Chain Stores

In the grocery, grocery and meat, confectionery, men's and women's ready-to-wear, and women's shoe chains there is a tendency for the sales to decrease with the size of the chain although net operating profit tends to increase.

Author: United States. Federal Trade Commission



Category: Chain stores

Page: 120

View: 306

Handbook of Markov Chain Monte Carlo

Furthermore, if (∀x ∈ A)(P(τA < ∞|X0 = x) = 1) (so that the probability of returning to A from any starting point in A is 1) then the chain will be recurrent. For a recurrent chain, for all x ∈ A, the greatest common divisor of {t: ...

Author: Steve Brooks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420079425

Category: Mathematics

Page: 619

View: 701

Since their popularization in the 1990s, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods have revolutionized statistical computing and have had an especially profound impact on the practice of Bayesian statistics. Furthermore, MCMC methods have enabled the development and use of intricate models in an astonishing array of disciplines as diverse as fisherie

Markov Chain Monte Carlo in Practice

1.3.2 Markov chains Suppose we generate a sequence of random variables, (X0, X1,X2,...}, such that at each time t > 0, the next state X,+1 is sampled from a distribution P(X,+1|X) which depends only on the current state of the chain, ...

Author: W.R. Gilks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482214970

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 709

In a family study of breast cancer, epidemiologists in Southern California increase the power for detecting a gene-environment interaction. In Gambia, a study helps a vaccination program reduce the incidence of Hepatitis B carriage. Archaeologists in Austria place a Bronze Age site in its true temporal location on the calendar scale. And in France,

Marketing Channels and Supply Chain Networks in North America

failed venture is well documented as America's only major attempt to establish a chain of cooperative department stores. Schragger (2005) reports that “the chain store revolution came quickly as did the movement to contain them” (p.

Author: Robert D. Tamilia

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030448703

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 67

View: 939

This book provides a rare historical analysis on the development and importance of marketing channels to Supply Chain Management (SCM) in Northern America. In particular, the book looks at the period 1850 to the present, to understand the evolution, the trends and the current status. It aims to bring back this forgotten area of research, to the mainstream marketing thought process. A general overview of developments in marketing channels will help the reader understand what changes occurred and how some of these changes impacted marketing education and practice. First, the book provides an overview of the historical background of how manufacturing and distribution evolved in the 19th century. Next, the marketing channels and supply chain networks are defined. Then the three time periods within 1850- present are covered. The book explains how supply chain has become prominent in organizations, the movement to non-store retailing and the omnichannel is discussed to focus on recent developments in distribution. Finally, developments that relate to the academic discipline and implications for the future are examined. The book concludes by describing the relationship between marketing channels and supply chain today, based on historical analysis.

The Chain

This is no ordinary kidnapping: the caller is a mother herself, whose son has been taken, and if Rachel doesn't do as she's told, the boy will die. "You are not the first. And you will certainly not be the last.

Author: Adrian McKinty

Publisher: Mulholland Books

ISBN: 9780316463256


Page: 400

View: 226

When a mother is targeted by a dangerous group of masterminds, she must commit a crime to save her kidnapped daughter -- or risk losing her forever -- in this "propulsive and original" thriller (Stephen King) that has won the Barry and Macavity Awards, and was named the ITWA Best Novel of the Year. It's something parents do every morning: Rachel Klein drops her daughter at the bus stop and heads into her day. But a cell phone call from an unknown number changes everything: it's a woman on the line, informing her that she has Kylie bound and gagged in her back seat, and the only way Rachel will see her again is to follow her instructions exactly: pay a ransom, and find another child to abduct. This is no ordinary kidnapping: the caller is a mother herself, whose son has been taken, and if Rachel doesn't do as she's told, the boy will die. "You are not the first. And you will certainly not be the last." Rachel is now part of The Chain, an unending and ingenious scheme that turns victims into criminals -- and is making someone else very rich in the process. The rules are simple, the moral challenges impossible; find the money fast, find your victim , and then commit a horrible act you'd have thought yourself incapable of just twenty-four hours ago. But what the masterminds behind The Chain know is that parents will do anything for their children. It turns out that kidnapping is only the beginning. "McKinty is one of the most striking and most memorable crime voices to emerge on the scene in years. His plots tempt you to read at top speed, but don't give in: this writing -- sharply observant, intelligent and shot through with black humor -- should be savored." -- Tana French "A masterpiece. You have never read anything quite like The Chain and you will never be able to forget it." -- Don Winslow "Diabolical, unnerving, and gives a whole new meaning to the word "relentless". Adrian McKinty just leapt to the top of my list of must-read suspense novelists. He's the real deal." -- Dennis Lehane "Pairing an irresistible concept with a winner protagonist, The Chain promises to be your new addiction once you succumb to the first enticing page." -- Alafair Burke "A grade-A-first-rate-edge-of-your-seat thriller. I can't believe what went through my mind while reading it." -- Attica Locke


If the chain is too short, your shifting will suffer; if it's too long, it will rub against itself. ... At this point you should be able to gently but firmly wiggle the chain back and forth with your hands on either side of the break ...





Page: 116

View: 997

Bicycling magazine features bikes, bike gear, equipment reviews, training plans, bike maintenance how tos, and more, for cyclists of all levels.

Supply Chain Project Management

perception of a chain implies linear movement of product, information and money. The reality is closer to simultaneous, concurrent processes so “network” is a good descriptive term. Also, many take a “company centric” view and split the ...

Author: James B. Ayers

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203501474

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 563

SCM doesn't change management goals, but relies on new knowledge, practices, and skills to better achieve those goals. Going it alone, without collaborating with supply chain partners, is a dead-end strategy. Without a doubt, effective supply chains will be the product of successful application of project management disciplines coupled with innovations in supply chain management. The question remains how do you take your supply chain from dysfunctional to competitive? The first book to take a project management approach to supply chain management, Supply Chain Project Management: A Structured, Collaborative, and Measurable Approach explains a four-stage progression toward world-class supply chain project management. The author provides a template of the stages encountered when moving to competitive supply chains, delineates the processes that organizations must implement if they are to advance from one stage to the next, and describes best practices for how to get there. He supplies structured approaches for supply chain analysis and documentation, and illustrates the concepts with examples from the trenches. In the supply chain world, managers must choose between the "business as usual" single company approach or exploiting innovations in supply chain management and project management to their advantage. Covering the how-tos for implementing supply chain improvement, this easy-to-use guide details the steps to developing a strategy, reducing costs, and generating revenue. It shows you how to combine SCM and project management knowledge and practice to develop and execute supply chain strategies.

Decision Making for Biomass Based Production Chains

configuration of the chain (i.e., the numbers, capacities, and locations of the production, storage, preprocessing, and distribution units), as well as the tactical decisions on the production and transportation levels and operational ...

Author: Sebnem Yilmaz Balaman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128142790

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 489

Decision-Making for Biomass-Based Production Chains: The Basic Concepts and Medothologies presents a comprehensive study of key-issues surrounding the integration of strategic, tactical and operational decision levels for supply chains in the biomass, biofuels and biorefining sectors. Comprehensive sections cover biomass resources, harvesting, collection, storage and distribution systems, along with the necessary technical and technological background of production systems. In addition, the basics of decision-making, problems and decision levels encountered in design, management and operation phases are covered. Case studies are supplied in each chapter, along with a discussion and comparative analysis of topics. The book presents a clear vision of advances in the field. Graduate students and those starting in this line of research will also find the necessary information on how to model this kind of complex system. Finally, this comprehensive resource can be used as a guide for non-expert industry decision-makers and government policymakers who need a thorough overview on the industry. Examines analytic methodologies for complex decision-making when designing, deploying and managing biomass and bio-based products supply chains Includes real-life examples of main sustainability indicators, standards and certification schemes from the European Union, United States and worldwide Explores the progress of decision-making procedures to provide a detailed perspective for effective selection of the most reliable solutions for each kind of problem Provides detailed, in-depth analyses of various models and frameworks for their implementation, challenges and solutions Presents multi-criteria and multi-objective decision-making and modeling approaches, including mathematical modeling, simulation-based modeling, and artificial intelligence-based modeling

Ordnance trigonometrical survey

This post supported no part of the apparatus , but served merely to indicate , by a division of the scale , the extremity of one chain , and thus give the initial point for the next succeeding . The chain was laid out in a succession of ...

Author: Great Britain. Ordnance Survey



Category: Cartography

Page: 2

View: 903

The Accounting Review

In the last, and seventh section, the various fields in which chain stores operate are taken up one by one. This section indicates the growth of the chain store idea and comments on the present competition of the chain in the various ...

Author: William Andrew Paton



Category: Accounting


View: 820

Includes section "Reviews".

Fundamentals of Automotive Technology

B. Chain-driven OHC. The freewheeling engine has enough clearance between the pistons and the valves so that in the event the timing belt breaks, any valve that is hanging all the way open will not contact the piston, thus preventing ...

Author: Vangelder

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 128410995X

Category: Medical

Page: 1866

View: 596

Resource added for the Automotive Technology program 106023.

ICTR 2020 3rd International Conference on Tourism Research

So if they did not increase the number of units of the chain, it was basically because the target market was saturated. This argument is basically that chains that compete in a more saturated market are more likely to exhibit lower ...

Author: Dr. José Martí-Parreño

Publisher: Academic Conferences and publishing limited

ISBN: 1912764555

Category: Business & Economics


View: 796

Algorithms and Computation

An abstract polygonal chain C of n links is defined by its fixed sequence of link lengths, (l1 ,...,l n), and whether it is open or closed. For a fixed-angle chain, the n−1 or n angles αi between adjacent links are also fixed.

Author: Prosenjit K. Bose

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540361367

Category: Mathematics

Page: 662

View: 428

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th Annual International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation, ISAAC 2002, held in Vancouver, BC, Canada in November 2002. The 54 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from close to 160 submissions. The papers cover all relevant topics in algorithmics and computation, in particular computational geometry, algorithms and data structures, approximation algorithms, randomized algorithms, graph drawing and graph algorithms, combinatorial optimization, computational biology, computational finance, cryptography, and parallel and distributedd algorithms.

Off the Chain

Takes readers on a wild ride through the rise of snowboarding, from its hippie origins in the backwoods of Vermont and California to its present incarnation as a $150 billion global industry, starting with the sport's early days, when the ...

Author: Ross Rebagliati

Publisher: Greystone Books Ltd

ISBN: 1553654870

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 153

View: 533

Off the Chain takes readers on a wild ride through the rise of snowboarding, from its hippie origins in the backwoods of Vermont and California to its present incarnation as a $150 billion global industry. Illustrated with 100 color photographs, Off the Chain begins with the sport’s early days, when the pioneers built their own boards and snuck onto the slopes. Author Rebagliati profiles snowboarding’s most notorious figures, explores the nature of snowboarding culture, and tells what touring as a young World Cup snowboarder is like. He traces the mainstreaming of the sport, the evolution of snowboard fashion, and the emergence of Shaun White as snowboarding’s first megastar. He’s unsparing in revealing the sport’s more controversial aspects, from groupies to drugs, including his own experience having his gold medal revoked -- and then restored -- after failing a drug test. Rebagliati pulls no punches in this lively mix of personal memoir and sports history.

Performance Evaluation of Computer and Communication Systems

The state space can be partitioned in communication classes as follows: two states i and j are in the same communication class if i = j or if the chain S(t) can go from i to j in a finite number of transitions (each transition must have ...

Author: Jean-Yves Le Boudec

Publisher: EPFL Press

ISBN: 2940222401

Category: Computer engineering

Page: 426

View: 804

Performance evaluation is a critical stage of software- and hardware-system development that every computer engineer and scientist should master. Although complex Рrequiring skills in mathematics, measurement techniques and simulation Рperformance evaluation is primarily an art; indeed, the most difficult stage in a performance analysis is defining the approach: once you know what to do, it is less difficult to define a plan of attack with your familiar software tools. We present a set of topics, which we believe should be part of every engineer's intellectual toolkit. This includes the statistical exploitation of numerical results in an efficient and ethical way, for example: how to summarize variability or fairness; what transient removal in a simulation is; and how to make predictions from a time series. We also present well-known performance patterns, which helps to quickly bring the engineer to the main issues. For queuing theory, we focus on a subset of very useful results, such as operational laws. A highlight of the book is the development of Palm calculus, also called “the importance of the viewpoint,” which is central to queuing theory. Indeed, this topic has so many applications to simulation and to system analysis in general that it is a very good time investment. This book began as a set of lecture notes for a course given at EPFL.

Rapid assessment of the impact of COVID 19 on food supply chains in the Philippines

SCOPE AND METHOD OF THE STUDY Coverage Supply chain The study spans the whole supply chain, which is “the system of people and things that are involved in getting a product from the place where it is made to the person who buys it”.1 ...

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251337918

Category: Nature

Page: 98

View: 608

On 8 March 2020, the Philippine government declared the State of Public Health Emergency to address the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). On 13 March 2020, the Government imposed enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) over Luzon. Subsequently, similar measures were imposed throughout the country, including in Mindanao, and especially in Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). Although the COVID-19 epidemic is primarily a public health concern, the necessary measures enacted to contain the spread of the virus, especially the restrictions placed on the movement of people and goods, were likely to have a significant impact on all levels of the agricultural market chain. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the World Food Programme (WFP), and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) decided to conduct a rapid assessment on the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on food security and nutrition. The results of the impact assessment was envisioned to inform key government agencies in identifying the appropriate measures and programs that will ultimately help ensure food security for all, at all times.

Contemporary Music Forum

these chains. On the other hand, the chain procedure of Chain 2, movements II and IV, is firmly integrated into the developmental process of these a-battuta movements. The appearance of the chain technique is an outgrowth of ...




Category: Music


View: 343

Popular Science

Short Cuts and Tips RROIV1 F>S READERS Link Chain Subs for Tripod A GOOD camera steadier used by some professionals is a length of flat-link safety chain. You can carry it in your pocket, and it is particularly handy for quick shooting.





Page: 218

View: 162

Popular Science gives our readers the information and tools to improve their technology and their world. The core belief that Popular Science and our readers share: The future is going to be better, and science and technology are the driving forces that will help make it better.