Spillover Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic

In 2020, the novel coronavirus gripped the world in a global pandemic and led to the death of hundreds of thousands. The source of the previously unknown virus? Bats.

Author: David Quammen

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393239225

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 104

"[Mr. Quammen] is not just among our best science writers but among our best writers, period." —Dwight Garner, New York Times The next big human pandemic—the next disease cataclysm, perhaps on the scale of AIDS or the 1918 influenza—is likely to be caused by a new virus coming to humans from wildlife. Experts call such an event “spillover” and they warn us to brace ourselves. David Quammen has tracked this subject from the jungles of Central Africa, the rooftops of Bangladesh, and the caves of southern China to the laboratories where researchers work in space suits to study lethal viruses. He illuminates the dynamics of Ebola, SARS, bird flu, Lyme disease, and other emerging threats and tells the story of AIDS and its origins as it has never before been told. Spillover reads like a mystery tale, full of mayhem and clues and questions. When the Next Big One arrives, what will it look like? From which innocent host animal will it emerge? Will we be ready?


Information Spillover Effect and Autoregressive Conditional Duration Models

This book studies the information spillover among financial markets and explores the intraday effect and ACD models with high frequency data.

Author: Xiangli Liu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317667654

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 603

This book studies the information spillover among financial markets and explores the intraday effect and ACD models with high frequency data. This book also contributes theoretically by providing a new statistical methodology with comparative advantages for analyzing comovements between two time series. It explores this new method by testing the information spillover between the Chinese stock market and the international market, futures market and spot market. Using the high frequency data, this book investigates the intraday effect and examines which type of ACD model is particularly suited in capturing financial duration dynamics. The book will be of invaluable use to scholars and graduate students interested in comovements among different financial markets and financial market microstructure and to investors and regulation departments looking to improve their risk management.








New Aspects of Spillover Effect in Catalysis

It also contains studies on applications of the spillover effect to improve industrial catalytic processes. The book will be invaluable in the development of industrial catalysts and for solving energy and environmental protection problems.

Author: K. Fujimoto

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080887708

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 560

The spillover effect is one of the most promising factors in the enhancement of catalytic reaction rates. The spillover phenemenon was found in the 1960s by several research groups independently. It was defined at the previous International Symposium on Spillover as follows Spillover involves the transport of active species which are adsorbed or formed on a first phase onto another phase that does not adsorb or form the species under the same condition. However, this effect appears typically in the dynamic state, i.e., during reactions, which advance with a considerable reaction rate. This makes it difficult to elucidate the spillover effect through static methods. Therefore, more fundamental investigations are necessary. The development of alternative energy sources and protection of the environment demands highly selective and very rapid catalytic reactions at deviating conditions. To achieve these goals new concepts, such as the spillover effect, are needed. This proceedings book, which comprises 80 papers, contains methods for preparing catalysts in order to realize spillover effects and suggests the most probable mechanisms to explain these non-linear phenomena. It also contains studies on applications of the spillover effect to improve industrial catalytic processes. The book will be invaluable in the development of industrial catalysts and for solving energy and environmental protection problems.


Spillover Effects of China Going Global

China's remarkable transition from merely being a “world factory”, to the source of the world's new R&D and product design and innovation since the 1980s is the key focus of Spillover Effects of China Going Global.

Author: Joseph Pelzman

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814603368

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 873

When the People's Republic of China (PRC) was granted Most Favored Nation (MFN) status by the United States in 1979, no one imagined the massive transformation the Chinese economy would make within a few decades. China's remarkable transition from merely being a “world factory”, to the source of the world's new R&D and product design and innovation since the 1980s is the key focus of Spillover Effects of China Going Global. In this insightful and unique book, Joseph Pelzman shows how the second largest world economy triggered off many spillover effects beyond mass-labour production of durable and non-durable goods — such as the provision of foreign aid to African, Latin American and Asian economies, and increasing focus on internal endogenous innovation, research and development. He provides a comprehensive look at these spillover effects and analyzes how they will undoubtedly bring positive opportunities for others within the rest of the world in the 21st Century.

Spillover and Mobility of Species on Solid Surfaces

Hydrogen spillover was thought responsible of two main results: regeneration of Bronsted acid sites and addition of the hydride species on the carbenium ion ...

Author: A. Guerrero-Ruiz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080539744

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 383

"Spillover and Mobility of Species and Solid Surfaces" collects the papers which were presented at the Fifth International Conference Spillover, either as oral or poster contributions, as well as the summaries of the invited lectures. This congress and its publication in the Studies on Surface Science and Catalysis series follow the tradition of previous conferences on spillover, initiated in Lyon, 1983, and continued in Leipzig, 1989, Kyoto 1993 and Dalian, 1997. For the fifth conference, held in S.L. el Escorial (Madrid), the organising committee has attempted to compile representative contributions which illustrate the advances in understanding the spillover phenomenon since 1997. Spillover is a process taking place during the interface of gas reactant molecules (mainly hydrogen and oxygen) on solid surfaces. However, different contributions to the more general area of the chemistry at surfaces, related with the mobility and migration of species, diffusion through membranes, fuel cell catalysts, etc., have also been included. In fact the title of the present volume summarizes this attempt to extend the conference topics towards dynamics at surfaces. Among the 70 contributions received, the 56 accepted papers were selected on the basis of the reports of at least two international reviewers, according to standards comparable to those applied for other specialised journals. These papers are from 21 different countries.

Financial Vulnerability Spillover Effects and Contagion

That is , some countries that may not have been financially vulnerable at the time can suffer spillover effects from foreign financial crises , and they may ...

Author: Guillermo Perry

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821342282

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 69

View: 416

There is already a large and growing literature about the financial crises affecting several former star economic performers in Asia. Some analysis have focused on the mismanagement of the structure of foreign debt and economic policies, while others have focused on weaknesses ingrained in the domestic financial and banking sectors of these economies. This paper attempts to reconcile these alternative explanations in a simple framework, where the causes and symptoms of "financial vulnerability" are distinguished.

Foreign Direct Investment in China

This book provides an insightful exploration of whether foreign direct investment (FDI) can promote the productivity of domestic enterprises.

Author: Ziliang Deng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136672648

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 716

This book provides an insightful exploration of whether foreign direct investment (FDI) can promote the productivity of domestic enterprises. The book is based on a series of dedicated research conducted in the context of the Chinese economy, which has been the largest FDI host among the developing economies since 1993. The main themes of this book are (a) based on the latest literature and first-hand research, outlining possible mechanisms through which foreign direct investment could promote the productivity of domestic enterprises; (b) developing a comprehensive research framework to quantify the spillover effects with cutting-edge methodology; (c) constructing a decision support system for evaluating FDI policy reforms with advanced computer simulation techniques; (d) evaluating the broader impact of FDI spillovers on banking system and trade pattern. The book examines topical economic issues in the contemporary world economy from innovative perspectives, namely, how the presence of multinational enterprises has been one of the most important microeconomic drivers for the Chinese economy, how foreign banks have helped to enable Chinese banking system survive the global financial crisis, and how the domestic enterprises have learned to do exports from multinational affiliates and have changed the landscape of U.S.-Asian trade. The book incorporates the latest development of economic theory as well as computational economics model.

The Spillover Effects of Russia s Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries

In the face of sharply lower oil prices and geopolitical tensions and sanctions, economic activity in Russia decelerated in late 2014, resulting in negative spillovers on Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and, to a lesser extent, on ...

Author: Ara Stepanyan

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1475541562

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 25

View: 918

In the face of sharply lower oil prices and geopolitical tensions and sanctions, economic activity in Russia decelerated in late 2014, resulting in negative spillovers on Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and, to a lesser extent, on Baltic countries. The spillovers to eastern Europe have been limited. The degree of impact is commensurate with the level of these countries’ trade, remittances, and foreign direct investment (FDI) links with Russia. So far, policy action by the affected countries has focused on mitigating the immediate consequences of spillovers.



Spillover of Adsorbed Species

A point source of spillover (Pt/Si0z) was used in the center of a disc of infrared transparent silica. Utilizing a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer ...

Author: G. M. Pajonk

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444422242

Category: Adsorption

Page: 319

View: 558

Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.