The Antislavery Rank and File

Some two million names were gathered in the 1838–39 campaign of the American Anti - Slavery Society . This stunning job was performed by about thirteen hundred local societies with only about one hundred thousand members .

Author: Edward Magdol

Publisher: Praeger


Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 598

Abolitionism and American Reform

Kraut found that the abolitionists in both of these groups were less likely to be farmers than their neighborsessentially corroborating the findings of other scholars who have investigated the antislavery rank and file in urban ...

Author: John R. McKivigan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780815331056

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 276

First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Antislavery Violence

Alan Kraut , “ The Forgotten Reformers : A Profile of Third Party Abolitionists in Antebellum New York , ” in Antislavery Reconsidered : New Perspectives on the ... Edward Magdol , The Antislavery Rank and File : A Social Profile ...

Author: John R. McKivigan

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9781572330597

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 772

Historians present 10 essays on violent action in the US against the institution of slavery and its defenders during the 60 years before the Civil War. Their characters include southern slave rebels, antislavery women in Kansas, violent slave rescuers in Ohio, and northern anti-slavery politicians. They show how the violence helped unite black and white enemies of slavery and how antebellum concepts of gender played a role in justifying and participating in violence.

Pathways to Prohibition

25 Edward Magdol, The Antislavery Rank and File: A Social Profile of the Abolitionists' Constituency (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1986), 54; John B. Jentz, ''The Anti-Slavery Constituency in Jacksonian New YorkCity ...

Author: Ann-Marie E. Szymanski

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822385309

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 772

Strategies for gradually effecting social change are often dismissed as too accommodating of the status quo. Ann-Marie E. Szymanski challenges this assumption, arguing that moderation is sometimes the most effective way to achieve change. Pathways to Prohibition examines the strategic choices of social movements by focusing on the fates of two temperance campaigns. The prohibitionists of the 1880s gained limited success, while their Progressive Era counterparts achieved a remarkable—albeit temporary—accomplishment in American politics: amending the United States Constitution. Szymanski accounts for these divergent outcomes by asserting that choice of strategy (how a social movement defines and pursues its goals) is a significant element in the success or failure of social movements, underappreciated until now. Her emphasis on strategy represents a sharp departure from approaches that prioritize political opportunity as the most consequential factor in campaigns for social change. Combining historical research with the insights of social movement theory, Pathways to Prohibition shows how a locally based, moderate strategy allowed the early-twentieth-century prohibition crusade both to develop a potent grassroots component and to transcend the limited scope of local politics. Szymanski describes how the prohibition movement’s strategic shift toward moderate goals after 1900 reflected the devolution of state legislatures’ liquor licensing power to localities, the judiciary’s growing acceptance of these local licensing regimes, and a collective belief that local electorates, rather than state legislatures, were best situated to resolve controversial issues like the liquor question. "Local gradualism" is well suited to the porous, federal structure of the American state, Szymanski contends, and it has been effectively used by a number of social movements, including the civil rights movement and the Christian right.

Front Line of Freedom

Who was in the antislavery ranks in frontier or recently settled communities ? How did they differ from Northeasterners ? " ( Antislavery Rank and File , 139-40 ) . 26. Levi Coffin , Reminiscences , 108 . 27.

Author: Keith P. Griffler

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813122984

Category: History

Page: 169

View: 610

Uses letters, reminiscences, and oral histories to examine the interracial enterprise known as the Underground Railroad and to explore the risks taken by daring and courageous African Americans and whites in the Ohio River Valley.

Selling Antislavery

Edward Magdol writes that the vast number of abolitionists were from the “lower and middle ranks of society” and were the “least propertied and most economically expectant in the population” (The Antislavery Rank and File: A Social ...

Author: Teresa A. Goddu


ISBN: 0812251997

Category: Antislavery movements

Page: 344

View: 674

"Selling Antislavery maps the vast media archive generated by institutional antislavery in the antebellum era. By paying particular attention to the movement's foundational phase in the 1830s-when the American Anti-Slavery Society was at the height of its organizational powers and before it splintered into warring factions in 1840-Selling Antislavery locates the emergence of abolitionist mass media in an earlier era and traces that period's influence on subsequent decades. In providing the prehistory of Uncle Tom's Cabin, it shows how Stowe's novel and related products mark the apex rather than the birth of antislavery mass media"--

Of One Blood

Analysis of the occupations and wealth of the antislavery rank and file confirms the self-image abolitionists had of themselves as drawn from the broad mass of middling and working people: farmers, wage earners, small proprietors, ...

Author: Paul Goodman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520226798

Category: History

Page: 303

View: 620

Uses primary research and secondary literature to explore the origins of abolitionism and its commitment to racial equality, including discussion of the role of women, the working class, and the churches.


It is important to remember, in this context, that most abolitionists were not New England Brahmin. “If we may judge by their occupations and property status,” writes Edward Magdol in The Antislavery Rank and File (New York: Praeger, ...

Author: Geoffrey Sanborn

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231540582

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 898

William Wells Brown (1814–1884) was a vocal abolitionist, a frequent antagonist of Frederick Douglass, and the author of Clotel, the first known novel by an African American. He was also an extensive plagiarist, copying at least 87,000 words from close to 300 texts. In this critical study of Brown's work and legacy, Geoffrey Sanborn offers a novel reading of the writer's plagiarism, arguing the act was a means of capitalizing on the energies of mass-cultural entertainments popularized by showmen such as P. T. Barnum. By creating the textual equivalent of a variety show, Brown animated antislavery discourse and evoked the prospect of a pleasurably integrated world. Brown's key dramatic protagonists were the "spirit of capitalization"—the unscrupulous double of Max Weber's spirit of capitalism—and the "beautiful slave girl," a light-skinned African American woman on the verge of sale and rape. Brown's unsettling portrayal of these figures unfolded within a riotous patchwork of second-hand texts, upset convention, and provoked the imagination. Could a slippery upstart lay the groundwork for a genuinely interracial society? Could the fetishized image of a not-yet-sold woman hold open the possibility of other destinies? Sanborn's analysis of pastiche and plagiarism adds new depth to the study of nineteenth-century culture and the history of African American literature, suggesting modes of African American writing that extend beyond narratives of necessity and purpose, characterized by the works of Frederick Douglass and others.

Theodore Dwight Weld and the American Anti Slavery Society

Edward Magdol, The Antislavery Rank and File: A Social Profile ofthe Abolitionists' Constituency (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986), 12. 40. Gilbert H. Barnes, The Antislavery Impulse, 1830–1844 (New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1933), ...

Author: Owen W. Muelder

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786488530

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 383

In the 1830s, the abolitionist movement gained remarkable momentum due in large measure to the establishment of the American Anti-Slavery Society and the work carried out by one of its most important leaders, Theodore Dwight Weld. One of Weld’s most significant accomplishments was the recruitment of a group of key abolitionist agents, known as the “Seventy,” who worked to expand the reach of abolitionist thought and action and enlisted new members into the movement. This volume chronicles the founding, development, and mission of the American Anti-Slavery Society, the contributions of Weld, and the crusading efforts of the agents he assembled. With the most complete list to date of the identities of the Seventy, this work constitutes a valuable contribution to the history of the abolitionist movement.

Performing Anti Slavery

On anti-slavery demographics, see Edward Magdol, The Antislavery Rank and File: A Social Profile of the Abolitionists' Constituency (New York: Greenwood Press, 1986), 37–38. Organized abolitionist movements surfaced within the United ...

Author: Gay Gibson Cima

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139917242

Category: Drama


View: 143

In Performing Anti-Slavery, Gay Gibson Cima reimagines the connection between the self and the other within activist performance, providing fascinating new insights into women's nineteenth-century reform efforts, revising the history of abolition, and illuminating an affective repertoire that haunts both present-day theatrical stages and anti-trafficking organizations. Cima argues that black and white American women in the nineteenth-century abolitionist movement transformed mainstream performance practices into successful activism. In family circles, literary associations, religious gatherings, and transatlantic anti-slavery societies, women debated activist performance strategies across racial and religious differences: they staged abolitionist dialogues, recited anti-slavery poems, gave speeches, shared narratives, and published essays. Drawing on liberal religious traditions as well as the Eastern notion of transmigration, Elizabeth Chandler, Sarah Forten, Maria W. Stewart, Sarah Douglass, Lucretia Mott, Ellen Craft and others forged activist pathways that reverberate to this day.