Singular Reference A Descriptivist Perspective

Chapter 3 Why Descriptivism Was So Successful 3.1 Premise Descriptivism can be seen as an attempt to provide a theoretical simplification based on reducing singular reference to generic reference. This is most evident in Quine's ...

Author: Francesco Orilia

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048133123

Category: Philosophy

Page: 290

View: 387

Singular reference is the relation that a singular term has to a corresponding individual. For example, "Obama" singularly refer to the current US president. Descriptivism holds that all singular terms refer by means of a concept associated to the term. The current trend is against this. This book explains in detail (mainly for newcomers) why anti-descriptivism became dominant in spite of its weaknesses and (for experts) how these weaknesses can be overcome by appropriately reviving descriptivism.

Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation

Perspectives. on. Downward. Causation. Downward causation plays a fundamental role in many theories of metaphysics and philosophy ... His recent publications include: Singular Reference: A Descriptivist Perspective (2010), “Positions, ...

Author: Michele Paolini Paoletti

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317271440

Category: Philosophy

Page: 334

View: 607

Downward causation plays a fundamental role in many theories of metaphysics and philosophy of mind. It is strictly connected with many topics in philosophy, including but not limited to: emergence, mental causation, the nature of causation, the nature of causal powers and dispositions, laws of nature, and the possibility of ontological and epistemic reductions. Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation brings together experts from different fields—including William Bechtel, Stewart Clark and Tom Lancaster, Carl Gillett, John Heil, Robin F. Hendry, Max Kistler, Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum —who delve into classic and unexplored lines of philosophical inquiry related to downward causation. It critically assesses the possibility of downward causation given different ontological assumptions and explores the connection between downward causation and the metaphysics of causation and dispositions. Finally, it presents different cases of downward causation in empirical fields such as physics, chemistry, biology and the neurosciences. This volume is both a useful introduction and a collection of original contributions on this fascinating and hotly debated philosophical topic.

Further Advances in Pragmatics and Philosophy Part 2 Theories and Applications

S. Neale 2004 This, that, and the other (in Descriptions and Beyond M. Reimer & A Bezuidenhout eds., Oxford at the UP, pp. 68–182). F. Orilia 2009 Singular reference/A descriptivist perspective (Dordrecht Springer).

Author: Alessandro Capone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030009734

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 594

View: 973

The two sections of this volume present theoretical developments and practical applicative papers respectively. Theoretical papers cover topics such as intercultural pragmatics, evolutionism, argumentation theory, pragmatics and law, the semantics/pragmatics debate, slurs, and more. The applied papers focus on topics such as pragmatic disorders, mapping places of origin, stance-taking, societal pragmatics, and cultural linguistics. This is the second volume of invited papers that were presented at the inaugural Pragmasofia conference in Palermo in 2016, and like its predecessor presents papers by well-known philosophers, linguists, and a semiotician. The papers present a wide variety of perspectives independent from any one school of thought.

The Philosophy of Logical Atomism

“A Descriptive Theory of Singular Reference.” Dialectica, 57: 7–40. Orilia, Francesco (2010). Singular Reference: A Descriptivist Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer. Pears, D. F. (1985). “Introduction.” In The Philosophy of Logical ...

Author: Landon D. C. Elkind

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319943642

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 210

This book offers a comprehensive critical survey of issues of historical interpretation and evaluation in Bertrand Russell's 1918 logical atomism lectures and logical atomism itself. These lectures record the culmination of Russell's thought in response to discussions with Wittgenstein on the nature of judgement and philosophy of logic and with Moore and other philosophical realists about epistemology and ontological atomism, and to Whitehead and Russell’s novel extension of revolutionary nineteenth-century work in mathematics and logic. Russell's logical atomism lectures have had a lasting impact on analytic philosophy and on Russell's contemporaries including Carnap, Ramsey, Stebbing, and Wittgenstein. Comprised of 14 original essays, this book will demonstrate how the direct and indirect influence of these lectures thus runs deep and wide.

The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language

Singular Reference: A Descriptivist Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer. Ortega-Andre ́s, M. and Vicente, A. (2019). Polysemy and co-predication. Glossa, 4(1), 1–23. Ortony, A. and Gupta, S. (2018). Lying and deception.

Author: Piotr Stalmaszczyk

Publisher:

ISBN: 110849238X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 800

View: 550

A comprehensive guide to contemporary investigations into the relationship between language, philosophy, and linguistics.

Quo Vadis Metaphysics

... Analysis and Reference (CLUEB, 1999), and Singular Reference. A Descriptivist Perspective (Springer, 2010), and coedited several collections, including, with M. Paolini Paoletti, Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward ...

Author: Mirosław Szatkowski

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110662647

Category: Philosophy

Page: 507

View: 773

The old philosophical discipline of metaphysics – after having been pronounced dead by many – has enjoyed a significant revival within the last thirty years, due to the application of the methods of analytic philosophy. One of the major contributors to this revival is the outstanding American metaphysician Peter van Inwagen. This volume brings together twenty-two scholars, who, in commemoration of Prof. van Inwagen's 75th birthday, ponder the future prospects of metaphysics in all the richness to which it has now returned. It is only natural that logical and epistemological reflections on the significance of metaphysics – sometimes called “meta-metaphysics” – play a considerable role in most of these papers. The volume is further enriched by an interview with Peter van Inwagen himself.

Casta eda and his Guises

257-281 Orilia, F., 2010, Singular Reference: A Descriptivist Perspective, Springer (Philosophical Studies Series vol. 113), New York-Berlin Perry, J., 1977, “Frege on Demonstratives,” Philosophical Review 86, pp. 474-497.

Author: Adriano Palma

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 1614519293

Category: Philosophy

Page: 222

View: 503

This volume responds to and reassesses the work of Hector-Neri Castañeda (1924-1991). The essays collected here, written by his students, followers, and opponents, examine Castañeda’s seminal views on deontic logic, metaethics, indedicality, praticitions, fictions, and metaphysics, utilizing the critical viewpoint afforded by time, as well as new data, to offer insights on his theories and methodology.

A Study on Existence

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76/1: 191– 198. Orilia, Francesco. 2002. Ulisse, il quadrato rotondo e l'attuale re di Francia. Pisa: Edizioni ETS. —.2010. Singular Reference: a Descriptivist Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer.

Author: Giuliano Bacigalupo

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443891703

Category: Philosophy

Page: 201

View: 755

The problem of existence is reputed to be one of the oldest and most intractable problems of philosophy: what do we mean when we say that something exists or, even more challengingly, that something does not exist? Intuitively, it seems that we all have a firm grip upon what we are saying. But how should we explain the difference – if any – between statements about existence and other, garden-variety predicative statements? What is the difference between saying that something exists and saying, for instance, that something is red, heavy, or soft? These questions provide the focus for this book. The authors discussed here include Hume, Kant, Brentano, Frege, Meinong, the Neo-Meinongians Routley, Parsons, Rapaport, Zalta, and Priest, and the free logicians Leonard, Lambert and Bencivenga. Finally, this study develops a deflationist account of existence, suggesting that there is no such thing as a nature of existence awaiting discovery.

The Road to Universal Logic

Ann. 75, 1–41 (1914) Orilia, F.: Singular Reference: A Descriptivist Perspective. Springer, Dordrecht (2010) Orilia, F.: Relational order and onto-thematic roles. Metaphysica 12(1), 1–18 (2011) Pagès, J.: Structural universals and ...

Author: Arnold Koslow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319101935

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 513

This is the first volume of a collection of papers in honor of the fiftieth birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau. These 25 papers have been written by internationally distinguished logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists and philosophers, including Arnon Avron, John Corcoran, Wilfrid Hodges, Laurence Horn, Lloyd Humbertsone, Dale Jacquette, David Makinson, Stephen Read, and Jan Woleński. It is a state-of-the-art source of cutting-edge studies in the new interdisciplinary field of universal logic. The papers touch upon a wide range of topics including combination of logic, non-classical logic, square and other geometrical figures of opposition, categorical logic, set theory, foundation of logic, philosophy and history of logic (Aristotle, Avicenna, Buridan, Schröder, MacColl). This book offers new perspectives and challenges in the study of logic and will be of interest to all students and researchers interested the nature and future of logic.

Russell

Predication, Analysis and Reference (Bologna: CLUEB, 1999). —— Ulisse, il quadrate rotondo e l'attuale re di Francia (Pisa: Edizion Ets, 2002). —— Singular Reference: A Descriptivist Perspective (Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2010).

Author: Gregory Landini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136934685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 488

View: 175

Bertrand Russell (1872–1970) was renowned as one of the founding figures of "analytic" philosophy, and for his lasting contributions to the study of logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics and epistemology. He was also famous for his popular works, where his humanism, ethics and antipathy towards religion came through in books such as The Problems of Philosophy, Why I am Not A Christian, and The Conquest of Happiness. Beginning with an overview of Russell’s life and work, Gregory Landini carefully explains Russell’s philosophy, to show why he ranks as one of the giants of British and Twentieth century philosophy. He discusses Russell’s major early works in philosophy of mathematics, including The Principles of Mathematics, wherein Russell illuminated and developed the ideas of Gottlob Frege; and the monumental three volume work written with Alfred North Whitehead, Principia Mathematica, where the authors attempted to show that all mathematical theory is part of logic, understood as a science of structure. Landini discusses the second edition of Principia Mathematica, to show Russell’s intellectual relationship with Wittgenstein and Ramsey. He discusses Russell’s epistemology and neutral monism before concluding with a discussion on Russell’s ethics, and the relationship between science and religion. Featuring a chronology and a glossary of terms, as well as suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, Russell is essential reading for anyone studying philosophy, and is an ideal guidebook for those coming to Russell for the first time.