Modern Global Seismology

This is Volume 58 in the INTERNATIONAL GEOPHYSICS SERIES A Series of monographs and textbooks Edited by RENATA DMOWSKA and JAMES R. HOLTON A complete list ...

Author: Thorne Lay

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080536712

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 259

Intended as an introduction to the field, Modern Global Seismology is a complete, self-contained primer on seismology. It features extensive coverage of all related aspects, from observational data through prediction, emphasizing the fundamental theories and physics governing seismic waves--both natural and anthropogenic. Based on thoroughly class-tested material, the text provides a unique perspective on the earths large-scale internal structure and dynamic processes, particularly earthquake sources, and on the application of theory to the dynamic processes of the earths upper skin. Authored by two experts in the field of geophysics. this insightful text is designed for the first-year graduate course in seismology. Exploration seismologists will also find it an invaluable resource on topics such as elastic-wave propagation, seismicinstrumentation, and seismogram analysis useful in interpreting their high-resolution images of structure for oil and mineral resource exploration. More than 400 illustrations, many from recent research articles, help readers visualize mathematical relationships 49 Boxed Features explain advanced topics Provides readers with the most in-depth presentation of earthquake physics available Contains incisive treatments of seismic waves, waveform evaluation and modeling, and seismotectonics Provides quantitative treatment of earthquake source mechanics Contains numerous examples of modern broadband seismic recordings Fully covers current seismic instruments and networks Demonstrates modern waveform inversion methods Includes extensive references for further reading

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Global Physical Climatology . 1994 Volume 57 MICHAEL P. RYAN . Magmatic Systems . 1994 Volume 58 THORNE LAY AND TERRY C. WALLACE . Modern Global Seismology ...

Author: Gerold Siedler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126413519

Category: Science

Page: 715

View: 794

This book presents the views of leading scientists on the knowledge of the global ocean circulation following the completion of the observational phase of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. WOCE's in situ physical and chemical measurements together with satellite altimetry have produced a data set which provides for development of ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere circulation models used for understanding ocean and climate variability and projecting climate change. This book guides the reader through the analysis, interpretation, modelling and synthesis of this data.

Dynamical Paleoclimatology

Global Physical Climatology. 1994 Volume 57 Michael P. Ryan. Magmatic Systems. 1994 Volume 58 Thorne Lay and Terry C. Wallace. Modern Global Seismology.

Author: Barry Saltzman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126173314

Category: Nature

Page: 354

View: 777

The book discusses the ideas and creates a framework for building toward a theory of paleoclimate. Using the rich and mounting array of observational evidence of climatic changes from geology, geochemistry, and paleontology, Saltzman offers a dynamical approach to the theory of paleoclimate evolution and an expanded theory of climate. Saltzman was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology. This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution which is intended for graduate students and research workers in paleoclimatology, earth system studies, and global change research. The book includes an extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references. Written by the late Barry Saltzman who was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution The book includes extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references

Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans

1994 Volume 58 Thorne Lay and Terry C. Wallace. Modern Global Seismology. 1995 Volume 59 Daniel S. Wilks. Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences.

Author: Judith A. Curry

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121995706

Category: Science

Page: 471

View: 919

Basic Concepts: Composition, Structure, and State. First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics. Transfer Processes. Thermodynamics of Water. Nucleation and Diffusional Growth. Moist Thermodynamics Processes in the Atmosphere. Static Stability of the Atmosphere and Ocean. Cloud Characteristics and Processes. Ocean Surface Exchanges of Heat and Freshwater. Sea, Ice, Snow, and Glaciers. Thermohaline Processes in the Ocean. Special Topics: Global Energy and Entropy Balances. Thermodynamics Feedbacks in the Climate System. Planetary Atmospheres and Surface Ice. Appendices. Subject Index.

Meteorology at the Millennium

Volume 58 Thorne Lay and Terry C. Wallace. Modern Global Seismology. 1995 Volume 59 Daniel S.Wii.ks. Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences.

Author: Formerly Vice-Chancellor of the University of Wales Lampeter and Professor of the Law of Property and Equity Robert Pearce

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780125480352

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 808

Meteorology at the Millennium details recent advances in meteorology and explores its interfaces with science, technology, and society. Ways in which modern meteorology is contributing to the developments in other sciences are described, as well as how atmospheric scientists are learning from colleagues in related disciplines. Meteorology at the Millennium will serve as a point of reference for students and researchers of meteorology and climatology for many years to come. The areas covered include weather prediction at the millennium, climate variability and change, atmosphere-ocean coupling, the biogeochemical system, weather on other planets. This book is a compilation of the best invited papers presented at a conference celebrating the 150 years of the Royal Meteorological Society (RMS).

The Earth s Ionosphere

The Earth's Core, 2nd Ed. 1987* Volume 38 J. R. Apel. ... 1994 Volume 58 Thorne Lay and Terry C. Wallace. Modern Global Seismology. 1995 Volume 59 Daniel S.

Author: Michael C. Kelley

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080916576

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 569

Although interesting in its own right, due to the ever-increasing use of satellites for communication and navigation, weather in the ionosphere is of great concern. Every such system uses trans-ionospheric propagation of radio waves, waves which must traverse the commonly turbulent ionosphere. Understanding this turbulence and predicting it are one of the major goals of the National Space Weather program. Acquiring such a prediction capability will rest on understanding the very topics of this book, the plasma physics and electrodynamics of the system. Fully updated to reflect advances in the field in the 20 years since the first edition published Explores the buffeting of the ionosphere from above by the sun and from below by the lower atmosphere Unique text appropriate both as a reference and for coursework

An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology

1994 Volume 57 Michael P. Ryan. Magraatic Systems. 1994 Volume 58 Thorne Lay and Terry C. Wallace. Modern Global Seismology. 1995 Volume 59 DANIEL S. WlLKS.

Author: James R. Holton

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123540151

Category: Science

Page: 535

View: 665

This revised text presents a cogent explanation of the fundamentals of meteorology, and explains storm dynamics for weather-oriented meteorologists. It discusses climate dynamics and the implications posed for global change. The Fourth Edition features a CD-ROM with MATLAB® exercises and updated treatments of several key topics. Much of the material is based on a two-term course for seniors majoring in atmospheric sciences. * Provides clear physical explanations of key dynamical principles * Contains a wealth of illustrations to elucidate text and equations, plus end-of-chapter problems * Holton is one of the leading authorities in contemporary meteorology, and well known for his clear writing style * Instructor's Manual available to adopters NEW IN THIS EDITION * A CD-ROM with MATLAB® exercises and demonstrations * Updated treatments on climate dynamics, tropical meteorology, middle atmosphere dynamics, and numerical prediction

The Magnetic Field of the Earth

1994 Volume 58 THORNE LAY AND TERRY C. WALLACE . Modern Global Seismology . 1995 Volume 59 DANIEL S. Wilks . Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences ...

Author: Ronald T. Merrill

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124912465

Category: Science

Page: 531

View: 146

Topics involved in studies of the Earth's magnetic field and its secular variation range from the intricate observations of geomagnetism, to worldwide studies of archeomagnetism and paleomagnetism, through to the complex mathematics of dynamo theory. Traditionally these different aspects of geomagnetism have been studied and presented in isolation from each other. The Magnetic Field of the Earth draws together these major lines of inquiry into an integrated framework to highlight the interrelationships and thus to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the geomagnetic field.The text is organized so that paleomagnetists and dynamo theoreticians may both benefit from the results and arguments presented by the other. A particular example is the presentation of paleomagnetic results to illuminate the observational constraints on geodynamo theory. Conversely, dynamo theory is explained in such a way that paleomagnetists may utilize it to present their data more effectively. Other important features of the book include a discussion of planetary magnetic fields and their implications for dynamo theory and the most recent set of magnetic charts. This unique integrated approach to the subject will make The Magnetic Field of the Earth an invaluable reference book for all geophysicists, particularly those wishing to gain insight into alternative branches of research.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Volume 36 Volume 37 Volume 38 Volume 39 Volume 40 Volume 41 Volume 42 Volume 43 ... 51 Volume 52 Volume 53 Volume 54 Volume 55 Volume 56 Volume 57 Volume 58 ...

Author: Roger A. Pielke

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0125547668

Category: Science

Page: 676

View: 123

The 3rd edition of Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling is a fully revised resource for researchers and practitioners in the growing field of meteorological modeling at the mesoscale. Pielke has enhanced the new edition by quantifying model capability (uncertainty) by a detailed evaluation of the assumptions of parameterization and error propagation. Mesoscale models are applied in a wide variety of studies, including weather prediction, regional and local climate assessments, and air pollution investigations. Broad expansion of the concepts of parameterization and parameterization methodology Addition of new modeling approaches, including modeling summaries and summaries of data sets All-new section on dynamic downscaling

Paleoseismology

Volume 52 Volume 53 Volume 54 Volume 55 Volume 56 Volume 57 Volume 58 Volume 59 ... An Introduction to Mining Seismology. ... Modern Global Seismology.

Author: James P. McCalpin

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919980

Category: Science

Page: 629

View: 703

Paleoseismology has become an important component of seismic risk analysis, which is mandated for nuclear power plants, dams, waste repositories, and other critical structures. This book is the first in the English language to be devoted solely to paleoseismology. It summarizes the development of the field from the 1960s to the present, encompassing material that is currently widely dispersed in journal articles. * Includes a comprehensive review of the techniques currently used in paleoseismology * Emphasizes practical methods of data collection and field studies * Covers interpretation of field data based on current theory concerning fault segmentation and recurrence cycles * Contains more than 170 line drawings and 50 photographs of paleoseismic phenomena

Physics and Chemistry of the Solar System

1980* Volume 25 ROBERT G. FLEAGLE and JOOST A. BUSINGER. ... 1994 Volume 58 THORNE LAY AND TERRY C. WALLACE. Modern Global Seismology.

Author: John S. Lewis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080470122

Category: Science

Page: 655

View: 474

Physics and Chemistry of the Solar System, 2nd Edition, is a comprehensive survey of the planetary physics and physical chemistry of our own solar system. It covers current research in these areas and the planetary sciences that have benefited from both earth-based and spacecraft-based experimentation. These experiments form the basis of this encyclopedic reference, which skillfully fuses synthesis and explanation. Detailed chapters review each of the major planetary bodies as well as asteroids, comets, and other small orbitals. Astronomers, physicists, and planetary scientists can use this state-of-the-art book for both research and teaching. This Second Edition features extensive new material, including expanded treatment of new meteorite classes, spacecraft findings from Mars Pathfinder through Mars Odyssey 2001, recent reflections on brown dwarfs, and descriptions of planned NASA, ESA, and Japanese planetary missions. * New edition features expanded treatment of new meteorite classes, the latest spacecraft findings from Mars, information about 100+ new discoveries of planets and stars, planned lunar and planetary missions, more end-of-chapter exercises, and more * Includes extensive new material and is amply illustrated throughout * Reviews each major planetary body, asteroids, comets, and other small orbitals

Earthquake Thermodynamics and Phase Transformation in the Earth s Interior

Global Physical Climatology. 1994 M.P. RYAN. Magmatic Systems. 1994 T. LAY AND T.C. WALLACE. Modern Global Seismology. 1995 Volume 59 Volume 60 Volume 61 ...

Author: Roman Teisseyre

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080530659

Category: Science

Page: 674

View: 411

A group of distinguished scientists contributes to the foundations of a new discipline in Earth sciences: earthquake thermodynamics and thermodynamics of formation of the Earth's interior structures. The predictive powers of thermodynamics are so great that those aspiring to model earthquake and the Earth's interior will certainly wish to be able to use the theory. Thermodynamics is our only method of understanding and predicting the behavior of many environmental, atmospheric, and geological processes. The need for Earth scientists to develop a functional knowledge of thermodynamic concepts and methodology is therefore urgent. Sources of an entropy increase the dissipative and self-organizing systems driving the evolution and dynamics of the Universe and Earth through irreversible processes. The non-linear interactions lead to the formation of fractal structures. From the structural phase transformations the important interior boundaries emerge. Non-linear interactions between the defects in solids lead the authors to develop the physics of continua with a dense distribution of defects. Disclinations and dislocations interact during a slow evolution as well as during rapid dynamic events, like earthquakes. Splitting the dynamic processes into the 2D fault done and 3D surrounding space brings a new tool for describing the slip nucleation and propagation along the earthquake faults. Seismic efficiency, rupture velocity, and complexity of seismic source zone are considered from different points of view, fracture band earthquake model is developed on the basis of thermodynamics of line defects, like dislocations. Earthquake thermodynamics offers us a microscopic model of earthquake sources. Physics of defects helps the authors decscribe and explain a number of precursory phenomena caused by the buildup of stresses. Anomalies in electric polarization and electromagnetic radiation prior to earthquakes are considered from this point of view. Through the thermodynamic approach, the authors arrive at the fascinating question of posssibility of earthquake prediction. In general, the Earth is considered here as a multicomponent system. Transport phenomena as well as wave propagation and shock waves are considered in this system subjected also to chemical and phase transformations.

International Handbook of Earthquake Engineering Seismology

Volume 57 Volume 58 Volume 59 Volume 60 Volume 61 Volume 62 Volume 63 Volume 64 Volume 65 Volume 66 Volume 67 Volume 68 Volume ... Modern Global Seismology.

Author: William H.K. Lee

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080489230

Category: Science

Page: 1000

View: 874

The two volume International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology represents the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior's (IASPEI) ambition to provide a comprehensive overview of our present knowledge of earthquakes and seismology. This state-of-the-art work is the only reference to cover all aspects of seismology--a "resource library" for civil and structural engineers, geologists, geophysicists, and seismologists in academia and industry around the globe. Part B, by more than 100 leading researchers from major institutions of science around the globe, features 34 chapters detailing strong-motion seismology, earthquake engineering, quake prediction and hazards mitigation, as well as detailed reports from more than 40 nations. Also available is The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part A. Authoritative articles by more than 100 leading scientists Extensive glossary of terminology plus 2000+ biographical sketches of notable seismologists

Magnetic Stratigraphy

Global Physical Climatology. 1994 MICHAEL P. RYAN. Magmatic Systems. 1994 THORNE LAY AND TERRY C. WALLACE. Modern Global Seismology. 1995 Volume 59 Volume ...

Author: Meil D. Opdyke

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080535722

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 852

Magnetic Stratigraphy is the most comprehensive book written in the English language on the subject of magnetic polarity stratigraphy and time scales. This volume presents the entirety of the known geomagneticrecord, which now extends back about 300 million years. The book includes the results of current research on sea floor spreading, magnetic stratigraphy of the Pliocene and Pleistocene, and postulations on the Paleozoic. Also included are both historicalbackground and applications of magnetostratigraphy. Individual chapters on correlation are presented, using changes in magnetic properties and secular variation. Key Features * Discusses pioneering work in the use of marine sediments to investigate the Earths magnetic field * Serves as a guide for students wishing to begin studies in magnetostratigraphy * Provides a comprehensive guide to magnetic polarity stratigraphy including up-to-date geomagnetic polarity time scales * Correlates magnetic stratigraphics from marine and non-marine Cenozoic sequences * Details reversal history of the magnetic field for the last 350 million years * Discusses correlation using magnetic dipole intensity changes * Up-to-date correlation of biostratigraphy with magnetic stratigraphy through the late Jurassic

International Handbook of Earthquake Engineering Seismology

Volume 56 Volume 57 Volume 58 Volume 59 Volume 60 Volume 61 Volume 62 Volume 63 Volume 64 ... Global Physical Climatology. ... Modern Global Seismology.

Author: William H.K. Lee

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080489223

Category: Science

Page: 1200

View: 815

Modern scientific investigations of earthquakes began in the 1880s, and the International Association of Seismology was organized in 1901 to promote collaboration of scientists and engineers in studying earthquakes. The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, under the auspices of the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior (IASPEI), was prepared by leading experts under a distinguished international advisory board and team of editors. The content is organized into 56 chapters and includes over 430 figures, 24 of which are in color. This large-format, comprehensive reference summarizes well-established facts, reviews relevant theories, surveys useful methods and techniques, and documents and archives basic seismic data. It will be the authoritative reference for scientists and engineers and a quick and handy reference for seismologists. Also available is The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part B. Two CD-ROMs containing additional material packaged with the text

An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation

Volume 58 Volume 59 Volume 60 Volume 61 Volume 62 Volume 63 Volume 64 Volume 65 Volume 66 Volume 67 Volume 68 Volume 69 Volume ... Modern Global Seismology.

Author: K. N. Liou

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080491677

Category: Science

Page: 583

View: 457

This Second Edition of An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation has been extensively revised to address the fundamental study and quantitative measurement of the interactions of solar and terrestrial radiation with molecules, aerosols, and cloud particles in planetary atmospheres. It contains 70% new material, much of it stemming from the investigation of the atmospheric greenhouse effects of external radiative perturbations in climate systems, and the development of methodologies for inferring atmospheric and surface parameters by means of remote sensing. Liou's comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of atmospheric radiation was developed for students, academics, and researchers in atmospheric sciences, remote sensing, and climate modeling. Balanced treatment of fundamentals and applications Includes over 170 illustrations to complement the concise description of each subject Numerous examples and hands-on exercises at the end of each chapter

Atmospheric Science

Volume 52 Volume 53 Volume 54 Volume 55 Volume 56 Volume 57 Volume 58 Volume 59 ... An Introduction to Mining Seismology. ... Modern Global Seismology.

Author: John M. Wallace

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080499536

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 815

Atmospheric Science, Second Edition, is the long-awaited update of the classic atmospheric science text, which helped define the field nearly 30 years ago and has served as the cornerstone for most university curricula. Now students and professionals alike can use this updated classic to understand atmospheric phenomena in the context of the latest discoveries, and prepare themselves for more advanced study and real-life problem solving. This latest edition of Atmospheric Science, has been revamped in terms of content and appearance. It contains new chapters on atmospheric chemistry, the Earth system, the atmospheric boundary layer, and climate, as well as enhanced treatment of atmospheric dynamics, radiative transfer, severe storms, and global warming. The authors illustrate concepts with full-color, state-of-the-art imagery and cover a vast amount of new information in the field. Extensive numerical and qualitative exercises help students apply basic physical principles to atmospheric problems. There are also biographical footnotes summarizing the work of key scientists, along with a student companion website that hosts climate data; answers to quantitative exercises; full solutions to selected exercises; skew-T log p chart; related links, appendices; and more. The instructor website features: instructor’s guide; solutions to quantitative exercises; electronic figures from the book; plus supplementary images for use in classroom presentations. Meteorology students at both advanced undergraduate and graduate levels will find this book extremely useful. Full-color satellite imagery and cloud photographs illustrate principles throughout Extensive numerical and qualitative exercises emphasize the application of basic physical principles to problems in the atmospheric sciences Biographical footnotes summarize the lives and work of scientists mentioned in the text, and provide students with a sense of the long history of meteorology Companion website encourages more advanced exploration of text topics: supplementary information, images, and bonus exercises

Atmosphere Ocean and Climate Dynamics

Volume 56 Volume 57 Volume 58 Volume 59 Volume 60 Volume 61 Volume 62 Volume 63 Volume 64 ... Global Physical Climatology. ... Modern Global Seismology.

Author: John Marshall

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556703

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 550

For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography. * Written at a mathematical level that is appealing for undergraduates and beginning graduate students * Provides a useful educational tool through a combination of observations and laboratory demonstrations which can be viewed over the web * Contains instructions on how to reproduce the simple but informative laboratory experiments * Includes copious problems (with sample answers) to help students learn the material.

Mechanics of Fluid Saturated Rocks

Volume 49 Volume 50 Volume 51 Volume 52 Volume 53 Volume 54 Volume 55 Volume 56 Volume 57 ... Global Biogeochemical Cycles. ... Modern Global Seismology.

Author: Yves Gueguen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080479361

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 469

Mechanics of Fluid Saturated Rocks presents a current and comprehensive report on this emerging field that bridges the areas of geology and mechanics. It is of direct interest to a wide spectrum of earth scientists and engineers who are concerned with upper-crust mechanics and fluid movements, the most important fluids being oil and water. This authoritative book is the result of a collaborative effort between scientists in academic institutions and industry. It examines important issues such as subsidence, geological fault formation, earthquake faulting, hydraulic fracturing, transport of fluids, and natural and direct applications. Mechanics of Fluid Saturated Rocks provides a unique interdisciplinary viewpoint, as well as case studies, conclusions, and recommendations for further research. Covers the physical, chemical, and mechanical analysis of porous saturated rock deformation on both large and small scales Discusses the latest developments of importance to engineers and geologists Examines natural and direct applications Includes extensive bibliographies for each chapter

An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves

Volume 26 Volume 27 Volume 28 Volume 29 Volume 30 Volume 31 Volume 32 Volume 33 Volume 34 Volume 35 Volume 36 Volume 37 Volume ... Modern Global Seismology.

Author: Carmen J. Nappo

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080491660

Category: Science

Page: 279

View: 181

Gravity waves exist in all types of geophysical fluids, such as lakes, oceans, and atmospheres. They play an important role in redistributing energy at disturbances, such as mountains or seamounts and they are routinely studied in meteorology and oceanography, particularly simulation models, atmospheric weather models, turbulence, air pollution, and climate research. An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves provides readers with a working background of the fundamental physics and mathematics of gravity waves, and introduces a wide variety of applications and numerous recent advances. Nappo provides a concise volume on gravity waves with a lucid discussion of current observational techniques and instrumentation. Foreword is written by Prof. George Chimonas, a renowned expert on the interactions of gravity waves with turbulence. CD containing real data, computer codes for data analysis and linear gravity wave models included with the text