The Development of Modern Spain

Primary school attendance and literacy in Spain , 1910–1990 ( 1 ) ( 3 ) ( 4 ) ( 2 )
Pop . 5-14 years ( in Students ( in thousands ) Percentage enrolled Year
thousands ) Literacy rate 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
1,600 1,950 ...

Author: Gabriel Tortella Casares

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674000940

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 733

This reinterpretation of the history of modern Spain from the Enlightenment to the threshold of the twenty-first century explains the surprising changes that took Spain from a backward and impoverished nation, with decades of stagnation, civil disorder, and military rule, to one of the ten most developed economies in the world. The culmination of twenty years' work by the dean of economic history in Spain, founder of the Revista de Historia Económica and recipient of the Premio Rey Juan Carlos, Spain's highest honor for an academic, the book is rigorously analytical and quantitative, but eminently accessible. It reveals views and approaches little explored until now, showing how the main stages of Spanish political history have been largely determined by economic developments and by a seldom mentioned factor: human capital formation. It is comparative throughout, and concludes by applying the lessons of Spanish history to the plight of today's developing nations.

Spain Europe and the Spanish Miracle 1700 1900

3 Glimpses of the Spanish economy As we have seen , Spain has perennially
been characterized as a backward , agrarian society that repeatedly missed
opportunities to participate in the economic developments that constituted the
Industrial ...

Author: David R. Ringrose

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521646307

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 553

A challenging re-examination of Spanish history, questioning orthodoxies about Spain's economy and society.


This volume assesses the evolution of Spain's external relations during the 1990s, within and beyond Europe, and assesses the principal challenges facing the country at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Author: Richard Gillespie

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714651101

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 943

This volume assesses the evolution of Spain's external relations during the 1990s, within and beyond Europe, and assesses the principal challenges facing the country at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The coincidence of several crucial global and European developments has had a profound effect on Spain. Adjustment of the economy and changes in foreign policy perspectives have become unavoidable. In turn, Spain, as an increasingly self-confident member of the EU, has itself become a significant actor in European-level developments. Spain's relationship with Europe and the wider world is increasingly balanced between new constraints and new opportunities for international influence.


In this guide, a resident of Spain delves into every province and town.

Author: Kelly Lipscomb

Publisher: Hunter Publishing, Inc

ISBN: 9781588433985

Category: Travel

Page: 653

View: 300

Describing the most significant cities, islands, mountains, parks and foods, this book is a guide to the finest attractions to be found in Spain. Written by a resident of the country, it covers the entire country from Ibiza to Granada, Andalucia, Barcelona, Madrid and Toledo.

Spain and Its World 1500 1700

Selected Essays John Huxtable Elliott. I SPAIN AND ITS EMPIRE IN THE
SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES One of the greatest empires in
world history is known to us as the ' Spanish Empire ' , but this is not the name by
which it ...

Author: John Huxtable Elliott

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300048636

Category: History

Page: 295

View: 814

It used to be said that the sun never set on the empire of the King of Spain. It was therefore appropriate that Emperor Charles V should have commissioned from Battista Agnese in 1543 a world map as a birthday present for his sixteen-year-old son, the future Philip II. This was the world as Charles V and his successors of the House of Austria knew it, a world crossed by the golden path of the treasure fleets that linked Spain to the riches of the Indies. It is this world, with Spain at its center, that forms the subject of this book. J.H. Elliott, the pre-eminent historian of early modern Spain and its world, originally published these essays in a variety of books and journals. They have here been grouped into four sections, each with an introduction outlining the circumstances in which they were written and offering additional reflections. The first section, on the American world, explores the links between Spain and its American possessions. The second section, "The European World," extends beyond the Castilian center of the Iberian peninsula and its Catalan periphery to embrace sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe as a whole. In "The World of the Court," the author looks at the character of the court of the Spanish Habsburgs and the perennially uneasy relationship between the world of political power and the world of arts and letters. The final section is devoted to the great historical question of the decline of Spain, a question that continues to resonate in the Anglo-American world of today.


the time of Julius Caesar , for Roman customs to be fully integrated in Spain .
Christianity became established in the second century AD . By the third century
AD , the Romans were reducing their military presence in Spain . In AD 376 , the

Author: Graham Faiella

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9780823940028

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 254

Spain occupies most of a peninsula that it shares with Portugal in southwestern Europe. Under Muslim control for nearly 800 years, Spain enjoyed the introduction of new farming techniques, magnificent palaces, mosques, gardens, and public baths. Christians conquered Spain in 1722. Spain became a powerful empire in the 16th and 17th centuries. Catholic monarchs sent conquistadors to conquer, convert, and extract riches from native population in the Americas. Spanish influence has been especially strong there. Today Spanish is the first language of more than 200 million people outside of Spain’s borders. Through primary sources, readers will get an in-depth look at the history, culture, traditions, foods, and lifestyles of the people of Spain. From this book, readers will come to know Spain and its people

Spain For Dummies

Two superb vintage luxury trains, reminiscent of the Orient Express, operate in
Spain. One is El Transcantábrico, which runs across the green north of Spain,
from San Sebastián to Santiago de Compostela. The other is Al-Andalus Expreso
, ...

Author: Neil Edward Schlecht

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470139129

Category: Travel

Page: 552

View: 488

Muslims in Spain 1500 to 1614

(No doubt in the case of a few of the individual Muslims who now reside in Spain
it might be possible to trace some genealogical connection with ancestors who
cameoriginallyfromthe peninsula,but on-the-spotcontinuity islacking.) The first ...

Author: L. P. Harvey

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226319652

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 231

On December 18, 1499, the Muslims in Granada revolted against the Christian city government's attempts to suppress their rights to live and worship as followers of Islam. Although the Granada riot was a local phenomenon that was soon contained, subsequent widespread rebellion provided the Christian government with an excuse—or justification, as its leaders saw things—to embark on the systematic elimination of the Islamic presence from Spain, as well as from the Iberian Peninsula as a whole, over the next hundred years. Picking up at the end of his earlier classic study, Islamic Spain, 1250 to 1500— which described the courageous efforts of the followers of Islam to preserve their secular, as well as sacred, culture in late medieval Spain—L. P. Harvey chronicles here the struggles of the Moriscos. These forced converts to Christianity lived clandestinely in the sixteenth century as Muslims, communicating in aljamiado— Spanish written in Arabic characters. More broadly, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614, tells the story of an early modern nation struggling to deal with diversity and multiculturalism while torn by the fanaticism of the Counter-Reformation on one side and the threat of Ottoman expansion on the other. Harvey recounts how a century of tolerance degenerated into a vicious cycle of repression and rebellion until the final expulsion in 1614 of all Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula. Retold in all its complexity and poignancy, this tale of religious intolerance, political maneuvering, and ethnic cleansing resonates with many modern concerns. Eagerly awaited by Islamist and Hispanist scholars since Harvey's first volume appeared in 1990, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614, will be compulsory reading for student and specialist alike. “The year’s most rewarding historical work is L. P. Harvey’s Muslims in Spain 1500 to 1614, a sobering account of the various ways in which a venerable Islamic culture fell victim to Christian bigotry. Harvey never urges the topicality of his subject on us, but this aspect inevitably sharpens an already compelling book.”—Jonathan Keats, Times Literary Supplement

The Geology of Spain

Cenozoic volcanic rocks in mainland Spain are located in the NE , east , SE and
southern central parts of the peninsula ( Fig . 17 . 1 ) , and are mostly Neogene in
age , although there was minor activity in both late Oligocene and Quaternary ...

Author: Wes Gibbons

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862391109

Category: Science

Page: 649

View: 257

The Federalization of Spain

3 The Mode of Relations within Decentralized Spain In Italy , Holland , Portugal ,
Sweden and Norway , 99 per cent of the population of each of these states
belong to one nationality ; in Spain and Denmark 96 per cent of the population .

Author: Luis Moreno

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714651385

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 979

"An explanatory model of multiple ethnoterritorial concurrence is put forward and refers to asymmetry and heterogeneity among territorially-based political formations. The final chapter of the book deals with the dual identity expressed by a majority of Spaniards, and future scenarios for a federalized Spain. The Federalization of Spain is discussed in a comparative framework, using the Spanish experience to explore the more general question of regional and national accommodation in states of plural composition. The Spanish case offers the possibility of formulating medium-range generalizations that can be extrapolated to countries of analogous characteristics."--Jacket.

A History of Islamic Spain

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ISLAMIC SPAIN 1. The Arab and Islamic Colony One of
the lines of thought about Islamic Spain suggested at the beginning of this book
is that which considers it as part of the great community of Muslims. It was a limb

Author: Professor W Montgomery Watt

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202309361

Category: History

Page: 183

View: 475

The period of Muslim occupation in Spain represents the only significant contact Islam and Europe was ever to have on European soil. In this important as well as fascinating study, Watt traces Islam's influence upon Spain and European civilization--from the collapse of the Visigoths in the eighth century to the fall of Granada in the fifteenth, and considers Spain's importance as a part of the Islamic empire. Particular attention is given to the golden period of economic and political stability achieved under the Umayyads. Without losing themselves in detail and without sacrificing complexity, the authors discuss the political, social, and economic continuity in Islamic Spain, or al-Andalus, in light of its cultural and intellectual effects upon the rest of Europe. Medieval Christianity, Watt points out, found models of scholarship in the Islamic philosophers and adapted the idea of holy war to its own purposes while the final reunification of Spain under the aegis of the Reconquista played a significant role in bringing Europe out of the Middle Ages. A survey essential to anyone seeking a more complete knowledge of European or Islamic history, the volume also includes sections on literature and philology by Pierre Cachia. This series of "Islamic surveys" is designed to give the educated reader something more than can be found in the usual popular books. Each work undertakes to survey a special part of the field, and to show the present stage of scholarship here. Where there is a clear picture this will be given; but where there are gaps, obscurities and differences of opinion, these will also be indicated. Full and annotated bibliographies will afford guidance to those who want to pursue their studies further. There will also be some account of the nature and extent of the source material. The series is addressed in the first place to the educated reader, with little or no previous knowledge of the subject; its character is such that it should be of value also to university students and others whose interest is of a more professional kind.

Spain s First Democracy

That the new wave of democratization did not fully impact Spain earlier was due
above all to its neutrality in the war , which gave the established oligarchic
regime a few more years of life than was the case elsewhere . Even the first
impulses of ...

Author: Stanley G. Payne

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299136741

Category: History

Page: 477

View: 609

The significance of Spain's Second Republic has been largely overshadowed by the cataclysmic Civil War that immediately followed it. Stanley Payne brings his immense knowledge of Spanish history to bear on the five-year span of the Second Republic as a historic entity in its own right. In Spain's First Democracy, he argues that the Republic was one of the major national attempts at political democratization and reform in Europe between the World Wars and represented the most important effort to swim against the tide during Europe's “era of fascism.” Payne's detailed study places the Republic within the historical framework of Spanish liberalism and the rapid modernization of interwar Europe, which was unlike any other period in Spain's history. Payne discusses the Republicans' efforts to establish Spain's first democratic political systems and to institute major reforms within the Republic. In highlighting reforms in politics and government, church-state relations, education and culture, public works, military affairs, and society as a whole, he assesses the successes and failures of these reforms as well as the reasons for their limitations. He also examines the economic and foreign policy issues of the period. Focusing particularly on political conflict and social cleavage, Payne brilliantly explores the sources and character of the political polarization that developed as a result of the assaults on the Republic from the Left and the Right. He identifies the main political actors in this schism and their role in the eventual breakdown of the Republic. Tracing the progressive collapse of the Republican polity in the first half of 1936, Payne stresses the importance of political violence in the democracy's downfall. In restoring perspectives that have been ignored or bypassed, Payne presents a consistent and detailed interpretation of Spain's Second Republic, demonstrating its striking parallels to the Weimar Republic in Germany.

Spain s 1898 Crisis

3 Tackling national decadence : economic regenerationism in Spain after the
colonial débâcle Joseph Harrison The first challenge to the Spain's Restoration
regime after the colonial débâcle of 1898 came , not from the political opposition
of ...

Author: Joseph Harrison

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719058622

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 829

This book examines the significance of probably the most famous year in modern Spanish culture - 1898, which marked her defeat in the Spanish American War. The editors have brought together 21 essays by international specialists in the field.

Gender Identity and Representation in Spain s Golden Age

of gender, identity, and representations in Hispanic literature, both in our own
time ...

Author: Anita K. Stoll

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 9780838754252

Category: Drama

Page: 208

View: 723

"In 1991 The Perception of Women in Spanish Theater of the Golden Age provided a forum for a group of Hispanists concerned with correcting the failure to acknowledge the place of women in Golden Age Spain. This new collection of essays reflects the continuing interest in the topic and provides a new historical focus on literature and culture together."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Courtship Customs in Postwar Spain

Fifteen years ago, questions of this kind led me to delve into minor texts of
eighteenth-century Spain (newspapers, sermon collections, edicts, private
correspondence, memoirs) and, because I was studying customs of courtship
and marriage, ...

Author: Carmen Martín Gaite

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 9780838755747

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 864

She calls attention to the hypocrisy of the system, to the image versus the reality, and to how certain watchwords like "rationing" and "restriction" went beyond their economic applications to touch on personal behavior and attitudes." "Themes she touches on in the nine chapters (and epilogue) include proper dress and behavior for women; a young woman's limited future; the influence of the Falange (Fascist) party on society and on individual behaviour; the "rebel" girl; family life; sex; cinema and the Spaniard; and courtship and the stages of relationship."

Fascism in Spain 1923 1977

Three The Fascism of the Intellectuals The appeal of fascism in Spain was limited
by the weakness of Spanish nationalism , by the country ' s lack of involvement in
World War I , and by the lesser impact there of the cultural crisis of the fin - de ...

Author: Stanley G. Payne

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299165642

Category: History

Page: 601

View: 171

Fascism in Spain, 1923–1977, by celebrated historian Stanley G. Payne, is the most comprehensive history of Spanish fascism to appear in any language. This authoritative study offers treatment of all the major doctrines, personalities, and defining features of the Spanish fascist movement, from its beginnings until the death of General Francisco Franco in 1977. Payne describes and analyzes the development of the Falangist party both prior to and during the Spanish Civil War, presenting a detailed analysis of its transformation into the state party of the Franco regime—Falange Española Tradicionalista—as well as its ultimate conversion into the pseudofascist Movimiento Nacional. Payne devotes particular attention to the crucial years 1939–1942, when the Falangists endeavored to expand their influence and convert the Franco regime into a fully Fascist system. Fascism in Spain helps us to understand the personality of Franco, the way in which he handled conflict within the regime, and the reasons for the long survival of his rule. Payne concludes with the first full inquiry into the process of “defascistization,” which began with the fall of Mussolini in 1943 and extended through the Franco regime’s later efforts to transform the party into a more viable political entity.

Teens in Spain

MADE. The service industry makes up about 64 percent of all jobs in Spain .

Author: Jason Skog

Publisher: Capstone

ISBN: 9780756524463

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 294

Explores the daily lives and customs of Spanish teenagers, discussing holidays, education, entertainment, and culture.

Spain Third Edition

Angel Ganivet During the early years of the Spanish Republic the communist
party in Spain had only a few thousand members. It was an insignificant political
force. Spanish fascism, or Falangism, was equally unimportant on the national ...

Author: John A. Crow

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520244962

Category: History

Page: 455

View: 634

An interpretative history of Spain's culture, politics, traditions, and people from prehistoric times to the present, with particular concern for twentieth-century life, thought, and more.


COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD - SPAIN FRANCE 18 M e di ter r a n é a n
TEMPERATURE AND RAINFALL JEMAM J J A S O N. up than the land , it stays
warm for longer . This means it continues to warm the coastal regions long after
the land ...

Author: Neil Champion

Publisher: Evans Brothers

ISBN: 9780237528560

Category: Spain

Page: 61

View: 625

This fantastic new series provides the most up-to-date information possible using maps, diagrams, charts and specially commissioned photos to support up-to-the minute text. Meticulously researched, each book offers a fascinating insight into the life of the country, providing an ideal support for GCSE Geography studies, as well as providing general information about the countries of the world.

Theatre in Spain 1490 1700

The play that makes great human drama out of the religious preoccupations of
the time was Spain ' s most distinctive contribution to the European theatre . A
special group of these plays , however , were not performed in the corrales at all ,
but ...

Author: Melveena McKendrick

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521429016

Category: Drama

Page: 330

View: 241

This is the first book to examine the rise of Spain's extraordinary national theatre in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in all its aspects - the commercial theatre, the court drama and the Corpus autos, the organisation of theatrical life, the playhouses themselves and their public, the literary and moral controversies, and the plays as literary texts. The book has been written for students of drama as well as Hispanists: Spanish theatre is set in its national and international context; Spanish titles and theatrical terms are translated. Considerable space has been devoted to the experimental drama of the sixteenth century before Lope de Vega. At the core of the book is a highly distinctive, successful national theatre which mirrored the energies, beliefs and anxieties of a great nation in crisis, yet at the same time granted full expression to the individual genius of its greatest exponents - Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina and Calderon de la Barca.