Neighborhood Statistics

How much assistance should the city give to neighborhood councils for this purpose ? Printing services ? Mailings ? Money to purchase stamps ? Financing neighborhood councils This gets us to the financing of neighborhood councils .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Census and Population



Category: Community organization

Page: 76

View: 314

Neighborhood Conditions

neighborhood organizations or establish new units of neighborhood government which design their own neighborhood development plans and which are granted the opportunity to influence effectively city plans for expending these federal ...

Author: United States. Congress. Joint Economic Committee



Category: Block grants

Page: 80

View: 536

Neighborhood Defenders

They do so, in part, because neighborhood associations are often seen as the legitimate bearer of neighborhood interests on questions that affect the direct physical status of the neighborhood” (169). Indeed, city governments often have ...

Author: Katherine Levine Einstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108477275

Category: Law

Page: 228

View: 666

Public participation in the housing permitting process empowers unrepresentative and privileged groups who participate in local politics to restrict the supply of housing.

Neighborhood Poverty

To the extent that neighborhoods do affect aspects of family development that in turn affect child development , our controls ... STATISTICAL SUPPRESSION OF NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS A fourth source of concern is that effects of neighborhood ...

Author: Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 9780871541451

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 132

Perhaps the most alarming phenomenon in American cities has been the transformation of many neighborhoods into isolated ghettos where poverty is the norm and violent crime, drug use, out-of-wedlock births, and soaring school dropout rates are rampant. Public concern over these destitute areas has focused on their most vulnerable inhabitants—children and adolescents. How profoundly does neighborhood poverty endanger their well-being and development? Is the influence of neighborhood more powerful than that of the family? Neighborhood Poverty: Context and Consequences for Children approaches these questions with an insightful and wide-ranging investigation into the effect of community poverty on children's physical health, cognitive and verbal abilities, educational attainment, and social adjustment. This two-volume set offers the most current research and analysis from experts in the fields of child development, social psychology, sociology and economics. Drawing from national and city-based sources, Volume I reports the empirical evidence concerning the relationship between children and community. As the essays demonstrate, poverty entails a host of problems that affects the quality of educational, recreational, and child care services. Poor neighborhoods usually share other negative features—particularly racial segregation and a preponderance of single mother families—that may adversely affect children. Yet children are not equally susceptible to the pitfalls of deprived communities. Neighborhood has different effects depending on a child's age, race, and gender, while parenting techniques and a family's degree of community involvement also serve as mitigating factors. Volume II incorporates empirical data on neighborhood poverty into discussions of policy and program development. The contributors point to promising community initiatives and suggest methods to strengthen neighborhood-based service programs for children. Several essays analyze the conceptual and methodological issues surrounding the measurement of neighborhood characteristics. These essays focus on the need to expand scientific insight into urban poverty by drawing on broader pools of ethnographic, epidemiological, and quantitative data. Volume II explores the possibilities for a richer and more well-rounded understanding of neighborhood and poverty issues. To grasp the human cost of poverty, we must clearly understand how living in distressed neighborhoods impairs children's ability to function at every level. Neighborhood Poverty explores the multiple and complex paths between community, family, and childhood development. These two volumes provide and indispensible guide for social policy and demonstrate the power of interdisciplinary social science to probe complex social issues.

Variable Neighborhood Search

A move in neighborhood N3 S = 2244 2244 2244 244 3 S = 2244 244 0 2244 2244 Fig. 5. The neighborhood N4 During the search within neighborhoods N2 , we allow the algorithm to remove urgent locations from a solution by replacing them with ...

Author: Angelo Sifaleras

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030158438

Category: Computers

Page: 315

View: 419

This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Variable Neighborhood Search, ICVNS 2018, held in Sithonia, Greece, in October 2018. ICVNS 2018 received 49 submissions of which 23 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected. VNS is a metaheuristic based on systematic changes in the neighborhood structure within a search for solving optimization problems and related tasks. The main goal of ICVNS 2018 was to provide a stimulating environment in which researchers coming from various scientific fields could share and discuss their knowledge, expertise, and ideas related to the VNS metaheuristic and its applications.

Neighborhood and Life Chances

tics, including parental income and education, parental expectations for child achievement, child health insurance coverage, birth weight, and parental health status, and with child neighborhood characteristics, including child ...

Author: Harriet B. Newburger

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081220008X

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 973

Does the place where you lived as a child affect your health as an adult? To what degree does your neighbor's success influence your own potential? The importance of place is increasingly recognized in urban research as an important variable in understanding individual and household outcomes. Place matters in education, physical health, crime, violence, housing, family income, mental health, and discrimination—issues that determine the quality of life, especially among low-income residents of urban areas. Neighborhood and Life Chances: How Place Matters in Modern America brings together researchers from a range of disciplines to present the findings of studies in the fields of education, health, and housing. The results are intriguing and surprising, particularly the debate over Moving to Opportunity, an experiment conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, designed to test directly the effects of relocating individuals away from areas of concentrated poverty. Its results, while strong in some respects, showed very different outcomes for boys and girls, with girls more likely than boys to experience positive outcomes. Reviews of the literature in education and health, supplemented by new research, demonstrate that the problems associated with residing in a negative environment are indisputable, but also suggest the directions in which solutions may lie. The essays collected in this volume give readers a clear sense of the magnitude of contemporary challenges in metropolitan America and of the role that place plays in reinforcing them. Although the contributors suggest many practical immediate interventions, they also recognize the vital importance of continued long-term efforts to rectify place-based limitations on lifetime opportunities.

Neighborhood Effects on Crime and Youth Violence

Finally, to control for the relative influence of local kinship ties, a dummy variable was included that measured whether (= 1) or not (= 0) any relatives or in-laws live in their neighborhood. We also include the number of years that ...

Author: John Michael MacDonald

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833046632

Category: Political Science

Page: 117

View: 826

Business improvement districts (BIDs) collect assessments and invest in local service provisions and activities, such as place promotion, street cleaning, and public safety. Such activities can help reduce crime and youth violence by increasing informal social control, reducing signs of disorder and blight, improving order maintenance, and enriching job opportunities. This report examines BIDs1 impact on crime and youth violence in Los Angeles.

The Dynamics of Neighborhood Change

In summary , the household decision is made on the basis of the household's response to its own internal circumstances ( and changes in them ) , to the feedback from its present neighborhood and the people associated with it , and to ...

Author: Real Estate Research Corporation



Category: Cities and towns

Page: 76

View: 411

The Neighborhood Project

Crowded and ethnically heterogeneous neighborhoods might well erode social structure, as other studies in the scientific literature suggest. As for the cultural difference, Binghamton is still a largely white city, ...

Author: David Sloan Wilson

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0316175250

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 666

After decades studying creatures great and small, evolutionary biologist David Sloan Wilson had an epiphany: Darwin's theory won't fully prove itself until it improves the quality of human life in a practical sense. And what better place to begin than his hometown of Binghamton, New York? Making a difference in his own city would provide a model for cities everywhere, which have become the habitat for over half of the people on earth. Inspired to become an agent of change, Wilson descended on Binghamton with a scientist's eye and looked at its toughest questions, such as how to empower neighborhoods and how best to teach our children. He combined the latest research methods from experimental economics with studies of holiday decorations and garage sales. Drawing upon examples from nature as diverse as water striders, wasps, and crows, Wilson's scientific odyssey took him around the world, from a cave in southern Africa that preserved the dawn of human culture to the Vatican in Rome. Along the way, he spoke with dozens of fellow scientists, whose stories he relates along with his own. Wilson's remarkable findings help us to understand how we must become wise managers of evolutionary processes to accomplish positive change at all scales, from effective therapies for individuals, to empowering neighborhoods, to regulating the worldwide economy. With an ambitious scope that spans biology, sociology, religion, and economics, The Neighborhood Project is a memoir, a practical handbook for improving the quality of life, and an exploration of the big questions long pondered by religious sages, philosophers, and storytellers. Approaching the same questions from an evolutionary perspective shows, as never before, how places define us.

Neighborhood Conservation and Property Rehabilitation

Trust for Public Lands helps neighborhoods convert vacant areas into gardens , playgrounds . 138. Widener , Mary Lee . Neighborhood Housing Services : a cooperative venture in the inner city . Mortgage Banker , July , 1978 , p . 18–27 .

Author: United States. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Library Division



Category: City planning

Page: 114

View: 392