Nobel Laureates in Chemistry 1901 1992

Through new perspectives from a mix of original monographs, biographies, autobiographical memoirs, edited collections of essays and documentary sources, translations, classic reprints, and pictorial volumes, this series will document the ...

Author: James K. Laylin

Publisher: Chemical Heritage Foundation

ISBN: 9780841226906

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 798

View: 872

Through new perspectives from a mix of original monographs, biographies, autobiographical memoirs, edited collections of essays and documentary sources, translations, classic reprints, and pictorial volumes, this series will document the individuals, ideas, institutions, and innovations that have created the modern chemcial sciences.

The Chemical History of Color

Barnes Z (1993) 1915 Nobel laureate Richard Martin Willstätter (1872–1942). In James LK (ed) Nobel laureates in chemistry: 19011992. American Chemical Society, Washington and Chemical Heritage Foundation ...

Author: Mary Virginia Orna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642326412

Category: Science

Page: 153

View: 258

In this brief, Mary Virginia Orna details the history of color from the chemical point of view. Beginning with the first recorded uses of color and ending in the development of our modern chemical industry, this rich, yet concise exposition shows us how color pervades every aspect of our lives. Our consciousness, our perceptions, our useful appliances and tools, our playthings, our entertainment, our health, and our diagnostic apparatus – all involve color and are based in no small part on chemistry.

Creations of Fire

Reprinted with permission from Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, 19011992, Laylin K. James, ed. (American Chemical Society, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 306. Copyright 1993, American Chemical Society.

Author: Cathy Cobb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489927700

Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 545

he history of chemistry is a story of human endeavor-and as er T ratic as human nature itself. Progress has been made in fits and starts, and it has come from all parts of the globe. Because the scope of this history is considerable (some 100,000 years), it is necessary to impose some order, and we have organized the text around three dis cemible-albeit gross--divisions of time: Part 1 (Chaps. 1-7) covers 100,000 BeE (Before Common Era) to the late 1700s and presents the background of the Chemical Revolution; Part 2 (Chaps. 8-14) covers the late 1700s to World War land presents the Chemical Revolution and its consequences; Part 3 (Chaps. 15-20) covers World War I to 1950 and presents the Quantum Revolution and its consequences and hints at revolutions to come. There have always been two tributaries to the chemical stream: experiment and theory. But systematic experimental methods were not routinely employed until the 1600s-and quantitative theories did not evolve until the 1700s-and it can be argued that modem chernistry as a science did not begin until the Chemical Revolution in the 1700s. xi xii PREFACE We argue however that the first experiments were performed by arti sans and the first theories proposed by philosophers-and that a rev olution can be understood only in terms of what is being revolted against.

March of the Pigments

61. Z. Barnes, 1915 Nobel laureate richard Martin Willstätter (1872–1942), in Nobel Laureates in Chemistry: 1901-1992, ed. L. K. James, american Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1993, pp. 108–113. 62. t. L. Sourkes, Bull. Hist.

Author: Mary Virginia Orna

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1839163151

Category: Science

Page: 478

View: 511

Take a colorful walk through human ingenuity. Mary Virginia Orna, a world-recognized expert on color, will lead you through an illuminating journey exploring the science behind pigments.

Chromatography

Nobel Lectures—Chemistry (1948), Vol. 3, pp. 191-217. 3. Nobel Laureates in Chemistry (1901-1992), pp. 315-320. 4. A. Tiselius, Reflections from both sides of the counter, in W. C. Gibson, (Ed.), The Excitement and Fascination of ...

Author: Robert L. Wixom

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118060296

Category: Science

Page: 410

View: 561

Leading researchers discuss the past and present of chromatography More than one hundred years after Mikhail Tswett pioneered adsorption chromatography, his separation technique has developed into an important branch of scientific study. Providing a full portrait of the discipline, Chromatography: A Science of Discovery bridges the gap between early, twentieth-century chromatography and the cutting edge of today’s research. Featuring contributions from more than fifty award-winning chromatographers, Chromatography offers a multifaceted look at the development and maturation of this field into its current state, as well as its importance across various scientific endeavors. The coverage includes: Consideration of chromatography as a unified science rather than just a separation method Key breakthroughs, revolutions, and paradigm shifts in chromatography Profiles of Nobel laureates who used chromatography in their research, and the role it played Recent advances in column technology Chromatography’s contributions to the agricultural, space, biological/medical sciences; pharmaceutical science; and environmental, natural products, and chemical analysis Future trends in chromatography With numerous references and an engaging series of voices, Chromatography: A Science of Discovery offers a diverse look at an essential area of science. It is a unique and invaluable resource for researchers, students, and other interested readers who seek a broader understanding of this field.

The Algebra of Organic Synthesis

In Nobel Laureates in Chemistry 19011992 (L.K. James ed.), American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1993, p. 462. 8. Allerson, C.R.; Elias J. Corey (1928–). In Nobel Laureates in Chemistry 19011992 (L.K. James ed.) ...

Author: John Andraos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420093290

Category: Science

Page: 1221

View: 844

The Algebra of Organic Synthesis combines the aims, philosophies, and efforts involved in organic synthesis, reaction optimization, and green chemistry with techniques for determining quantitatively just how "green" synthesis plans are. It provides the first complete quantitative description of synthesis strategy analysis in the context of green ch

The Synthetic Nitrogen Industry in World War I

Isis 75:643–667 Tongue H (1934) The design and construction of high pressure chemical plant. Chapman & Hall, London Barnes Z (1993) Friedrich Bergius. 1884–1949. In: James LK (ed) Nobel laureates in chemistry 19011992.

Author: Anthony S. Travis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319193570

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 805

This concise brief describes how the demands of World War I, often referred to as the Chemists’ War, led to the rapid emergence of a new key industry based on fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. Then, as now, nitrogen products, including nitric acid, and nitrates, were essential for both fertilizers and in the manufacture of modern explosives. During the first decade of the twentieth century, this stimulated research into and application of novel processes. This book illustrates how from late 1914 the relations and developments in the first modern military-industrial complex enabled the great capital expenditures and technological advances that accelerated massive expansion, particularly of the BASF Haber-Bosch high-pressure process, that determined the direction of the post-war chemical industry.


Nitrogen Capture

In: James LK (ed), Nobel laureates in chemistry 19011992. History of modern chemical sciences. American Chemical Society, Washington DC, pp 198–204. Barnes Z (1993) Friedrich Bergius 1884–1949. In: James LK (ed), Nobel laureates in ...

Author: Anthony S. Travis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319689630

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 434

This monograph provides an account of how the synthetic nitrogen industry became the forerunner of the 20th-century chemical industry in Europe, the United States and Asia. Based on an earlier SpringerBrief by the same author, which focused on the period of World War I, it expands considerably on the international aspects of the development of the synthetic nitrogen industry in the decade and a half following the war, including the new technologies that rivalled the Haber-Bosch ammonia process. Travis describes the tremendous global impact of fixed nitrogen (as calcium cyanamide and ammonia), including the perceived strategic need for nitrogen (mainly for munitions), and, increasingly, its role in increasing crop yields, including in Italy under Mussolini, and in the Soviet Union under Stalin. The author also reviews the situation in Imperial Japan, including the earliest adoption of the Italian Casale ammonia process, from 1923, and the role of fixed nitrogen in the industrialization of colonial Korea from the late 1920s. Chemists, historians of science and technology, and those interested in world fertilizer production and the development of chemical industry during the first four decades of the twentieth century will find this book of considerable value.

Chemical History

104. L. K. James, ed., Nobel Laureates in Chemistry 1901-1992, American Chemical Society, Washington, 1993. 105. R. B. Seymour and C. H. Fisher, Profiles of Eminent American Chemists, Litarvan Enterprises, Sydney, 1988. 106.

Author: Gerrylyn K Roberts

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847552633

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 985

This book provides an historical overview of the recent developments in the history of diverse fields within chemistry. It follows on from Recent Developments in the History of Chemistry, a volume published in 1985. Covering chiefly the last 20 years, the primary aim of Chemical History: Reviews of the Recent Literature is to familiarise newcomers to the history of chemistry with some of the more important developments in the field. Starting with a general introduction and look at the early history of chemistry, subsequent chapters go on to investigate the traditional areas of chemistry (physical, organic, inorganic) alongside analytical chemistry, physical organic chemistry, medical chemistry and biochemistry, and instruments and apparatus. Topics such as industrial chemistry and chemistry in national contexts, whilst not featuring as separate chapters, are woven throughout the content. Each chapter is written by experts and is extensively referenced to the international chemical literature. Chemical History: Reviews of the Recent Literature is also ideal for chemists who wish to become familiar with historical aspects of their work. In addition, it will appeal to a wider audience interested in the history of chemistry, as it draws together historical materials that are widely scattered throughout the chemical literature.