Rodents in Desert Environments

The Evolution of Desert Adaptations. 190 A Comparison of Behavior Patterns. . 196 A Comparison of Behavior Patterns in: Meriones, Gerbillus and Perognathus . . . . . 210 Spacing and Communication 217 Acknowledgements 221 References . . . . ...

Author: I. Prakash

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401019444

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 508

The Evolution of Desert Adaptations. 190 A Comparison of Behavior Patterns. . 196 A Comparison of Behavior Patterns in: Meriones, Gerbillus and Perognathus . . . . . 210 Spacing and Communication 217 Acknowledgements 221 References . . . . . . . . 221 XI. Activity Patterns ofa Desert Rodent by N. R. FRENCH 225 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Methods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 The Microdosimeter and the Index of Activity. 227 Variation in Activity. . . . . . . . . . . . 229 Climatological Variables and Animal Activity . 229 Analysis . 232 Discussion 237 Summary 238 References 239 XII. Patterns of Food, Space and Diversity by M. L. ROSENZWEIG, BARBARA SMIGEL & A. KRAFT. 241 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . 241 Resource Allocation by Seed Selection 242 Habitat Selection in Space . . . . . 251 The Pattern of Local Species Diversity 260 Acknowledgements 266 References . . . . . . . . . . . . 266 XIII. Desert Coloration in Rodents by D. L. HARRISON. 269 Introduction . . . 269 Desert Coloration . 269 Acknowledgements 275 References . . . . 275 XIV. The Biology of so:me Desert-Dwelling Ground Squ- rels by A. C. HA WBECKER . 277 Introduction . 277 Reproduction. . . . . . 279 Food Habits . . . . . . 288 Population Characteristics 294 Habitat Factors . 297 References . . . . . . . 302 IX xv. Reproductive Biology of North ADlerican Desert Rodents by H. D. SMITH & C. D. JORGENSEN. 305 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 Reproductive Biology: Species Summaries. . . 308 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328 XVI. Rodent Faunas and EnvironDlental Changes in the Pleistocene of Israel by E. TCHERNOV . . . . . . . 331 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331 The Main Biogeographical Changes in the Near-East since the Miocene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331 The Composition of the Rodents Faunas in the Pleistocene of Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336 The Main Ecological Changes in the Quarternary of Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Spatial Ecology of Desert Rodent Communities

This volume compiles and generalizes data on the spatial structure of desert rodent communities, taking into account both global (biogeographic) and local (ecological) patterns.

Author: Georgy I. Shenbrot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642600239

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 399

Rodents are conspicuous and important components of the desert biome. Many general concepts in modern community and behavioral ecology use them as a main model. This volume compiles and generalizes data on the spatial structure of desert rodent communities, taking into account both global (biogeographic) and local (ecological) patterns. It is based on studies of rodents in different deserts of the Northern Hemisphere (Karakum, Kyzylkum, Bet-Pak-Dala, Gobi, Thar, Chihuahua, Negev, and North Caspian deserts) as well as on a thorough analysis of the literature.


Animals at the extremes The desert environment

This 14-hour free course looked at the survival strategies of desert dwelling animals according to their categories of evader, evaporator and endurer.

Author: The Open University

Publisher: The Open University

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 609

This 14-hour free course looked at the survival strategies of desert dwelling animals according to their categories of evader, evaporator and endurer.

Rodent Pest Management

Ghosh, P. K., Thermo-regulation and water economy in Indian desert rodents, in Rodents in Desert Environments, Prakash, I. and Ghosh, P. K., Eds., Dr. W. Junk, The Hague, 1975, 397. Ghosh, P. K. and Gaur, B. S., A comparative study of ...

Author: Ishwar Prakash

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351093355

Category: Medical

Page: 488

View: 140

The objective of this multi-authored compendium is, therefore, to bring together the state of arts reported in one place. Written by specialists by specialists in various fields of rondentology, and to suggest future lines of research. It is also felt that this work on rodent pest management will trigger more research effort for the benefit of mankind and help certain countries and organizations in revitalizing serious work in this field which, it appears, has dampened during the last few years.

Environmental Crisis And Conservation

In: Rodents in Desert Environments (Eds. I. Prakash and P.K. Ghosh), Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague, 75 - 116. 22.Prakash, I. 1975b. The ecology and zoogeography of mammals. In: Environment Analysis of the Thar Desert.

Author: DR. SUNIL KUMAR VERMA

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1329272218

Category:

Page:

View: 137


Encyclopedia of Deserts

GRASSHOPPER MOUSE GRASSES Members of the plant family Poaceae. Although they lack succulent ... They are also found extensively in some of the milder desert environments, where they form desert grasslands. Grasses are highly evolved ...

Author: Michael A. Mares

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806172290

Category: Nature

Page: 672

View: 175

Encyclopedia of Deserts represents a milestone: it is the first comprehensive reference to the first comprehensive reference to deserts and semideserts of the world. Approximately seven hundred entries treat subjects ranging from desert survival to the way deserts are formed. Topics include biology (birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, invertebrates, plants, bacteria, physiology, evolution), geography, climatology, geology, hydrology, anthropology, and history. The thirty-seven contributors, including volume editor Michael A. Mares, have had extensive careers in deserts research, encompassing all of the world’s arid and semiarid regions. The Encyclopedia opens with a subject list by topic, an organizational guide that helps the reader grasp interrelationships and complexities in desert systems. Each entry concludes with cross-references to other entries in the volume, inviting the reader to embark on a personal expedition into fascinating, previously unknown terrain. In addition a list of important readings facilitates in-depth study of each topic. An exhaustive index permits quick access to places, topics, and taxonomic listings of all plants and animals discussed. More than one hundred photographs, drawings, and maps enhance our appreciation of the remarkable life, landforms, history, and challenges of the world’s arid land.

Rodent Societies

Desert. Rodents. Table 31.1 A comparison of sociality, vegetative cover, feeding adaptations, ... To survive above ground in desert environments rodents often must withstand periods of limited plant growth, re- sulting in low primary ...

Author: Jerry O. Wolff

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226905381

Category: Science

Page: 610

View: 151

Rodent Societies synthesizes and integrates the current state of knowledge about the social behavior of rodents, providing ecological and evolutionary contexts for understanding their societies and highlighting emerging conservation and management strategies to preserve them. It begins with a summary of the evolution, phylogeny, and biogeography of social and nonsocial rodents, providing a historical basis for comparative analyses. Subsequent sections focus on group-living rodents and characterize their reproductive behaviors, life histories and population ecology, genetics, neuroendocrine mechanisms, behavioral development, cognitive processes, communication mechanisms, cooperative and uncooperative behaviors, antipredator strategies, comparative socioecology, diseases, and conservation. Using the highly diverse and well-studied Rodentia as model systems to integrate a variety of research approaches and evolutionary theory into a unifying framework, Rodent Societies will appeal to a wide range of disciplines, both as a compendium of current research and as a stimulus for future collaborative and interdisciplinary investigations.

Ecophysiology of Small Desert Mammals

J Comp Physiol 128:177–184 Eisenberg JF (1975) The behavior patterns of desert rodents. In: Prakash I, Ghosh PK (eds) Rodents in desert environments. Dr W Junk, The Hague, pp 189–224 Elgar MA, Harvey PH (1987) Basal metabolic rates in ...

Author: Allan A. Degen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642603513

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 203

Since small mammals have a large surface to mass ratio, one would expect them to quickly dehydrate and perish at high environmental temperatures. Nonetheless, a large number of small mammal species inhabit deserts. This fascinating phenomenon is investigated by Prof. A. Allan Degen in his book. The majority of small desert mammals are rodents, but shrews of several grams and small foxes of 1 kg are also present. Their survival is due mainly to behavioural adaptations and habitat selection, however, physiological adaptations also contribute to the success. Interestingly, many small mammals that live in different deserts of the world show similarities in their adaptive traits although they have different taxonomic affinities.