A series of essays in which Barthes seeks to tear away masks and demystify the signs, signals, gestures and messages through which western society sustains, sells, identifies and yet obscures itself.

Author: Roland Barthes

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0099972204

Category: Culture

Page: 158

View: 167

A series of essays in which Barthes seeks to tear away masks and demystify the signs, signals, gestures and messages through which western society sustains, sells, identifies and yet obscures itself.

The Origins of the World s Mythologies

Michael Witzel persuasively demonstrates the prehistoric origins of most of the mythologies of Eurasia and the Americas ('Laurasia').

Author: Michael Witzel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199812853

Category: Religion

Page: 665

View: 745

Michael Witzel persuasively demonstrates the prehistoric origins of most of the mythologies of Eurasia and the Americas ('Laurasia').

Mythologies of the World

This book surveys the important available books on mythologies of all parts of the globe and the cultural contexts from which the mythological traditions emerged.

Author: Ron Smith

Publisher: National Council of Teachers


Category: Mythology

Page: 346

View: 538

This book surveys the important available books on mythologies of all parts of the globe and the cultural contexts from which the mythological traditions emerged. Written as a series of bibliographic essays, the guide opens with a description of major reference sources encompassing many cultures, as well as those tracing particular themes (such as that of the creation) across cultures. The other bibliographic essays discuss sources for studying prehistoric mythologies, the mythologies of West Asian peoples (Mesopotamian, Biblical, Islamic, and others), South and East Asian mythologies, European mythologies, American Indian mythologies (North, Central, and South American), African mythologies, and the mythologies of the Pacific and Australia. An appendix on contemporary mythology--mainly American--discusses a wide range of works that examine the beliefs, traditions, and dreams that manifest themselves in spectator sports, politics, advertising, and forms of popular culture in the United States. (RL)

American Mythologies

Cheap , On Sale , American Dream ' : Contemporary Asian American Women
Writers ' Responses to American Success Mythologies Phillipa Kafka The
process of becoming American always and inevitably involves confronting and
relating to ...

Author: William Blazek

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 9780853237464

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 305

View: 133

This challenging new book looks at the current reinvention of American Studies: a reinvention that, among other things, has put the whole issue of just what is 'American' and what is 'American Studies' into contention. The collection focuses, in particular, on American mythology. The editors themselves have written essays that examine the connections between mythologies of the United States and those of either classical European or Native American traditions. William Blazek considers Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine novels as chronicles combining Ojibwa mythology and contemporary U.S. culture in ways that reinvest a sense of mythic identity within a multicultural, postmodern America. Michael K Glenday's analysis of Jayne Anne Phillips' work and explores in it the contexts where myth and dream interact with each other. Betty Louise Bell is one of four essayists in this collection who focus their criticism on authors of Native American heritage. In the first part of 'Indians with Voices', Bell carefully argues that Roy Harvey Pearce's seminal Native American studies text Savagism and Civilization fails to acknowledge its white elitist assumptions about what constitutes The American Mind and views Native Americans along a primitive-savage binary that helped to create a twentieth-century 'national mythos of innocence and destiny'. Other essays include Christopher Brookeman's study of the impact of Muhammad Ali on Norman Mailer's non-fiction writing about heavyweight boxing.

Witchcraft Mythologies and Persecutions

The upshot of the discussions came down to two central questions: the historical
formation of witchcraft mythologies and the social-judicial context of witchcraft
prosecution. In the presentation of both of these themes the confrontation of the ...

Author: G bor Klaniczay

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9789637326875

Category: Religion

Page: 351

View: 146

Scientific approach to esoteric and mystical themes.


Finns, Baltic Finns, Permians, and Sami.402 The mythologies of the Finno-Lappic
speakers have some common aspects; the Sami people are deeply shamanistic
and these traits are present also in Finnish-Karelian mythology. Baltic Finnic ...


Publisher: PediaPress




View: 805

White Mythologies

Author: Robert Young

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415311809

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 287

View: 716

In 1990, Robert Young's White Mythologies set out to question the very concepts of history and the West. Is it possible, he asked, to write history that avoids the trap of Eurocentrism? Is history simply a Western myth? His reflections on these topics provided some of the most important new directions in postcolonial studies and continue to exert a huge influence on the field. This new edition reprints what has quickly become a classic text, along with a substantial new essay reflecting on changes in the field and in the author's own position since publication. An essential read for all those working in postcolonial theory, literature and history, this book cemented Young's reputation as one of the country's most influential scholars and, as a new preface by Homi Bhabha comments, made an original and invaluable intervention in the field, leading even the most established figures to rethink their own positions. Provoking further re-evaluation with the new introductory essay, this second edition will like its predecessor be a key text for every academic and student in the field.

Asian Mythologies

This is one of four paperback volumes drawn from the full , clothbound , two -
volume English - language edition of Yves Bonnefoy's Mythologies . These
paperback volumes are not an afterthought but were part of the publication plan
from the ...

Author: Yves Bonnefoy

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226064567

Category: Religion

Page: 376

View: 921

These 130 articles Aisan mythologies and cover such topics as Buddhist and Hindu symbolic systems, myth in pre-Islamic Iran, Chinese cosmology and demons, and the Japanese conceptions of the afterlife and the "vital spirit". Also includes myths from Turkey, Korea, Tibet, and Mongolia. Illustrations.

Television Mythologies

Mythologies cut decisively through these carefully constituted historical
distinctions between politics and culture and asserted the necessity of
understanding the political in its widest sense as describing 'the whole of human
relations in their ...

Author: Len Masterman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134958412

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 152

View: 499

A collection of essays on television which focuses on the previewers, the TV magazines, quiz shows, commercial breaks, Top of the Pops, One Man and His Dog, personalities, politicians and continuity announcers.

Scientific Mythologies

... important popular sources of modern mythologies Because of their similarity of
transcendent theme and persuasive purpose, and because of the central
validating role played by some conception of science in each, I will group them
together ...

Author: James A. Herrick

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 0830825886

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 498

What does science have to do with science fiction? What does science fiction have to do with scientists? What does religion have to do with science and science fiction? In the spiritual vacuum of our post-Christian West, new mythologies continually arise. The sources of much religious speculation, however, may be surprising. Author James Herrick directs our attention to a wide range of scientists, filmmakers, science fiction writers and religious philosophers and discovers there the role that science and science fiction have played in such mythmaking. From scientists such as Francis Bacon, Francis Crick, Carl Sagan and Freeman Dyson, to filmmakers such as George Lucas and Steven Spielberg, to science fiction writers such as Olaf Stapledon, Sir Arthur C. Clarke, Robert Heinlein and Isaac Asimov, Herrick finds a curious collusion of science with science fiction for promoting and justifying alternative spiritualities. The rise of these new mythologies, he argues, is no longer a curiosity at the edge of Western culture. This alchemy is catalyzing a religious vision of new gods, a new humanity, and alien races with superior intelligence and secret knowledge. This new mythology overshadows the realms of politics, science and religion. Should we follow such visions? Does science endorse these mythologies? Are we being offered a spirituality superior to the Judeo-Christian tradition? This book will help you decide.


Author: William Butler Yeats

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684826216

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 783

This is the definitive edition of W.B. Yeats's folklore & early prose fiction, edited according to Yeats's final textual instructions. Its extensive annotation makes luminous Yeats's 'fibrous darkness', that 'matrix out of which everything else has come', by dealing with oral & written sources, abandoned & unpublished writings.

Constitutional Mythologies

Agent. Type,. Social. Contracts,. and. Constitutional. Mythologies. Peter Boettke
and Alexander Fink ... If rules of governing fail to account for men as they are,
Constitutional mythologies of infallible government institutions are created (
Tullock ...

Author: Alain Marciano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441967848

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 386

Our societies obviously rest on common beliefs. These "myths" are tools that help us to develop and build common identities; they form the structure around which societies function. This does not imply that these beliefs are “true,” in the sense that they would be supported by empirical facts. In social matters, myths have undoubtedly important functions to play even if no empirical facts support them. On the other hand, and precisely because they are not discussed, myths may be problematic: they may create illusions, conserve structures that are inefficient and unable to improve the situation of citizens. This is particularly true with constitutions. Constitutions are very important for societies: a constitution is a document — even in societies based on “unwritten” constitutions — which binds citizens together, creating unity among them, and which forms the framework within which our activities take place. As Nobel Prize laureate James Buchanan used to say: constitutions contain the rules of the social game we play in our everyday life. However, constitutions are not frequently debated by citizens. This is why we end up with common beliefs about these constitutions: they are above our heads, around us. We take them, their role, function, and nature as given. The purpose of this volume to investigate and challenge common constitutional myths. Featuring contributions from prominent economists, political scientists, and legal scholars, the chapters in this volume address such myths as “constitutions are binding social contracts,” “constitutions are economic documents” and “constitutions are legal documents.” Illustrating their analyses with historical and contemporary examples from the United States, Canada, and Europe, the authors build a multi-layered approach to understanding constitutions and their implications for social and political influence.

American Mythologies

Grounded in a semiological approach, which explores the displacement of information and the transformation of signs that characterise mythic communication, this book sheds light on the socio-economic, gendered, national and racial interests ...

Author: Manuel Peña

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317182286

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 381

American Mythologies examines eleven myths that form part of the storehouse of present-day American mythologies, elucidating the nature of contemporary myths by investigating their ideological sub-terrain. Grounded in a semiological approach, which explores the displacement of information and the transformation of signs that characterise mythic communication, this book sheds light on the socio-economic, gendered, national and racial interests that lie behind myth-making. Presenting rich case studies from popular culture and public discourse, it demonstrates the manner in which these myths, and American mythology in general, promote the core values of everyday life under capitalism: rugged individualism, the unfettered right to accumulate wealth, the superior moral character of free-enterprise democracy, and its abundant opportunities for every citizen. By the same token, that same mythology negates the corruption endemic to the capitalist social order, an order that also promotes inescapable class, racial, and gender inequalities which confine the majority of Americans to a life of constant economic struggle. A fresh critique of the foundations of American culture, American Mythologies will appeal to those with interests in sociology, social and cultural theory, and cultural and media studies.

Artificial Mythologies

1 I Artificial Mythologies and Invention But those moments of newness—it's a
fallacy on the one hand, on the other it's what you live for. Greil Marcus, Lipstick
Traces Mythology and Invention When the mythologies with which we organize
our ...

Author: Craig J. Saper

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816628728

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 195

View: 570

Psychoanalytic Mythologies

Here I elaborate a way of reading and writing, of engaging with and taking a
distance from these seductive mythologies. This collection is indebted to the work
of Roland Barthes, whose book Mythologies, was originally published in 1957 in

Author: Ian Parker

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 0857289969

Category: Psychology

Page: 140

View: 783

‘Psychoanalytic Mythologies’ presents a collection of essays on the theme of what it is to be a human subject in a culture permeated by psychoanalytic imagery. The author disturbs the strongly-held belief of those in thrall to psychoanalysis that it is universally true, and this thesis forms the recurrent motif that binds these essays together. Instead he argues that psychoanalysis functions as something that is only ever locally true. These arguments are elaborated upon in a range of contexts, from night clubs, garages and trains to theme parks, magic circles and yoga, and the different strands are distilled into a cohesive thesis in the definitive final essay ‘Psychoanalytic Myth Today’. The essays presented here were initially published in scattered newsletters and journals, and were written intermittently in a period stretching back over ten years. Ian Parker has written widely in this area, and these lively and innovative essays taken together form a searing manifesto against the accepted dogmas of psychoanalysis.

American African and Old European Mythologies

This is one of four paperback volumes drawn from the full, clothbound, two-
volume English-language edition of Yves Bonnefoy's Mythologies. These
paperback volumes are not an afterthought but were part of the publication plan
from the ...

Author: Yves Bonnefoy

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226064574

Category: Reference

Page: 274

View: 189

Here are 80 articles on mythologies from around the world, including Native Americans, African, Celtic, Norse, and Slavic, and about such topics as fire, the cosmos, and creation. Also includes an overview of the Indo-Europeans and an essay on the religions and myths of Armenia. Illustrations.

Conflicting Mythologies

Introduction We now need to turn our attention again to the ways in which
Matthew has interacted with the different mythologies which , we have been
arguing , underly his Markan source and which are indeed widely attested in the
Jewish ...

Author: John K. Riches

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567042712

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 433

A cultural and anthropological interpretation of Mark and Matthew which examines their contribution to the formation of early Christian identity, world-view and ethos. John Riches studies the notions of sacred space and ethnicity in the Gospel narratives. He shows how early Christian group identity emerged through a dynamic process of reshaping traditional Jewish symbols and motifs associated with descent, kinship and territory. Ideas about descent from Abraham and the return from exile to Mount Zion are interwoven into early Christian traditions about Jesus and in the process substantially reshaped to produce different senses of identity. At the same time, he argues, the Evangelists were attempting to set forth a view of the world in a dialogue with the two opposing cosmologies current in Jewish culture of the time: one, cosmic dualist, the other, forensic. Riches shows how these two very different accounts of the irigin and final overcoming of evil both inform Mark and Latthew's narratives and contribute to the richness and ambiguity of the texts and of the communities which sprang up around them.

Digital Mythologies

Here I will attempt only a rough approximation in the interest of beginning a
process that many others will refine as the Net continues to develop its
contemporary mythologies and cultural mazeways . Much of cyberculture thinking
to date has ...

Author: Thomas Valovic

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813527543

Category: Computers

Page: 219

View: 710

A collection of essays on where computer and communications technology is taking us. He explores the underlying social and political implications of the Internet and its associated technologies, based on his contention that the cyberspace experience is far more complex than it is commonly assumed.

Barthes Mythologies Today

Readings of Contemporary Culture Pete Bennett, Julian McDougall. Part II
Mythologies The Face of Assange 2 Oscar Gomez Julian Assange belongs PART
II Mythologies.

Author: Pete Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136743723

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 243

This is Barthes’ seminal text reimagined in a contemporary context by contemporary academics. Through a revisiting of Mythologies, a key text in cultural and media studies, this volume explores the value these disciplines can add to an understanding of contemporary society and culture. Leading academics in media, English, education, and cultural studies here are tasked with identifying the "new mythologies" some fifty or so years on from Barthes’ original interventions. The contributions in this volume, then, are readings of contemporary culture, each engaging with a cultural event, practice, or text as mythological. These readings are then contextualized by an introduction which reflects on the ‘how’ of these engaging responses and an "essay at the back of the book" which replaces Myth Today with a reflection on the contemporary provenance of both Barthes and his most famous book. Thus the book is at least two things at once whichever way you look: a ‘new’ Mythologies and a book about Barthes’ legacy, an exploration of the place of theory in critical writing, and a book about contemporary culture.