines, nutraceuticals and phytoremediation. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources comprises 10 volumes on Cereals, Millets and Grasses, Oilseeds, Legume Crops and Forages, Vegetables, Temperate Fruits, Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Industrial Crops, Plantation and Ornamental Crops, and Forest Trees. It contains 125 chapters written by nearly 400 well-known authors from about 40 countries.

Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter

Pp. 1-39 in Lupin as Crop Plants. Biology, Production and Utilization (J.S. Gladstones, C. A. Atkins and J. Hamblin, eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Golovchenko, V.I., N.S. Kucherenko, N.G. Lesunova and A.S. ...

Author:

Publisher: Bioversity International

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 235