An Analysis of California s Tax Credit for Solar powered Irrigation Pumping Systems

power is used to operate the water pump assembly , which consists of a DC
electrical motor connected to a water pump . ... The revenue from the sale of
excess electricity adds to the financial feasibility and cost effectiveness of solar
pump ...

Author: California. Legislature. Joint Legislative Budget Committee. Legislative Analyst

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Energy tax credits

Page: 60

View: 704


Applied Soft Computing and Embedded System Applications in Solar Energy

5.7.2 SOLAR -PUMPING Power production in solar pumping via solar energy is
used for irrigation and household purposes. Its importance for aqua pumping is
more evident in summer, paralleling the increase in sun-based rays; that is why ...

Author: Rupendra Kumar Pachauri

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1000391698

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 254

View: 254

Applied Soft Computing and Embedded System Applications in Solar Energy deals with energy systems and soft computing methods from a wide range of approaches and application perspectives. The authors examine how embedded system applications can deal with the smart monitoring and controlling of stand-alone and grid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) systems for increased efficiency. Growth in the area of artificial intelligence with embedded system applications has led to a new era in computing, impacting almost all fields of science and engineering. Soft computing methods implemented to energy-related problems regularly face data-driven issues such as problems of optimization, classification, clustering, or prediction. The authors offer real-time implementation of soft computing and embedded system in the area of solar energy to address the issues with microgrid and smart grid projects (both renewable and non-renewable generations), energy management, and power regulation. They also discuss and examine alternative solutions for energy capacity assessment, energy efficiency systems design, as well as other specific smart grid energy system applications. The book is intended for students, professionals, and researchers in electrical and computer engineering fields, working on renewable energy resources, microgrids, and smart grid projects. Examines the integration of hardware with stand-alone PV panels and real-time monitoring of factors affecting the efficiency of the PV panels Offers real-time implementation of soft computing and embedded system in the area of solar energy Discusses how soft computing plays a huge role in the prediction of efficiency of stand-alone and grid-connected solar PV systems Discusses how embedded system applications with smart monitoring can control and enhance the efficiency of stand-alone and grid-connected solar PV systems Explores swarm intelligence techniques for solar PV parameter estimation Dr. Rupendra Kumar Pachauri is Assistant Professor - Selection Grade in the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, India. Dr. Jitendra Kumar Pandey is Professor & Head of R&D in the University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, India. Mr. Abhishek Sharma is working as a research scientist in the research and development department (UPES, India). Dr. Om Prakash Nautiyal is working as a scientist in Uttarakhand Science Education & Research Centre (USERC), Department of Information and Science Technology, Govt. of Uttarakhand, Dehradun, India. Prof. Mangey Ram is working as a Research Professor at Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India.

Solar Water Pumping

A 'state of the art' survey, with guides to costs and criteria for choice of pumping methods.

Author: Jeff Kenna

Publisher: Intermediate Technology

ISBN:

Category: Hydraulic machinery

Page: 123

View: 790

A 'state of the art' survey, with guides to costs and criteria for choice of pumping methods.

The Real Goods Solar Living Sourcebook

Because of these harsh economic realities the solar pumping industry tends to
use the most efficient pumps available . For many applications that means a
positive displacement pump . In this class of pumps there is no possibility of the
water ...

Author: John Schaeffer

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Conservation of natural resources

Page: 562

View: 258

Covers power, conservation, and gear.

Fourth E C Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference

This enables the size requirements to be specified to match the end uses
identified and so avoids the cost penalty of incorrect sizing of solar pumping
systems. It is important also to demonstrate that solar pumping technology is at
least ...

Author: W.H. Bloss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400978987

Category: Science

Page: 1102

View: 123

This paper is written in the belief that people are important and that equipment is to serve the needs of the people and therefore should be designed to meet their specific needs and environment. This is particularly important in the case of a developing country when a professional engineer accepts the responsibility to formulate policies evaluate equipment imple ment projects and train national people. 1. Government, geography and climate Papua New Guinea, an independent and self governing state since 1975, is located directly North of Australia above the North Eastern State of Queensland. The country extends from 141° east longitude, at the border with Indonesia (Irian Jaya) to 160° east longitude and between latitudes 1° and 12° south (see figure 1). Papua New Guinea is a parliamentary democracy, with a single legis lature known as the National Parliament (1). The State is divided into 19 provinces plus the National Capital District (Port Moresby) with de centralized Government established in each province. Before independence the country comprised the Australian territory of Papua in the southern regions and the United Nations Trust Territory of New Guinea in the North (1). Land area is 462,840 square kilometres This inclUdes the mainland, the three large islands of New Britain, ~ew Ireland and fiougainville plus 600 small islands and archipelagos. Approximate direct distances from the capital city of Port Moresby to some of the other centres are : Vanimo 990 km, Rabaul SOO km, Arawa 990 km and Lorengau S25 km.


1999 ISES Solar World Congress

AN ASTIGMATIC CORRECTED TARGET-ALIGNED SOLAR CONCENTRATOR
FOR SOLID STATE LASER PUMPING Mordechai Lando, Jacob Kagan, Boris
Linyekin, Ludmila Sverdalov and Grigory Pecheny Laser Division, Rotem
Industries.

Author: G. Grossman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080951782

Category: Science

Page: 1810

View: 415

These volumes of Proceedings are the record of the 1999 ISES Solar World Congress, held in Jerusalem, Israel on the 45th Anniversary of the International Solar Energy Society. The Congress was held under the theme Solar is Renewable, adequately representing a meeting on the threshold of the 21st Century. The event also marks the 20th anniversary of the Israeli Section of ISES, founded in 1979 - the year ISES celebrated its Silver Jubilee. A business track under the title of Solar Means Business included presentations and discussions on market implementation of solar technology. The Congress further included two panel discussions and two workshops, dealing with WIRE (World-wide Information System for Renewable Energy) and with IPMVP (International Performance Measurement. These proceeding consist of the Keynote Papers and presented papers.

Solar Assisted Ground Source Heat Pump Solutions

Therefore, it makes sense to limit solar heat release into the ground, since this
comes with an energy cost (pumping energy consumption). Gains in heat pump
performance (COP), due to a warmer soil, have to exceed energy spent for ...

Author: Francesco Reda

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319496980

Category: Science

Page: 56

View: 476

This book analyses solar-assisted ground-source heat pump systems, a technology meant for producing heating and cooling energy for buildings. It focuses on ground source heat pump, reversible central heating and cooling system that transfer heat from or to the ground, applications which use solar thermal collectors. Providing deep insights into energy-saving, solar thermal system operating strategies, it illustrates examples of useful configurations and controlling approach for different climates for different vertical ground heat exchanger depths. Offering an overview of solar assisted ground source heat pump systems, including design principles and energy-performance data for different climates, it is a valuable resource for designers and scientists who focus on building heating and cooling technologies.

Solar Age

As they awake to the PV market , major pump manufacturers such as Grundfos
and A.Y. McDonald have begun to package complete solar pumping systems ,
including batteries , panels , pumps , and controllers . 10 Wilt Tris 10 D Bedie
1617 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Solar energy

Page:

View: 878


Solar Energy for Rural Communities

the very high reliability of solar pumping systems has to be tempered by the
knowledge that should there be a component failure , the pump may be
unavailable for some weeks . There are four types of PV pumping systems
currently in use in ...

Author: Gil Yaron

Publisher: Intermediate Technology

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 444

In Namibia, as in many developing countries, a high proportion of rural communities lack access to the national electricity grid. A major reason for this is the fundamental problem of providing a service, which cannot recover its costs, to areas of low population density. Little use has been made of solar energy to meet the needs of rural communities. This book investigates the potential for photovoltaic and, to a lesser extent, other solar energy technologies to meet these energy needs.


Solar Electricity

Photovoltaic Array Storage Tank Trickle Irrigation System Power Conditioning
Water Level Floating Motor / Pump Set Fig . 5.12 Diagram of solar irrigation
pumping system in the Sahel region of Africa the storage needs to be 3-5 days of
 ...

Author: K. Bogus

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 228

View: 896

Photovoltaics, the direct conversion of light into electricity, is set to become an important means of power generation. The environmental benefits provided by solar electricity are manifest. This book explains the history, present status and future of this exciting renewable energy source. All aspects of photovoltaics are considered with strong emphasis given to practical applications. This comprehensive text: . Provides an analysis of the geographical effects of solar electricity. Readers are shown how the available solar radiation data can be used to determine the solar energy supply for a given location. Considers the principles of photovoltaic energy conversion alongside the solar cell operation in practice. The manufacture of the most commonly used solar cells - crystalline silicon and thin films - is described in detail. Describes photovoltaic engineering, taking a look at the structure of a photovoltaic system, photovoltaic generator, energy storage, power conditioning and control, and the question of sizing. Deals with the environmental impacts of photovoltaic technology. The environmental costs of photovoltaics and the need for environmental assessment of energy sources are analysed in detail. Discusses a range of important advanced topics such as: large photovoltaic systems, photovoltaics under concentrated sunlight, and the hydrogen economy. Includes useful self-assessment question and answer sections at the end of each chapter. Written by a team of experts in the field, this text will appeal to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in power engineering, mechanical engineering and physics. Practising power engineers will also find this comprehensive text aninvaluable reference source.

Wind Pumping

Costs of water pumped by a solar pump ( reference 1 ) Consider a solar pump :
Per is by definition the ( electric ) peak power output in kWp of a solar cell array at
25 ° C ambient temperature at a solar irradiation intensity of 1 kW / m2 . H. is the ...

Author: Joop Van Meel

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Wind pumps

Page: 273

View: 617



Development of Freshwater Resources in the Rural Areas of the ESCWA Region Using Non conventional Techniques

Solar and wind energy has been converted to electricity and mechanical power
and used to pump water . The technology of solar pumping systems has recently
been improved and the cost has been reduced . Solar pumping systems in ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Water conservation

Page: 86

View: 840

SCOTT (copy 1): From the John Holmes Library collection.

Solar Water Pumping

Real world case studies are presented from around the world, including Africa, Asia and the US, plus a ten-year follow-up study of more than 200 systems in Mexico. Overall, the volume will serve as a standard reference for years to come.

Author: Robert Foster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415713498

Category:

Page: 234

View: 695

Pumping water is a universal need and a major energy challenge, especially where electrical service is absent, expensive or unreliable. Water demands are greatest when the sun shines most intensely. Could there be a better power source for pumping, than the sunshine itself? Over a million solar pumps are already in use for irrigation, livestock, pond and stream management, water treatment, homes and communities, emergency relief, government and recreational facilities, and more. They are rapidly replacing hand pumps, engines, windmills, and even public grid power. To succeed, designers, suppliers, funders and owners need to understand the unique aspects of this technology. This comprehensive and unique volume fills a major gap in the literature on this rapidly-growing industry. Three pioneering authors share over 80 years of combined solar pumping experience in private, public and educational sectors. They describe the theory and practice of solar pumping, including small, medium and large scale approaches, for the developing and the developed world. The book covers solar power, pump and control technologies, system sizing and design, storage and back-up, installation, operation and maintenance, and remote connectivity. It presents accessibility solutions for small farms and villages, as well as advice for involving communities, business, NGOs and financial institutions, based on the diverse experience of the authors. Examples with full colour illustrations and photos are included throughout. Real world case studies are presented from around the world, including Africa, Asia and the US, plus a ten-year follow-up study of more than 200 systems in Mexico. Overall, the volume will serve as a standard reference for years to come.

The Real Goods Solar Living Sourcebook

The pump is capable of 130 feet, but needs more power than the 96-watt Quads
to lift higher than 75 feet. This pump/controller/quad-lam combination is the least
expensive solar pumping option available. This pump is not a good choice for ...

Author: Real Goods Trading Corporation

Publisher: Real Goods Trading Corporation

ISBN:

Category: Appropriate technology

Page: 656

View: 151

Covers power, conservation, and gear.

Source Book of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in Small Island Developing States

Solar Pumps L Pump rod Rising main Ellmil - Casing The simplest solar pumping
system consists of a solar module , or array of modules , wired directly to a pump .
This type of solar pumping system is called an array - direct , solar pumping ...

Author: South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Appropriate technology

Page: 223

View: 181

The small island developing states of the world have seen growing pressure on water resources, with increasing demand and costs, for agricultural, domestic and industrial consumption. This has brought about the need to maximize and augment the use of existing or unexploited sources of freshwater. This sourcebook provides water resource managers and planners, especially in developing countries and in countries with economies in transition, with information on the range of technologies that have been developed and used in the various countries throughout the world.

Solar Energy Digest

By the ease with which the size of the pumping plant can be enlarged or reduced
by adding or subtracting solar collectors and by uising larger or smaller engines
and other auxiliary equipment . f ) . By the location of the engine inside the solar ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Solar energy

Page:

View: 430


Solar Engineering Contracting

Case history # 1 : Eastern U . S . The economics of solar pumping have changed
. Jacuzzi solar - flow pumps operate on direct current from a photovoltaic source
totally eliminating the power losses of DC / AC conversion . Improved hydraulic ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Solar energy

Page:

View: 194