Spoken Corpora in Applied Linguistics

This volume explores the opportunities that spoken corpora offer and the challenges of research with such corpora.

Author: Mari Carmen Campoy

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039112753

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 143

This volume explores the opportunities that spoken corpora offer and the challenges of research with such corpora. The use and applications of spoken corpora are discussed from the perspective of both language analysis and language pedagogy. Twelve chapters written by corpus linguists analyse an extensive number of spoken corpora based on the oral production of speakers as varied as language learners, users of English as Lingua Franca, native speakers, or speakers of English in academic contexts. This book also highlights the growing emphasis on the use of corpus-based research by examining the implications of corpus findings in educational settings.

Spoken Language

Selected papers from the annual meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics include the following: "The Scope of Applied Linguistics" (a brief introduction by Paul Meara); "Grading and Professionalism in ELT (English Language ...

Author: British Association for Applied Linguistics. Meeting

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Applied linguistics

Page: 115

View: 548

Selected papers from the annual meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics include the following: "The Scope of Applied Linguistics" (a brief introduction by Paul Meara); "Grading and Professionalism in ELT (English Language Teaching)" (Gillian Brown); "'The Arm of the Chair Is Where You Use For To Write': Developing Strategic Competence in a Second Language" (Elaine Tarone); "Language Production-Language Contact: The Significance of Learners' Speech" (Hans Dechert); "Towards an Alternative Model of Second Language Learning" (Jill Bourne); "Interpretations and Explanations in Discourse: Modes of Advising in Family Planning" (C. Candlin, J. Lucas); "Acknowledging the Conversational Attempts of a Young Mentally Handicapped Child" (Susan Edwards); "Writing in a Foreign Language and Rhetorical Transfer: Influences on Raters' Evaluations" (Liz Hamp-Lyons); "Conversation as Listening Material: The Prosodic Bases of Difficulty" (Catherine Johns-Lewis); "Where Does Language Aptitude Come From?" (Peter Skehan); and "As Teacher, As Learner" (Olivia Farrington). (MSE)

Spoken English TESOL and Applied Linguistics

Leading researchers in the field of spoken discourse and language teaching offer an empirically informed, issues-based discussion of the present state of research into spoken language.

Author: Rebecca Hughes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230584586

Category: Education

Page: 289

View: 591

Leading researchers in the field of spoken discourse and language teaching offer an empirically informed, issues-based discussion of the present state of research into spoken language. They address some of the complex and rewarding opportunities offered by these emerging insights for language education and, specifically, for TESOL. They ask whether new data and evidence that spoken discourse is a distinctive genre will challenge existing language theories and teaching. What could be the practical outcomes for curriculum, teaching approaches, materials and assessment? A stimulating resource for researchers and for professional and student language teachers.

Spoken Language Pragmatics

This volume provides a detailed analysis of the relationships between form and function in spontaneous spoken language.

Author: Regina Weinert

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441109269

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 260

View: 323

This volume provides a detailed analysis of the relationships between form and function in spontaneous spoken language. The contributors analyse English, German and Spanish data to present a multilingual perspective on the complexities facing speakers in a variety of contexts. Through an examination of the language of everyday conversation, interviews, consultations, task-based dialogues, football commentaries, radio-play productions and intercultural conversations, the book demonstrates the effect of informational, discourse-external and personal factors on form and shows how speakers position themselves in relation to their discourse, orchestrate different tasks, move between different 'voices', and negotiate meaning. The result is a comprehensive analysis of the multiple layers of spontaneous spoken language. Spoken Language Pragmatics presents research that will be of interest to academics working in linguistics, applied linguistics, discourse analysis and pragmatics.


Exploring Spoken English Learner Language Using Corpora

This book presents a corpus-based study of spoken learner language produced by university-level ESL students in the classroom.

Author: Eric Friginal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319599003

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 300

View: 967

This book presents a corpus-based study of spoken learner language produced by university-level ESL students in the classroom. Using contemporary theories as a guide and employing cutting-edge corpus analysis tools and methods, the authors analyse a variety of learner speech to offer many new insights into the nature and characteristics of the spoken language of college ESL learners. Focusing on types of speech that are rarely examined, this original work makes a significant contribution to the study and understanding of ESL spoken language at university level. It will appeal to students and scholars of applied linguistics, corpus linguistics, second language acquisition and discourse analysis.

Issues in Applied Linguistics

This book provides a wide-ranging treatment of the major issues in applied linguistics.

Author: Michael McCarthy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521584876

Category: Education

Page: 175

View: 831

This book provides a wide-ranging treatment of the major issues in applied linguistics.

A Grammar of Speech

This fresh analysis of spoken English grammar is based on the observation of naturally-occurring speech, rather than deriving from inappropriate pre-existing written models.

Author: David Brazil

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780194371933

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 702

This fresh analysis of spoken English grammar is based on the observation of naturally-occurring speech, rather than deriving from inappropriate pre-existing written models.

Spoken Corpus Linguistics

In this book, Adolphs and Carter explore key approaches to work in spoken corpus linguistics.

Author: Svenja Adolphs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134056702

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 540

In this book, Adolphs and Carter explore key approaches to work in spoken corpus linguistics. The book discusses some of the pioneering challenges faced in designing, building and utilising insights from the analysis of spoken corpora, arguing that, even though writing is heavily privileged in corpus research, the spoken language can reveal patterns of language use that are both different and distinctive and that this has important implications for the way in which language is described, for the study of human communication and for the field of applied linguistics as a whole. Spoken Corpus Linguistics is divided into two main parts. The first part sets the scene by discussing traditional and new approaches to monomodal spoken corpus analysis, with a focus on discourse organisation and conversational interaction and with particular attention to forms of language such as discourse markers and multi-word units, areas of language not conventionally described but which are argued to be of importance to spoken language description and to spoken language learning and teaching research within the field of applied linguistics. The second part of the book moves into the multimodal domain and focuses on alignments between language and gesture in a spoken corpus, with particular reference to gestural movements of the head and the hand and to the different ways in which prosody might be used to enhance communication. A brief final chapter discusses new developments in the area of spoken corpus research, including the relationship between language and context, emerging research methods as well as discussing possible shifts in scope and emphasis in spoken corpus research in the future.

Historical Spoken Language Research

This book: demonstrates how spoken language can be examined using material collected before the advent of sophisticated recording equipment and large-scale computerised corpora; shows how other written sources such as diaries, letters and ...

Author: Ivor Timmis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315390027

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 206

View: 201

Historical Research on Spoken Language: Corpus Perspectives uses historical sources to discuss continuity and change in spoken language. Based on two corpora compiled using data from sociological and anthropological studies of Victorian London and 1930s Bolton, the author shows how historical spoken corpora can illuminate the nature of spoken language as well as the attitudes, values and behaviour of the specific community represented in a corpus. This book: demonstrates how spoken language can be examined using material collected before the advent of sophisticated recording equipment and large-scale computerised corpora; shows how other written sources such as diaries, letters and existing historical corpora can be used to analyse informal language use as far back as the fifteenth century; provides insight into the longevity and resilience of many spoken language features which are often regarded as vernacular or non-standard; comes with a companion website which gives full access to the Bolton Worktown Corpus. Historical Research on Spoken Language is key reading for researchers and students working in relevant areas.

Corpus Perspectives on the Spoken Models used by EFL Teachers

Drawing on a corpus of 60,000 words and highlighting strategies and techniques that can be applied by researchers and teachers to their own research context, this book is key reading for all pre- and in-service teachers of EFL as well as ...

Author: Angela Farrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429758286

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 672

Corpus Perspectives on the Spoken Models used by EFL Teachers illustrates the key principles and practical guidelines for the design and exploitation of corpora for classroom-based research. Focusing on the nature of the spoken English used by L2 teachers, which serves as an implicit target model for learners alongside the curriculum model, this book brings an innovative perspective to the on-going academic debate concerning the models of spoken English that are taught today. Based on research carried out in the EFL classroom in Ireland, this book: explores issues and challenges that arise from the use of "non-standard" varieties of spoken English by teachers, alongside the use of Standard British English, and examines the controversies surrounding sociolinguistic approaches to the study of variation in spoken English; combines quantitative corpus linguistic investigations with qualitative functional discourse analytic approaches from pragmatics and SLA for classroom-based research; demonstrates the ways in which changing trends and perspectives surrounding spoken English may be filtering down to the classroom level. Drawing on a corpus of 60,000 words and highlighting strategies and techniques that can be applied by researchers and teachers to their own research context, this book is key reading for all pre- and in-service teachers of EFL as well as researchers in this field.


Fundamentals of Formulaic Language

This is the first book to address formulaic language directly and provide a foundation of knowledge for graduates and researchers in early stages of study of this important language phenomenon.

Author: David Wood

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567277771

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 502

This is the first book to address formulaic language directly and provide a foundation of knowledge for graduates and researchers in early stages of study of this important language phenomenon. It is also suitable for students of linguistics, applied linguistics, and language teacher education. The information that currently exists is scattered throughout articles and book chapters across a range of subfields of linguistics and applied linguistics. Over the past few decades there has been a steadily increasing interest and research focus on the phenomenon of formulaic language in the fields of linguistics and applied linguistics. Slowly, a consistent definition has emerged, centring around the idea that formulaic sequences are multi-word units with specific meanings or functions, and some evidence points to their being processed mentally as wholes. Researchers from diverse backgrounds have identified the nature and roles of formulaic sequences in language acquisition and production, in the construction of text and discourse, in spoken and written language, and in language teaching. The increasing volume, diversity, and complexity of the state of knowledge about this emerging area of study is marshalled by this intelligent and well-written book.

Varieties of Spoken French

This book examines the variation found in modern spoken French, based on the research programme 'Phonology of Contemporary French' (Phonologie du Français Contemporain, PFC).

Author: Sylvain Detey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191075736

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 432

View: 651

This book examines the variation found in modern spoken French, based on the research programme 'Phonology of Contemporary French' (Phonologie du Français Contemporain, PFC). Extensive data are drawn from all over the French-speaking world, including Algeria, Canada, Louisiana, Mauritius, and Switzerland. Although the principal focus is on differences in pronunciation, the authors also analyse the spoken language at all levels from sound to meaning. The book is accompanied by a website hosting audio-visual material for teaching purposes, data, and a variety of tools for working with corpora. The first part of the book outlines some key concepts and approaches to the description of spoken French. Chapters in Part II are devoted to the study of individual samples of spoken French from all over the world, covering phonological and grammatical features as well as lexical and cultural aspects. A class-friendly ready-to-use multimedia version of these 17 chapters as well as a full transcription of each extract is provided, with the sound files also available on the book's companion website. Part III looks at inter and intra-speaker variation: it begins with chapters that provide the methodological background to the study of phonological variation using databases, while in the second section, authors present case studies of a number of PFC survey points, including Paris, the Central African Republic, and Québec. Varieties of Spoken French will be an invaluable resource for researchers, teachers, and students of all aspects of French language and linguistics.

What Is This Thing Called Language

So, What Is This Thing Called Language? Illustrating how it is used in different ways and in varied contexts, this book offers a thought-provoking and entertaining guide through the mysteries of language.

Author: David Nunan

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137284994

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 332

Language is a complex and ever-evolving phenomenon, but it is one that deeply defines us all. So, What Is This Thing Called Language? Illustrating how it is used in different ways and in varied contexts, this book offers a thought-provoking and entertaining guide through the mysteries of language. The new edition: – Explores the basics of the language systems of sounds, vocabulary and grammar – Explains a basic framework of linguistics and language analysis Examines the written and spoken word in a range of different languages – Uses intriguing anecdotes and interesting examples to unpack complex ideas – Offers study-friendly features, including reflective questions, further reading suggestions as well as glossaries of linguistic terminology and key linguists With new and expanded material on a range of topics, from language variation and culture to second language acquisition and bilingualism, this is an 'un-put-down-able' introduction for all students of language and linguistics.

Teaching and Researching Speaking

This is a key resource for applied linguistics students, English language teachers, teacher trainers, and novice researchers.

Author: Rebecca Hughes

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317432991

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 244

View: 967

Teaching and Researching Speaking provides an overview of the main approaches to researching spoken language and their practical application to teaching, classroom materials, and assessment. The history and current practices of teaching and researching speaking are presented through the lens of bigger theoretical issues about the object of study in linguistics, social attitudes to the spoken form, and the relationships between spoken and written language. A unique feature of the book is the way it clearly explains the nature of speaking and how it is researched and puts it into the context of a readable and holistic overview of language theory. This new edition is fully updated and revised to reflect the latest developments on classroom materials and oral assessment, as well as innovations in conversation analysis. The resources section is brought up-to-date with new media and currently available networks, online corpora, and mobile applications. This is a key resource for applied linguistics students, English language teachers, teacher trainers, and novice researchers.

New Perspectives on Grammar Teaching in Second Language Classrooms

In G.Cook & B.Seidlhofer (Eds.), Principle and practice in applied linguistics (pp.
303–321). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Carter, R.A., & McCarthy, M.J. (1995).
Grammar and the spoken language. Applied Linguistics, 16, 141–158. Carter ...

Author: Eli Hinkel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135644098

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 475

New Perspectives on Grammar Teaching in Second Language Classrooms brings together various approaches to the contextualized teaching of grammar and communicative skills as integrated components of second language instruction. Its purpose is to show from both theoretical and practical perspectives that grammar teaching can be made productive and useful in ESL and EFL classrooms. In this text: *First-rate scholars approach the teaching of grammar from multiple complementary perspectives, providing an original, comprehensive treatment of the topic. *Discourse analysis and research data are used to address such pedagogical areas as grammatical and lexical development in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. *The communicative perspective on ESL and EFL instruction that is presented provides ways for learners to enhance their production skills, whereas the meaning-based grammar instruction can supplement and strengthen current methodology with a communicative focus. This volume is intended as a foundational text for second language grammar pedagogy courses at the advanced undergraduate and master's levels.

Modelling Performance in Tests of Spoken Language

This book explores the way in which test takers' language can change in test events depending on either real or perceived similarities or differences between themselves and their interlocutors.

Author: Barry O'Sullivan

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9783631560983

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 275

View: 490

When we use a language we are always aware of our audience. This awareness is reflected, for example, in changes to the way we speak to the same person in different contexts or to different people in the same context. This book explores the way in which test takers' language can change in test events depending on either real or perceived similarities or differences between themselves and their interlocutors. The series of five studies reported are designed to explore aspects of test-taker performance on tests of speaking, and in doing so provide evidence in support of a proposed model of speaking test performance. Though the studies focus primarily on the effect on test-taker performance of characteristics associated with their interlocutor, they also provide empirical evidence of interactions between the factors. There are clear implications from the findings for all of those people involved in language testing and in researching spoken language.

Language and Creativity

Applied Linguistics (forthcoming): first published online January 30, 2015 doi:
10.1093/applin/amu080 Carter, R.A. and McCarthy, M.J. (1995) 'Grammar and
the spoken language', Applied Linguistics 16, 2: 141–158. Carter, R.A. and
McCarthy, ...

Author: Ronald Carter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317332660

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 103

Language and Creativity has become established as a pivotal text for courses in English Language, Linguistics and Literacy. Creativity in language has conventionally been regarded as the preserve of institutionalised discourses such as literature and advertising, and individual gifted minds. In this ground-breaking book, bestselling author Ronald Carter explores the idea that creativity, far from being simply a property of exceptional people, is an exceptional property of all people. Drawing on a range of real examples of everyday conversations and speech, from flatmates in a student house and families on holiday to psychotherapy sessions and chat-lines, the book argues that creativity is an all-pervasive feature of everyday language. Using close analysis of naturally occurring language, taken from a unique 5 million word corpus, Language and Creativity reveals that speakers commonly make meanings in a variety of creative ways, in a wide range of social contexts and for a diverse set of reasons. This Routledge Linguistics Classic is here reissued with a new preface from the author, covering a range of key topics from e-language and internet discourse to English language teaching and world Englishes. Language and Creativity continues to build on the previous theories of creativity, offering a radical contribution to linguistic, literary and cultural theory. A must for anyone interested in the creativity of our everyday speech.