Problems of Mind

What do minds do? It is said that they think, believe, doubt, know, reason, will. These actions or “operations” are by them, or in them. According to Locke, we observe “in ourselves” these “actings of our own minds,” and this is how we ...

Author: Norman Malcolm

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000455106

Category: Philosophy

Page: 118

View: 422

First published in 1972, Problems of Mind begins with a consideration of the view that the human mind is an immaterial thing that does not require corporeal embodiment for its operations. It takes up the conception that "inner experiences" are "strictly identical" with brain processes. The book also deals exclusively with the doctrine called "Logical Behaviourism", which will always possess a compelling attraction for anyone who is perplexed by the psychological concepts, who has become aware of the worthlessness of an appeal to introspection as an account of how we learn those concepts, and who has no inclination to identify mind with brain. The three most plausible theories of mind-body dualism, mind-brain monism, and behaviourism are all rejected, and nothing is set forth as the true theory. Norman Malcolm states that this is 'only a drop in the bucket. It will serve its purpose if it leads the reader into the writings of Wittgenstein, who is easily the most important figure in the philosophy of mind.’ Problems of Mind will be an essential read for scholars and researchers of philosophy of mind, ethics, logic, and philosophy in general.

Problems of Mind and Matter

The Problem . Minds own material things and perceive material things , and also they make true and false statements about material and other things . We shall consider the problem of truth quite generally and without special reference ...

Author: John Wisdom

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521091978

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 272

Professor Wisdom gives an elementary introduction to the applications in philosophy of the analytical method. He believes that the aim of analysis is clarity, whereas the aim of speculative philosophy is truth. After a brief introduction on what analysis is, he discusses the relation of body and mind and seeks for causal relations between mental and material events. He concludes this section with a chapter on Free will, before turning to perception and the external world.

The Mind Technology Problem

The mind-technology problem, as we have presented it here, has two distinct stages. The first stage has its roots in the theoretical account of computation first developed by Alan Turing in the darkest days of the second world war.

Author: Robert W. Clowes

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030726444

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 275

This edited book deepens the engagement between 21st century philosophy of mind and the emerging technologies which are transforming our environment. Many new technologies appear to have important implications for the human mind, the nature of our cognition, our sense of identity and even perhaps what we think human beings are. They prompt questions such as: Would an uploaded mind be 'me'? Does our reliance on smart phones, or wearable gadgets enhance or diminish the human mind? and: How does our deep reliance upon ambient artificial intelligence change the shape of the human mind? Readers will discover the best philosophical analysis of what current and near future 21st technology means for the metaphysics of mind. Important questions are addressed on matters relating to the extended mind and the distributed self. Expert authors explore the role that the ubiquitous smart phone might have in creating new forms of self-knowledge. They consider machine consciousness, brain enhancement and smart ambient technology, and what they can tell us about phenomenal consciousness. While ideas of artificial general intelligence, cognitive enhancements and the smart environment are widely commented on, serious analysis of their philosophical implications is only getting started. These contributions from top scholars are therefore very timely, and are of particular relevance to students and scholars of the philosophy of mind, philosophy of technology, computer science and psychology.

New Conversations on the Problems of Identity Consciousness and Mind

human brain in the whole affair, soon translated into questions concerning death, life after death, ... questions has led to a frustratingly huge intellectual gap in our explanation of the most existential problem—the mind-body problem.

Author: Jonathan O. Chimakonam

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030142620

Category: Philosophy

Page: 96

View: 537

This book introduces concepts in philosophy of mind and neurophilosophy. Inside, three scholars offer approaches to the problems of identity, consciousness, and the mind. In the process, they open new vistas for thought and raise fresh controversies to some of the oldest problems in philosophy. The first chapter focuses on the identity problem. The author employs an explanatory model he christened sense-phenomenalism to defend the thesis that personal identity is something or a phenomenon that pertains to the observable/perceptible aspect of the human person. The next chapter explores the problem of consciousness. It deploys the new concept equiphenomenalism as a model to show that mental properties are not by-products but necessary products of consciousness. Herein, the notion of qualia is a fundamental and necessary product that must be experienced simultaneously with neural activities for consciousness to be possible. The last chapter addresses the mind/body problem. It adopts the new concept proto-phenomenalism as an alternative explanatory model. This model eliminates the idea of a mind. As such, it approaches the mind-body problem from a materialistic point of view with many implications such as, the meaning(lessness) of our existence, the possibility of thought engineering as well as religious implications.

The Philosophy of Mind

The only sourcebook of primary readings in philosophy of mind offering in-depth coverage of both historical works and contemporary controversies, from Aristotle, Descartes, and Ryle to Noam Chomsky, Frank Jackson, and Saul Kripke.

Author: Brian Beakley

Publisher: Bradford Books


Category: Philosophy

Page: 1088

View: 921

The only sourcebook of primary readings in philosophy of mind offering in-depth coverage of both historical works and contemporary controversies, from Aristotle, Descartes, and Ryle to Noam Chomsky, Frank Jackson, and Saul Kripke.

Cognitive Science and the Mind body Problem

The brain solves problems by creating a symbolic representation of the problem (called the problem space) that is capable of expressing initial, intermediate, and final problem situations as well as the whole range of concepts employed ...

Author: Morton Wagman

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text


Category: Psychology

Page: 147

View: 207

A scholarly examination of the centrality of the mind-body problem within and across the science of cognition--from philosophy to psychology to artificial intelligence to neural science. Conceptions of the mind-body problem range from the heritage of Cartesianism to the identification of the circumscribed brain structures responsible for domain specific cognitive mechanisms. Neither narrowly technical nor philosophically vague, this is a structured and detailed account of advancing intellectual developments in theory, research, and knowledge illumined by the conceptual vicissitudes of the mind-body problem. This unique treatment will be of special interest to creative scholars in the disciplines of he sciences of cognition.

Knowledge and the Body Mind Problem

So the problems that we discover emerge as unintended consequences of our world 3 products. They are thus only indirectly the products of our minds. And this is the reason why I used the word 'roughly' when I said that world 3 consists ...

Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135975299

Category: Philosophy

Page: 168

View: 465

First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Geometry of Vision and the Mind Body Problem

... specifically whether it is applicable to the causal connection between neural events in the brain and phenomenal events, ... the problem of mind body causal connections by critically examining the various logical implications of it.

Author: Robert E. French

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated


Category: Medical

Page: 228

View: 155

This book focuses on the philosophy of perception with particular emphasis on the geometry of phenomenal visual space and mind body issues concerning the relationships between that space and neural activity in the brain. The contents include a detailed attack on naive realism and a defense of the causal theory of perception, along with analyses of both the topology and metric structure of visual space. It is shown how a variable curvature geometry for visual space can account for phenomenal visual depth perception, and an extension of that analysis is given to the other sense systems. The final chapter defends the claim that the conscious mind is a spatial entity, but still questions whether a physicalist reduction can be made of it to activity in the brain.

The Mind Body Problem

It is certainly hard to see how it can be true that the mind , and with it consciousness , is just physical matter . We cannot watch or even imagine the neurons firing and emitting little bursts of mentality or consciousness ...

Author: Jonathan Westphal

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262529564

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 949

An introduction to the mind–body problem, covering all the proposed solutions and offering a powerful new one. Philosophers from Descartes to Kripke have struggled with the glittering prize of modern and contemporary philosophy: the mind-body problem. The brain is physical. If the mind is physical, we cannot see how. If we cannot see how the mind is physical, we cannot see how it can interact with the body. And if the mind is not physical, it cannot interact with the body. Or so it seems. In this book the philosopher Jonathan Westphal examines the mind-body problem in detail, laying out the reasoning behind the solutions that have been offered in the past and presenting his own proposal. The sharp focus on the mind-body problem, a problem that is not about the self, or consciousness, or the soul, or anything other than the mind and the body, helps clarify both problem and solutions. Westphal outlines the history of the mind-body problem, beginning with Descartes. He describes mind-body dualism, which claims that the mind and the body are two different and separate things, nonphysical and physical, and he also examines physicalist theories of mind; antimaterialism, which proposes limits to physicalism and introduces the idea of qualia; and scientific theories of consciousness. Finally, Westphal examines the largely forgotten neutral monist theories of mind and body, held by Ernst Mach, William James, and Bertrand Russell, which attempt neither to extract mind from matter nor to dissolve matter into mind. Westphal proposes his own version of neutral monism. This version is unique among neutral monist theories in offering an account of mind-body interaction.

Another Mind Body Problem

This cluster of terms should trace its genealogy back to Kant, and regarding the mind-body problem, ... long-established practice of hiring and funding those experts best suited to addressing those problems that define its 'core areas.

Author: John Harfouch

Publisher: Global Academic Publishing

ISBN: 1438469977

Category: Electronic books

Page: 268

View: 875