The Kyoto Protocol

These important features make this book an indispensable working tool for policy makers, negotiators, academics and all those actively involved and interested in climate change issues in both the developed and developing world.

Author: Sebastian Oberthür

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662039257

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 366

The adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997 was a major achievement in the endeavour to tackle the problem of global climate change at the dawn of the 21st century. After many years of involvement in the negotiation process, the book's two internationally recognised authors now offer the international community a first hand and inside perspective of the debate on the Kyoto Protocol. The book provides a comprehensive scholarly analysis of the history and content of the Protocol itself as well as of the economic, political and legal implications of its implementation. It also presents a perspective for the further development of the climate regime. These important features make this book an indispensable working tool for policy makers, negotiators, academics and all those actively involved and interested in climate change issues in both the developed and developing world.

Reading the Kyoto Protocol

Reading the Kyoto Protocol explores their qualms and objections to everything from Kyoto's controversial policies on emissions trading to the question of a "post-Kyoto era.

Author: Raoul Weiler

Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.

ISBN: 9059720644

Category: Philosophy

Page: 164

View: 201

The Kyoto Protocol became law in February 2005—eight years after its conception as a framework for reducing emissions and a full four years after the United States abandoned it. But while President George W. Bush embarrassed much of the scientific community by challenging the veracity of the greenhouse effect, and thus the impetus for Kyoto, officials elsewhere expressed far different concerns. Reading the Kyoto Protocol explores their qualms and objections to everything from Kyoto's controversial policies on emissions trading to the question of a "post-Kyoto era." Contributors include internationally known philosophers, researchers, and environmentalists.

The Kyoto Protocol

A concise and authoritative guide to the evolution, terms and implications of the Kyoto Protocol, this book provides an economic and political account of key policy debates and their outcome.

Author: Michael Grubb

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 9781853835810

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 518

A concise and authoritative guide to the evolution, terms and implications of the Kyoto Protocol, this book provides an economic and political account of key policy debates and their outcome. It also explains the meaning of provisions on emissions trading and other flexibility mechanisms, and provides a quantitative analysis using the emissions trading model devised by the RIIA's Energy and Environmental Programme.

Carbon Politics and the Failure of the Kyoto Protocol

More than an updated history of the subject matter, this book provides a detailed study of the carbon targets which became the biggest influencing factor on the reaction of nations to Kyoto’s binding agreements.

Author: Gerald Kutney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317914651

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 228

Carbon Politics and the Failure of Kyoto charts the framework and political evolution of the Kyoto Protocol negotiations and examines the ensuing failure of the international community to adequately address climate change. The focus is not on the science or consequences of climate change but on the political gamesmanship of the major players throughout the UNFCCC negotiation process. More than an updated history of the subject matter, this book provides a detailed study of the carbon targets which became the biggest influencing factor on the reaction of nations to Kyoto’s binding agreements. The book provides an in-depth analysis of the leading nations’ motives, including the US, China and Germany, in entering the negotiations, in particular, their economic interests. Despite the effort to combat climate change in politics that the negotiations represent, the book concludes that an agreement which requires almost 200 very different nations to agree on a single protocol is doomed to failure. The book offers a novel contribution to our understanding of this failure and suggests alternative frameworks and policies to tackle what is arguably the most complex political issue of our time.

Russia and the Kyoto Protocol

The book provides an understanding of the interplay with developments in the energy sector and Russia's economic ambitions and capacity to comply with Kyoto requirements.

Author: Anna Korppoo

Publisher: Chatham House (Formerly Riia)

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 815

Russia's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol brought the pact into force and established an international market in greenhouse gases. As other participants seek to meet their Kyoto commitments to reduce harmful emissions, Russian climate politics is dominated by the supply of surplus emission allowances and credits that could provide other countries with cheaper compliance. Russia and the Kyoto Protocol assesses the prospects for international emissions trading and joint implementation with Russia in the light of economic, political, and institutional factors. The book provides an understanding of the interplay with developments in the energy sector and Russia's economic ambitions and capacity to comply with Kyoto requirements. Potential future political and administrative developments are also considered. This detailed insight into the dynamics of Russian Kyoto politics and implementation will be of value to policymakers, businesses, and analysts engaging with Russia through the Kyoto mechanisms, and those interested in developments in the international climate regime.

The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol and the Struggle to Slow Global Warming

Individuals at all levels of environmental science, economics, public policy, and politics-from students to professionals--and anyone else hoping to participate in the debate over how to slow global warming will want to read this book.

Author: David G. Victor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400824060

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 639

Even as the evidence of global warming mounts, the international response to this serious threat is coming unraveled. The United States has formally withdrawn from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol; other key nations are facing difficulty in meeting their Kyoto commitments; and developing countries face no limit on their emissions of the gases that cause global warming. In this clear and cogent book-reissued in paperback with an afterword that comments on recent events--David Victor explains why the Kyoto Protocol was never likely to become an effective legal instrument. He explores how its collapse offers opportunities to establish a more realistic alternative. Global warming continues to dominate environmental news as legislatures worldwide grapple with the process of ratification of the December 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The collapse of the November 2000 conference at the Hague showed clearly how difficult it will be to bring the Kyoto treaty into force. Yet most politicians, policymakers, and analysts hailed it as a vital first step in slowing greenhouse warming. David Victor was not among them. Kyoto's fatal flaw, Victor argues, is that it can work only if emissions trading works. The Protocol requires industrialized nations to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases to specific targets. Crucially, the Protocol also provides for so-called "emissions trading," whereby nations could offset the need for rapid cuts in their own emissions by buying emissions credits from other countries. But starting this trading system would require creating emission permits worth two trillion dollars--the largest single invention of assets by voluntary international treaty in world history. Even if it were politically possible to distribute such astronomical sums, the Protocol does not provide for adequate monitoring and enforcement of these new property rights. Nor does it offer an achievable plan for allocating new permits, which would be essential if the system were expanded to include developing countries. The collapse of the Kyoto Protocol--which Victor views as inevitable--will provide the political space to rethink strategy. Better alternatives would focus on policies that control emissions, such as emission taxes. Though economically sensible, however, a pure tax approach is impossible to monitor in practice. Thus, the author proposes a hybrid in which governments set targets for both emission quantities and tax levels. This offers the important advantages of both emission trading and taxes without the debilitating drawbacks of each. Individuals at all levels of environmental science, economics, public policy, and politics-from students to professionals--and anyone else hoping to participate in the debate over how to slow global warming will want to read this book.

The Kyoto Protocol

Concerning this event, the following questions arise: what does the Kyoto Protocol signify? What does it contain and how effective can it really be? The present work looks at these questions.

Author: Irina Hergenröder

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638613747

Category: Nature

Page: 49

View: 226

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Constanze, course: Environmental Economics, language: English, abstract: The debate around the climate policy of the earth is absolutely one of most complicated and most important of our time, even if it owns no big public lobby of spectacular events. Some small island states in the South Pacific are worried by the forecast increase of the sea level above their living space. Again others see in the warming of the terrestrial atmosphere only one of the regularly returning climate variations and no reason for concern. Hence, it is even more astonishing that one has succeeded in spite of these opinion differences in bringing this discourse in Kyoto to a result and in negotiating a protocol, which supports the process. The result of the discussion was in 1997 the Kyoto Protocol, which is to be seen till the present as a milestone in international climate policy. For a long time it was uncertain, whether it one day will come into effect - however, it has: The Kyoto Protocol obliged from the 16th February, 2005 after many years tough negotiations, more than 30 industrial states under international law to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Concerning this event, the following questions arise: what does the Kyoto Protocol signify? What does it contain and how effective can it really be? The present work looks at these questions. Firstly, the natural and the anthropogenic greenhouse effect and the following predictions should be shown as bases to make clear the necessity of active climate protection policy. Afterwards the Kyoto Protocol is explained in its climate-political connections, contents and instruments and, in the end, benefits and critical points will be shown. In my opinion, criticism is necessary to allow a comprising assessment of the protocol. Finally, it must be emphasized that with the given time a complete representation of such a complicated subject area will not be possible. Therefore, I will explain the most important issues and give a general overview rather than go into details in order to treat the subject as the whole.

Crucial Issues in Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

This book provides the most comprehensive insight to the climate change discourse within Asia to date by drawing on the diverse disciplines and experience of legal practitioners, climate change consultants, government officials and ...

Author: Kheng Lian Koh

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814277533

Category: Law

Page: 576

View: 261

Crucial Issues in Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol: Asia and the World focuses on responses to climate change in the world''s most populous region. This book provides the most comprehensive insight to the climate change discourse within Asia to date by drawing on the diverse disciplines and experience of legal practitioners, climate change consultants, government officials and academics. Individual chapters address issues such as how the various Asian countries OCo highly disparate in their cultures, socio-economic conditions and political systems OCo are responding to climate change, the challenges of mitigating and adapting to climate change, and the effective implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in Asia. Sample Chapter(s). Foreword (37 KB). Chapter 1: Climate Disruption: Remaking the Agenda of Meas in Asia and the World (138 KB). Contents: Setting the Stage: Climate Disruption: Remaking the Agenda of MEAs in Asia and the World (N A Robinson); Reframing Global Warming: Toward a Strategic National Planning Framework (S V Valentine); Climate Change OCo Living in the Anthropocene (J Obbard); Clean Development Mechanism (CDM): An Overview of the Clean Development Mechanism in Southeast Asia (J Lin); CDM in China (X Yang & X Wang); Empirial Considerations in the Development of CDM Projects in Asia (W I Y Byun & F H C Chan); Making Markets Work OCo A Review of CDM Performance and the Need for Reform (C Streck & J Lin); Emissions Trading in the European Union and Asia: Regional Framework: The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme OCo Past, Present and Future (K Deketelaere & M Schurmans); Trends in Carbon Trading: Practical Lessons (A Beatty & E Williams); Effective Implementation of the Kyoto in Asia: Singapore''s National Climate Change Strategy (K Suresh); Japan: Achieving Its Kyoto Target (H Isozaki); Compliance Under the Kyoto Protocol and Its Implications for the Asian Region (M S Manguiat); Climate Change as a Threat to Peace & Security: Glacial Melting & Human Security in the Himalayas (K Khoday); The Kyoto Protocol and Beyond: A South Asian Perspective (A Gunawansa); Beyond Kyoto: Climate Change Including a Discussion of the AP6 Initiative from the Australian Perspective (M I Jeffery); Protecting Forests to Mitigate Global Climate Change (C streck). Readership: Environmental lawyers, policy makers, practitioners in CDM, tertiary students in environmental sciences.

The Kyoto Protocol

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Constanze, course: Environmental Economics, 27 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The Earth has a ...

Author: Claudia Körber

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640111664

Category:

Page: 72

View: 398

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Constanze, course: Environmental Economics, 27 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: Mainly based on online resources, abstract: The Earth has a natural temperature control system. The greenhouse gases belong to this system. Following we can see the main greenhouse gases: Water vapor: It is a kind of gaseous water (individual water molecules) in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide (CO2): This gas gets into the atmosphere when solid waste, fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal), and wood or wood products are burned. Nitrous oxide (N2O): It is emitted during agricultural and industrial activities, as well as during combustion of solid waste and fossil fuels. The global climate consists of the atmosphere/earth/ocean/ice/land system. The result of a change in this system is climate change. One sign for climate change is the rise of the temperature. There are natural forces or human activities which can cause climate change. Following I will describe the human activities which are causing the climate change.

Legal Aspects of Implementing the Kyoto Protocol Mechanisms

Drawing on the emerging body of expertise in this complex area, this book conveys a knowledge of what is becoming known as "Carbon Finance".

Author: David Freestone

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199279616

Category: Law

Page: 643

View: 626

The first protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in Kyoto in 1997 and entered into force in February 2005. It is a unique international law instrument which sets legally binding targets for the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases which contribute to climate change. The targets are unprecedented in an environmental agreement and will involve substantial financial commitment in virtually all industrialized country parties to the protocol. The Kyoto Protocol is also the first international agreement to include economic instruments which are designed to involve private sector entities and assist parties to meet their targets. These economic instruments, known as the Kyoto or flexible mechanisms, are Joint Implementation (JI), the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), and International Emissions Trading. The Kyoto Protocol defined these mechanisms but did not set out the details necessary for their operation. After protracted negotiations, detailed rules were finalized at the Seventh Session of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties held in Marrakech in 2001. The Marrakech Accords run to almost 250 pages but still leave many important practical issues unaddressed. As the 2008-2012 commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol draws close more and more projects under CDM and JI are being developed to take advantage of the Kyoto mechanisms and the key issues and problems are now becoming more apparent. Drawing on the emerging bodyof expertise in this complex area, this book conveys a knowledge of what is becoming known as 'Carbon Finance'. It thereby aims to contribute to the development of the market for carbon emission reductions - one of the objectives of the Kyoto mechanisms.

National Climate Policies and the Kyoto Protocol

This book provides an overview of recent developments in OECD countries and a framework for policy making in the context of Kyoto targets.

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264174451

Category:

Page: 88

View: 528

This book provides an overview of recent developments in OECD countries and a framework for policy making in the context of Kyoto targets.

The Kyoto Protocol

This book is devoted to the The Kyoto Protocol which is a significant protocol to the international Framework Convention on Climate Change with the objective of reducing greenhouse gases that cause climate change.

Author: Christophe P. Vasser

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781604569834

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 138

This book is devoted to the The Kyoto Protocol which is a significant protocol to the international Framework Convention on Climate Change with the objective of reducing greenhouse gases that cause climate change. It was adopted on 11 December 1997 by the 3rd Conference of the Parties, which was meeting in Kyoto, and it entered into force on 16 February 2005. As of June 2008, 182 parties have ratified the protocol. Of these, 36 developed cg countries (plus the EU as a party in its own right) are required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the levels specified for each of them in the treaty (representing over 61.6% of emissions from Annex I countries), with three more countries intending to participate. One hundred thirty-seven (137) developing countries have ratified the protocol, including Brazil, China and India, but have no obligation beyond monitoring and reporting emissions. "The Kyoto Protocol" separates countries into two groups. Annex I includes developed nations, while Non-Annex I refers to developing countries. Emission limitations are only placed on Annex I countries. Non-Annex I nations participate by investing in projects that lower emissions in their own countries. For these projects, they earn carbon credits. These credits can be traded or sold to Annex I countries, which allow them a higher level of maximum carbon emissions for that period.



Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol s Clean Development Mechanism

These stories come to life through a kaleidoscope of photographs and children's artworks.

Author: Margie Orford

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9781919930510

Category: Changement global (Environnement)

Page: 107

View: 544

Global warming and climate change pose a dire threat to life. The Kyoto Protocol is the UN treaty committing signatories to dealing with climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This is a non-technical account of what inspired people to transform the dry language of this international climate change treaty into measurable improvements in people's lives in four countries (Brazil, Bangladesh, Indonesia and South Africa). These stories come to life through a kaleidoscope of photographs and children's artworks.

What Has the Kyoto Protocol Wrought

This volume investigates the potential performance of the Kyoto Protocol's international trading mechanisms in the presence of diverse types of domestic greenhouse policy instruments.

Author: Robert William Hahn

Publisher: American Enterprise Institute

ISBN: 9780844771359

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 39

View: 979

This volume investigates the potential performance of the Kyoto Protocol's international trading mechanisms in the presence of diverse types of domestic greenhouse policy instruments.

The Kyoto Protocol in the EU

This book analyses in great detail the Kyoto Protocol and the obligations established, such as monitoring and reporting obligations, eligibility criteria and reduction commitments.

Author: Leonardo Massai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789067045711

Category: Law

Page: 431

View: 942

The participation of the European Community and the Member States in the international climate change regimes is a complex issue. In the case of the Kyoto Protocol, this is rendered more complicated by the fact that, for the purposes of Article 4 of the Kyoto Protocol, the membership of the European Community and Member States is frozen at a particular point in time. The result of this is that, under international law, the European Community and a part of the Member States (EU15) have agreed to jointly fulfil some of those obligations, whereas under community law all Member States share a certain degree of responsibility to meet the obligations created by the Kyoto Protocol. This book analyses in great detail the Kyoto Protocol and the obligations established, such as monitoring and reporting obligations, eligibility criteria and reduction commitments.


Building on the Kyoto Protocol

According to the contributors of this volume, a wide range of options in addition to the Kyoto Protocol need to be considered to promote long-term climate protection and bridge the growing divide among nations over how to take action.

Author: Kevin A. Baumert

Publisher: World Resources Inst

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 414

According to the contributors of this volume, a wide range of options in addition to the Kyoto Protocol need to be considered to promote long-term climate protection and bridge the growing divide among nations over how to take action. This compilation explores some of the best alternatives, with special attention to options that promote participation by both industrialized and developing countries.

The Kyoto Protocol and Beyond

I had the pleasure of participating at the two conferences which form the basis of this book: as a chairman at the 2007 The Hague Conference 'Tackling Climate Change - An appraisal of the Kyoto Protocol and options for the future' and as a ...

Author: Wybe Th. Douma

Publisher: T.M.C. Asser Press

ISBN: 9789067049726

Category: Law

Page: 246

View: 333

I had the pleasure of participating at the two conferences which form the basis of this book: as a chairman at the 2007 The Hague Conference 'Tackling Climate Change - An appraisal of the Kyoto Protocol and options for the future' and as a speaker at the 2006 Siena Conference' The Kyoto Protocol and beyond: a legal perspective'. I would like to thank my colleagues Wybe Douma, Leonardo Massai and Massimiliano Montini for those opportunities, and although I was, unfortu nately, unable to contribute a paper to this book due to time constraints, I am glad to be able to say a few words on the issue by means of this foreword. The timing of the two conferences was well chosen: the period between the Siena Conference (June 2006) and The Hague Conference (March 2007) encapsu lated perfectly the period of the drafting, the presentation and the approval of the 'Integrated Energy and Climate Change Package', as presented by the European th Commission on the 10 of January 2007 and as approved by the Spring European th th Council of the 8 and 9 of March 2007. The importance of the Commission's package and the Council's conclusions must be strongly emphasized. They set, at the EU level, legally binding targets regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas of energy, and biofuels.