Illustrations of Lying in All Its Branches

ON THE LIES OF FLATTERY . The Lies of Flattery are next on my list . These lies
are , generally speaking , not only unprincipled , but offensive ; and though they
are usually told to conciliate good will , the flatterer often fails in his attempt ; for ...

Author: Amelia Opie



Category: Electonic books

Page: 283

View: 583


In discussing the phenomenon of lying, I will generally focus on lies of
commission: lying at its clearest and most consequential. However, most of what I
say is relevant to lies of omission and to deception generally. I will also focus on “
white” ...

Author: Sam Harris

Publisher: Four Elephants Press

ISBN: 1940051010

Category: Philosophy

Page: 108

View: 656

As it was in Anna Karenina, Madame Bovary, and Othello, so it is in life. Most forms of private vice and public evil are kindled and sustained by lies. Acts of adultery and other personal betrayals, financial fraud, government corruption—even murder and genocide—generally require an additional moral defect: a willingness to lie. In Lying, best-selling author and neuroscientist Sam Harris argues that we can radically simplify our lives and improve society by merely telling the truth in situations where others often lie. He focuses on "white" lies—those lies we tell for the purpose of sparing people discomfort—for these are the lies that most often tempt us. And they tend to be the only lies that good people tell while imagining that they are being good in the process.

Cultures of Lying

Alenka Zupančič Lying on the Couch: Psychoanalysis and the Question of the Lie
In what way can the conceptual framework of psychoanalysis help us understand
the intimate link between culture and lying? More specifically, what can it say ...

Author: Jochen Mecke

Publisher: Galda & Wilch

ISBN: 9783931397586

Category: Deception

Page: 378

View: 323

A Pack of Lies

Defining lies as statements that are intended to deceive, this book considers the contexts in which people tell lies, how they are detected and sometimes exposed, and the consequences for the liars themselves, their dupes, and the wider ...

Author: J. A. Barnes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521459785

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 200

View: 793

Defining lies as statements that are intended to deceive, this book considers the contexts in which people tell lies, how they are detected and sometimes exposed, and the consequences for the liars themselves, their dupes, and the wider society. The author provides examples from a number of cultures with distinctive religious and ethical traditions, and delineates domains where lying is the norm, domains that are ambiguous and the one domain (science) that requires truthtelling. He refers to experimental studies on children that show how, at an early age, they acquire the capactiy to lie and learn when it is appropriate to do so. He reviews how lying has been evaluated by moralists, examines why we do not regard novels as lies and relates the human capacity to lie to deceit among other animal species. He concludes that although there are, in all societies, good pragmatic reasons for not lying all the time, there are also strong reasons for lying some of the time.

Lying and Deception in Everyday Life

Sex Differences in Lying : How Women and Men Deal with the Dilemma of Deceit
ways in which men and women do not differ much in what they want , nor even in

Author: Michael Lewis

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9780898628944

Category: Psychology

Page: 221

View: 459

"I speak the truth, not so much as I would, but as much as I dare...."-- Montaigne "All cruel people describe themselves as paragons of frankness.'" -- Tennessee Williams Truth and deception--like good and evil--have long been viewed as diametrically opposed and unreconcilable. Yet, few people can honestly claim they never lie. In fact, deception is practiced habitually in day-to-day life--from the polite compliment that doesn't accurately relay one's true feelings, to self-deception about one's own motivations. What fuels the need for people to intricately construct lies and illusions about their own lives? If deceptions are unconscious, does it mean that we are not responsible for their consequences? Why does self-deception or the need for illusion make us feel uncomfortable? Taking into account the sheer ubiquity and ordinariness of deception, this interdisciplinary work moves away from the cut-and-dried notion of duplicity as evil and illuminates the ways in which deception can also be understood as a adaptive response to the demands of living with others. The book articulates the boundaries between unethical and adaptive deception demonstrating how some lies serve socially approved goals, while others provoke distrust and condemnation. Throughout, the volume focuses on the range of emotions--from feelings of shame, fear, or envy, to those of concern and compassion--that motivate our desire to deceive ourselves and others. Providing an interdisciplinary exploration of the widespread phenomenon of lying and deception, this volume promotes a more fully integrated understanding of how people function in their everyday lives. Case illustrations, humor and wit, concrete examples, and even a mock television sitcom script bring the ideas to life for clinical practitioners, behavioral scientists, and philosophers, and for students in these realms.


"This book is a fascinating journey--from Augustine's total ban on lying, through the compromises of philosophers like Plato and Aquinas, to the radical espousal of truth's impossibility in Nietzche.

Author: Paul J. Griffiths

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1725227924

Category: Religion

Page: 254

View: 877

Playing the Lying Game

Detecting and Dealing with Lies and Liars, from Occasional Fibbers to Frequent
Fabricators Gini Graham Scott. Likewise, an unconsciously performed gesture
outside of the normal position in which it is used could be a clue. Illustrators are
the ...

Author: Gini Graham Scott

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313383510

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 211

View: 731

Whether it's in business or politics, between friends, inside a family, or within intimate relationships, lies abound. This book examines who lies and why, identifies six types of lies and liars, and suggests how to protect yourself from manipulation. * Includes a Lie-Q Test, so readers can see how lie-savvy they are * Presents vignettes to illustrate the six major types of liars


Offers a whimsical critique of the Right, exposing their deceptive practices, challenging conceptions about the media's liberal bias, and identifying inconsistencies in the Bush administration.

Author: Al Franken

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780452285217

Category: Humor

Page: 421

View: 322

Offers a whimsical critique of the Right, exposing their deceptive practices, challenging conceptions about the media's liberal bias, and identifying inconsistencies in the Bush administration.

On Lying in Bed and Other Essays by G K Chesterton

... that woman was oppressed by refusing her the benefits of education . In any
case , the truth in this suggestion of slyness is that it is a suggestion of sense .
Chaucer was On Lying in Bed and Other Essays 181 Chaucer and the

Author: Gilbert Keith Chesterton

Publisher: Bayeux Arts Incorporated

ISBN: 9781896209500

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 519

View: 534

Alberto Manguel has edited for Bayeux Arts this fascinating collection of G.K. Chesterton's essays. Alberto Manguel is the author of "A Short History of Reading" and co-author of "The Dictionary of Imaginary Places". He has edited several collections, among them "Black Water"; "The Anthology of Fantastic Literature" and "The Gates of Paradise: the Anthology of Erotic Short Fiction". He has also authored, for Bayeux Arts, "Kipling: A Brief Biography".

Lying in

"--Thomas J. Cottle, Boston Globe "This superb both an impeccably documented recitation of the chronological history of medical intervention in American childbirth and a sociological analysis of the various meanings given to ...

Author: Richard W. Wertz

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300040876

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 365

This lively history of childbirth begins with colonial days, when childbirth was a social event, and moves on to the gradual medicalization of childbirth in America as doctors forced midwives out of business and to the home-birth movement of the 1980's. Widely praised when it was first published in 1977, the book has now been expanded to bring the story up to date. In a new chapter and epilogue, Richard and Dorothy Wertz discuss the recent focus on delivering perfect babies, with its emphasis on technology, prenatal testing, and Caesarean sections. They argue that there are many viable alternatives--including out-of-hospital births--in the search for the best birthing system. Review of the first edition: "Highly readable, extensively documented, and well illustrated...A welcome addition to American social history and women's studies. It can also be read with profit by health planners, hospital administrators, 'consumers' of health care, and all those who are concerned with improving the circumstances associated with childbirth."--Claire Elizabeth Fox, bulletin of the History of Medicine "A fascinating, brilliantly documented history not merely of childbirth, but of men's attitudes towards women, the effect of a burgeoning medical profession on our very conception of maternity and motherhood, and the influence of religion on medical technology and science."--Thomas J. Cottle, Boston Globe "This superb both an impeccably documented recitation of the chronological history of medical intervention in American childbirth and a sociological analysis of the various meanings given to childbirth by individuals, interested groups, and American society as a whole."--Barbara Howe, American Journal of Sociology Richard W. Wertz, a builder in Westport, Massachusetts, is formerly an associate professor of American history at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dorothy C. Wertz, is a research professor at the School of Public Health, Boston University


My introduction, in 1978, had concluded with the hope that I might invite others to
take up the debate about the practical moral choices concerning lying and
truthfulness that we all confront. Two decades later, the airwaves resonate with ...

Author: Sissela Bok

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 030778911X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 817

Is it ever all right to lie? A philosopher looks at lying and deception in public and private life—in government, medicine, law, academia, journalism, in the family and between friends. Lying is a penetrating and thoughtful examination of one of the most pervasive yet little discussed aspects of our public and private lives. Beginning with the moral questions raised about lying since antiquity, Sissela Bok takes up the justifications offered for all kinds of lies—white lies, lies to the sick and dying, lies of parents to children, lies to enemies, lies to protect clients and peers. The consequences of such lies are then explored through a number of concrete situations in which people are involved, either as liars or as the victims of a lie.

Lying and Deception

In several of his published works, Kant claims that lying is always wrong, no
matter what the consequences. He is probably the most well known defender of
an absolute prohibition against lying in the history of Western philosophy. 1 In
Section ...

Author: Thomas L. Carson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191614645

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 571

Thomas Carson offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date investigation of moral and conceptual questions about lying and deception. Part I addresses conceptual questions and offers definitions of lying, deception, and related concepts such as withholding information, "keeping someone in the dark," and "half truths." Part II deals with questions in ethical theory. Carson argues that standard debates about lying and deception between act-utilitarians and their critics are inconclusive because they rest on appeals to disputed moral intuitions. He defends a version of the golden rule and a theory of moral reasoning. His theory implies that there is a moral presumption against lying and deception that causes harm — a presumption at least as strong as that endorsed by act-utilitarianism. He uses this theory to justify his claims about the issues he addresses in Part III: deception and withholding information in sales, deception in advertising, bluffing in negotiations, the duties of professionals to inform clients, lying and deception by leaders as a pretext for fighting wars, and lying and deception about history (with special attention to the Holocaust), and cases of distorting the historical record by telling half-truths. The book concludes with a qualified defence of the view that honesty is a virtue.


When she asked me at the store what I thought about it , I lied and said I loved it .
Now whenever we go out somewhere , people give here these strange looks and
I feel like I set her up . - Winter Cover - Up Dr . Shrink - Wrapped knows that ...

Author: Catherine Rondina

Publisher: James Lorimer & Company

ISBN: 9781550289060

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 195

Discusses lying, what it is (including sample scenarios), myths about it, the difference between lying and withholding, how to stop lying, how to deal with being lied to, and how to tell when someone is lying.

Lying Misleading and What is Said

I think intuitions strongly favour the result that Tony still lied—because he took
himself to be saying something false. But according to Lying (2), Tony did not lie
because what he said was (unknown to him) true. The desire to capture the
intuition ...

Author: Jennifer Mather Saul

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199603685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 146

View: 967

Many people find it natural to think that deceiving someone in a way that avoids lying--by merely misleading--is morally preferable to simply lying. Others think that this preference is deeply misguided. But all sides agree that there is a distinction. Jennifer Saul undertakes a close examination of the lying/misleading distinction. She begins by using this very intuitive distinction to shed new light on entrenched debates in philosophy of language over notionslike what is said. Next, she tackles the puzzling but widespread moral preference for misleading over lying, and arrives at a new view regarding the moral significance of the distinction. Finally, Saul draws her conclusions together to examine a range of historically important and interesting cases.

Lying at the Semantics Pragmatics Interface

There are numerous proposals in the literature of how to define lying. Instead of
comparing the different proposals and pointing out their weak and strong aspects
, I will present a reasonable definition of lying, and then point out some critical ...

Author: Jörg Meibauer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 1614510849

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 265

View: 910

While lying has been a topic in the philosophy of language, there has been a lack of genuine linguistic analysis of lying. Exploring lying at the semantics-pragmatics interface, this book takes a contextualist stand by arguing that untruthful implicatures and presuppositions are part of the total signification of the act of lying.

Lying and Christian Ethics

As noted in Chapter 1, some Christian thinkers, including several Catholics, have
adopted the solution offered by Grotius to the problem of lying for a good cause.
Acknowledging a strong tradition of absolut- ism about lying in the Christian ...

Author: Christopher O. Tollefsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107061091

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 181

Lying and Christian Ethics defends the controversial "absolute view" of lying, which maintains that an assertion contrary to the speaker's mind is always wrong, regardless of the speaker's intentions. Whereas most people believe that a lie told for a good cause, such as protecting Jews from discovery by Nazis, is morally acceptable, Christopher Tollefsen argues that Christians should support the absolute view. He looks back to the writings of Augustine and Aquinas to illustrate that lying violates the basic human goods of integrity and sociality and severely compromises the values of religion and truth. He critiques the comparatively permissive views espoused by Cassian, Bonhoeffer, and Niebuhr and argues that lies often jeopardize the good causes for which they are told. Beyond framing a moral absolute against lying, this book explores the questions of to whom we owe the truth and when, and what steps we may take when we should not give it.

Lying Bodies

Photographing oneself While Derrida ' s notion of the lying object , through the
paradoxical gesture of showing itself lying , seems to prevent the image from
referring to one proper meaning and the truth , and thus to allow a distance
between ...

Author: Akiko Shimizu

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433101007

Category: Social Science

Page: 145

View: 830

Lying Bodies explores how to survive with invisible, non-normative identities by focusing on literally 'invisible' differences. The first half of the book attempts a theoretical account of the self in the field of vision, drawing on psychoanalytic theories of the formation of the self. In order for the survival of the self with a visual image that both enables and threatens it, the book proposes the strategy of 'the lying body', which combines mimicry with equivocality. The second half of the book demonstrates possible forms of 'the lying body' through an analysis of specific examples of cultural practices, including works by artists Cindy Sherman and Morimura Yasumasa, as well as the claim of invisible sexual differences by feminine-looking lesbians.

The Truth About Lying

ESPITE THE RECENT OUTCRY against unethical behavior and lying in
everyday life that can threaten the bonds that link human relationships and
society as a whole, lying is ubiquitous. It goes back to the dawn of human history,
is found in ...

Author: Gini Scott

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1462048048

Category: Psychology

Page: 238

View: 542

The Truth About Lying is a book about how and why people lie, how we respond when others lie to us, how to tell when someone is lying, and what to do about it. The book includes a questionnaire to determine your own Lie-Q Score: how much you lie. As the book illustrates, we lie for all kinds of reasons-to protect ourselves, gain an advantage, avoid punishment, protect other's feelings, escape blame, or get out of something we don't want to do. Though philosophers, religious leaders, teachers, and parents tell us lying is morally wrong-at some time, everyone does it. And in the last decade, we have seen more and more examples of lying in the daily news. The Truth About Lying provides a broad overview of the subject in a book that has become a classic. It begins with an overview of the pervasiveness of lying today and throughout history. Then, it discusses the range of lies, reasons people lie, and different types of lies in different situations, using many stories from ordinary, respectable people to illustrate. The concluding chapters discuss how readers can deal with lying in their own lives.

Introductory Notes on Lying In Institutions

6,521 169 260 Queen Charlotte's Lying-in Hospital, 182868 . . . . . 9,626 244 253
British Lying-in Institution, 11 years, 1858 -68 . . . . . 1,741 25 143 City of London
Lying-in Hospital, 1859-68 4,966 54 10-9 8 military lying-in hospitals, 2 to 12 ...

Author: Florence Nightingale

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110805319X

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 140

View: 429

First published in 1871, this is Florence Nightingale's analysis of the statistics surrounding the mortality rates of pregnant women.

Lying Around

Kyle chomps. “My sneaker!” Rita remarks. “I don't know how these got here,”
Leon lies. “I've been lying around all day.” “You have been lying all day,” Mac
caws. “And now you're in trouble!” Lying Leon turns bright red. “I'm sorry I lied,” he

Author: Anna Prokos

Publisher: Red Chair Press LLC

ISBN: 1936163047

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 16

View: 943

When Leon's friends ask him about their missing things, Leon lies to them.