Microorganisms and Bioterrorism

The purpose of this book is to bring together, in a single volume, the most up-to-date information concerning microbes with potential as bioterrorist weapons.

Author: Burt Anderson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387281592

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 569

The purpose of this book is to bring together, in a single volume, the most up-to-date information concerning microbes with potential as bioterrorist weapons. The primary audience includes microbiologists, including bacteriologists, virologists and mycologists, in academia, government laboratories and research institutes at the forefront of studies concerning microbes which have potential as bioterrorist weapons, public health physicians and researchers and scientists who must be trained to deal with bioterrorist attacks as well as laboratory investigators who must identify and characterize these microorganisms from the environment and from possibly infected patients.

WAKE UP CALL FOR BIOTERRORISM SUZU TECHNOLOGY

(Excerpt from the preface) This book was presented to introduce the special polymer structure that I invented. In this book, I would call the method to make that special polymer structure as "Suzu technology" for convenience.

Author: Ryohichi Nagashima

Publisher: 永嶋良一

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page:

View: 105

(Excerpt from the preface) This book was presented to introduce the special polymer structure that I invented. In this book, I would call the method to make that special polymer structure as "Suzu technology" for convenience. Suzu technology is the method that installs the cavities in the nano-sized porous structure of polymer, and there are activators, such as inorganic substances, nano materials, and microorganisms in the cavities being in no contact with the polymer wall. A suzu is a traditional musical Jananese instrument or toy, which is made of metal, china, etc., and has a small ball in a hollow sphere to make a sound when shaking. Because the special polymer structure mentioned above is similar to the shape of suzu, I will name the polymer structure as "Suzu structure" and call the related technology as "Suzu technology". The purpose of Suzu technology is to fix fine materials, such as nano-sized adsorbents or catalysts, nano materials, microorganisms and so forth. Such delicate materials are too small to be difficult on commercial usage, because they blow away when the wind blows. To fix them, generally, granulation method is used. But there are several problems on granulation method. Suzu technology gets a new method to fix the nano/micro materials to solve the problems on granulation method. Suzu technology can be applied to various fields, but in this book, I would wish to draw attention to the field of microorganism and bioterrorism. As described later in this book, using Suzu technology, you can easily encapsulate biological agents and such biological agents can survive in Suzu structure for long periods of time. This means that anyone can freely carry biological agents anywhere, such as in airplanes, trains, movie theaters and so forth. This is no more than a new style of bioterrorism. Suzu technology can provide a great deal of benefit to humankind if used peacefully, but can be used as a weapon of the devil if abused. The main purpose of this book is to be specified the possibility of bioterrorism caused by biological agents and to sound a warning bell to tackle countermeasures at an early stage. First, I will show you an overview of Suzu technology. Next, I would like to introduce the case studies in which microorganisms are included in Suzu structure. Finally, I would like to consider bioterrorism and raise a warning. It would be really happy for me if you could get useful information on Suzu technology and the possibility of a different style of bioterrorism from this book.

Agents of Bioterrorism

With these fears and uncertainties in mind, the authors in Agents of Bioterrorism offer a clear and thorough account of the threats posed by bioterrorism and how to prepare for and respond to an attack.

Author: Geoffrey L. Zubay

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231133472

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 834

Of late, bioterrorism has been a subject of great concern and some misunderstanding. With these fears and uncertainties in mind, the authors in Agents of Bioterrorism offer a clear and thorough account of the threats posed by bioterrorism and how to prepare for and respond to an attack. The contributors consider thirteen disease-causing agents, including those responsible for anthrax, encephalitis, botulism, ebola, tularemia, salmonella, the plague, smallpox, influenza, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Each chapter considers a particular pathogen from the standpoint of its history, molecular biology, pathology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, weaponization, and defenses. Four appendices cover rapid drug discovery, strategies for making vaccines, protection of the population in a bioterror attack, and sources of information on bioterrorism.Scientific advances have resulted in a greater understanding of how pathogens produce their toxins and how they can be used to produce a wide range of bioweapons. These advances have also led to new defenses against disease-causing agents. The contributors demonstrate that by understanding the pathogens used in bioterrorism, scientists can help minimize fear and encourage constructive responses to this threat.

Biocontrol of Bioterrorism Agents

Shorttitle Biological terrorism has become more immediate and concern about new strains of pathogens has increased in the world .

Author: Khalifa Abd El maksoud Zaied

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9783843368391

Category: Bacterial toxins

Page: 72

View: 238

Shorttitle Biological terrorism has become more immediate and concern about new strains of pathogens has increased in the world . Human exposure to these agents may occur through inhalation, skin (cutaneous) exposure, or ingestion of contaminated food or water. Biological warfare agents may persist in the environment and cause problems some time after their release.The agents below fall into four major groups, three classes of microorganisms - bacteria, rickettsia, and viruses, plus bacterial toxins, which are poisonous chemicals produced by bacteria. The important diseases resulted from bioterrorism taken in this presentation which including anthrax , plague , Cholera , smallpox and Influenza . The world need increased training and education of health care professionals on how to prevent and treat biological warfare casualties. The potency of Bacillus preparation was determined against Spodoptera littoralis. Recombinant crystalline protein and endospores from bacterial transconjugants were highly toxic against S. littoralis than from their parental strains.

Biological Terrorism

Biological Terrorism gives a brief history of the use of biological weapons from references in the Bible through the anthrax attacks on the United States in the fall of 2001.

Author: Steven D. Goodwin

Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 40

View: 248

Biological Terrorism gives a brief history of the use of biological weapons from references in the Bible through the anthrax attacks on the United States in the fall of 2001. The authors highlight the major microorganisms used in bioterrorism and the research being conducted to develop vaccines for these pathogens. Professors Goodwin and Phillis also present both sides of the global debate over whether or not certain strains should be eradicated entirely.

Detection of Bacteria Viruses Parasites and Fungi

The story and the principal decision about this were reported in the first article of this collection which introduces the concept of bio-terrorism.

Author: Mariapia Viola Magni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048185432

Category: Medical

Page: 414

View: 693

This publication represents the result of the fruitful workshop organised with the aim to attract the attention on the possibility of bio terrorism attack, with the s- port of NATO funds. In the last years the attention was strongly concentrated on the terrorism view similar to “military type attacks:” bomb on the trains, kamikazes, airplanes etc. As consequence many devices studied are directed to prevent these attacks such as the control of the passengers before the flight. For the people terrorism is therefore equivalent to bomb or similar and nobody think that there is also other possible and sophisticated means that can be used by the terrorist. In 1995 Sarin gas in the Tokio subway killed 12 people and affected 5,000 persons. In the USA anthrax was sent by mail to many federal offices. These events and other cases attract the attention on these possible terrorist attacks and the first recommendations for preventing theses events were\elaborated in the United State and in Europe. The possible agents and the modality that can be used for the diffusion are analysed and food and water are considered the principal and more favourable way. The story and the principal decision about this were reported in the first article of this collection which introduces the concept of bio-terrorism.

Preparedness Against Bioterrorism and Re emerging Infectious Diseases

In these papers drawn from the January 2003 workshop, contributors describe methods of building integrated systems to combat epidemics and bio-terrorism.

Author: Janusz Kocik

Publisher: Ios PressInc

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 255

View: 614

In these papers drawn from the January 2003 workshop, contributors describe methods of building integrated systems to combat epidemics and bio-terrorism. Their general topics include developing epidemiology with laboratory support as a biological attack identification tool, using national approaches to biodefense, and conducting risk assessment, cr.

Bioterrorism

There are a huge variety of adapted bacteria and viruses that could be used as biological weapons, but one of the most common types today is Anthrax, the original biological warfare agent This issue of The DTIC Review "Bioterrorism: A Grim ...

Author: Christian M. Cupp

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biological warfare

Page:

View: 151

"Biological warfare is the use of disease to barm or kill an adversary's military forces, population, food, and livestock This includes any living (or non-living virus) microorganism or bioactive substance that is produced by a microorganism that can be delivered by conventional warhead or even civilian means. Biological warfare is distinguished not only by its mode of killing, but also by the potential scale of destruction associated with the disease. The fact that biological weapons have fallen into the hands of terrorist groups is well known. A terrorist attack using biological agents is known as bioterrorism. There are a huge variety of adapted bacteria and viruses that could be used as biological weapons, but one of the most common types today is Anthrax, the original biological warfare agent This issue of The DTIC Review "Bioterrorism: A Grim Reality" offers readers at all levels information on the impending threat of bioterrorism."--Stinet.

Bracing for Armageddon

The story opens with a riveting account of a bioterrorism scenario commissioned by the U.S. government.

Author: William R. Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199714490

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 886

Since September 11th, the threat of a bioterrorist attack--massive, lethal, and unpreventable--has hung in the air over America. Bracing for Armageddon? offers a vividly written primer for the general reader, shedding light on the science behind potential bioterrorist attacks and revealing what could happen, what is likely to happen, and what almost certainly will not happen. The story opens with a riveting account of a bioterrorism scenario commissioned by the U.S. government. Using this doomsday tableau as a springboard, Clark reviews a host of bioterrorist threats (from agroterrorism to a poisoning of the water supply) and examines not only the worst-case menace of genetically engineered pathogens, but also the lethal agents on the CDC's official bioterrorism list, including Smallpox, Anthrax, Plague, Botulism, and Ebola. His overview of attempted bioterrorist attacks to date--such as the failed Aum Shinrikyo attempts in 1995 in Japan and the Anthrax attack in the US following 9/11--bolstered by interviews with a range of experts--shows why virtually all of these attempts have failed. Indeed, he demonstrates that a successful bioterrorism attack is exceedingly unlikely, while a major flu epidemic (such as the deadly epidemic of 1918 that killed millions worldwide) is a virtual certainty. Given the long odds of a bioterrorist attack, Clark asks, has the more than $40 billion the United States has dedicated to the defense against bioterrorism really been well spent? Is it time to move on to other priorities? In contrast to the alarmist fears stoked by the popular media, William Clark here provides a reassuring overview of what we really need to worry about--and what we don't.

The Weaponizing of Biology

Focusing on three forms of biological threat--bioterrorism, biocrime and biohacking--the author examines the history of biowarfare and terrorism.

Author: Marc E. Vargo

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476665427

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 480

"Focusing on three forms of biological threat--bioterrorism, biocrime and biohacking--the author examines the history of biowarfare and terrorism, including the ideologies and motives of violent extremist organizations. Groups drawn to biological aggression are discussed, along with the array of viruses, bacteria and toxins they might use in their attacks"--