The Negative Use of the Word Black and the Psychological and Racial Implications It Connotates

Originally written in 1977 as a thesis for a Master of Arts in Social Science at California State University, Sacramento, this book addresses how the word "black" has been used negatively in the West.

Author: Lillian Victoria Knowles

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780991389209

Category: Blacks

Page: 72

View: 584

Originally written in 1977 as a thesis for a Master of Arts in Social Science at California State University, Sacramento, this book addresses how the word "black" has been used negatively in the West.


To Be One in Christ

D. W. Sue and others, “Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Implications for Practice,” American Psychologist 62 (2007): 273. 3. This chapter uses the term “minority” in several quotations and references to the psychological and ...

Author: Fernando A. Ortiz

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 0814648304

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 454

The priests and pastoral ministers of our day increasingly reflects the multicultural, multi-ethnic, and multi-lingual nature of the church in the United States. For a variety of reasons, they come from diverse ethnic backgrounds and countries of origin. Seminaries and religious communities are welcoming international candidates with the vision that diversity strengthens the character and mission of the church. Yet this ecclesial diversity also comes with unique challenges. To Be One in Christ is a groundbreaking resource that delves into the questions raised by these complexities and provides an in-depth analysis from theological, sociological, psychological, cultural, and Protestant perspectives. Gerard McGlone and Fernando Ortiz are both nationally recognized experts on the integration of psychology and spirituality in priestly life. The book they have edited investigates issues, answer questions, and provide insights on the increasingly multicultural settings and programs affecting seminary and religious formation. The comprehensive resource will be welcome by vocation directors, seminary formators, clergy, religious, and seminarians.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Psychology

Racial prejudice is a domain where the interplay of automatically activated attitudes and motivation to avoid their biasing effects is particularly applicable. For example, many white Americans feel negativity toward blacks but are ...

Author: Michael A Hogg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446204774

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 609

`This Volume is everything one would want from a one-volume handbook' - Choice Magazine In response to market demand, The SAGE Handbook of Social Psychology: Concise Student Edition has been published and represents a slimmer (16 chapters in total), more course focused and student-friendly volume. The editors and authors have also updated all references, provided chapter introductions and summaries and a new Preface outlining the benefits of using the Handbook as an upper level teaching resource. It will prove indispensable reading for all upper level and graduate students studying social psychology.

Segregation by Design

Fighting the Culture Wars in Urban America (1998) reject the idea that a culture of poverty exists inside low-income African American communities, most scholars of American racism recognize that segregation has produced negative effects ...

Author: Catalina Freixas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331972956X

Category: Science

Page: 621

View: 293

This book discusses racial segregation in American cities. Using St. Louis as a point of departure, it examines the causes and consequences of residential segregation, and proposes potential mitigation strategies. While an introduction, timeline and historical overview frame the subject, nine topic-specific conversations – between invited academics, policy makers and urban professionals – provide the main structure. Each of these conversations is contextualized by a photograph, an editors’ note and an essay written by a respected current or former St. Louisan. The essayists respond to the conversations by speaking to the impacts of segregation and by suggesting innovative policy and design tactics from their professional or academic perspective. The purpose of the book, therefore, is not to provide original research on residential segregation, but rather to offer a unique collection of insightful, transdisciplinary reflections on the experience of segregation in America and how it might be addressed.

People of Color in the United States Contemporary Issues in Education Work Communities Health and Immigration 4 volumes

Some results show that black skin and black stereotypes lost their negative connotation during the 1960s and 1970s (Herring 2004). The use of the wordblack” became a unifying descriptor for African Americans instead of a derogatory ...

Author: Kofi Lomotey

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 161069855X

Category: Social Science

Page: 1986

View: 915

This expansive, four-volume ready-reference work offers critical coverage of contemporary issues that impact people of color in the United States, ranging from education and employment to health and wellness and immigration. • Offers comprehensive coverage of contemporary issues for people of color in the United States that meets the needs of secondary librarians, teachers, and students for a variety of classes and standards • Presents A–Z entries within four broad themes that explore the social and economic issues that will support readers' understanding of the experiences of people of color in the United States • Includes debate essays highlighting a variety of viewpoints on key issues from scholars that provide readers with models of critical thinking • Contains up-to-date information appropriate for classes on history, sociology, psychology, geography, economics, urbanization, immigration and industrialization, and contemporary American society

Social Psychology

The respondent must indicate (by a keystroke on a computer) whether the target connotes something good or bad; ... cultural perspective and the meaning of a word involve pairing blacks and negative words (represented by pressing e) and ...

Author: Karen A. Hegtvedt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 148331474X

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 215

Social Psychology takes a sociological approach to the study of the individual in relationship to society. It's main purpose is is to highlight how social psychology provides varied, yet inter-related, explanations for individuals’ experiences in groups. The text tells the story of how these dynamics unfold, beginning with the central social characteristics of the individual, to processes of perception and of interaction. In the telling of this story, it also notes some of the interesting cross-cultural comparisons in regard to these dynamics.

Nakhti Self Redox for Black Women

Bitterness is a term that has an extremely negative connotation in our society.

Author: Kali J N S

Publisher: Nakhti by Kali J.N.S

ISBN: 9780578866239

Category:

Page: 68

View: 564

Bitterness is a term that has an extremely negative connotation in our society. The emotion of being bitter is a psychological response that evolved in humanity millions of years ago as a warning signal that something in one's life is being stifled and that there is a toxicity that needs to be removed. It is an emotional state of feeling let down. I argue that it is an emotion that can serve as an alarm system to pay attention to one's psychological environment. Nakhti Self Redox for The Black Woman explores the psychology of bitterness and details Post-traumatic embitterment disorder (PTED) which is similar to Post-traumatic stress disorder. People who experience life trauma sometimes do not develop the fear-based anxiety that leads to a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) but still may suffer from long-term embitterment due to emotional pain. There is a criterion for this disorder detailed by psychiatrists. The term bitter is used as an insult toward Black women when we voice our concerns about the lack of support, protection, stable family units, and disrespect in our community. The Nakhti Self Redox dissects the power dynamics that create an environment in which Black women are shamed and gaslighted when they speak of their ill-treatment and adversity. I discovered that it is partly due to a dynamic between Black men and Black women called the power desideratum system. The power desideratum system is a paradigm born out of adaptation to the environment in which human needs that are not met become "met" by any means necessary, usually at the expense of another group of people. Because the abstract and physical needs of Black people are more challenging to actualize due to historical and current injustice, discrimination, and racial hierarchy, adaptations of power are created within our community. One group will ensure their needs are met at the expense of whoever is perceived as weaker. The first reason is that women have historically been perceived as weaker for the last 2000 years. And the second reason is that the social construct of being Black has been historically seen as expendable for the last 1500 years. This power dynamic is maintained by Black women being subjected to various conditioning mechanisms to program them to accept the treatment they receive as normal, internalize minimal self-value, and be loyal to men who do not reciprocate loyalty. I elucidate on this conditioning in great detail. The Black woman's adversity is unique to her because she lives in a racist society and deals with a community that does not value her. Naturally and righteously, the power desideratum system would create embitterment for any sane human who recognizes that they are not being treated right. Black women are so ashamed to be called bitter that they overcompensate by being "unbothered" even as they continuously face disrespect and a dilapidated community. Any logical human being that has had to deal with what the Black woman has faced would indeed have resentment because it is an emotion letting you know that changes need to be made. So why is the word bitter used to insult the Black woman? The Nakhti Self Redox will answer this question and teach Black women to acknowledge the alarm signal of PTED. I also discuss the implications of bitterness because we must know how it can hinder our lives before it can be transmuted. The Nakhti Self Redox teaches Black women to view their adversity as the first stage in alchemy, calcination. The Black woman is primed for expansion in consciousness due to her unique experience, giving her an energy source to elevate her self-esteem and wellbeing. Self-Redox includes three steps that will be discussed in detail: (1) Calcination, (2) Biospheric Consciousness, and (3) Embrace Your Soul Blueprint. The Nakhti Self Redox presents a powerful opportunity for the Black woman to accelerate the positive transformation and discover her true womanhood.

Violent Racism

Much of the racial abuse described above , however , is negative both in connotation and denotation . ... We can surely have no quarrel with the use of either word as a description of someone's physical appearance , and there seems ...

Author: Benjamin Bowling

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198298786

Category: Law

Page: 377

View: 463

The Home Office View

The Concept of Race in Natural and Social Science

subjects in the 1963 study did not think of themselves as black, and, hence, their responses to the word black reflected only the ... 1961), a new racial identity movement developed, with the designation black used as a rallying point.

Author: E. Nathaniel Gates

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136754687

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 741

First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.