The Development of Modern Spain

The culmination of twenty years' work by the dean of economic history in Spain, founder of the Revista de Historia Económica and recipient of the Premio Rey Juan Carlos, Spain's highest honor for an academic, the book is rigorously ...

Author: Gabriel Tortella Casares

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674000940

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 188

This reinterpretation of the history of modern Spain from the Enlightenment to the threshold of the twenty-first century explains the surprising changes that took Spain from a backward and impoverished nation, with decades of stagnation, civil disorder, and military rule, to one of the ten most developed economies in the world. The culmination of twenty years' work by the dean of economic history in Spain, founder of the Revista de Historia Económica and recipient of the Premio Rey Juan Carlos, Spain's highest honor for an academic, the book is rigorously analytical and quantitative, but eminently accessible. It reveals views and approaches little explored until now, showing how the main stages of Spanish political history have been largely determined by economic developments and by a seldom mentioned factor: human capital formation. It is comparative throughout, and concludes by applying the lessons of Spanish history to the plight of today's developing nations.

Modern Spain 1875 1980

Beginning with the September Revolution of 1868, this history of modern Spain takes the reader up to 1980, the monarchy of Juan Carlos and the transition to a liberal democracy after years of dictatorship under General Franco.

Author: Raymond Carr

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 0192801295

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 457

The word 'liberal', as part of our political vocabulary comes from Spain. It was first used to describe a group of radical patriots cooped up in Cadiz, refugees from the French invasion of 1808. In 1812 they drew up a constitution enshrining the sovereignty of the people which struck the very basis of the old monarchy and became the model for advanced democrats from St Petersburg to Naples. Universal male suffrage was established in Spain in 1890 - earlier than Britain. The imposition ofadvanced liberal institutions on a conservative society, both economically and socially backward, inevitably caused tensions, and these, Raymond Carr argues, explain much of modern Spanish history. His analysis, incorporating much new research, starts at the 'September Revolution' of 1868 and goes right up to the present day. In the 1970s and 80s the country suffered less from the violent social disruption experienced in previous decades, but - as always - Spain is beset with acute regional problems which become more pressing the longer they remain unsolved.


The History of Modern Spain

The History of Modern Spain also has a glossary, a chronology and a further reading list. This is essential reading for all students of the modern history of Spain.

Author: Adrian Shubert

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 147259200X

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 176

The History of Modern Spain is a comprehensive examination of Spain's history from the beginning of the 19th century to the present day. Bringing together an impressive group of leading figures and emerging scholars in the field from the UK, Canada, the United States, Spain and other European countries, the book innovatively combines a strong and clear political narrative with chapters exploring a wide range of thematic topics, such as gender, family and sexuality, nations and nationalism, empire, environment, religion, migrations and Spain in world history. The volume includes a series of biographical sketches of influential Spaniards from intellectual, cultural, economic and political spheres which provides an interesting, alternative way into understanding the last 220 years of Spanish history. The History of Modern Spain also has a glossary, a chronology and a further reading list. This is essential reading for all students of the modern history of Spain.

The Seduction of Modern Spain

This book examines how sexual politics, specifically those surrounding the modernization of a consumer economy, are key to understanding the transformation of Spain from isolated dictatorship to modern state.

Author: Aurora G. Morcillo

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 0838757537

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 620

This book examines how sexual politics, specifically those surrounding the modernization of a consumer economy, are key to understanding the transformation of Spain from isolated dictatorship to modern state. It focuses on issues concerning modernity and the commodification of the female body under the dictatorship of Francisco Franco in the 1950s and 1960s. These two decades are critical to understanding this transformation because they coincide with the opening of markets, the freer movement of people in and out of the country through tourism and emigration, and the embracing of the "American way of life" popularized in Hollywood movies. From a gender perspective this "in between moment" in Homi Bhabha's terms, from autarchy to consumerism favored the transition from the virginal female model, prescribed by the regime, (what the author calls "True Catholic Womanhood") to a seductive modern woman that the media sold to Spanish women. This study will add a significant piece to the growing corpus of literature on the body as an essential element of analysis in gender history and in the power dynamics of culture. It will help to fill a gap in the field of Spanish Cultural Studies in general and the emerging field of cultural Spanish history in particular. The originality of this study resides in Dr. Morcillo's use of feminist theories of the body to study archival sources of the Francoist years. Of special interest are the collections of Ministry of Culture and Administrative papers Women's Section of Falange at the Archivo General de la Administracion in Alcala de Henares. Also important are the works of intellectuals of the period, as well as health books, maternity and hygiene guides, conduct manuals, and documents produced by the Catholic Church hierarchy with regard to moral behavior and sexual mores that provide a textured analysis of gender relations under the dictatorship. The author's interest in unveiling the regime's technologies of control of ordinary Spaniards is covered through the study of the media, printed press, and the movie industry of this period particularly the so-called New Spanish Cinema inaugurated in the 1960s, illustrating how ads and films shaped and contested the regime's vision of modernity and gender roles. Through the production of dual versions of films the censorship process utilized women's cinematic bodies to present a more liberal image of Spain in the international scene. While nudity was allowed in the international versions the domestic productions continued to cut the customary kiss. The economy of desire displayed in today's Almodovar's films is already present in movies like La Tia Tula by Miguel Picazo (1964). This book will be essential for scholars and students interested in Ibero-American cultural studies, gender, religion, and totalitarian politics.

Early Modern Spain

Spanish writers - the so-called School of Salamanca - made a significant
contribution to our understanding of the changing structure of the market, laying
the foundations of the modern science of economics. Spain was equally involved
in that ...

Author: James Casey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134623801

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 492

Early Modern Spain: A social History explores the solidarities which held the Spanish nation together at this time of conflict and change. The book studies the pattern of fellowship and patronage at the local level which contributed to the notable absence of popular revolts characteristic of other European countries at this time. It also analyses the Counter-Reformation, which transformed religious attitudes, and which had a huge impact on family life, social control and popular culture. Focusing on the main themes of the development of capitalism, the growth of the state and religious upheaval, this comprehensive social history sheds light on changes throughout Europe in the critical early modern period.

Modern Spain 1815 1898

This 1906 text examines Spain's historical development, from the period of reaction following Ferdinand VII's restoration through to the Spanish-American War.

Author: Henry Butler Clarke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107630061

Category: History

Page: 546

View: 341

This 1906 text examines Spain's historical development, from the period of reaction following Ferdinand VII's restoration through to the Spanish-American War.

Modern Spain

Fulfilling the need for English-source material on contemporary Spain, this book supplies readers with an in-depth, interdisciplinary guide to the country of Spain and its intricate, diverse culture.

Author: Enrique Ávila López

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610696018

Category: Social Science

Page: 427

View: 627

Fulfilling the need for English-source material on contemporary Spain, this book supplies readers with an in-depth, interdisciplinary guide to the country of Spain and its intricate, diverse culture. • Serves as a general reference guide to Spain that presents historical information as well as details about everyday life in modern-day Spain • Covers a huge variety of topics ranging from sports and literature to gastronomy and geography • Addresses virtually every issue and concern related to 21st-century Spain • Provides the most up-to-date facts in a fair, unprejudiced manner • Connects relevant aspects of Spain with those of other countries, giving readers perspective into the obvious differences and subtle nuances between unfamiliar cultures

Institutions of Modern Spain

This book provides a unique and comprehensive guide to Spain's political and economic institutions.

Author: Michael T. Newton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575089

Category: History

Page: 379

View: 685

This book provides a unique and comprehensive guide to Spain's political and economic institutions. The authors show how these have evolved over the last decade to reflect the increasing regionalisation of public life and genuine integration of the country into European Union institutions. Informed comment at the end of each chapter balances detailed descriptions of the institutions concerned, and careful cross-referencing ensures an understanding of the key links between organisations. This is an expanded, revised and fully-updated edition of the authors' book Spain: a Guide to Political and Economic Institutions, first published in 1987

Sex Crimes Honour and the Law in Early Modern Spain

Based on approx. 350 lawsuits from the Sala de Vizcaya at the Archivo de la Real Chancillería de Valladolid, between 1500 and 1750.

Author: Renato Barahona

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802036940

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 284

Based on approx. 350 lawsuits from the Sala de Vizcaya at the Archivo de la Real Chancillería de Valladolid, between 1500 and 1750.

The Origins of Modern Spain

J. B. Trend. PREFACE The Origins of Modern Spain takes up the thread of the
earlier chapters of A Picture of Modern Spain, published in 1921. Since then
more material has accumulated, and the discovery that those chapters were
quoted as ...

Author: J. B. Trend

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110769082X

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 439

Originally published in 1934, this book presents a highly readable account of the intellectual development of Spain following the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1868. The text is based around a series of intimate, personal sketches of the reformers and educators of the generation of 1868, but also deals extensively with broader cultural contexts as well. Politics is avoided where possible, and questions of the monarchical or republican reforms of government, of clerical or lay teaching in schools, are measured by their practical results on education in Spain, not by their theoretical implications in an ideal state. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in Spanish cultural history and educational history.

The Modern Spain Sourcebook

This is a crucial text containing a vital trove of primary material for all students of Spain and its history.

Author: Aurora G. Morcillo

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474268994

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 352

Incorporating a wide range of visual and translated written sources, The Modern Spain Sourcebook documents Spain's history from the Enlightenment to the present. The book is thematically arranged and includes six key primary sources on ten significant areas of Spanish history, including the arts, work, education, religion, politics, sexuality and empire. As well as the book's overarching introduction, there are theme-specific introductions and vital historical context sections provided for the sources that are presented. There are also useful suggested analytical questions and helpful web link lists included throughout. The Modern Spain Sourcebook covers political and economic history, but moves beyond this to provide a more complete picture of Spanish history through the sources selected with gender history, social history and cultural history coming to the fore. This is a crucial text containing a vital trove of primary material for all students of Spain and its history.

An Historical Essay on Modern Spain

More political than cultural in its emphasis , this enormously detailed , scholarly
yet thoroughly readable book about modern Spain under Franco should
fascinate any reader curious to know what changes have been wrought in that
country in ...

Author: Richard Herr

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520025349

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 645

"More political than cultural in its emphasis, this enormously detailed, scholarly yet thoroughly readable book about modern Spain under Franco should fascinate any reader curious to know what changes have been wrought in that country in the past 30 years. Professor Herr (UCLA and Berkeley) has researched painstakingly and drawn a clear, authentic and meaningful portrait of Spain today as it is rapidly being transformed from an agrarian society to one now predominantly industrial."--Publishers Weekly "Professor Herr is also seeking the origins of modern Spain; his history is Aristotelian in that the end dominates the process. He seeks these origins in the later eighteenth century when the traditional order was perceived to be a bar to progress. A group of civil servants influenced by the European Enlightenment sought to bring Spain into Europe believing that industrial progress, education and agrarian reform would do the trick; but all their reforms were opposed by Catholic traditionalists. Hence the division into the 'two Spains.' Yet it is not the old crude version of two Spains, so often served up to explain everything from the failure of university reform to the Civil War, that Professor Herr plumps for. He sees the course of Spanish history explained by the rise and modification of the Moderado oligarchy. . . . he does throw out a lifeline in a sea of complexities and gives us the best short account of Franco Spain."--Spectator "This is a work of substantial interest and value which must be recommended as a well-balanced, readable, and scholarly introduction to a subject which has never ceased to be controversial and is still in the process of reinterpretation. . . .commands a high place among the general histories of Spain."--Journal of Modern History

Lesbians in Early Modern Spain

Modern. Spain. M. any medieval theologians had something to say about Saint
Paul's condemnation of women who “exchanged natural relaSaint Anselm, and
Peter Abelard were only a few of the renowned church fathers to add their own ...

Author: Sherry Marie Velasco

Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press

ISBN: 0826517528

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 629

In this first in-depth study of female homosexuality in the Spanish Empire for the period from 1500 to 1800, Velasco presents a multitude of riveting examples that reveal widespread contemporary interest in women's intimate relations with other women. Her sources include literary and historical texts featuring female homoeroticism, tracts on convent life, medical treatises, civil and Inquisitional cases, and dramas. She has also uncovered a number of revealing illustrations from the period. The women in these accounts, stories, and cases range from internationally famous transgendered celebrities to lesbian criminals, from those suspected of "special friendships" in the convent to ordinary villagers. Velasco argues that the diverse and recurrent representations of lesbian desire provide compelling evidence of how different groups perceived intimacy between women as more than just specific sex acts. At times these narratives describe complex personal relationships and occasionally characterize these women as being of a certain "type," suggesting an early modern precursor to what would later be recognized as divergent lesbian, bisexual, and transgender identities.

Early Modern Spain

Laws of the Bourbon Monarchy When the Bourbon dynasty came to Spain in
1700 , it kept many of the existing laws on the books , but many of the new laws
passed after 1700 reflect the spirit of enlightened absolutism that marked much of
 ...

Author: Jon Cowans

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812218459

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 181

"It is difficult to think of a better way of introducing students to the rich diversity of Hispanic civilization in the Golden Age and Enlightenment than through the pages of this book."—History

Rhetoric and Reality in Early Modern Spain

Arbitrismo and the Early Seventeenth - Century Spanish Church : The Theory
and Practice of Anti - Clericalist ... indeed were satirized in the writings of
Cervantes and Quevedo , their role has been favourably reassessed by modern
scholars .

Author: Richard Pym

Publisher: Tamesis Books

ISBN: 9781855661271

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 177

View: 130

The extent to which contemporary rhetorics of nation and kingship reflected the realities of social, economic and cultural life in Habsburg Spain.

Communication Knowledge and Memory in Early Modern Spain

In early modern Spain , writing became inseparable from public institutions of
religion and justice , although , of course , there was still very ample space for
customs , usages , and styles based on oral tradition . Power in the early modern
 ...

Author: Fernando Bouza

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812238051

Category: History

Page: 108

View: 823

In a provocative attempt to outline a history of communication during the Spanish Golden Age, Communication, Knowledge, and Memory in Early Modern Spain examines how speech, visual images, and written texts all interact as manifestations of the human desire to know and remember. Seeking to address the reductive opposition both between written and oral texts and between script and print in the Early Modern period, Fernando Bouza, one of Spain's most influential cultural historians, makes an elegant case for the equality and complementary natures of the various modes of communication. While the advent of printing is commonly thought to have resulted in the demise of the manuscript, Bouza upholds that the progress of textual culture in all its forms did not undermine the importance of other mediums of knowledge. The history of the book and of reading is often considered separately from the history of the uses of writing and speech, but according to Bouza, the boundaries between the spheres are artificial constructions that fail to honor the realities of the transfer of knowledge and information. While recognizing that reading and writing belong to two distinct models of acculturation, Bouza refuses to accept the myth that has identified rationality and modernity with written culture only, while the languages of images and the practices of orality are relegated to the past. Considering the uses of text, image, and speech in social settings ranging from the most humble to the most aristocratic, he argues that orality is as strongly present in the world of the court as in popular milieux, that the image was put to uses both naive and learned, and that writing--far from a privilege of the powerful--touched the lives of even the illiterate. This original and brilliant book is bound to transform current understandings of the intellectual practices of the Golden Age.

Medical Cultures of the Early Modern Spanish Empire

These ideas were, in turn, influenced by local cultures. This volume tells the story of encounters among medical cultures in the early modern Spanish empire.

Author: Assoc Prof John Slater

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472428153

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 326

View: 709

Early modern Spain was a global empire in which a startling variety of medical cultures came into contact, and occasionally conflict, with one another. Spanish soldiers, ambassadors, missionaries, sailors, and emigrants of all sorts carried with them to the farthest reaches of the monarchy their own ideas about sickness and health. These ideas were, in turn, influenced by local cultures. This volume tells the story of encounters among medical cultures in the early modern Spanish empire. The twelve chapters draw upon a wide variety of sources, ranging from drama, poetry, and sermons to broadsheets, travel accounts, chronicles, and Inquisitorial documents; and it surveys a tremendous regional scope, from Mexico, to the Canary Islands, the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Germany. Together, these essays propose a new interpretation of the circulation, reception, appropriation, and elaboration of ideas and practices related to sickness and health, sex, monstrosity, and death, in a historical moment marked by continuous cross-pollination among institutions and populations with a decided stake in the functioning and control of the human body. Ultimately, the volume discloses how medical cultures provided demographic, analytical, and even geographic tools that constituted a particular kind of map of knowledge and practice, upon which were plotted: the local utilities of pharmacological discoveries; cures for social unrest or decline; spaces for political and institutional struggle; and evolving understandings of monstrousness and normativity. Medical Cultures of the Early Modern Spanish Empire puts the history of early modern Spanish medicine on a new footing in the English-speaking world.

Modern Spain

In Modern Spain: A Documentary History, the first broad-ranging collection in English of writings from this entire period, Jon Cowans presents 76 documents to trace the history of Spain as it struggled for political and social stability and ...

Author: Jon Cowans

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812218469

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 541

While the Civil War of 1936-39 dominated Spain's twentieth-century history, the country's fateful and bloody division into left and right had its roots in the events of the Napoleonic era. In Modern Spain: A Documentary History, the first broad-ranging collection in English of writings from this entire period, Jon Cowans presents 76 documents to trace the history of Spain as it struggled for political and social stability and justice through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Beginning with Napoleon's occupation of Spain in 1808, the selections include decrees of the liberal Cdiz Cortes of 1810-14, an 1841 plea for the revival of the Catalan culture and language, an 1873 anarchist manifesto, an 1892 argument for the education of women, a Basque nationalist's 1895 diatribe against Spaniards, Jos Ortega y Gasset's Invertebrate Spain, General Francisco Franco's 1936 manifesto and his 1940 letter to Hitler, the Spanish bishops' 1950 press release on immorality and indecency in the mass media, King Juan Carlos's speech on the attempted coup d'tat of 1981, and a 1999 report by SOS Racismo on immigration and xenophobia in contemporary Spain. Covering political, cultural, social, and economic history, Modern Spain: A Documentary History provides a valuable opportunity to explore the history of Spain through primary sources from the Second Republic, the Civil War, and the Franco dictatorship, as well as from the period of Spain's profound transformation following the ascension of King Juan Carlos in 1975.

Guardianship Gender and the Nobility in Early Modern Spain

Chapter 2 "The Great Love and Affection I Have for Her": Appointing Female
Guardians The social and legal structure of medieval and early modern Spain
fostered women's active participation in economic affairs. Before the advent of the
 ...

Author: Dr Grace E Coolidge

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409481964

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 251

Contrary to early modern patriarchal assumptions, this study argues that rather trying to impose obedience or enclosure on women of their own rank and status, noblemen in early modern Spain depended on the active collaboration of noblewomen to maintain and expand their authority, wealth, and influence. While the image of virtuous, secluded, silent, and chaste women did bolster male authority in general and help to assure individual noblemen that their children were their own, the presence of active, vocal, and political women helped these same men move up the social ladder, guard their property and wealth, gain political influence, win legal battles, and protect their minor heirs. Drawing on a variety of documents-guardianships, wills, dowry and marriage contracts, lawsuits, genealogies, and a few letters-from the family archives of the nine noble families housed in the Osuna and Frías collections in Toledo, Guardianship, Gender and the Nobility in Early Modern Spain explores the lives and roles of female guardians. Grace Coolidge examines in detail the legal status of these women, their role within their families, and their responsibilities for the children and property in their care. To Spanish noblemen, Coolidge argues, the preservation of family, power, and lineage was more important than the prescriptive gender roles of their time, and faced with the emergency generated by the premature death of the male title holder, they consistently turned to the adult women in their families for help. Their need for support and for allies against their own mortality meant, in turn, that they expected and trained their female relatives to take an active part in the economic and political affairs of the family.