Encyclopedia of Identity

The psychological paradigm discussed most in identity literature is Cross's nigrescence model. Nigrescence Model Again, Cross's well-known nigrescence theory describes a metamorphosis from Negro to Black, and Black is defined as the ...

Author: Ronald L. Jackson II

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412951534

Category: Psychology

Page: 1001

View: 678

Alphabetically arranged entries offer a comprehensive overview of the definitions, politics, manifestations, concepts, and ideas related to identity.

Handbook of Multicultural Counseling

Chapter 21 NIGRESCENCE THEORY AND MEASUREMENT Introducing the Cross Racial Identity Scale ( CRIS ) WILLIAM E. CROSS , JR . BEVERLY J. VANDIVER IN 1971 , CROSS INTRODUCED his Nigrescence model that outlined the stages of individual Black ...

Author: Joseph G. Ponterotto

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761919841

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 948

View: 204

This handbook is issue orientated, problem-focused, and concentrates on the challenges which confront practising counsellors. Innovative training and practice methods are presented throughout.

Student Development in College

William Cross's theory of psychological Nigrescence is the best known theory of Black identity development. The French term Nigrescence refers to the “process of becoming black” (Cross, 1991, p. 147). In 1971, Cross presented a ...

Author: Lori D. Patton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118821866

Category: Education

Page: 560

View: 167

THE ESSENTIAL STUDENT DEVELOPMENT REFERENCE, UPDATED WITH CUTTING-EDGE THEORY AND PRACTICE Student Development in College is the go-to resource for student affairs, and is considered a key reference for those most committed to conscious and intentional student affairs practice. This third edition includes new chapters on social class, disability, and emerging identity theories, with expanded coverage of faith and gender identity. A new framework provides guidance for facilitating dialogues about theory, teaching theory, and the importance of educators as consumers of theory. Discussion questions conclude each chapter and vignettes are woven throughout to provide practical context for theory. Learning activities in the appendix promote comprehension and application of theory. Get updated on the latest in student development theory and application Consider both the psychosocial and cognitive aspects of identity Learn strategies for difficult dialogues, and the importance of reflection Adopt an integrated, holistic approach to complex student development issues Student Development in College is the ideal resource for today's multifaceted student affairs role. "With five new or expanded chapters and critical updates throughout the text, this third edition expertly presents the complex, multifaceted, and continually evolving nature of the theories that inform scholars and professionals in their research and practice with college students. These authors, consummately aware of the needs of emerging and continuing student affairs professionals, have crafted a text that will be both eminently practical and intellectually engaging for graduate students, professionals, and faculty alike." —Dafina-Lazarus Stewart, associate professor, higher education and student affairs, Bowling Green State University "This third edition of Student Development in College beautifully presents the theoretical terrain of student development by honoring the foundational theories upon which the field was developed and foregrounding newer theories with brand new content and fresh perspectives. The result is a text that is comprehensive, sophisticated, and accessible—and one that is attuned to the contemporary realities of the complexities of student development." —Susan R. Jones, professor, higher education and student affairs, The Ohio State University

Encyclopedia of Cross Cultural School Psychology

Celeste Owens The Nigrescence model (or the Black Racial Identity model) was introduced by William Cross Jr. in 1971. Nigrescence, a French word meaning ''the process of becoming Black,'' outlines five stages that Blacks or African ...

Author: Caroline S. Clauss-Ehlers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387717986

Category: Psychology

Page: 1097

View: 657

With contributions from leading school psychology practitioners, this encyclopedia provides a one-of-a-kind guide to cross-cultural school psychology. Some 400 entries explore concepts, themes, and the latest research findings to answer your questions in all aspects of the field. Moreover, the encyclopedia offers support at all levels of primary and secondary education, from pre-K to 12th grade. Each entry offers a description of a particular term, a bibliography, and additional readings. The editor is widely known for her bi-weekly Spanish-language columns and her appearances on television and radio as a cross-cultural expert.

Racial and Ethnic Identity in School Practices

2.1 shows the various LS and HS social identity classifications associated with African Americans moving into early adulthood; Sector 5 shows how many of these adult patterns may become linked to a Nigrescence experience (Cross, 1991; ...


Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135682100

Category: Education

Page: 283

View: 553

"This book brings together authors from education and psychology to link racial and ethnic identity to human development and school practices. Racial and ethnic identity issues are brought directly to schooling, so that teaching-learning experiences, psychological services, and counseling practices within the educational process can be made more effective for a greater number of students. Current research and best practices from psychology, educational leadership, counseling, teacher preparation, and classroom teaching are presented. The goal of this book is to help researchers, practitioners, and graduate students to interpret and contextualize relevant research and theory, and to bridge theory into practice."--Jacket.

African American Psychology

NIGRESCENCE MODELS OF RACIAL IDENTITY The earlier racial identity models assumed that people progress through phases or stages of identity. Individuals in a particular stage have certain attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that are ...

Author: Faye Z Belgrave

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412965551

Category: Psychology

Page: 569

View: 357

This core textbook provides students with comprehensive coverage of African American psychology as a field. Each chapter integrates African and American influences on the psychology of African Americans, thereby illustrating how contemporary values, beliefs, and behaviors are derived from African culture translated by the cultural socialization experiences of African Americans in this country. The literature and research are referenced and discussed from the perspective of African culture (mostly West African) during the period of enslavement, at other critical periods in this country (e.g., early 20th century, civil rights era), and through the present. Chapters provide a review of the research literature, with a focus on applications for contemporary living.

Aids to Navigation Manual

NIGRESCENCE TO 10 % MAX . . TIME IN SECONDS .05 F.04 .03 .02 .01 3 4.5 10 20 30 4050 100 FILAMENT CURRENT IN AMPERES FIGURE 14-12 . — Heating and cooling time of gas - filled lamps . other words it takes a certain amount of time , after ...

Author: United States. Coast Guard



Category: Marine service


View: 255

Becoming Rasta

In line with established nigrescence theory, however, internalization describes that process where the person is working toward becoming comfortable with the new identity, relationships, and RGO.

Author: Charles Price

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814767689

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 644

So much has been written about the Rastafari, yet we know so little about why and how people join the Rastafari movement. Although popular understandings evoke images of dreadlocks, reggae, and marijuana, Rastafarians were persecuted in their country, becoming a people seeking social justice. Yet new adherents continued to convert to Rastafari despite facing adverse reactions from their fellow citizens and from their British rulers. Charles Price draws on in-depth interviews to reveal the personal experiences of those who adopted the religion in the 1950s to 1970s, one generation past the movement's emergence . By talking with these Rastafari elders, he seeks to understand why and how Jamaicans became Rastafari in spite of rampant discrimination, and what sustains them in their faith and identity. Utilizing new conceptual frameworks, Price explores the identity development of Rastafari, demonstrating how shifts in the movement’s identity—from social pariah to exemplar of Blackness—have led some of the elder Rastafari to adopt, embrace, and internalize Rastafari and blackness as central to their concept of self.


Nigrescence is a French term that means the psychological and existential process of becoming Black. ... Not every Black American is in need of Nigrescence, especially if their youthful socialization experiences fostered a rich set of ...

Author: Janet K. Swim

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080539440

Category: Psychology

Page: 332

View: 450

Prejudice: The Target's Perspective turns the tables on the way prejudice has been looked at in the past. Almost all of the current information on prejudice focuses on the person holding prejudiced beliefs. This book, however, provides the first summary of research focusing on the intended victims of prejudice. Divided into three sections, the first part discusses how people identify prejudice, what types of prejudice they encounter, and how people react to this prejudice in interpersonal and intergroup settings. The second section discusses the effect of prejudice on task performance, assessment of ones own abilities, self-esteem, and stress. The final section examines how people cope with prejudice, including a discussion of coping mechanisms, reporting sexual harassment, and how identity is related to effective coping. Includes an introduction, the consequences of prejudice, and how to cope with prejudice The editors are top researchers in the field of prejudice All the contributors are major figures in the social psychological analysis of intergroup relationships

Psychology of Blacks

Although the nigrescence models by Cross (1971, 1978) and others (Thomas, 1971; Jackson, 1975; Williams, 1975) are helpful in illustrating both changes in attitude over time, and the within-group variability reflected in the ...

Author: Thomas A Parham

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 131734507X

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 464

For courses in Introduction to Psychology, African American Psychology, African American Studies, Multicultural Counseling and Cross Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy. This text highlights the limitations of traditional psychological theories and approaches when applied to people of African descent. It provides information on how the African Centered Perspective is defined, as well as how it operates in the context of the African American family with regard to identity development, education, mental health, research, and managing contemporary issues. It links the context of African American life to the traditions, values and spiritual essence of their African ancestors in an attempt to acknowledge the African worldview and assist the African American community in addressing some of the challenges they continue to face.