Slave Empire

They were administered by Crown-appointed executives, not elected assemblies, and so were more open to abolitionist pressure. They also tended to have more heterogeneous populations of slaveholders, with few loyalties to the old empire.

Author: Padraic X. Scanlan

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1472142322

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 357

'Engrossing and powerful . . . rich and thought-provoking' Fara Dabhoiwala, Guardian 'Path-breaking . . . a major rewriting of history' Mihir Bose, Irish Times 'Slave Empire is lucid, elegant and forensic. It deals with appalling horrors in cool and convincing prose.' The Economist 'A sweeping and devastating history of how slavery made modern Britain, and destroyed so much else . . . a shattering rebuke to the amnesia and myopia which still structure British history' Nicholas Guyatt, author of Bind Us Apart: How Enlightened Americans Invented Racial Segregation 'Scanlan shows that the liberal empire of the nineteenth century was the outcome of the long encounter of antislavery and economic expansion founded on enslaved or unfree labour. Antislavery was itself the excuse for empire' Emma Rothschild, Jeremy and Jane Knowles Professor of History, Harvard University 'Fresh and fascinating, a stunning narrative that shows how an empire built on slavery became an empire sustained and expanded by antislavery. . . deftly combines rich storytelling with vivid details and deep scholarship' Bronwen Everill, author of Not Made By Slaves: Ethical Capitalism in the Age of Abolition 'This accessible synthesis of recent scholarship comes at the right time to help shape current debates about Britain and slavery' Nicholas Draper, author of The Price of Emancipation: Slave-Ownership, Compensation and British Society at the End of Slavery 'Powerful, often devastating, always compelling' All About History The British empire, in sentimental myth, was more free, more just and more fair than its rivals. But this claim that the British empire was 'free' and that, for all its flaws, it promised liberty to all its subjects was never true. The British empire was built on slavery. Slave Empire puts enslaved people at the centre the British empire in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In intimate, human detail, the chapters show how British imperial power and industrial capitalism were inextricable from plantation slavery. With vivid original research and careful synthesis of innovative historical scholarship, Slave Empire shows that British freedom and British slavery were made together. In the nineteenth century, Britain abolished its slave trade, and then slavery in its colonial empire. Because Britain was the first European power to abolish slavery, many Victorian Britons believed theirs was a liberal empire, promoting universal freedom and civilisation. And yet, the shape of British liberty itself was shaped by the labour of enslaved African workers. There was no bright line between British imperial exploitation and the 'civilisation' that the empire promised to its subjects. Nineteenth-century liberals were blind to the ways more than two centuries of colonial slavery twisted the roots of 'British liberty'. Freedom - free elections, free labour, free trade - were watchwords in the Victorian era, but the empire was still sustained by the labour of enslaved people, in the United States, Cuba and elsewhere. Modern Britain has inherited the legacies and contradictions of a liberal empire built on slavery. Modern capitalism and liberalism emphasise 'freedom' - for individuals and for markets - but are built on human bondage.

War Empire and Slavery 1770 1830

Nor is the subjecthood of slaves a question that was extensively explored elsewhere in the empire. In the 1790s, however, two developments coincided on Grenada that give some hints as to a slave's relationship to the Crown, ...

Author: R. Bessel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230282695

Category: History

Page: 299

View: 456

The imperial warfare of the period 1770-1830, including the American wars of independence and the Napoleonic wars, affected every continent. Covering southern India, the Caribbean, North and South America, and southern Africa, this volume explores the impact of revolutionary wars and how people's identities were shaped by their experiences.

Slavery and Antislavery in Spain s Atlantic Empire

Aer several years of gradual measures, the Crown finally threw open the trade in 1789 and recommied to the policy soon thereaer.21 Arango lobbied Madrid and wrote eloquently on how a robust plantation economy would benefit not only his ...

Author: Josep M. Fradera

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857459341

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 680

African slavery was pervasive in Spain's Atlantic empire yet remained in the margins of the imperial economy until the end of the eighteenth century when the plantation revolution in the Caribbean colonies put the slave traffic and the plantation at the center of colonial exploitation and conflict. The international group of scholars brought together in this volume explain Spain's role as a colonial pioneer in the Atlantic world and its latecomer status as a slave-trading, plantation-based empire. These contributors map the broad contours and transformations of slave-trafficking, the plantation, and antislavery in the Hispanic Atlantic while also delving into specific topics that include: the institutional and economic foundations of colonial slavery; the law and religion; the influences of the Haitian Revolution and British abolitionism; antislavery and proslavery movements in Spain; race and citizenship; and the business of the illegal slave trade.

Slavery in the Ottoman Empire and its Demise 1800 1909

The share-cropping slaves were employed on estates belonging to the Crown, the askeris, private individuals, and vakifs. The askerî farms were liable to confiscation together with their slave cultivators. To turn them into vakifs could ...

Author: Y. Erdem

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023037297X

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 133

This study bridges the gap that exists between studies dedicated to the history of slavery in the Western and Islamic worlds. It sets itself the goal of understanding how slavery persisted and then met its end in the Ottoman Empire. It concentrates on the period between 1800-1909 and examines the policies of the Ottoman state regarding slavery both before and after the reform period known as the Tanzimat. It also looks at the British involvement in the issue.

Writings on Empire and Slavery

In December 1831 , the emancipation of crown slaves led to a slave revolt on Jamaica that left the island pillaged . The white militias who reestablished order razed the temples of dissident sects . 20. In fact , the nineteen were the ...

Author: Alexis de Tocqueville

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801865091

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 598

In Writings on Empire and Slavery, Jennifer Pitts has selected and translated nine of his most important dispatches on Algeria, which offer startling new insights into both Tocqueville's political thought and French liberalism's attitudes toward the political, military, and moral aspects of France's colonial expansion.

Slavery in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia

They provided the imperial household staff and many of the administrators of the Empire. ... Similar to the Roman public slaves and known as servi fiscales (slaves of the royal treasury), crown slaves served the king in the royal ...

Author: William D. Phillips, Jr.

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812209176

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 160

The enslaved population of medieval Iberia composed only a small percentage of the general populace at any given point, and slave labor was not essential to the regional economy during the period. Yet slaves were present in Iberia from the beginning of recorded history until the early modern era, and the regulations and norms for slavery and servitude shifted as time passed and kingdoms rose and fell. The Romans brought their imperially sanctioned forms of slavery to the Iberian peninsula, and these were adapted by successive Christian kingdoms during the Middle Ages. The Muslim conquest of Iberia introduced new ideas about slavery and effected an increase in slave trade. During the later Middle Ages and the early modern period, slave owners in Christian Spain and Portugal maintained slaves at home, frequently captives taken in wars and sea raids, and exported their slave systems to colonies across the Atlantic. Slavery in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia provides a magisterial survey of the many forms of bound labor in Iberia from ancient times to the decline of slavery in the eighteenth century. William D. Phillips, Jr., examines the pecuniary and legal terms of slavery from purchase to manumission. He pays particular attention to the conditions of life for the enslaved, which, in a religiously diverse society, differed greatly for Muslims and Christians as well as for men and women. This sweeping narrative will become the definitive account of slavery in a place and period that deeply influenced the forms of forced servitude that shaped the New World.

A Question of Freedom

The Families Who Challenged Slavery from the Nation's Founding to the Civil War William G. Thomas ... Slaves, the Crown's officers maintained, were property throughout the empire and could be forced to return to the colonies.

Author: William G. Thomas

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300256272

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 342

The story of the longest and most complex legal challenge to slavery in American history For over seventy years and five generations, the enslaved families of Prince George’s County, Maryland, filed hundreds of suits for their freedom against a powerful circle of slaveholders, taking their cause all the way to the Supreme Court. Between 1787 and 1861, these lawsuits challenged the legitimacy of slavery in American law and put slavery on trial in the nation’s capital. Piecing together evidence once dismissed in court and buried in the archives, William Thomas tells an intricate and intensely human story of the enslaved families (the Butlers, Queens, Mahoneys, and others), their lawyers (among them a young Francis Scott Key), and the slaveholders who fought to defend slavery, beginning with the Jesuit priests who held some of the largest plantations in the nation and founded a college at Georgetown. A Question of Freedom asks us to reckon with the moral problem of slavery and its legacies in the present day.

The Crown And The Turban

Hilliard, Constance, “Zuhur al-Basátin and Ta'rikh al-Turubbe: Some Legal and Ethical Aspects of Slavery in the Sudan as ... 7, 1964. , “Notes on Slavery in the Songhay Empire,” in John Ralph Willis, ed., Slaves and Slavery in Muslim ...

Author: Lamin Sanneh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429965273

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 172

This book explores the clash of civilizations between the secular government and Muslim traditions in West Africa, appraising the challenge of separating the administration of the state from the beliefs of the Islamic peoples of the region. It is useful for students of comparative religion.

The Indian Slave Trade

The royal colonies, such as Virginia and New York, also had trouble controlling their officials and difficulty maintaining Indian relations beneficial to colony, empire, and Indians. But the Crown developed skills—a professional class ...

Author: Alan Gallay

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300133219

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 857

This prize-winning book is the first ever to focus on the traffic in Indian slaves in the American South. For decades the Indian slave trade linked southern lives and created a whirlwind of violence and profit-making. Alan Gallay documents in vivid detail the operation of the slave trade, the processes by which Europeans and Native Americans became participants in it, and the profound consequences it had for the South and its peoples.