QED and the Men Who Made It

In this book, physicist and historian Silvan Schweber tells the story of these four physicists, blending discussions of their scientific work with fascinating biographical sketches.

Author: Silvan S. Schweber

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691213283

Category: Science

Page:

View: 261

In the 1930s, physics was in a crisis. There appeared to be no way to reconcile the new theory of quantum mechanics with Einstein's theory of relativity. Several approaches had been tried and had failed. In the post-World War II period, four eminent physicists rose to the challenge and developed a calculable version of quantum electrodynamics (QED), probably the most successful theory in physics. This formulation of QED was pioneered by Freeman Dyson, Richard Feynman, Julian Schwinger, and Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, three of whom won the Nobel Prize for their work. In this book, physicist and historian Silvan Schweber tells the story of these four physicists, blending discussions of their scientific work with fascinating biographical sketches. Setting the achievements of these four men in context, Schweber begins with an account of the early work done by physicists such as Dirac and Jordan, and describes the gathering of eminent theorists at Shelter Island in 1947, the meeting that heralded the new era of QED. The rest of his narrative comprises individual biographies of the four physicists, discussions of their major contributions, and the story of the scientific community in which they worked. Throughout, Schweber draws on his technical expertise to offer a lively and lucid explanation of how this theory was finally established as the appropriate way to describe the atomic and subatomic realms.

Theory of the Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment

A history of the discovery of QED can be found in S. S. Schweber, QED and the men who made it, Princeton University Press, 1994. 4.

Author: Kirill Melnikov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540328076

Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 794

The theory of the muon anomalous magnetic moment is particle physics in a nutshell. It is an interesting, exciting and difficult subject, and this book provides a comprehensive review of it. The theory of the muon anomalous magnetic moment is at the cutting edge of current research in particle physics, and any deviation between the theoretical prediction and the experimental value might be interpreted as a signal of an as-yet-unknown new physics.

Higgs Force

18 QED and the Men Who Made It: Dyson, Feynman, Schwinger and Tomonaga, Silvan S. Schweber, p. 112. 19 Another way to look at this is to consider the ...

Author: Nicholas Mee

Publisher: James Clarke & Co.

ISBN: 0718892755

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 997

Higgs Force tells the story of how physicists have unlocked the secrets of matter and the forces of nature to produce dramatic modern understandings of the cosmos. For centuries researchers have followed this quest and now there is just one component of the modern synthesis of particle physics whose existence is yet to be confirmed in the laboratory – the Higgs particle. It explains how a universe built on simple symmetrical principles engenders life and exhibits the diversity and complexity that we see all around us.

Lectures of Sidney Coleman on Quantum Field Theory

See especially Schweber, QED and the Men Who Made It, chap. 2. * Schweber, QED and the Men Who Made It, pp. xii, 452 and chaps.

Author: Bryan Gin-ge Chen

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing

ISBN: 9814635529

Category: Science

Page: 1196

View: 563

'Sidney Coleman was the master teacher of quantum field theory. All of us who knew him became his students and disciples. Sidney’s legendary course remains fresh and bracing, because he chose his topics with a sure feel for the essential, and treated them with elegant economy.' Frank WilczekNobel Laureate in Physics 2004 Sidney Coleman was a physicist's physicist. He is largely unknown outside of the theoretical physics community, and known only by reputation to the younger generation. He was an unusually effective teacher, famed for his wit, his insight and his encyclopedic knowledge of the field to which he made many important contributions. There are many first-rate quantum field theory books (the venerable Bjorken and Drell, the more modern Itzykson and Zuber, the now-standard Peskin and Schroeder, and the recent Zee), but the immediacy of Prof. Coleman's approach and his ability to present an argument simply without sacrificing rigor makes his book easy to read and ideal for the student. Part of the motivation in producing this book is to pass on the work of this outstanding physicist to later generations, a record of his teaching that he was too busy to leave himself.

Spooky Action at a Distance

The Phenomenon That Reimagines Space and Time--and What It Means for Black ... QED and the Men Who Made It: Dyson, Feynman, Schwinger, and Tomonaga, xxvi, ...

Author: George Musser

Publisher: Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374713553

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 797

Long-listed for the 2016 PEN/E. O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award “An important book that provides insight into key new developments in our understanding of the nature of space, time and the universe. It will repay careful study.” —John Gribbin, The Wall Street Journal “An endlessly surprising foray into the current mother of physics' many knotty mysteries, the solving of which may unveil the weirdness of quantum particles, black holes, and the essential unity of nature.” —Kirkus Reviews (starred review) What is space? It isn't a question that most of us normally ask. Space is the venue of physics; it's where things exist, where they move and take shape. Yet over the past few decades, physicists have discovered a phenomenon that operates outside the confines of space and time: nonlocality-the ability of two particles to act in harmony no matter how far apart they may be. It appears to be almost magical. Einstein grappled with this oddity and couldn't come to terms with it, describing it as "spooky action at a distance." More recently, the mystery has deepened as other forms of nonlocality have been uncovered. This strange occurrence, which has direct connections to black holes, particle collisions, and even the workings of gravity, holds the potential to undermine our most basic understandings of physical reality. If space isn't what we thought it was, then what is it? In Spooky Action at a Distance, George Musser sets out to answer that question, offering a provocative exploration of nonlocality and a celebration of the scientists who are trying to explain it. Musser guides us on an epic journey into the lives of experimental physicists observing particles acting in tandem, astronomers finding galaxies that look statistically identical, and cosmologists hoping to unravel the paradoxes surrounding the big bang. He traces the often contentious debates over nonlocality through major discoveries and disruptions of the twentieth century and shows how scientists faced with the same undisputed experimental evidence develop wildly different explanations for that evidence. Their conclusions challenge our understanding of not only space and time but also the origins of the universe-and they suggest a new grand unified theory of physics. Delightfully readable, Spooky Action at a Distance is a mind-bending voyage to the frontiers of modern physics that will change the way we think about reality.

Q is for Quantum

The big remaining conceptual problem with QED is the business of ... QED and the Men Who Made It. quantum field theory This means just what it says - it is ...

Author: John Gribbin

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684863154

Category: Science

Page: 545

View: 860

In the ultimate guide to the ultimate mystery--the quantum world--an award-winning scientist and a master of popular science writing explains recent breakthroughs and the wondrous possibilities that lie in the future. Illustrations throughout.

E C G Stueckelberg An Unconventional Figure of Twentieth Century Physics

Schweber, S. S., QED and the Men Who Made It. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1994. Schwinger, J., On radiative corrections to electron scattering, Phys.

Author: Jan Lacki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764388782

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 602

Born in 1905, Ernst C. G. Stueckelberg was professor of theoretical physics at the Universities of Geneva and Lausanne in the years 1930-1970. He was one of the most eminent Swiss physicists of the 20th century. His breakthroughs, from his causal S-matrix to the renormalization group, have influenced the development of contemporary theoretical physics. The book presents a selection of his most important scientific papers. They are preceded with a series of introductory essays, contributed by scientists and historians, specialists of Stueckelberg’s achievements and time. These essays deal with the scientific context and the issues of the various topics that Stueckelberg tackled in his scientific career and serve as an enlightening complement to the reprinted papers. The volume also contains Stueckelberg’s concise biography and an exhaustive list of his publications. It ambitions to provide an authoritative source gathering in a single place all the material needed to assess the scientific achievements of one of the most important, albeit somehow overlooked, scientists of 20th century.

Reading Bohr Physics and Philosophy

In his QED and the Men Who Made It (Schweber 1994), Schweber argues that in the case of quantum electrodynamics, it was the ...

Author: Arkady Plotnitsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402052545

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 865

This book offers a new perspective on Niels Bohr's interpretation of quantum mechanics as complementarity, and on the relationships between physics and philosophy in Bohr's work. The importance of quantum field theory for Bohr's thinking has not been adequately addressed in the literature on Bohr. This book provides clarification of Bohr's writings (which usually pose problems of reading), and an analysis of the role of quantum field theory in Bohr's thinking.

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Contains a very complete set of references to the QED work done from 1926-1960. [7] Silvan S. Schweber, QED and the Men Who Made It: Dyson, Feynman, ...

Author: Freeman J. Dyson

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814383406

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 572

This edition has been printed on the 60th anniversary of the Cornell lectures, and includes a foreword by science historian David Kaiser, as well as notes from Dyson's lectures at the Les Houches Summer School of Theoretical Physics in 1954. The Les Houches lectures, described as a supplement to the original Cornell notes, provide a more detailed look at field theory, a careful and rigorous derivation of Fermi's Golden Rule, and a masterful treatment of renormalization and Ward's Identity."--Pub. desc.

The Heroic Age

QUANTUM FIELD THEORY AND QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS Quantum electrodynamics (QED), ... we lack the luxury that Schweber had in his QED and the Men Who Made It, ...

Author: Robert D. Purrington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190655194

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 282

Quantum theory is one of the great achievements of twentieth century physics. Born at the very beginning of the century, it attained a definitive form by 1932, yet continued to evolve throughout the century. Its applications remain fully a part of modern life. It should thus come as no surprise that literature on the history of quantum theory is vast, but author Robert D. Purrington approaches the story from a new angle, by examining the original physics papers and scientific studies from before the creation of quantum mechanics to how scientists think about and discuss the subject today. The Heroic Age presents for the first time a detailed but compact and manageable history of the creation of quantum theory, and shows precisely where each important idea originated. Purrington provides the history of the crucial developmental years of quantum theory with an emphasis on the literature rather than an overview of this period focusing on personalities or personal stories of the scientists involved. This book instead focuses on how the theoretical discoveries came about, when and where they were published, and how they became accepted as part of the scientific canon.

Concepts in Particle Physics

During the war years, Sin-itiro Tomonaga in Japan had been working on QED. ... Silvan Schweber's QED and the men who made it (Princeton University Press, ...

Author: V Parameswaran Nair

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813227575

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 720

The 2013 discovery of the Higgs boson posed a challenge to both physics undergraduates and their instructors. Since particle physics is seldom taught at the undergraduate level, the question "what is the Higgs and why does its discovery matter?" is a common question among undergraduates. Equally, answering this question is a problem for physics instructors. This book is an attempt to put the key concepts of particle physics together in an appealing way, and yet give enough extra tidbits for students seriously considering graduate studies in particle physics. It starts with some recapitulation of relativity and quantum mechanics, and then builds on it to give both conceptual ideas regarding the Standard Model of particle physics as well as technical details. It is presented in an informal lecture style, and includes "remarks" sections where extra material, history, or technical details are presented for the interested student. The last lecture presents an assessment of the open questions, and where the future might take us.

Richard Feynman

He decided to go back to Cornell and write it all up for publication, ... in QED and the Men Who Made It. Tomonaga had not only come up with a slightly ...

Author: John Gribbin

Publisher: Icon Books

ISBN: 1785783734

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page:

View: 624

One hundred years on from his birth, and 30 since his death, Richard Feynman’s discoveries in modern physics are still thoroughly relevant. Magnificently charismatic and fun-loving, he brought a sense of adventure to the study of science. His extraordinary career included war-time work on the atomic bomb at Los Alamos, a profoundly original theory of quantum mechanics, for which he won the Nobel prize, and major contributions to the sciences of gravity, nuclear physics and particle theory. Interweaving personal anecdotes and recollections with clear scientific narrative, acclaimed science writers John and Mary Gribbin reveal a fascinating man with an immense passion for life – a superb teacher, a wonderful showman and one of the greatest scientists of his generation.

Quantum Electrodynamics

Books which contain details on the formulation of QED and the calculation of ... the history of QED: • S.S. Schweber: QED and the Men Who Made It (Princeton ...

Author: Walter Greiner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540875611

Category: Computers

Page: 448

View: 400

We are pleased by the positive resonance of our book which now necessitates a fourth edition. We have used this opportunity to implement corrections of misprints and amendments at several places, and to extend and improve the discussion of many of the exercises and examples. We hope that our presentation of the method of equivalent photons (Example 3. 17), the form factor of the electron (Example 5. 7), the infrared catastrophe (Example 5. 8) and the energy shift of atomic levels (Example 5. 9)arenow even better to understand. The new Exercise 5. 10 shows in detail how to arrive at the non-relativistic limit for the calculation of form factors. Moreover, we have brought up-to-date the Biographical Notes about physicists who have contributed to the dev- opment of quantum electrodynamics, and references to experimental tests of the t- ory. For example, there has been recent progress in the determination of the electric and magnetic form factors of the proton (discussed in Exercise 3. 5 on the Rosenbluth formula) and the Lamb shift of high-Z atoms (discussed in Example 5. 9 on the energy shift of atomic levels), while the experimental veri cation of the birefringence of the QED vacuum in a strong magnetic eld (Example 7. 8) remains unsettled and is a topic of active ongoing research.

Disciplinarity at the Fin de Si cle

As Sylvan S. Schweber argues in his QED and the Men Who Made It : Dyson , Feynman , Schwinger , and Tomonaga ( Princeton : Princeton University Press ...

Author: Amanda Anderson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691227551

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 352

View: 357

Contemporary celebrations of interdisciplinary scholarship in the humanities and social sciences often harbor a distrust of traditional disciplines, which are seen as at best narrow and unimaginative, and at worst complicit in larger forms of power and policing. Disciplinarity at the Fin de Siècle questions these assumptions by examining, for the first time, in so sustained a manner, the rise of a select number of academic disciplines in a historical perspective. This collection of twelve essays focuses on the late Victorian era in Great Britain but also on Germany, France, and America in the same formative period. The contributors--James Buzard, Lauren M. E. Goodlad, Liah Greenfeld, John Guillory, Simon Joyce, Henrika Kuklick, Christopher Lane, Jeff Nunokawa, Arkady Plotnitsky, Ivan Strenski, Athena Vrettos, and Gauri Viswanathan--examine the genealogy of various fields including English, sociology, economics, psychology, and quantum physics. Together with the editors' cogent introduction, they challenge the story of disciplinary formation as solely one of consolidation, constraint, and ideological justification. Addressing a broad range of issues--disciplinary formations, disciplinarity and professionalism, disciplines of the self, discipline and the state, and current disciplinary debates--the book aims to dislodge what the editors call the "comfortable pessimism" that too readily assimilates disciplines to techniques of management or control. It advances considerably the effort to more fully comprehend the complex legacy of the human sciences.

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Silvan S. Schweber, QED and the Men Who Made It: Dyson, Feynmen, Schwinger, and Tomonaga (1994). Silvan S. Schweber QUANTUM FIELD THEORY.

Author: John L. Heilbron

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195112290

Category: Science

Page: 994

View: 516

Containing 609 encyclopedic articles written by more than 200 prominent scholars, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science presents an unparalleled history of the field invaluable to anyone with an interest in the technology, ideas, discoveries, and learned institutions that have shaped our world over the past five centuries. Focusing on the period from the Renaissance to the early twenty-first century, the articles cover all disciplines (Biology, Alchemy, Behaviorism), historical periods (the Scientific Revolution, World War II, the Cold War), concepts (Hypothesis, Space and Time, Ether), and methodologies and philosophies (Observation and Experiment, Darwinism). Coverage is international, tracing the spread of science from its traditional centers and explaining how the prevailing knowledge of non-Western societies has modified or contributed to the dominant global science as it is currently understood. Revealing the interplay between science and the wider culture, the Companion includes entries on topics such as minority groups, art, religion, and science's practical applications. One hundred biographies of the most iconic historic figures, chosen for their contributions to science and the interest of their lives, are also included. Above all The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science is a companion to world history: modern in coverage, generous in breadth, and cosmopolitan in scope. The volume's utility is enhanced by a thematic outline of the entire contents, a thorough system of cross-referencing, and a detailed index that enables the reader to follow a specific line of inquiry along various threads from multiple starting points. Each essay has numerous suggestions for further reading, all of which favor literature that is accessible to the general reader, and a bibliographical essay provides a general overview of the scholarship in the field. Lastly, as a contribution to the visual appeal of the Companion, over 100 black-and-white illustrations and an eight-page color section capture the eye and spark the imagination.

Digestible Quantum Field Theory

For quantum electrodynamics and many other physical theories, one can prove (even though the ... QED and the Men Who Made It. It is fascinating reading!

Author: Andrei Smilga

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319599224

Category: Science

Page: 351

View: 750

This book gives an intermediate level treatment of quantum field theory, appropriate to a reader with a first degree in physics and a working knowledge of special relativity and quantum mechanics. It aims to give the reader some understanding of what QFT is all about, without delving deep into actual calculations of Feynman diagrams or similar. The author serves up a seven‐course menu, which begins with a brief introductory Aperitif. This is followed by the Hors d'oeuvres, which set the scene with a broad survey of the Universe, its theoretical description, and how the ideas of QFT developed during the last century. In the next course, the Art of Cooking, the author recaps on some basic facts of analytical mechanics, relativity, quantum mechanics and also presents some nutritious “extras” in mathematics (group theory at the elementary level) and in physics (theory of scattering). After these preparations, the reader should have a good appetite for the Entrées ‐ the central par t of the book where the Standard Model is described and explained. After Trou Normand, the restive pause including human stories about physicists and no formulas, the author serves the Dessert, devoted to supersymmetry (a very beautiful theory that is still awaiting a direct experimental confirmation), to general relativity and to the mystery of quantum gravity.

The Oxford Guide to the History of Physics and Astronomy

The success of renormalized QED in accounting for the Lamb shift, the anomalous magnetic moment ... Silvan S. Schweber, QED and the Men Who Made It (1994).

Author: John L. Heilbron

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199883769

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 331

With over 150 alphabetically arranged entries about key scientists, concepts, discoveries, technological innovations, and learned institutions, the Oxford Guide to Physics and Astronomy traces the history of physics and astronomy from the Renaissance to the present. For students, teachers, historians, scientists, and readers of popular science books such as Galileo's Daughter, this guide deciphers the methods and philosophies of physics and astronomy as well as the historical periods from which they emerged. Meant to serve the lay reader and the professional alike, this book can be turned to for the answer to how scientists learned to measure the speed of light, or consulted for neat, careful summaries of topics as complicated as quantum field theory and as vast as the universe. The entries, each written by a noted scholar and edited by J. L. Heilbron, Professor of History and Vice Chancellor, Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley, reflect the most up-to-date research and discuss the applications of the scientific disciplines to the wider world of religion, law, war, art and literature. No other source on these two branches of science is as informative or as inviting. Thoroughly cross-referenced and accented by dozens of black and white illustrations, the Oxford Guide to Physics and Astronomy is the source to turn to for anyone looking for a quick explanation of alchemy, x-rays and any type of matter or energy in between.

Not Even Wrong

QED and the Men Who Made It. Princeton University Press, 1994. 6. S. Schweber. QED and the Men Who Made It. p. 491. 7. J. Bjorken and S. Drell.

Author: Peter Woit

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 046500363X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 532

At what point does theory depart the realm of testable hypothesis and come to resemble something like aesthetic speculation, or even theology? The legendary physicist Wolfgang Pauli had a phrase for such ideas: He would describe them as "not even wrong," meaning that they were so incomplete that they could not even be used to make predictions to compare with observations to see whether they were wrong or not. In Peter Woit's view, superstring theory is just such an idea. In Not Even Wrong , he shows that what many physicists call superstring "theory" is not a theory at all. It makes no predictions, even wrong ones, and this very lack of falsifiability is what has allowed the subject to survive and flourish. Not Even Wrong explains why the mathematical conditions for progress in physics are entirely absent from superstring theory today and shows that judgments about scientific statements, which should be based on the logical consistency of argument and experimental evidence, are instead based on the eminence of those claiming to know the truth. In the face of many books from enthusiasts for string theory, this book presents the other side of the story.

Basics of Quantum Electrodynamics

Schweber, S.S.: QED and the Men Who Made It, Princeton University Press (1994) 29. Scharf, G.: Finite Quantum Electrodynamics: The Casual Approach, 2nd ed., ...

Author: Ioan Merches

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466580380

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 637

Quantum electrodynamics (QED) is the branch of relativistic quantum field theory that deals specifically with the interactions between charged particles. It is widely used to solve problems in many areas of physics, such as elementary particles, atomic and molecular systems, and solid state physics. This accessible text, Basics of Quantum Electrodynamics, supplies a solid foundation in this dynamic area of physics, making a direct connection to the concepts of quantum mechanics familiar to the advanced undergraduate student. Chapters cover the general theory of free fields and the quantization of the scalar, electromagnetic, and spinorial fields, which prepares readers for understanding field interactions. The authors describe the general theory of field interactions, introducing the scattering matrix and the Feynman–Dyson graphs. They then discuss divergence-free second-order processes, such as Compton and Møller scattering, followed by divergent second-order processes, which cover vacuum polarization and mass and charge renormalization. Providing a modern, informative textbook, this volume illustrates the intimate connection between quantum mechanics and QED in two basic steps: the quantization of free fields, followed by the theory of their interactions. The text contains solved problems to facilitate the application of the theory, as well as a useful appendix on the theory of distributions. The step-by-step description of the quantization of various fields and the clear presentation of the most important interaction processes in QED make this textbook a useful guide for those studying physics at both the graduate and undergraduate level, as well as a reference for teachers and researchers in the field.

Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics

Schweber, S. S. (1994) QED and the Men Who Made It. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. Schwinger, J. (ed.) (1958) Selected Papers on Quantum ...

Author: Akbar Salam

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470259302

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 547

The theory of molecular quantum electrodynamics and itsapplication to a number of intermolecular interactions Considerable advances have taken place in quantumelectrodynamical theory of intermolecular forces. Virtuallyimpacting all areas of science, molecular quantum electrodynamics(MQED) has been successfully applied to numerous radiation-moleculeand molecule-molecule processes. Molecular QuantumElectrodynamics delves in depth into the MQED theory oflong-range intermolecular forces, offering a variety of physicalviewpoints and calculational techniques. The text provides an introduction and background on: Field theoretic treatments, including the second quantizedMaxwell field formulation Intermolecular potential and a semi-classical perturbationtheory treatment of short- and long-range forces Retarded dispersion interactions including discriminatoryforces Intermolecular interactions in a radiation field Energy shift and transfer rate in relation to specific two- andmany-body forces Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics provides an essentialresource for chemists, physicists, biophysicists, materialsscientists, and nanochemists interested in exploring the theory andapplication of MQED.