Plant Style

Expert advice on how to make your home fashionably lush with greenery

Author: Alana Langan

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780500501030

Category: House plants

Page: 160

View: 144

Expert advice on how to make your home fashionably lush with greenery

Creating Style with Houseplants

Moses in the cradle , 33 , 33 mother - in - law ' s tongue , 37 , 45 , 56 , 94 mother - of - thousands , 87 multicoloured plants , 88 - 90 mysterious plants ...

Author: Jane Newdick

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781850512332

Category: House plants

Page: 125

View: 538


Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

First, style length shows continuous variation, and in some short-styled plants (S-morph) the stigma is at the same level as the anthers (at the mouth of ...

Author: John D. Thompson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192572032

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 706

Since the first edition of this book published in 2005, there has been an immense amount of new and fascinating work on the history, ecology, and evolution of the Mediterranean flora. During this time, human impacts have continued to increase dramatically, significantly influencing both the ecology and evolution of the region's biota. This timely and comprehensive update of the original text integrates a diverse and scattered literature to produce a synthetic account of Mediterranean plant evolutionary ecology. It maintains the accessible style of its previous version whilst incorporating recent work in a new structural framework. This is not a traditional "plant science" book per se, but a novel integration of history, ecology, biogeography, and evolution, all set in the context of a dramatically increasing human footprint. There is a particular emphasis on the role of human activities as an ecological factor and their subsequent impact on plant evolution. Conversely, it demonstrates how an understanding of the evolutionary ecology of the region's flora can be used to provide insights into its future conservation and management. Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean is aimed at all those who are interested in the biology of the Mediterranean region, whether it is taxonomy, ecology, evolution, conservation policy and management, or the regional history of its biodiversity in general. It will be of relevance and use to all graduate students and researchers of Mediterranean-type ecosystem ecology and geography, as well as professional ecologists, evolutionary biologists, conservation biologists, and environmental practitioners requiring a concise, authoritative overview of the topic.

Plant Variation and Evolution

Distyly Tristyly Long style Short style Mid style Fig. 7.3. Symbolic representation of distyly and tristyly. In each system the compatible pollinations only ...

Author: David Briggs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316546365

Category: Science

Page:

View: 134

We are in the midst of a biological revolution. Molecular tools are now providing new means of critically testing hypotheses and models of microevolution in populations of wild, cultivated, weedy and feral plants. They are also offering the opportunity for significant progress in the investigation of long-term evolution of flowering plants, as part of molecular phylogenetic studies of the Tree of Life. This long-awaited fourth edition, fully revised by David Briggs, reflects new insights provided by molecular investigations and advances in computer science. Briggs considers the implications of these for our understanding of the evolution of flowering plants, as well as the potential for future advances. Numerous new sections on important topics such as the evolutionary impact of human activities, taxonomic challenges, gene flow and distribution, hybridisation, speciation and extinction, conservation and the molecular genetic basis of breeding systems will ensure that this remains a classic text for both undergraduate and graduate students in the field.

Plant Variation and Classification

name implies, the styles of different flowers are of different lengths. The anthers are at different positions within different flowers, and the anther ...

Author:

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349004308

Category:

Page: 135

View: 335


Mathematical Models of Plant Herbivore Interactions

TDFRM with two - plant , herbivore , and predator ( for Figure 9.4 ) Manipulate ... Style [ " Intrinsic growth rate : " ] , { { ri , 0.0025 , Style [ " rı " ...

Author: Zhilan Feng

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498769187

Category: Mathematics

Page: 231

View: 370

Mathematical Models of Plant-Herbivore Interactions addresses mathematical models in the study of practical questions in ecology, particularly factors that affect herbivory, including plant defense, herbivore natural enemies, and adaptive herbivory, as well as the effects of these on plant community dynamics. The result of extensive research on the use of mathematical modeling to investigate the effects of plant defenses on plant-herbivore dynamics, this book describes a toxin-determined functional response model (TDFRM) that helps explains field observations of these interactions. This book is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in mathematical biology and ecology.

Issues in Life Sciences Botany and Plant Biology Research 2011 Edition

“The style curvature (flexistyly) of Alpinia species in ginger family is a unique plant organ movement because the style of each flower curves twice during ...

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963436

Category: Science

Page: 3674

View: 816

Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Plant Life of Kentucky

Ovary 1 and style branches 1–3 ; stigmas slender or slightly capitate , not headlike ; fruit various but not a follicle ; plants usually lacking milky sap .

Author: Ronald Jones

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813123318

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 834

View: 234

Compiles detailed identification keys to families, genera, and species of plant life found in Kentucky, and contains information on wildlife and human uses, important weeds, poisonous plants, and medicinal herbs, as well as scientific and common names, flowering periods, habitat, physiographic distribution, state and federal designations, and wetland ranking.

Plant Reproductive Ecology Patterns and Strategies

species, and both isoplethic and anisoplethic population structures are reported.14 Studies of style morph frequency in heterostylous plants are of special ...

Author: Jon and Lesley Lovett-Doust Professor of Biology the University of Windsor

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198021925

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 185

This collection of reviews by leading investigators examines plant reproduction and sexuality within a framework of evolutionary ecology, providing an up-to-date account of the field. The contributors discuss conceptual issues, showing the importance of sex allocation, sexual selection and inclusive fitness, and the dimensions of paternity and maternity in plants. The evolution, maintenance, and loss of self-incompatibility in plants, the nature of 'sex choice' in plants, and sex dimorphism are all explored in detail. Specific forms of biotic interactions shaping the evolution of plant reproductive strategy are discussed, and a taxonomically based review of the reproductive ecology of non-angiosperm plant groups, such as bryophytes, ferns, and algae, is presented. Together these studies focus on the complexities of plant life cycles and the distinctive reproductive biologies of these organisms, while showing the similarities between nonflowering plants and the more thoroughly documented flowering species.

AutoCAD Plant 3D 2018 for Designers 4th Edition

Choose the Save As button located below the Long description style drop-down list; the Save As New Style dialog box will be displayed. 5.

Author: Prof. Sham Tickoo

Publisher: CADCIM Technologies

ISBN: 1942689896

Category: Computers

Page: 430

View: 623

AutoCAD Plant 3D 2018 for Designers book introduces the readers to AutoCAD Plant 3D 2018, one of the world’s leading application, designed specifically to create and modify P&ID’s and plant 3D models. In this book, the author emphasizes on the features of AutoCAD Plant 3D 2018 that allow the user to design piping & instrumentation diagrams and 3D piping models. Also, the chapters are structured in a pedagogical sequence that makes this book very effective in learning the features and capabilities of AutoCAD Plant 3D 2018. Special emphasis has been laid in this book on tutorials and exercises, which relate to the real world projects, help you understand the usage and abilities of the tools available in AutoCAD Plant 3D 2018. You will learn how to setup a project, create and edit P&IDs, design a 3D Plant model, generate isometric/orthographic drawings, as well as how to publish and print drawings. Salient Features: Consists of 10 chapters that are organized in a pedagogical sequence. Comprehensive coverage of AutoCAD Plant 3D 2018 concepts and techniques. Tutorial approach to explain the concepts of AutoCAD Plant 3D 2018. Detailed explanation of all commands and tools. Summarized content on the first page of the topics that are covered in the chapter. Hundreds of illustrations for easy understanding of concepts. Step-by-step instructions to guide the users through the learning process. More than 9 real-world mechanical engineering designs as tutorials. Additional information throughout the book in the form of notes and tips. Self-Evaluation Tests and Review Questions at the end of each chapter to help the users assess their knowledge. Technical support by contacting '[email protected]'. Additional learning resources at 'https://allaboutcadcam.blogspot.com'. Table of Contents: Chapter 1: Introduction to AutoCAD Plant 3D Chapter 2: Creating Projects and P&IDs Chapter 3: Creating Structures Chapter 4: Creating Equipment Chapter 5: Editing Specifications and Catalogs Chapter 6: Routing Pipes Chapter 7: Adding Valves, Fittings, and Pipe Supports Chapter 8: Creating Isometric Drawings Chapter 9: Creating Orthographic Drawings Chapter 10: Managing Data and Generating reports Project: Thermal Power Plant (For free download) Index

AutoCAD Plant 3D 2020 for Designers 5th Edition

Choose the Save As button located below the Long description style drop-down list; the Save As New Style dialog box will be displayed. 5.

Author: Prof. Sham Tickoo

Publisher: CADCIM Technologies

ISBN: 1640570586

Category: Computers

Page:

View: 358

The AutoCAD Plant 3D 2020 for Designers book introduces the readers to AutoCAD Plant 3D 2020, one of the world’s leading application, designed specifically to create and modify P&ID’s and plant 3D models. In this book, the author emphasizes on the features of AutoCAD Plant 3D 2020 that allow the user to design piping & instrumentation diagrams and 3D piping models. Also, the chapters are structured in a pedagogical sequence that makes this book very effective in learning the features and capabilities of AutoCAD Plant 3D 2020. Special emphasis has been laid in this book on tutorials and exercises, which relate to the real world projects, help you understand the usage and abilities of the tools available in AutoCAD Plant 3D 2020. You will learn how to setup a project, create and edit P&IDs, design a 3D Plant model, generate isometric/orthographic drawings, as well as how to publish and print drawings. Salient Features:- Comprehensive coverage of AutoCAD Plant 3D 2020 concepts and techniques. Tutorial approach to explain the concepts of AutoCAD Plant 3D 2020. Detailed explanation of all commands and tools. Summarized content on the first page of the topics that are covered in the chapter. Step-by-step instructions to guide the users through the learning process. Real-world mechanical engineering designs as tutorials. Additional information throughout the book in the form of notes and tips. Self-Evaluation Tests and Review Questions at the end of each chapter to help the users assess their knowledge. Table of Contents Chapter 1: Introduction to AutoCAD Plant 3D Chapter 2: Creating Project and P&IDs Chapter 3: Creating Structures Chapter 4: Creating Equipment Chapter 5: Editing Specifications and Catalogs Chapter 6: Routing Pipes Chapter 7: Adding Valves, Fittings, and Pipe Supports Chapter 8: Creating Isometric Drawings Chapter 9: Creating Orthographic Drawings Chapter 10: Managing Data and Creating Reports Project: Thermal Power Plant (For free download) Index

Plant Systematics

In both these cases, the number of carpels can be known by counting the number of free styles, or if style is one the number of stigmas or stigmatic lobes.

Author: Gurcharan Singh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1000576779

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 882

This fourth edition of Plant Systematics is completely revised and updated. It incorporates the updated International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and Plants (Shenzhen Code, 2018), the new version of PhyloCode (Beta version of Phylocode 5, 2014), APweb version 14 (September, 2018), revised Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification (APG IV, 2016), new Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group Classification (PPG I, 2016), besides the updates since the publication of third edition. The book is a blend of classical fundamental aspects and recent developments, especially in the field of molecular systematics, cladistics and computer identification. Special attention has been given to information on botanical nomenclature, identification, molecular systematics and phylogeny of angiosperms. The complicated concepts of phylogeny, taxometrics and cladistics have been explained with a view to providing a comparison between these diverse but interactive fields of study. An attempt has been made to build upon a common example when exploring different methods, especially in procedures of identification, taxometrics and cladistics. The major systems of classification are evaluated critically. Discussion on major families of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, especially those of major phylogenetic interest, form a major portion of this edition. The ebook includes nearly 500 color photographs set out in 36 pages covering plants from different parts of the world. In addition, 305 black & white illustrations have been included to provide a better understanding of the plants covered in the book.

Plant Biology and Biotechnology

17.9 (a) T.S. of hollow- or open-type style of showing canal cells or transmitting tissue living the canal, over the surface of which pollen tubes grow ...

Author: Bir Bahadur

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132222865

Category: Science

Page: 827

View: 487

This volume offers a much-needed compilation of essential reviews on diverse aspects of plant biology, written by eminent botanists. These reviews effectively cover a wide range of aspects of plant biology that have contemporary relevance. At the same time they integrate classical morphology with molecular biology, physiology with pattern formation, growth with genomics, development with morphogenesis, and classical crop-improvement techniques with modern breeding methodologies. Classical botany has been transformed into cutting-edge plant biology, thus providing the theoretical basis for plant biotechnology. It goes without saying that biotechnology has emerged as a powerful discipline of Biology in the last three decades. Biotechnological tools, techniques and information, used in combination with appropriate planning and execution, have already contributed significantly to economic growth and development. It is estimated that in the next decade or two, products and processes made possible by biotechnology will account for over 60% of worldwide commerce and output. There is, therefore, a need to arrive at a general understanding and common approach to issues related to the nature, possession, conservation and use of biodiversity, as it provides the raw material for biotechnology. More than 90% of the total requirements for the biotechnology industry are contributed by plants and microbes, in terms of goods and services. There are however substantial plant and microbial resources that are waiting for biotechnological exploitation in the near future through effective bioprospection. In order to exploit plants and microbes for their useful products and processes, we need to first understand their basic structure, organization, growth and development, cellular process and overall biology. We also need to identify and develop strategies to improve the productivity of plants. In view of the above, in this two-volume book on plant biology and biotechnology, the first volume is devoted to various aspects of plant biology and crop improvement. It includes 33 chapters contributed by 50 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research. The book begins with an introductory chapter that gives a lucid account on the past, present and future of plant biology, thereby providing a perfect historical foundation for the chapters that follow. Four chapters are devoted to details on the structural and developmental aspects of the structures of plants and their principal organs. These chapters provide the molecular biological basis for the regulation of morphogenesis of the form of plants and their organs, involving control at the cellular and tissue levels. Details on biodiversity, the basic raw material for biotechnology, are discussed in a separate chapter, in which emphasis is placed on the genetic, species and ecosystem diversities and their conservation. Since fungi and other microbes form an important component of the overall biodiversity, special attention is paid to the treatment of fungi and other microbes in this volume. Four chapters respectively deal with an overview of fungi, arbuscularmycorrhizae and their relation to the sustenance of plant wealth, diversity and practical applications of mushrooms, and lichens (associated with a photobiont). Microbial endosymbionts associated with plants and phosphate solubilizing microbes in the rhizosphere of plants are exhaustively treated in two separate chapters. The reproductive strategies of bryophytes and an overview on Cycads form the subject matter of another two chapters, thus fulfilling the need to deal with the non-flowering Embryophyte group of plants. Angiosperms, the most important group of plants from a biotechnological perspective, are examined exhaustively in this volume. The chapters on angiosperms provide an overview and cover the genetic basis of flowers development, pre-and post-fertilization reproductive growth and development, seed biology and technology, plant secondary metabolism, photosynthesis, and plant volatile chemicals. A special effort has been made to include important topics on crop improvement in this volume. The importance of pollination services, apomixes, male sterility, induced mutations, polyploidy and climate changes is discussed, each in a separate chapter. Microalgalnutra-pharmaceuticals, vegetable-oil-based nutraceuticals and the importance of alien crop resources and underutilized crops for food and nutritional security form the topics of three other chapters in this volume. There is also a special chapter on the applications of remote sensing in the plant sciences, which also provides information on biodiversity distribution. The editors of this volume believe the wide range of basic topics on plant biology that have great relevance in biotechnology covered will be of great interest to students, researchers and teachers of botany and plant biotechnology alike.

Plant Genetic Resources of Legumes in the Mediterranean

Leaves glandular; style filiform, incurved Cicer Leaves never glandular; style compressed with dilated apex 69 69(68). Stipules considerably bigger than the ...

Author: Nigel Maxted

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792367079

Category: Nature

Page: 378

View: 359

Genetic erosion, that is, the loss of native plant and genetic diversity has been exponential from the Mediterranean Basin through the Twentieth century. This careless eradication of species and genetic diversity as a result of human activities from a 'hot-spot' of diversity threatens sustainable agriculture and food security for the temperate regions of the world. Since the early 1900s there has been a largely ad hoc movement to halt the loss of plant diversity and enhance its utilisation. The Convention on Biological Diversity and Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources, both highlight the need to improve conservation methodologies and enhance utilisation techniques. It has been argued that the most important component of biodiversity is the genetic diversity of crop and forage species used to feed humans and livestock. These cultivated and related wild species provides the raw material for further selection and improvement. Leguminosae species are of major economic importance (peas, chickpeas, lentils and faba beans, as well as numerous forage species) and provide a particularly rich source of protein for human and animal foods. Their distribution is concentrated in the Mediterranean region and therefore the improvement of their conservation and use in the region is critical. This text is designed to help ensure an adequate breadth of legume diversity is conserved and to help maximise the use of that conserved diversity. The subjects of conservation and use of legume diversity, the Mediterranean ecosystem and taxonomy of legumes are introduced. Generic reviews of the taxonomy, centre of diversity, ecogeographic distribution, genetic diversity distribution, conservation status, conservation gaps and future research needs are provided, along with a discussion of the importance of rhizobia to the maintenance of legume diversity. Current ex situ and in situ conservation activities as well current legume uses are reviewed. In conclusion future priorities for ex situ and in situ plant genetic conservation and use of Mediterranean legumes are highlighted. All contributors look forward rather than simply reviewing past and current activities and therefore it is hoped that the identification of genetic erosion, location of taxonomic and genetic diversity and promotion of more efficient utilisation of conserved material will be enhanced.

Biotechnology and Plant Biology

The growth of the pollen tube that grows down through the style can be a long and arduous journey, with the example of a corn plant's style, its silk, ...

Author: Harley Macdonald & Donovan Stevens

Publisher: Scientific e-Resources

ISBN: 1839471808

Category:

Page: 304

View: 364

The term biotechnology refers to any technology, process or practice that modifies or harnesses any living organism or system to be useful to any human purpose. Plant biotechnology is essentially genetic engineering related to botanical science. Botany, branch of biology that deals with the study of plants, including their structure, properties, and biochemical processes. Also included are plant classification and the study of plant diseases and of interactions with the environment. The principles and findings of botany have provided the base for such applied sciences as agriculture, horticulture, and forestry. Modern biological systematics integrates a diverse array of disciplines ranging from molecular, cell and developmental biology, to ecology and evolutionary biology. Data-gathering techniques include DNA sequencing, protein electrophoresis, electron and light microscopy, controlled growth experiments, and field studies of ecology and distribution. The present book will be useful for the researchers to update their information on the topics dealt within this book. Book will be also useful to students, teachers, and, researchers in the field of biotechnology and plant biology. This book provides excellent glimpses on the current trends of plant biology.

Tomato Plant Culture

these conditions determines the rate of plant growth as well as the yield and ... cross-pollinators, have their style exerted beyond the anther cone.

Author: J. Benton Jones Jr.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420007394

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 561

While tomatoes continue to be one of the most widely grown plants, the production and distribution of tomato fruits have been changing worldwide. Smaller, flavorful tomatoes are becoming more popular than beefsteak tomatoes, greenhouse-grown tomatoes have entered the marketplace, and home gardeners are using the Internet to obtain information for g


Fungal Plant Interactions

life-style. 1. INTRODUCTION The fungi are a very large and diverse group of organisms which have a unique life-style. They have world-wide distribution and ...

Author: Susan Isaac

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412353901

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 471

Fungal-Plant Interactions is a synthesis of fungal physiology, plant pathology and biology for undergraduates and researchers. Interactions between higher plants and fungi at the cellular and biochemical level are covered together with their ecological importance and theories as to their evolution.

Dictionary of Plant Breeding

... To retard or stop plant growth (e.g., through exposure to harsh weather or lack of water or nutrients) agr hort style: An extension of the carpel, ...

Author: Rolf H. J. Schlegel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439802434

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 716

Arguably one of the oldest scientific traditions, plant breeding began in Neolithic times, with methods as simple as saving the seeds of desirable plants and sowing them later. It was not until the re-encounter with Mendel’s discoveries thousands of years later that the genetic basis of breeding was understood. Developments since then have provided further insight into how genes acting alone, or in concert with other genes and the environment, result in a particular phenotype. From Abaxial to Zymogram, the Dictionary of Plant Breeding contains clear and useful definitions of the terms associated with plant breeding and related scientific/technological disciplines. This second edition of a bestseller defines jargon, provides helpful tables, examples, and breeding schemes, and includes a list of crop plants with salient details. Packed with data and organized to make that data easy to access, this revised and expanded reference provides comprehensive coverage of the latest discoveries in cytogenetics, molecular genetics, marker-assisted selection, experimental gene transfer, seed sciences, crop physiology, and genetically modified crops. A complex subject, plant breeding draws from many scientific and technological disciplines, often making it difficult to know the precise meanings of many terms and to accurately interpret specific concepts. Most dictionaries available are highly specific and fragmentary. As in the previous edition, this dictionary unifies concepts by including the specific terms of plant breeding and terms that are adjusted from other disciplines. Drawing on the author’s 30 years of experience, the dictionary provides an encyclopedic list of commonly used technical terms that reflect the latest developments in the field.

Nematode Vectors of Plant Viruses

The development of the anterior stomodaeum of dorylaims in general and of longidorids in particular starts with the elaboration of a tooth or odonto style ...

Author: F. Lamberti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468408410

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 701

Although nematodes had long been suspected as vectors of soil borne plant diseases, unequivocal proof of their implication was not forthcoming until 1958 when Professor William Hewitt and his colleagues in California demonstrated experimentally that Xiphinema ~ was the vector of grapevine fanleaf virus. This opened up a new and exciting field in plant pathology and discoveries quickly followed of other nematode species associated with soil-borne diseases of many different crops and in several countries. After the initial enthusiasm of discovering new vectors and new viruses there followed a period of consolidation in which research workers sought answers to tantalising questions about the location of the virus within the nematode, the factors governing the close speci ficity between virus and vector; and more mundane but equally important and compelling questions about life cycles, geographical distribution, host relations, morphology and taxonomy. No other group of nematodes has attracted such a concentrated effort involv ing many different scientific specialisations and yielding so much progress in a relatively short time. The NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Riva dei Tessali, Italy, during 19 May to 2 June, 1974, provided the forum for a critical discussion of all aspects of biology of virus vector nema todes.