Mobility in History

The State of the Art in the History of Transport, Traffic and Mobility. Yearbook 2010 Laurent Tissot, Gordon Pirie, Gijs Mom. large assemblers to small producers of component parts, and the rigidity of mass production to the flexibility ...

Author: Laurent Tissot

Publisher: Alphil-Presses universitaires suisses

ISBN: 294048970X

Category: Transportation

Page: 260

View: 542

For decades scholars in diverse fields have examined problems in the history of mobility. Their diversity was their strength but also their limitation, as disciplinary boundaries impeded the exchange of ideas that lets scholarship flourish. Since 2003 the International Association for the History of Traffic, Transport and Mobility (T2M) has served as a free-trade zone, fostering a new interdisciplinary vitality in a now-flourishing field. Now, with the publication of its first yearbook, T2M has surveyed these gains in the form of a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of research in the field. Here, twenty-seven scholars in the history of mobility, from sixteen countries and five continents, present synopses of recent research. Besides reviews of research in thirteen countries, contributions also include thematic reviews relating mobility to the environment, automobile fetishism, race, gender, and other transnational themes. All in all, more than sixty scholars within and beyond T2M cooperated in this project, making it a truly collective work.


Mobility Migration and Transport

Historical Perspectives Colin G. Pooley. Hoerder, D. (2002). Cultures in contact: World migrations in the ... In G. P. A. Mom, L. Tissot, & R. G. Pirie (Eds.), Mobility in history: The state of the art in the history of transport, ...

Author: Colin G. Pooley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319518836

Category: History

Page: 138

View: 494

This book provides an innovative perspective on migration, mobility and transport. Using concepts drawn from migration history, mobilities studies and transport history it makes the case for greater integration of these disciplines. The approach is historical, demonstrating how past processes of travel and population movement have evolved, examining the continuities and changes that have occurred, and arguing that many of the concepts used in mobilities studies today are equally relevant to the past. The three central chapters view past population movements through, respectively, the lenses of migration history, mobilities studies and transport. Two further chapters demonstrate the diversity of mobility experiences and the opportunities and difficulties of applying this approach in teaching and research. Extensive case study material from around the world is used, including personal diaries, which vividly recreate the everyday experiences of past mobilities. Population movement has never been of more importance globally: this book demonstrates how knowledge of past mobility experiences can inform our understanding of the present.


The Son Also Rises

Challenging popular assumptions about mobility and revealing the deeply entrenched force of inherited advantage, The Son Also Rises is sure to prompt intense debate for years to come.

Author: Gregory Clark

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400851092

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 957

A surprising look at how ancestry still determines social outcomes How much of our fate is tied to the status of our parents and grandparents? How much does it influence our children? More than we wish to believe. While it has been argued that rigid class structures have eroded in favor of greater social equality, The Son Also Rises proves that movement on the social ladder has changed little over eight centuries. Using a novel technique—tracking family names over generations to measure social mobility across countries and periods—renowned economic historian Gregory Clark reveals that mobility rates are lower than conventionally estimated, do not vary across societies, and are resistant to social policies. Clark examines and compares surnames in such diverse cases as modern Sweden and Qing Dynasty China. He demonstrates how fate is determined by ancestry and that almost all societies have similarly low social mobility rates. Challenging popular assumptions about mobility and revealing the deeply entrenched force of inherited advantage, The Son Also Rises is sure to prompt intense debate for years to come.


Mobility and Integration in Urban Argentina

Bloomberg, Susan E. et al., “A Census Probe into Nineteenth Century Family History: Southern Michigan, 1850-1880,” Journal of Social History 5 (Fall 1971): 26-45. Blumin, Stuart. “The Historical Study of Vertical Mobility,” Historical ...

Author: Mark D. Szuchman

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292745249

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 960

Between the 1870s, when the great influx of European immigrants began, and the start of World War I, Argentina underwent a radical alteration of its social composition and patterns of economic productivity. Mark Szuchman, in this groundbreaking study, examines the occupational, residential, educational, and economic patterns of mobility of some four thousand men, women, and children who resided in Córdoba, Argentina's most important interior city, during this changeful era. Through several kinds of samples, Szuchman provides a widely encompassing social picture of Córdoba, describing, among others, the unskilled laborer, the immigrant bachelor in search of roots and identity, the merchant seeking or giving credit, and the member of the elite, blind to some of the realities around him. The challenge that the pursuit of security entailed for most people and the failure of so many to persist successfully form a large part of that picture. The author has made ample use of quantitative techniques, but secondary materials are also utilized to provide social perspectives that round out and humanize the quantitative data. The use of record linkage as the essential research method makes this work the first book on Argentina to follow similar and very successful research methodologies employed by U.S. historians.


The United States Census and Labor Force Change

Social Forces, 36 (1957), pp. 37-44. Mayer, Arno J. "The Lower Middle Class as Historical Problem." Journal of Modem History, 47 (September 1975), pp. 409-36. Meyer, Karl Ulrich and Muller, Walter. "Progress in Social Mobility Research.

Author: Margo Anderson Conk

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: New Jersey

Page: 227

View: 570


A Social and Economic History of Central European Jewry

4 DEMOGRAPHY AND SOCIAL MOBILITY: HISTORICAL PROBLEM AREAS IN THE STUDY OF CONTEMPORARY JEWRY IN CENTRAL EUROPE (With special reference to Hungary) Victor Karady DOI: 10.4324/9780429334535-5 Two main reasons militate for the ...

Author: Peter J. Kitson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000674738

Category: History

Page: 474

View: 108

This volume is a pioneering effort to examine the social, demographic, and economic changes that befell the Jewish communities of Central Europe after the dissolution of the Habsburg Empire. It consists of studies researched and written especially for this volume by historians, sociologists, and economists, all specialists in modern Central European Jewish affairs.The era of national rivalry, economic crises, and political confusion between the two World Wars has been preceded by a pre-World War I epoch of Jewish emancipation and assimilation. During that period, Jewish minorities had been harbored from violent anti-Semitism by the Empire, and they became torchbearers of industrialization and modernization. This common destiny encouraged certain common characteristics in the three major components of the Empire, Austria, Hungary, and the Czech territories, despite the very different origins of the well over one million Jews in those three lands.The disintegration of the Habsburg Empire created three small, economically marginal national states, inimical to each other and at liberty to create their own policies toward Jews in accord with the preferences of their respective ruling classes. Active and openly discriminatory anti-Semitic measures resulted in Austria and Hungary. The only liberal heir country of the Empire was Czechoslovakia, although simmering anti-Semitism and below surface discrimination were widespread in Slovakia. While one might have expected Jewish communities to return to their pre-World War I tendencies to go their independent ways after the introduction of these policies, social and economic patterns which had evolved in the Habsburg era persisted until the Anschluss in Austria, German occupation in Czechoslovakia, and World War II in Hungary. Studies in this volume attest to continuing similarities among the three Jewish communities, testifying to the depth of the Empire's long lasting impact on the behavior of Jews in Central Europe.