Nanobeam X Ray Scattering

A comprehensive overview of the possibilities and potential of X-ray scattering using nanofocused beams for probing matter at the nanoscale, including guidance on the design of nanobeam experiments.

Author: Julian Stangl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527655085

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 284

View: 842

A comprehensive overview of the possibilities and potential of X-ray scattering using nanofocused beams for probing matter at the nanoscale, including guidance on the design of nanobeam experiments. The monograph discusses various sources, including free electron lasers, synchrotron radiation and other portable and non-portable X-ray sources. For scientists using synchrotron radiation or students and scientists with a background in X-ray scattering methods in general.

Nanoscale Photonic Imaging

Stangl, J., Mocuta, C., Chamard, V., Carbone, D.: Nanobeam X-ray Scattering:
Probing Matter at the Nanoscale. Wiley (2013) 11. Hémonnot, C.Y.J., Köster, S.:
Imaging of biological materials and cells by X-ray scattering and diffraction.

Author: Tim Salditt

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030344134

Category: Agriculture (General)

Page: 643

View: 394

This open access book, edited and authored by a team of world-leading researchers, provides a broad overview of advanced photonic methods for nanoscale visualization, as well as describing a range of fascinating in-depth studies. Introductory chapters cover the most relevant physics and basic methods that young researchers need to master in order to work effectively in the field of nanoscale photonic imaging, from physical first principles, to instrumentation, to mathematical foundations of imaging and data analysis. Subsequent chapters demonstrate how these cutting edge methods are applied to a variety of systems, including complex fluids and biomolecular systems, for visualizing their structure and dynamics, in space and on timescales extending over many orders of magnitude down to the femtosecond range. Progress in nanoscale photonic imaging in Göttingen has been the sum total of more than a decade of work by a wide range of scientists and mathematicians across disciplines, working together in a vibrant collaboration of a kind rarely matched. This volume presents the highlights of their research achievements and serves as a record of the unique and remarkable constellation of contributors, as well as looking ahead at the future prospects in this field. It will serve not only as a useful reference for experienced researchers but also as a valuable point of entry for newcomers.

Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation

Polychromatic X - ray micro- and nano - beam diffraction is an emerging
nondestructive tool for the study of local crystalline structure and defect
distributions . Both long - standing fundamental materials science issues , and
technologically ...

Author: Jae-Young Choi

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403734

Category: Science

Page: 1084

View: 328

The SRI2006 Proceedings features the most recent developments in present synchrotron radiation sources. It also features up-to-date free electron lasers atphoton energies from the infrared to hard X-rays, beamline instrumentation to transport the radiation to the experiments, as well as experimental techniques to utilize it. Further included are recent experimental results in synchrotron radiation sciences.

Bulk Metallic Glasses

X - ray diffraction patterns of bulk glassy samples ( Ø 2 mm ) . Strain Fig . 2 . The
compressive stress - strain ... The indexing of the X - ray diffraction peaks and the
nanobeam diffraction pattern ( NBD ) ( Fig . 4 right insert ) obtained from the ...

Author: Minerals, Metals and Materials Society. Meeting

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Bulk solids

Page: 173

View: 776


Hard X Ray Scanning Microscope Using Nanofocusing Parabolic Refractive Lenses

Hard x rays come along with a variety of extraordinary properties which make them an excellent probe for investigation in science, technology and medicine.

Author: Jens Patommel

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN: 3736936141

Category: Science

Page: 164

View: 607

Hard x rays come along with a variety of extraordinary properties which make them an excellent probe for investigation in science, technology and medicine. Their large attenuation length in matter opens up the possibility to use hard x-rays for non-destructive investigation of the inner structure of specimens. Medical radiography is one important example of exploiting this feature. Since their discovery by W. C. Röntgen in 1895, a large variety of x-ray analytical techniques have been developed and successfully applied, such as x-ray crystallography, reflectometry, fluorescence spectroscopy, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, small angle x-ray scattering, and many more. Each of those methods reveals information about certain physical properties, but usually, these properties are an average over the complete sample region illuminated by the x rays. In order to obtain the spatial distribution of those properties in inhomogeneous samples, scanning microscopy techniques have to be applied, screening the sample with a small x-ray beam. The spatial resolution is limited by the finite size of the beam. The availability of highly brilliant x-ray sources at third generation synchrotron radiation facilities together with the development of enhanced focusing x-ray optics made it possible to generate increasingly small high intense x-ray beams, pushing the spatial resolution down to the sub-100nm range. During this thesis the prototype of a hard x-ray scanning microscope utilizing microstructured nanofocusing lenses was designed, built, and successfully tested. The nanofocusing x-ray lenses were developed by our research group of the Institute of Structural Physics at the Technische Universität Dresden. The prototype instrument was installed at the ESRF beamline ID 13. A wide range of experiments like fluorescence element mapping, fluorescence tomography, x-ray nano-diffraction, coherent x-ray diffraction imaging, and x-ray ptychography were performed as part of this thesis. The hard x-ray scanning microscope provides a stable x-ray beam with a full width at half maximum size of 50–100nm near the focal plane. The nanoprobe was also used for characterization of nanofocusing lenses, crucial to further improve them. Based on the experiences with the prototype, an advanced version of a hard x-ray scanning microscope is under development and will be installed at the PETRA III beamline P06 dedicated as a user instrument for scanning microscopy. This document is organized as follows. A short introduction motivating the necessity for building a hard x-ray scanning microscope is followed by a brief review of the fundamentals of hard x-ray physics with an emphasis on free-space propagation and interaction with matter. After a discussion of the requirements on the x-ray source for the nanoprobe, the main features of synchrotron radiation from an undulator source are shown. The properties of the nanobeam generated by refractive x-ray lenses are treated as well as a two-stage focusing scheme for tailoring size, flux and the lateral coherence properties of the x-ray focus. The design and realization of the microscope setup is addressed, and a selection of experiments performed with the prototype version is presented, before this thesis is finished with a conclusion and an outlook on prospective plans for an improved microscope setup to be installed at PETRA III.

Journal of Metastable and Nanocrystalline Materials Winter e volume 2004

Besides, we examined alloy compositions of their modulated regions with Zr- and
Cu-rich compositions by nanobeam energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy .
Table 1 summarizes the analytical alloy compositions of the fringe contrast ...

Author: A.R. Yavari

Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ISBN: 3035705771

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 130

View: 552

This volume is available electronically only. Please consult http://www.scientific.net/jmnm

Iron Steelmaker

... residual stress mitigation , general and localized corrosion , environmentally
assisted cracking , lifetime performance , etc. 51 FRONTIERS OF X - RAY MICRO
- AND NANO - BEAM DIFFRACTION Sponsored by : ASM International :
Materials ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Steel industry and trade

Page:

View: 136



Materials Transactions JIM

5 Tas glassy alloy annealed for 120 s at 710 K . The beam diameter for
nanobeam diffraction is 2 . ... crystallized from the glassy state , the glassy alloy
ribbons were annealed at Tx . Figure 9 shows XRD patterns of the samples
annealed for ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Materials

Page:

View: 836


Materials Transactions

7 Nano - beam diffraction pattern of as - cast LZ91 specimen , revealing that the
orientation of the Wurtzite structure of ZnO is ... Figure 8 ( b ) display typical X -
ray spectra obtained from LZ91 , concerns the tri - point of the grain boundaries
and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Materials

Page:

View: 347


Japanese Journal of Applied Physics

In accordance with the measured results using energy dispersive X - ray
spectroscopy ( EDX ) , new peaks indicating oxidization and nitrogen withdrawal
do not appear ... Nano - beam diffraction images of cross - sectional GaN
substrate .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physics

Page:

View: 782


Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

... as Zr in the amorphous and quasicrystalline Zr70A1 , Ni10Pt 4 alloys have
been determined by the anomalous X - ray scattering method . ... glasses has
also been studied in - situ using high - energy monochromatic synchrotron beam
diffraction in transmission on heating . ... Nanobeam diffraction patterns of five - ,
three - , and two - fold symmetries are inserted in the ( a ) , ( b ) , and ( c ) .
respectively .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Nanoscience

Page:

View: 633



JJAP Letters

Also , the coexistence of two kinds of variant is visible in the image . diffraction
techniques . the decrease in melting ... and nanobeam into FePt , as previously
discussed.5.9 ) The low - temperature electron diffraction ( NBD ) patterns of ...
Figure 2 ( b ) 12 at % Cu , in which the statistical error of X - ray intensity shows
the NBD pattern taken with a beam incidence of was less than 1 % in the EDS
profile .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physics

Page:

View: 497


Bio Medical Materials and Engineering

Crystalline phases were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and nano beam
diffraction pattern (NBDP). The XRD was performed with a Rigaku X-ray
diffractometer with Cu Kα radiation and Ni filter at a scanning rate of 1°/min. A
transmission ...

Author: Ming Ma

Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ISBN: 303826136X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 674

View: 300

Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering (ICBME 2013), March 26-27, 2013, Hong Kong

Microbeam and Nanobeam Analysis

This volume includes the revised presentations, 10 tutorial chapters and 50 brief articles, from leading experts in electron probe microanalysis, secondary mass spectroscopy, analytical electron microscopy, and related fields.

Author: Daniele Benoit

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709165555

Category: Science

Page: 643

View: 447

The European Microanalysis Society held its Fourth Workshop in Saint Malo in May 1995. This volume includes the revised presentations, 10 tutorial chapters and 50 brief articles, from leading experts in electron probe microanalysis, secondary mass spectroscopy, analytical electron microscopy, and related fields.

Science in China

So far , however , direct observation of CSRO in BMG by using HREM and nano -
beam diffraction technology has ... The Zr52.5Cu 17.9Ni14.6A110Tis plates and
Zr - Ni - Cu ribbons was carefully examined by X - ray diffraction ( XRD ) .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Engineering

Page:

View: 333


Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials

This book explains concepts of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and x-ray diffractometry (XRD) that are important for the characterization of materials.

Author: Brent Fultz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642297617

Category: Science

Page: 764

View: 377

This book explains concepts of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and x-ray diffractometry (XRD) that are important for the characterization of materials. The fourth edition adds important new techniques of TEM such as electron tomography, nanobeam diffraction, and geometric phase analysis. A new chapter on neutron scattering completes the trio of x-ray, electron and neutron diffraction. All chapters were updated and revised for clarity. The book explains the fundamentals of how waves and wavefunctions interact with atoms in solids, and the similarities and differences of using x-rays, electrons, or neutrons for diffraction measurements. Diffraction effects of crystalline order, defects, and disorder in materials are explained in detail. Both practical and theoretical issues are covered. The book can be used in an introductory-level or advanced-level course, since sections are identified by difficulty. Each chapter includes a set of problems to illustrate principles, and the extensive Appendix includes laboratory exercises.

Design and Microfabrication of Novel X ray Optics II

In the last few years , different scanning hard x - ray microscopy techniques were
developed . Scanning hard x ... Generating “ nanobeams ” with a lateral
resolution in the range of 100nm and below , however , remains a challenge .
Recently ... The lateral size of beam depends on the source size , the
demagnification ratio L1 / L2 , the diffraction at the aperture and on aberrations of
the optic . In the hard x ...

Author: Anatoly A. Snigirev

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 266

View: 730

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Layered Functional Gradient Ceramics and Thermal Barrier Coatings

X ray diffraction ( XRD ) analysis was performed in a Philips PW3040 / 00 X ' Pert
MPD / MRD diffractometer using Cu - Ka . ... ( CDF ) imaging , as well as selected
area ( SADP ) and nano - beam electron diffraction ( NBDP ) patterns analysis .

Author: Marc J. Anglada

Publisher: Trans Tech Publication

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 141

This special-topic collection is intended to showcase the very latest knowhow concerning the design, fabrication and reliability of layered ceramics, ceramic coatings and functionality graded ceramics. It presents an overview of the fundamentals involved in this area, as well as an insight into the critical isssues and future perspectives touching these materials. The 30 contributions cover the pivotal topics of the: design and processing of multilayers; functionally graded materials; structural integrity of multilayers; thermal barrier coatings: processing and lifetime assessment; fatigue, damping and high-temperature behaviour of coatings and multilayers. Truly essential reading.