NMR Metabolomics in Cancer Research

WOODHEAD PUBLISHING SERIES IN BIOMEDICINE NMR METABOLOMICS IN CANCER RESEARCH MIROSLAVA (“SUPERLOVIC-CULF WP WU'ODHEAD PUBLISHING NMR metabolomics in cancer research Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine.

Author: Miroslava Čuperlović-Culf

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818263

Category: Medical

Page: 446

View: 776

The application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics in cancer research requires an understanding of the many possibilities that NMR metabolomics can offer, as well as of the specific characteristics of the cancer metabolic phenotype and the open questions in cancer research. NMR metabolomics in cancer research presents a detailed account of the NMR spectroscopy methods applied to metabolomics mixture analysis along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages. Following an overview of the potential use of NMR metabolomics in cancer research, the book begins with an examination of the cancer metabolic phenotype and experimental methodology, before moving on to cover data pre-processing and data analysis. Chapters in the latter part of the book look at dynamic metabolic profiling, biomarker discovery, and the application of NMR metabolomics for different types of cancer, before a concluding chapter discusses future perspectives in the field. Focused description of NMR spectroscopy needed by cancer biologists who are starting to use metabolomics Current overview of knowledge related to the cancer metabolic phenotype from the perspective of metabolomics applications Information about the best practices in NMR metabolomics experimentation and data preprocessing as applied to different sample types

Allergens and Respiratory Pollutants

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic ́-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 4. Published by Woodhead Publishing Limited ...

Author: Marc A. Williams

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818069

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 715

Allergens and respiratory pollutants is a collection of 12 authoritative papers that draws upon the collective expertise of world leaders in the fields of innate immunity, immunotoxicology and pulmonary biology. The book critically explores the biological and immunological mechanisms that contribute to immune dysfunction on exposure to allergens and the susceptibility to infectious disease on exposure to ambient pollutants. The clinical relevance of exposure to ambient airborne xenobiotics is critically discussed and collectively, this book provides an educational forum that links the health effects of environmental exposures, immune dysfunction and inflammatory airways disease. Discusses recent advances in our understanding of cell-mediated innate immune mechanisms that occur during allergic inflammation and provides important timely coverage of diseases of concern and how such diseases are influenced by a dysfunctional immune system Provides useful information on linking environmental 'danger signals' that provoke immune dysfunction and exacerbation of existing disease Draws upon the collective expertise of an international college of leaders in the field, but also provides chapters that provide essential reference material

Open Source Software in Life Science Research

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic ́-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 16 Open source software Published by Woodhead ...

Author: Lee Harland

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818247

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 445

The free/open source approach has grown from a minor activity to become a significant producer of robust, task-orientated software for a wide variety of situations and applications. To life science informatics groups, these systems present an appealing proposition - high quality software at a very attractive price. Open source software in life science research considers how industry and applied research groups have embraced these resources, discussing practical implementations that address real-world business problems. The book is divided into four parts. Part one looks at laboratory data management and chemical informatics, covering software such as Bioclipse, OpenTox, ImageJ and KNIME. In part two, the focus turns to genomics and bioinformatics tools, with chapters examining GenomicsTools and EBI Atlas software, as well as the practicalities of setting up an ‘omics’ platform and managing large volumes of data. Chapters in part three examine information and knowledge management, covering a range of topics including software for web-based collaboration, open source search and visualisation technologies for scientific business applications, and specific software such as DesignTracker and Utopia Documents. Part four looks at semantic technologies such as Semantic MediaWiki, TripleMap and Chem2Bio2RDF, before part five examines clinical analytics, and validation and regulatory compliance of free/open source software. Finally, the book concludes by looking at future perspectives and the economics and free/open source software in industry. Discusses a broad range of applications from a variety of sectors Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed behind closed doors Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems

Contract Research and Manufacturing Services CRAMS in India

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic ́-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 19 Contract research and Published by Woodhead ...

Author: Milind Antani

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818166

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 508

The field of contract research and manufacturing broadly encompasses those services in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors that require extensive research and development and large-scale manufacturing facilities. The field has great potential for growth in the Indian outsourcing industry, which is world-renowned for its provision of cheap and highly-skilled services. Contract research and manufacturing services (CRAMS) in India provides a detailed account of the current scenario in India and the advantages that the Indian outsourcing industry can offer in the field of CRAMS. Following an overview of the services and their emergence in India, chapters in the book begin by discussing the legal and regulatory scenario and major concerns and issues. In the latter part of the book, topics covered include service agreements, dispute resolution and contract negotiations, followed by a discussion of the outlook for CRAMS in India and some concluding remarks. Several appendices are included, offering a list of major players in the field and various forms for use in licence applications. Simple and accessible presentation using tables, charts and diagrams Practical tips from leading practitioners Inclusion of relevant case laws and other legal considerations

Nanoparticulate Drug Delivery

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 17 Nanoparticulate drug delivery Published by ...

Author: Vandana Patravale

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818190

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 281

Nanotechnology-based therapeutics, operating at scales of billionths of a metre, have great potential for future expansion in altering the scale and methods of drug delivery. The availability of these novel formulations to once-inaccessible areas of the body has greatly expanded the therapeutic window of existing drug molecules. Nanoparticulate drug delivery highlights and examines the transition of nanoparticulate drug delivery systems from the laboratory into a commercially viable sector. The first chapters of the book provide an overview of the use and characterization of nanoparticulate systems as drug carriers, including the assessment of their morphology, sterility and potential toxicity. In the latter part of the book, chapters cover nanotoxicology, regulatory aspect and clinical trials, ending with an overview of several case studies and a look towards future developments. Discusses the issues surrounding nanoparticulate products, based on personal experience of their formulation Provides an overview of new application areas, including RNA interference Outlines the pros and cons of nanoparticulate products, and discusses how these may influence their route into the commercial sector

Lean Biomanufacturing

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic ́-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 37 Lean biomanufacturing Creating Published by ...

Author: Nigel J Smart

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818409

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 119

With decreasing profit margins, increasing cost pressures, growing regulatory compliance concerns, mounting pressure from generic drugs and increasing anxiety about the future of healthcare reimbursement, pharmaceutical manufacturers are now forced to re-examine and re-assess the way they have been doing things. In order to sustain profitability, these companies are looking to reduce waste (of all kinds), improve efficiency and increase productivity. Many of them are taking a closer look at lean manufacturing as a way to achieve these goals. Lean biomanufacturing re-visits lean principles and then applies them sympathetically - in a highly practical approach - to the specific needs of pharmaceutical processes, which present significantly different challenges to more mainstream manufacturing processes. A major goal of the book is to highlight those problems and issues that appear more specific or unique to biopharmaceutical manufacturing situations and to provide some insights into what challenges are the important ones to solve and what techniques, tools and mechanisms to employ to be successful. Following an introduction to lean biomanufacturing, the book goes on to discuss lean technologies and methods applied in biomanufacturing. Later chapters cover the creation and implementation of the Transition Plan, issues facing the biopharmaceutical industry, creating a lean approach towards biopharmaceutical processes and the contribution of simulation models in developing these processes. The final chapter covers examples of new technology innovations which help facilitate lean biomanufacturing. A focus on the issues associated with the application of lean principles to biomanufacturing Practical examples of factors which can affect biopharmaceutical processes Coverage of key factors which require integration to run an efficient biopharmaceutical process

Ocular Transporters and Receptors

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic ́-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 39 Ocular transporters and Published by Woodhead ...

Author: Ashim K Mitra

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 190881831X

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 610

Ocular transporters and receptors contains detailed descriptions of major transporters and receptors expressed in the eye, with special emphasis on their role in drug delivery. The complex anatomy and the existence of multiple barriers in the eye pose a considerable challenge to successful drug delivery to the eye. Hence ocular transporters and receptors are important targets for drug delivery. A significant advancement has been made in the field of ocular transport research and their role in drug delivery. In this book the cutting edge research being carried out in this field is compiled and summarized. The book focuses on key areas, including the anatomy and physiology of the eye, biology of ocular transporters and receptors, techniques in characterization of transporters and receptors, transporters and receptors in the anterior and posterior segment in the eye, the role of ocular transporters and receptors in drug delivery, and transporter-metabolism interplay in the eye. Highly focused on ocular transporters Most up-to-date research compilation Detailed description of role of transporters and receptors in ocular drug discovery and delivery

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic ́-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 53 From plant genomics Published by Woodhead ...

Author: Palmiro Poltronieri

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818476

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 801

With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry) Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Protein Folding in Silico

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic ́-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 22 Protein folding in Published by Woodhead ...

Author: Irena Roterman-Konieczna

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818255

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 663

Protein folding is a process by which a protein structure assumes its functional shape of conformation, and has been the subject of research since the publication of the first software tool for protein structure prediction. Protein folding in silico approaches this issue by introducing an ab initio model that attempts to simulate as far as possible the folding process as it takes place in vivo, and attempts to construct a mechanistic model on the basis of the predictions made. The opening chapters discuss the early stage intermediate and late stage intermediate models, followed by a discussion of structural information that affects the interpretation of the folding process. The second half of the book covers a variety of topics including ligand binding site recognition, the "fuzzy oil drop" model and its use in simulation of the polypeptide chain, and misfolded proteins. The book ends with an overview of a number of other ab initio methods for protein structure predictions and some concluding remarks. Discusses a range of ab initio models for protein structure prediction Introduces a unique model based on experimental observations Describes various methods for the quantitative assessment of the presented models from the viewpoint of information theory

Quality Assurance

Tran NMR metabolomics in cancer research M. Cˇuperlovic ́-Culf Virtual worlds for medical education, training and care delivery K. Kahol Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine: Number 55 Quality assurance Problem Published by ...

Author: G Welty

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 190881862X

Category: Medical

Page: 374

View: 763

Quality assurance is necessary to maintain quality and services in the pharmaceutical and life science industries. Quality assurance demonstrates that the logic and practice of problem solving can integrate both program efficacy and regulatory compliance. This title is divided into three parts; the first part discusses the process by which a problem in regulated industry is identified, for example a manufacturing deviation that leads to an adulterated drug product, and reviews the decision-making steps involved in remedying the problem. The second part delves into the staff training requirements of procedures that are thereby revised. The third part expands on this discussion by considering piloting the proposed training module, preparing assessments of trainee proficiency, evaluating the training module, including integrating rigorous evaluative designs with formative program improvement, and documenting the entire effort. Presents a comprehensive view of the field of quality assurance An approach grounded in direct experience Uses diagrams and figures to clarify analytical points