The Paradox of Choice

In The Paradox of Choice, Barry Schwartz explains at what point choice—the hallmark of individual freedom and self-determination that we so cherish—becomes detrimental to our psychological and emotional well-being.

Author: Barry Schwartz

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061748998

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 742

Whether we're buying a pair of jeans, ordering a cup of coffee, selecting a long-distance carrier, applying to college, choosing a doctor, or setting up a 401(k), everyday decisions—both big and small—have become increasingly complex due to the overwhelming abundance of choice with which we are presented. As Americans, we assume that more choice means better options and greater satisfaction. But beware of excessive choice: choice overload can make you question the decisions you make before you even make them, it can set you up for unrealistically high expectations, and it can make you blame yourself for any and all failures. In the long run, this can lead to decision-making paralysis, anxiety, and perpetual stress. And, in a culture that tells us that there is no excuse for falling short of perfection when your options are limitless, too much choice can lead to clinical depression. In The Paradox of Choice, Barry Schwartz explains at what point choice—the hallmark of individual freedom and self-determination that we so cherish—becomes detrimental to our psychological and emotional well-being. In accessible, engaging, and anecdotal prose, Schwartz shows how the dramatic explosion in choice—from the mundane to the profound challenges of balancing career, family, and individual needs—has paradoxically become a problem instead of a solution. Schwartz also shows how our obsession with choice encourages us to seek that which makes us feel worse. By synthesizing current research in the social sciences, Schwartz makes the counter intuitive case that eliminating choices can greatly reduce the stress, anxiety, and busyness of our lives. He offers eleven practical steps on how to limit choices to a manageable number, have the discipline to focus on those that are important and ignore the rest, and ultimately derive greater satisfaction from the choices you have to make.

Summary the Paradox of Choice

Immediately apply the key concepts from the book. Use our 12 questions from The 30 Minute Workbook to discover how the lessons from the book apply to your unique situation. Summarize the main points of each chapter within 1 minute.

Author: 30 Minute Book Summaries




Page: 43

View: 219

20 Minute Summary of The Paradox of Choice by Barry Schwartz Want to discover the key concepts from this personal development classic but don't have time to read the entire book? This summary of The Paradox of Choice will help you: Understand the main ideas of the book within 20 minutes. The summary explains Barry Schwartz's principles for how you can make better decisions. Avoid getting lost in the details of a 240-page book. This streamlined summary will break down the concepts of availability, anchoring, framing, loss aversion, and other decision-making principles. Immediately apply the key concepts from the book. Use our 12 questions from The 30 Minute Workbook to discover how the lessons from the book apply to your unique situation. Summarize the main points of each chapter within 1 minute. Our One Minute Action Guide at the end of the book recaps each chapter in 1-2 sentences to help you see how each principle interacts with the others. Order your copy of Summary: The Paradox of Choice today!

Paradox And The Family System

The Paradox of Choice The freedom of choice is a necessary premise in the
elaboration and in the transmission of information. There is indeed a direct
proportion between freedom of choice and quantity of information that can be
processed ...

Author: Camillo Loriedo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135822484

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 339

First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Paradox of Plenty

This book addresses the debate over structure versus agency by emphasizing
how choices are structured over time. In this sense, it unites structural and choice
-based approaches by claiming that prior interactions of structure and agency ...

Author: Terry Lynn Karl

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520918696

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 215

The Paradox of Plenty explains why, in the midst of two massive oil booms in the 1970s, oil-exporting governments as different as Venezuela, Iran, Nigeria, Algeria, and Indonesia chose common development paths and suffered similarly disappointing outcomes. Meticulously documented and theoretically innovative, this book illuminates the manifold factors—economic, political, and social—that determine the nature of the oil state, from the coherence of public bureaucracies, to the degree of centralization, to patterns of policy-making. Karl contends that oil countries, while seemingly disparate, are characterized by similar social classes and patterns of collective action. In these countries, dependence on petroleum leads to disproportionate fiscal reliance on petrodollars and public spending, at the expense of statecraft. Oil booms, which create the illusion of prosperity and development, actually destabilize regimes by reinforcing oil-based interests and further weakening state capacity. Karl's incisive investigation unites structural and choice-based approaches by illuminating how decisions of policymakers are embedded in institutions interacting with domestic and international markets. This approach—which Karl dubs "structured contingency"—uses a state's leading sector as the starting point for identifying a range of decision-making choices, and ends by examining the dynamics of the state itself.

Design Computing and Cognition 10

discussion of means of solving problems related to the paradox of choice and
mass confusion in the context of these definitions. We propose to redefine the
term “paradox of choice” and provide an outline of computational means of
solving ...

Author: John S. Gero

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400705104

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 744

View: 156

This volume contains the refereed and revised papers of the Fourth International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition (DCC'10), held in Stuttgart, Germany. The material in this book represents the state-of-the-art research and developments in design computing and design cognition. The papers are grouped under the following nine headings, describing both advances in theory and application and demonstrating the depth and breadth of design computing and design cognition: Design Cognition; Framework Models in Design; Design Creativity; Lines, Planes, Shape and Space in Design; Decision-Making Processes in Design; Knowledge and Learning in Design; Using Design Cognition; Collaborative/Collective Design; and Design Generation. This book is of particular interest to researchers, developers and users of advanced computation in design across all disciplines and to those who need to gain better understanding of designing.

Putting Choice Before Democracy

Chapter 2 The False Paradox of Choice in Rational Choice Theory Rational
choice theorists' conception of choice is paradoxical. On the one hand,
individuals' choices, based on market models, are central to democracy as
rational choice ...

Author: Emily Hauptmann

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791430279

Category: Political Science

Page: 138

View: 449

Shows how rational choice theory's critique and justification of democracy fails in its project to recast democratic theory.

The Paradox of Points

The following part of this dissertation provides the relevant theoretical
background and proposes several effects of a loyalty program's medium
magnitude on consumer choices. Therefore, chapter 1 reviews theories of choice
which provide the ...

Author: Sören Köcher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658095431

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 163

View: 189

In his research, Sören Köcher provides valuable insights on the paradoxical effects of the magnitude of a loyalty program medium—i.e. the sheer number of points, miles, or stamps credited for every purchase and required for reward redemption—on the central consumer decisions in loyalty program memberships. In sum, the results of twelve empirical studies reveal that high magnitude currencies improve the attractiveness of medium collection but entail reluctant medium spending behavior. These findings provide important implications for a more efficient usage of loyalty programs in business practices. In addition, this dissertation discovers a violation of one of the most fundamental assumptions of rational choice theory and thus contributes to a better understanding of when and why people deviate from rational decision-making.

The Paradox of Social Order

ABSTRACT MODELS AND REAL CHOICES Rational choice models — often
grouped under the rubric of theory of rationality — obscure both internal disorder
and the social context of choices . The notion of rational choice is a collection of ...


Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202369853

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 192

This volume focuses on strengthening the foundations of the social sciences with hypotheses that challenge commonly held rational choice theories drawn from economics. In contrast to the rational choice theories of Becker, Hayek, Popper, and others, Moessinger argues that the stability of social structures ultimately results from a linkage of non-rational individual conduct (interpersonal imbalances, confusion of minds, etc.) with social order and hence, that a larger role for psychology is essential for the study of the social sciences. This work is an attempt at cross-fertilization of disciplines. Both of these fields are now limited, fragmented, and scattered. In the social sciences we often have to be content with a few pieces (hypotheses, theories) of a provisional construction, pieces that will be quickly modified or replaced. In this precarious situation for the social sciences, what we can do better, what we must try to do better, is to differentiate and generalize our hypotheses and integrate them into the best-established network of knowledge in order to ensure that they continue to develop. In other words, we have to articulate and systematize the social sciences, in particular to reunite sociology and psychology. Social order emerges from non-rational individual behavior (which social order, in turn, upholds). To express it positively, social order and individual non-rationality together make up a whole. The author holds that metaphors such as "machine" or "organism" are no longer adequate. Social order can no longer be conceived in terms of a dualistic framework. Social order is not some magical equilibrium that is justified by the satisfactions it produces--to all, to the most capable, or only to those in power, depending upon the justification. Nor can social order be considered either the product of either an invisible hand or of an omnipresent secretary who balances everyone's account. This work is an effort to move beyond the polarities and dualities that limit the theory and research of social science as a whole. Pierre Moessinger is professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Geneva, Switzerland and the Department of Psychology at the University of Fribourg. He has published in English-language journals in several fields and is the editor of New Ideas in Psychology.

The Business of Choice

We are all faced throughout our lives with agonizing decisions. Moral choices.
Some are on a grand scale. Most of these choices are on lesser points. But! We
define ourselves by the choices we have made. We are in fact the sum total of our

Author: Matthew Willcox

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0134053494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 103

Winner of the 2016 Berry - AMA Book Prize for Best Book in Marketing from the American Marketing Association! Named Marketing Book of the Year for 2016 by Marketing & Sales Books! Reshape Consumer Behavior by Making Your Brand the Instinctive, Intuitive, Easy Choice • Discover powerful new ways to simplify and guide consumer decisions • Gain actionable insights into social influence, how people plan, and how they interpret the past • Leverage surprising advances in neuroscience, evolutionary biology, and the behavioral and social sciences Whatever your marketing or behavioral objective, you’ll be far more successful if you know how humans choose. Human intuitions and cognitive mechanisms have evolved over millions of years, but only now are marketers beginning to understand their impact on people’s decisions. The Business of Choice helps you apply new scientific insights to make your brand or target behavior the easiest, most instinctive choice. Matthew Willcox integrates the latest research advances with his own extensive enterprise marketing experience at FCB’s Institute of Decision Making. Willcox explains why we humans often seem so irrational, how marketers can leverage the same evolutionary factors that helped humans prosper as a species, how to make decisions simpler for your consumers, and how to make them feel good about their choices, so they keep coming back for more!

Thinking and Reasoning

Paradoxes. of. choice. Deciding means choosing and, as we have seen, that
should mean thinking about the options before us, their likelihoods and
consequences, and going for the one that best suits our interests. There may be
problems ...

Author: Ken Manktelow

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136295232

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 116

The area of psychological research reviewed in this book is one that is not only increasing in popularity in college curricula, but is also making an ever larger impact on the world outside the classroom. Drawing upon research originally cited in Ken Manktelow’s highly successful publication Reasoning and Thinking, this completely rewritten textbook reflects on the revolutionary changes that have occurred in the field in recent years, stemming from the huge expansion in research output, as well as new methods and explanations, and the appearance of numerous books on the subject aimed at the popular market. The main areas covered are probability judgment, deductive and inductive reasoning, decision making, hypothetical thinking and rationality. In each case, the material is almost entirely new, with topics such as the new paradigm in reasoning research, causal reasoning and counterfactual thinking appearing for the first time. The book also presents an extended treatment of decision making research, and contains a chapter on individual and cultural influences on thinking. Thinking and Reasoning provides a detailed, integrated and approachable treatment of this area of cognitive psychology, and is ideal reading for intermediate and advanced undergraduate students; indeed, for anyone interested in how we draw conclusions and make choices.

Practical Wisdom

How do we get it back? Practical Wisdom can help. "Practical wisdom" is the essential human quality that combines the fruits of our individual experiences with our empathy and intellect-an aim that Aristotle identified millennia ago.

Author: Barry Schwartz

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101475188

Category: Self-Help

Page: 336

View: 119

A reasoned yet urgent call to embrace and protect the essential, practical human quality that has been drummed out of our lives: wisdom. It's in our nature to want to succeed. It's also human nature to want to do right. But we've lost how to balance the two. How do we get it back? Practical Wisdom can help. "Practical wisdom" is the essential human quality that combines the fruits of our individual experiences with our empathy and intellect-an aim that Aristotle identified millennia ago. It's learning "the right way to do the right thing in a particular circumstance, with a particular person, at a particular time." But we have forgotten how to do this. In Practical Wisdom, Barry Schwartz and Kenneth Sharpe illuminate how to get back in touch with our wisdom: how to identify it, cultivate it, and enact it, and how to make ourselves healthier, wealthier, and wiser.

Answering the Call to Teach

Barry Schwartz, “Barry Schwartz on the Paradox of Choice.” TED: Ideas Worth
Spreading video, posted September 2006.
schwartz_on_the_paradox_of_choice.html. 5. Holmes Merton, How to Choose
the Right ...

Author: Charlese Brown

Publisher: R&L Education

ISBN: 161048746X

Category: Education

Page: 92

View: 434

There is more to teaching than purely translating academic concepts to children. Teaching is a vocation. The book creates a framework by which training institutions can use so that our children are getting the best teachers.

The Lonely American

But there is a paradox at the heart of the quest . The explosion of consumer
choices that allows purchases to become acts of self - definition may also leave
people less happy . In his book The Paradox of Choice , Barry Schwartz presents

Author: Jacqueline Olds

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 0807000353

Category: Psychology

Page: 228

View: 843

In our culture it's more socially acceptable to be depressed than to be lonely. Yet loneliness is the inevitable by-product of our frenetic contemporary lifestyle. In this marvelously acute critique of how we live, Drs. Jacqueline Olds and Richard S. Schwartz show how the American way of life can lead to social isolation. Calling on their extensive clinical experience, new social surveys, and recent research on the effects of social exclusion, Olds and Schwartz uncover the ripple effects of social isolation in areas as varied as physical health, children's emotional problems, substance abuse, violent crimeeven global warming.

Doing Good Things Better

In contemporary Western societies, choices have massively expanded —
consumer choices, that is, as a visit to a supermarket will reveal. Barry Schwartz,
in his thought-provoking book The Paradox of Choice, reviews evidence that
excess ...

Author: Brian Martin


ISBN: 1471001075

Category: Self-Help

Page: 250

View: 207

This is a book for how to improve what you are already doing well. How to improve your writings as an academic, playing skills as a musician, jogging as a runner or honour codes as a good citizen and friend.

The Paradox of Generosity

There's not really a whole lot of choice. But I used to worry, all the time, about
things that I could not change, and you learn the futility of that, and you're a whole
lot healthier when you don't do it. After confronting her new reality and coming to

Author: Christian Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019939492X

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 921

Determining why, when, and to whom people feel compelled to be generous affords invaluable insight into positive and problematic ways of life. Organ donation, volunteering, and the funding of charities can all be illuminated by sociological and psychological perspectives on how American adults conceive of and demonstrate generosity. Focusing not only on financial giving but on the many diverse forms generosity can take, Christian Smith and Hilary Davidson show the deep impact-usually good, sometimes destructive-that giving has on individuals. The Paradox of Generosity is the first study to make use of the cutting-edge empirical data collected in Smith's groundbreaking, multidisciplinary, five-year Science of Generosity Initiative. It draws on an extensive survey of 2,000 Americans, more than sixty in-depth interviews with individuals across twelve states, and analysis of over 1,000 photographs and other visual materials. This wealth of evidence reveals a consistent link between demonstrating generosity and leading a better life: more generous people are happier, suffer fewer illnesses and injuries, live with a greater sense of purpose, and experience less depression. Smith and Davidson also show, however, that to achieve a better life a person must practice generosity regularly-random acts of kindness are not enough. Offering a wide range of vividly illustrative case studies, this volume will be a crucial resource for anyone seeking to understand the true impact and meaning of generosity.

The Paradox of Power and Weakness

With correct judgments, the person's choices would be absolutely right. He need
not trust. Only the naive trust. The ambitious assure themselves of their
enlightenment and are unhappy with any uncertainty. Gordan sought certainty to

Author: George Kunz

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791438893

Category: Psychology

Page: 210

View: 470

Offers an alternative paradigm for psychology, one that reflects Levinas's criticism of a self-centered notion of identity. Reveals the secret of an "authentic" altruism through a phenomenology of both power and weakness, and of the paradoxes of the weakness of power and the power of weakness.


GOODWIN: I'm joined now by Dr. Barry Schwartz, the author of The Paradox of
Choice: Why More is Less. The Schwartz is professor social theory and social
action at Swarthmore College. Also joining us is Dr. David Meyers whose books ...


Publisher: Lichtenstein Creative Media

ISBN: 1932479899



View: 542

Choosing Not to Choose

Barry Schwartz's highly illuminating book THE PARADOX OF CHOICE (2007)
explores the problem of “choice overload” in great detail and contends that it is
often better for people to have fewer choices than more. While my topic is
different, ...

Author: Cass R. Sunstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190231718

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 119

Our ability to make choices is fundamental to our sense of ourselves as human beings, and essential to the political values of freedom-protecting nations. Whom we love; where we work; how we spend our time; what we buy; such choices define us in the eyes of ourselves and others, and much blood and ink has been spilt to establish and protect our rights to make them freely. Choice can also be a burden. Our cognitive capacity to research and make the best decisions is limited, so every active choice comes at a cost. In modern life the requirement to make active choices can often be overwhelming. So, across broad areas of our lives, from health plans to energy suppliers, many of us choose not to choose. By following our default options, we save ourselves the costs of making active choices. By setting those options, governments and corporations dictate the outcomes for when we decide by default. This is among the most significant ways in which they effect social change, yet we are just beginning to understand the power and impact of default rules. Many central questions remain unanswered: When should governments set such defaults, and when should they insist on active choices? How should such defaults be made? What makes some defaults successful while others fail? Cass R. Sunstein has long been at the forefront of developing public policy and regulation to use government power to encourage people to make better decisions. In this major new book, Choosing Not to Choose, he presents his most complete argument yet for how we should understand the value of choice, and when and how we should enable people to choose not to choose. The onset of big data gives corporations and governments the power to make ever more sophisticated decisions on our behalf, defaulting us to buy the goods we predictably want, or vote for the parties and policies we predictably support. As consumers we are starting to embrace the benefits this can bring. But should we? What will be the long-term effects of limiting our active choices on our agency? And can such personalized defaults be imported from the marketplace to politics and the law? Confronting the challenging future of data-driven decision-making, Sunstein presents a manifesto for how personalized defaults should be used to enhance, rather than restrict, our freedom and well-being.

What Technology Wants

(2004) The Paradox of Choice: Why More Is Less. New York: Ecco, pp.9–10. “the
less likely they are to make a choice”. Barry Schwartz. (2005 ... (1993)
Technological Choices: Transformation in Material Cultures Since the Neolithic.
New York: ...

Author: Kevin Kelly

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101444467

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 435

From the author of the New York Times bestseller The Inevitable— a sweeping vision oftechnology as a living force that can expand our individual potential This provocative book introduces a brand-new view of technology. It suggests that technology as a whole is not a jumble of wires and metal but a living, evolving organism that has its own unconscious needs and tendencies. Kevin Kelly looks out through the eyes of this global technological system to discover "what it wants." He uses vivid examples from the past to trace technology's long course and then follows a dozen trajectories of technology into the near future to project where technology is headed. This new theory of technology offers three practical lessons: By listening to what technology wants we can better prepare ourselves and our children for the inevitable technologies to come. By adopting the principles of pro-action and engagement, we can steer technologies into their best roles. And by aligning ourselves with the long-term imperatives of this near-living system, we can capture its full gifts. Written in intelligent and accessible language, this is a fascinating, innovative, and optimistic look at how humanity and technology join to produce increasing opportunities in the world and how technology can give our lives greater meaning. From the Hardcover edition.

The Paradox of Change

A woman had been required to make only one big decision — her choice of a
husband. Thereafter, her life revolved exclusively about the duties of the
household. The woman of 1947, however, faced a more complicated set of
options. She still ...

Author: William H. Chafe

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195044195

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 591

Here is a sweeping study of American women in the 20th century by a leading scholar of women's history. The Paradox of Change ranges from the Progressive Ers and the New Deal to the rise of feminism and the New Right in the 1970s and 1980s. Thoroughly researched and incisively argued, it is essential for anyone who wants to learn more about how women have shaped, and been shaped by, modern America.