The Moral Landscape

Calls for an end to religion's role in dictating morality, demonstrating how the scientific community's understandings about the human brain may enable the establishment of secular codes of behavior.

Author: Sam Harris

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 143917122X

Category: Religion

Page: 307

View: 920

Calls for an end to religion's role in dictating morality, demonstrating how the scientific community's understandings about the human brain may enable the establishment of secular codes of behavior.

Rethinking the Human Person

Lacking Tools of Self-Transformation and Self-Realisation: The Incoherence of the Notion of the Self as Defined by Descartes, Hume and Freud -- In Search for a Holistic Model of the Self: Situating the Moral Perfection of the Self within ...

Author: Nahal Jafroudi

Publisher: Peter Lang Limited, International Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9781906165802

Category: Education

Page: 382

View: 193

Recent developments in the natural and social sciences have brought great benefits to humanity, both in terms of our material wellbeing and our intellectual and conceptual capacities. Yet, despite a broad ethical consensus and highly developed innate faculties of reason and conscience, there seems to be a significant discrepancy between how we ought to behave and how we actually behave, leading to a disregard for the dignity of human persons across the globe. This book suggests that the problem arises from various misunderstandings of the nature of the self and that the solution could lie in adopting a holistic concept of the human person within the context of a carefully cultivated ethical literacy. It argues that the ideas of the Iranian philosopher Ostad Elahi (1895-1974) provide a powerful and compelling alternative to the dominant post-Enlightenment understanding of selfhood, education and morality.

Gender and Landscape

This volume provides a bridge between feminist discussions of space and place as something 'lived' and landscape interpretations as something 'viewed'.

Author: Josephine Carubia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134300824

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 671

Gender and Landscape is a feminist inquiry into a long-ignored area of study: the landscape. Although there has been an exhaustive investigation into issues of gender as they intersect with space and place, very little has been written about the gendering of the landscape. This volume provides a bridge between feminist discussions of space and place as something 'lived' and landscape interpretations as something 'viewed'.

What s with Free Will

Ethics and Religion after Neuroscience Philip Clayton, James W. Walters. “
mutually incompatible doctrines,” which is yet another ... Harris, The Moral
Landscape, 2, 56,62, 65, 74, 129. 30. Harris, The Moral Landscape, 40, 27, 62,
45. 31. Harris ...

Author: Philip Clayton

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1532681623

Category: Religion

Page: 222

View: 925

Are humans free, or are we determined by our genes and the world around us? The question of freedom is not only one of philosophy’s greatest conundrums, but also one of the most fundamental questions of human existence. It’s particularly pressing in societies like ours, where our core institutions of law, ethics, and religion are built around the belief in individual freedom. Can one still affirm human freedom in an age of science? And if free will doesn’t exist, does it make sense to act as though it does? These are the issues that are presented, probed, and debated in the following chapters. A dozen experts―specialists in medicine, psychology, ethics, theology, and philosophy—grapple with the multiple and often profound challenges presented by today’s brain science. After examining the arguments against traditional notions of free will, several of the authors champion the idea of a chastened but robust free will for today, one that allows us still to affirm the value of first-person experience.

Reconciliation and the Search for a Shared Moral Landscape

The “ conflict triangle " and the " moral landscape ” . . . . . . . . 3 . 1 . 2 . Peace ,
violence and reconciliation . . . . . . . . 3 . 2 . A “ moral landscape " in a context of
conflict . . . . . . . . . . 3 . 2 . 1 . Experiences in the course of past and present
conflicts .

Author: Maria Ericson

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9783631377093

Category: Social Science

Page: 499

View: 686

This book focuses on reconciliation in Northern Ireland and South Africa. The overarching aim is to identify «formal and material conditions», or prerequisites, for reconciliation and moral community (or more precisely a «shared moral landscape»). In both countries obstacles to reconciliation can be found in the following elements of a «moral landscape»: Experiences of trauma, separation and inequalities; divergent views of the conflict and of «the other»; opposing identifications and loyalties; certain norms for interaction and contestant interpretations of values such as «peace» and «justice». This book describes how these obstacles have been addressed in: 1) Efforts, particularly by ecumenical groups, to bridge the Catholic/Protestant divide in Northern Ireland. 2) The work of, and debates surrounding, the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission. On the basis of these dialogues in adverse circumstances, this study then suggests some prerequisites for «emancipatory conversations» - a central question in the search for a global ethics.

Internet Security

Chapter 2 : The Conceptual and Moral Landscape of Computer Security Herman
T . Tavani What is computer security ? What kinds of moral issues arise because
of security concerns involving computers ? This chapter 1 addresses both ...

Author: Kenneth Einar Himma

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763735364

Category: Computers

Page: 292

View: 465

This collection of papers, articles, and monographs details the ethical landscape as it exists for the distinct areas of Internet and network security, including moral justification of hacker attacks, the ethics behind the freedom of information which contributes to hacking, and the role of the law in policing cyberspace.

The Monotheists Jews Christians and Muslims in Conflict and Competition Volume II

(John 9:2) — but the moral background of the Gospels is an unmistakable
eschatological landscape that passed quickly and easily into Christian theodicy.
There is eschatology in the foreground as well. Jesus' moral teachings are
intimately ...

Author: F. E. Peters

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691123738

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 703

The world's three great monotheistic religions have spent most of their historical careers in conflict or competition with each other. And yet in fact they sprung from the same spiritual roots and have been nurtured in the same historical soil. This book--an extraordinarily comprehensive and approachable comparative introduction to these religions--seeks not so much to demonstrate the truth of this thesis as to illustrate it. Frank Peters, one of the world's foremost experts on the monotheistic faiths, takes Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and after briefly tracing the roots of each, places them side by side to show both their similarities and their differences. Volume I, The Peoples of God, tells the story of the foundation and formation of the three monotheistic communities, of their visible, historical presence. Volume II, The Words and Will of God, is devoted to their inner life, the spirit that animates and regulates them. Peters takes us to where these religions live: their scriptures, laws, institutions, and intentions; how each seeks to worship God and achieve salvation; and how they deal with their own (orthodox and heterodox) and with others (the goyim, the pagans, the infidels). Throughout, he measures--but never judges--one religion against the other. The prose is supple, the method rigorous. This is a remarkably cohesive, informative, and accessible narrative reflecting a lifetime of study by a single recognized authority in all three fields. The Monotheists is a magisterial comparison, for students and general readers as well as scholars, of the parties to one of the most troubling issues of today--the fierce, sometimes productive and often destructive, competition among the world's monotheists, the siblings called Jews, Christians, and Muslims.

Virtue Rediscovered

In Virtue Rediscovered: Deontology, Consequentialism, and Virtue Ethics in the Contemporary Moral Landscape, Nathan Wood argues that this discrepancy requires us to rethink how we understand the function and purpose of normative ethical ...

Author: Nathan Wood

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498585337

Category: Philosophy

Page: 178

View: 193

Virtue ethics occupies the strange position of being one of the oldest and most prominently discussed ethical theories throughout history, and yet many contemporary moral philosophers do not recognize it as a genuine alternative to currently prominent normative theories, such as utilitarianism or Kantian ethics. In Virtue Rediscovered: Deontology, Consequentialism, and Virtue Ethics in the Contemporary Moral Landscape, Nathan Wood argues that this discrepancy requires us to rethink how we understand the function and purpose of normative ethical theories, especially insofar as such theories are expected to be action guiding. All ethical theories guide action, but they do so in two different ways. One way is through stipulating criteria for what we ought to do, but another way is setting a core concern that represents an account of what lies at the heart of morality and determines the moral salience of features in the world. This framework not only clarifies the nature of deontology, consequentialism, and virtue ethics, but also recasts the debate among them.

Disorientation and Moral Life

Disorientations are human experiences of losing one's bearings, such that it is not clear how to go on. Philosophical ethics has emphasized how disorientations can paralyze, overwhelm, and harm moral agents.

Author: Ami Harbin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190277408

Category: Act (Philosophy)

Page: 256

View: 288

This book is a philosophical exploration of disorientation and its significance for action. Disorientations are human experiences of losing one's bearings, such that life is disrupted and it is not clear how to go on. In the face of life experiences like trauma, grief, illness, migration, education, queer identification, and consciousness raising, individuals can be deeply disoriented. These and other disorientations are not rare. Although disorientations can be common and powerful parts of individuals' lives, they remain uncharacterized by Western philosophers, and overlooked by ethicists. Disorientations can paralyze, overwhelm, embitter, and misdirect moral agents, and moral philosophy and motivational psychology have important insights to offer into why this is. More perplexing are the ways disorientations may prompt improved moral action. Ami Harbin draws on first person accounts, philosophical texts, and qualitative and quantitative research to show that in some cases of disorientation, individuals gain new forms of awareness of political complexity and social norms, and new habits of relating to others and an unpredictable moral landscape. She then argues for the moral and political promise of these gains. A major contention of the book is that disorientations have 'non-resolutionary effects': they can help us act without first helping us resolve what to do. In exploring these possibilities, Disorientation and Moral Life contributes to philosophy of emotions, moral philosophy, and political thought from a distinctly feminist perspective. It makes the case for seeing disorientations as having the power to motivate profound and long-term shifts in moral and political action. A feminist re-envisioning of moral psychology provides the framework for understanding how they do so.

1 2 and 3 John

Such false teaching is a lie that did not come from the truth (2:21). ... Reduced to
connoting refreshments at meetings or magazine covers of gracious living, the
moral landscape in which it resides has all but faded into the background. Yet it is
 ...

Author: Karen H. Jobes

Publisher: Zondervan Academic

ISBN: 0310518016

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 261

Designed for the pastor and Bible teacher, the Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament brings together commentary features rarely gathered in one volume. Written by notable evangelical scholars, each volume treats the literary context and structure of the passage in the original Greek, and each author provides an original translation based on the literary structure. The series consistently provides the main point, an exegetical outline, verse-by-verse commentary, and theology in application in each section of every commentary. Critical scholarship informs each step but does not dominate the commentary, allowing readers to concentrate on the biblical author’s message as it unfolds. While primarily designed for those with a basic knowledge of biblical Greek, all who strive to understand and teach the New Testament will find these books beneficial. The Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament series covers the entire New Testament in twenty volumes; Clinton E. Arnold serves as general editor. 1-3 John In her commentary on John’s letters, Karen H. Jobes writes to bridge the distance between academic biblical studies and pastors, students, and laypeople who are looking for an in-depth treatment of the issues raised by these New Testament books. She approaches the three letters of John as part of the corpus that includes John’s gospel, while rejecting an elaborate redactional history of that gospel that implicates the letters. Jobes treats three major themes of the letters under the larger rubric of who has the authority to interpret the true significance of Jesus, an issue that is pressing in our religiously pluralistic society today with its many voices claiming truth about God.

The Prophet and the Bodhisattva

Daniel Berrigan, Thich Nhat Hanh, and the Ethics of Peace and Justice Charles
R. Strain. over my own eyes?”2 Indeed. ... Ceremony is her richly detailed story of
the healing of Tayo, a Laguna World War II veteran. Tayo is suffering from what ...

Author: Charles R. Strain

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630873322

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 870

Can religious individuals and communities learn from each other in ways that will lead them to collaborate in addressing the great ethical challenges of our time, including climate change and endless warfare? This is the central question underlying The Prophet and the Bodhisattva. It juxtaposes two figures emblematic of an ideal moral life: the prophet as it evolved in ancient Israel and the bodhisattva as it flowered in Mahayana Buddhism. In particular, The Prophet and the Bodhisattva focuses on Daniel Berrigan and Thich Nhat Hanh, who in their lives embody and in their writings reflect upon their respective moral type. Berrigan, a Jesuit priest, pacifist, and poet, is best known for burning draft files in 1968 and for hammering and pouring blood on a nuclear warhead in 1980. His extensive writings on the Hebrew prophets reflect his life of nonviolent activism. Thich Nhat Hanh, Buddhist monk, Vietnamese exile, and poet struggled to end the conflict during the Vietnam War. Since then he has led the global movement that he named Engaged Buddhism and has written many commentaries on Mahayana scriptures. For fifty years both have been teaching us how to pursue peace and justice, a legacy we can draw upon to build a social ethics for our time.

The Moral Arc

This is similar to the philosophical starting point of Sam Harris in his book The
Moral Landscape on “the well-being of conscious ... See appendix II in my book
The Science of Good and Evil for a history and analysis of group selection. 7.

Author: Michael Shermer

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 0805096930

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 314

Bestselling author Michael Shermer's exploration of science and morality that demonstrates how the scientific way of thinking has made people, and society as a whole, more moral From Galileo and Newton to Thomas Hobbes and Martin Luther King, Jr., thinkers throughout history have consciously employed scientific techniques to better understand the non-physical world. The Age of Reason and the Enlightenment led theorists to apply scientific reasoning to the non-scientific disciplines of politics, economics, and moral philosophy. Instead of relying on the woodcuts of dissected bodies in old medical texts, physicians opened bodies themselves to see what was there; instead of divining truth through the authority of an ancient holy book or philosophical treatise, people began to explore the book of nature for themselves through travel and exploration; instead of the supernatural belief in the divine right of kings, people employed a natural belief in the right of democracy. In The Moral Arc, Shermer will explain how abstract reasoning, rationality, empiricism, skepticism--scientific ways of thinking--have profoundly changed the way we perceive morality and, indeed, move us ever closer to a more just world.

Beyond the Pale

... identify and elaborate the necessary basis for divine command ethics (DCE), a
venerable tradition that has fallen out of favor in the wake of Alasdair MacIntyre's
critique of modern moral theory in After Virtue.2 Surveying the moral landscape, ...

Author: Miguel A. De La Torre

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 0664236804

Category: Religion

Page: 244

View: 892

How should Augustine, Aquinas, Bonhoeffer, Kant, Nietzsche, and Plato be read today, in light of postcolonial theory and twenty-first-century understandings? This book offers a reader-friendly introduction to Christian liberationist ethics by having scholars "from the margins" explore how questions of race and gender should be brought to bear on twenty-four classic ethicists and philosophers. Each short chapter gives historical background for the thinker, describes that thinker's most important contributions, then raises issues of concern for women and persons of color. Contributors include George (Tink) Tinker, Asante U. Todd, Traci West, Darryl Trimiew, Ada María Isasi-Díaz, Robyn Henderson-Espinoza, and many others.

Free Will

In this enlightening book, Sam Harris argues that this truth about the human mind does not undermine morality or diminish the importance of social and political freedom, but it can and should change the way we think about some of the most ...

Author: Sam Harris

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451683472

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 801

A BELIEF IN FREE WILL touches nearly everything that human beings value. It is difficult to think about law, politics, religion, public policy, intimate relationships, morality—as well as feelings of remorse or personal achievement—without first imagining that every person is the true source of his or her thoughts and actions. And yet the facts tell us that free will is an illusion. In this enlightening book, Sam Harris argues that this truth about the human mind does not undermine morality or diminish the importance of social and political freedom, but it can and should change the way we think about some of the most important questions in life.

The Ethos of the Cosmos

The Geo-Ethical Landscape The topography of the garden and its environs is
grounded in the 'adama. Whereas the earth ... This 'adama is the eminently
habitable land, which includes the garden but extends beyond it (cf. 2:9 and 3:23)
.

Author: William P. Brown

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802845399

Category: Religion

Page: 458

View: 453

This groundbreaking work investigates how the various pictures of creation found in Scripture helped shape the ancient faith community's moral character. Bringing together the fields of biblical studies and ethics, William Brown demonstrates how certain creation traditions of the Old and New Testaments were developed from the community's moral imagination for the purpose of forming and preserving both Israel's and the early church's identity in the world.

Moral Geography

2 On the frontier, however, Shipherd did not achieve the immediate results he
had hoped for. Less than a year after he ventured West, ... + these two have for
months been unable to labor.”3 The moral landscape was not what he had
expected.

Author: Amy DeRogatis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023150859X

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 350

Moral Geography traces the development of a moral basis for American expansionism, as Protestant missionaries, using biblical language and metaphors, imaginatively conjoined the cultivation of souls with the cultivation of land and made space sacred. While the political implications of the mapping of American expansion have been much studied, this is the first major study of the close and complex relationship between mapping and missionizing on the American frontier. Moral Geography provides a fresh approach to understanding nineteenth-century Protestant home missions in Ohio's Western Reserve. Through the use of maps, letters, religious tracts, travel narratives, and geographical texts, Amy DeRogatis recovers the struggles of settlers, land surveyors, missionaries, and geographers as they sought to reconcile their hopes and expectations for a Promised Land with the realities of life on the early American frontier.

Planning in Britain

... environment has been treated by planning: 1 A welfarist-utilitarianism
approach combined with a moral landscape aesthetic (1940s and 1950s). 2
Growth management, servicing and containing growth while conserving open
land 1960s).

Author: Andrew Gilg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761949305

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 844

This accessible textbook offers the first critical introduction to the UK's urban and rural planning policy. Andrew Gilg explains and evaluates policy development at each of the key stages: Objectives: What is the aim of planning in the UK? Methods: How appropriate is UK planning legislation? Procedures: How effective are the planning organizations and processes? Impacts: To what extent have planning policies addressed planning problems? Teaching devices and case studies are used throughout to illustrate the planning process. The text concludes with a discussion of the measurement of the success or failure of planning practices. Planning in Britain will be essential reading for all planning students, as well as geographers and land economists studying land use planning.

Toward a Moral Horizon

Will the lessons of recent history - for example , the Sinclair Inquiry in Winnipeg (
see Chapter 2 and Chapter 5 ) -- ever be ... Such engagement involves
understanding the background ( the moral landscape ) , the environment ( the
moral ...

Author: Patricia Anne Rodney

Publisher: Brady

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 575

View: 282

"A Canadian nursing ethics book written specifically for study at an advanced level"--Back cover.

Ethical Problems and Genetics Practice

In the day-to-day practice of genetics, played out across a moral landscape
characterised by the tensions, resistances and practices described in Chapters 2,
3 and 4, there is a requirement for genetics professionals – clinical geneticists, ...

Author: Michael Parker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107020808

Category: Law

Page: 171

View: 374

Provides a rich, case-based account of the ethical issues arising in genetics for health professionals, patients and their families.

Killing by Remote Control

1 Introduction: The Moral Landscape of Unmanned Weapons BRADLEY JAY
STRAWSER 1. ... weapons that are not necessarily airbased), or simply drones.2
In this volume the terms drones and UAVs will be used most predominantly.

Author: Bradley Jay Strawser

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199339791

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 376

The increased military employment of remotely operated aerial vehicles, also known as drones, has raised a wide variety of important ethical questions, concerns, and challenges. Many of these have not yet received the serious scholarly examination such worries rightly demand. This volume attempts to fill that gap through sustained analysis of a wide range of specific moral issues that arise from this new form of killing by remote control. Many, for example, are troubled by the impact that killing through the mediated mechanisms of a drone half a world away has on the pilots who fly them. What happens to concepts such as bravery and courage when a war-fighter controlling a drone is never exposed to any physical danger? This dramatic shift in risk also creates conditions of extreme asymmetry between those who wage war and those they fight. What are the moral implications of such asymmetry on the military that employs such drones and the broader questions for war and a hope for peace in the world going forward? How does this technology impact the likely successes of counter-insurgency operations or humanitarian interventions? Does not such weaponry run the risk of making war too easy to wage and tempt policy makers into killing when other more difficult means should be undertaken? Killing By Remote Control directly engages all of these issues. Some essays discuss the just war tradition and explore whether the rise of drones necessitates a shift in the ways we think about the ethics of war in the broadest sense. Others scrutinize more specific uses of drones, such as their present use in what are known as "targeted killing" by the United States. The book similarly tackles the looming prospect of autonomous drones and the many serious moral misgivings such a future portends. "A path-breaking volume! BJ Strawser, an internationally known analyst of drone ethics, has assembled a broad spectrum of civilian and military experts to create the first book devoted to this hot-button issue. This important work represents vanguard thinking on weapon systems that make headlines nearly every day. It will catalyze debates policy-makers and military leaders must have in order to preserve peace and protect the innocent. - James Cook, Department Chair/Head of Philosophy, US Air Force Academy "The use of 'drones' (remotely piloted air vehicles) in war has grown exponentially in recent years. Clearly, this evolution presages an enormous explosion of robotic vehicles in war - in the air, on the ground, and on and under the sea. This collection of essays provides an invaluable contribution to what promises to be one of the most fundamental challenges to our assumptions about ethics and warfare in at least the last century. The authors in this anthology approach the ethical challenges posed by these rapidly advancing technologies from a wide range of perspectives. Cumulatively, they represent an essential overview of the fundamental ethical issues involved in their development. This collection makes a key contribution to an urgently needed dialogue about the moral questions involved." - Martin L. Cook, Adm. James B. Stockdale Professor of Professional Military Ethics, Professor Leadership & Ethics, College of Operational & Strategic Leadership, U.S. Naval War College