Use Of Weapons

Praise for the Culture series: 'Epic in scope, ambitious in its ideas and absorbing in its execution' Independent on Sunday 'Banks has created one of the most enduring and endearing visions of the future' Guardian 'Jam-packed with ...

Author: Iain M. Banks

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0748110089

Category: Fiction

Page: 432

View: 159

The third Culture novel from the awesome imagination of Iain M. Banks, a modern master of science fiction. The man known as Cheradenine Zakalwe was one of Special Circumstances' foremost agents, changing the destiny of planets to suit the Culture through intrigue, dirty tricks or military action. The woman known as Diziet Sma had plucked him from obscurity and pushed him towards his present eminence, but despite all their dealings she did not know him as well as she thought. The drone known as Skaffen-Amtiskaw knew both of these people. It had once saved the woman's life by massacring her attackers in a particularly bloody manner. It believed the man to be a burnt-out case. But not even its machine intelligence could see the horrors in his past. Praise for the Culture series: 'Epic in scope, ambitious in its ideas and absorbing in its execution' Independent on Sunday 'Banks has created one of the most enduring and endearing visions of the future' Guardian 'Jam-packed with extraordinary invention' Scotsman 'Compulsive reading' Sunday Telegraph The Culture series: Consider Phlebas The Player of Games Use of Weapons The State of the Art Excession Inversions Look to Windward Matter Surface Detail The Hydrogen Sonata Other books by Iain M. Banks: Against a Dark Background Feersum Endjinn The Algebraist

Preventing the Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction

The subsequent debates withinAmerica about the problemsof nuclearuse
indicate thata USgovernment would hesitate to use nuclear weapons once more.
Although the Western nuclear powers in andof themselves poseno nuclearthreat
toany ...

Author: Eric Herring

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136330631

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 370

These studies concentrate on preventing the use of weapons of mass destruction. A common argument runs through all of the papers: that, while complacency must be avoided, much of the post-Cold War focus among Western governments on the threat posed by weapons of mass destruction is alarmist.

The Use of Nuclear Weapons and the Protection of the Environment during International Armed Conflict

atomic weapons and weapons of mass destruction [sic]',326 which definition still
seems to be valid today.327 The first convention prohibiting the use of a weapon
of warfare was the 1868 St Petersburg Declaration.328 In this Declaration, the ...

Author: Erik V Koppe

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847314228

Category: Law

Page: 444

View: 894

In 1996, the International Court of Justice delivered an Advisory Opinion on the legality of the use of nuclear weapons in which the Court stated that "while the existing international law relating to the protection and safeguarding of the environment does not specifically prohibit the use of nuclear weapons it indicates important environmental factors that are properly to be taken into account in the context of the implementation of the principles and rules of the law applicable in armed conflict." The present work analyses this conclusion, focusing on the question whether or not the use of nuclear weapons during international armed conflict would violate existing norms of public international law relating to the protection and safeguarding of the environment. Although the use of weaponry during armed conflict is usually related to the protection of individuals, the rapidly emerging appreciation of, and the worldwide realization of the intrinsic value of, the natural environment as an indispensable asset for the continuation of life, including human life, on this planet, both for present and future generations, warrants a thorough and extensive examination of the question of the (il)legality of the employment of nuclear weapons from the point of view of international environmental protection law. The book consists of two parts. Part I discusses the historical development and the effects of nuclear weapons; Part II discusses the protection of the environment during international armed conflict under ius in bello, ius ad bellum and ius pacis. Only then is it possible to assess the legality of the use of nuclear weapons under this particular set of rules.


History of Weapons in China

He asked the firearms manufacturing department to use skilled craftsmen to
make fine guns. There must be no mistakes. He strongly opposes the use of
firearms and waves, and accuses the city of mediocrity of being rude and ruining
the ugly ...

Author: Zhi Dao

Publisher: DeepLogic

ISBN:

Category: History

Page:

View: 444

The book provides highlights on the key concepts and trends of evolution in History of Weapons in China, as one of the series of books of “China Classified Histories”.

Review of the Department of Justice s Use of Less Lethal Weapons

The DEA and the FBI make minimal use of less-lethal weapons. The only less-
lethal weapons provided to FBI and DEA Special Agents are batons and pepper
spray.53 FBI and DEA officials told us that their Special Agents often choose not
to ...

Author: Barry Leonard

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437917003

Category:

Page: 96

View: 158

Use of such weapons as batons, pepper spray and powder, ¿bean bag¿ shotgun rounds, baton launchers, rubber projectiles, and Tasers can enhance the safety of law enforcement (LE) officers and the public during LE operations. However, significant injuries and fatalities can result from their use. This review determines the types of less-lethal weapons used; the extent to which DoJ components are using these weapons, whether training and controls have been implemented to ensure the weapons are used properly; whether the components have identified the impact of using these weapons on their missions; and whether the DoJ assesses, deploys, and oversees new and emerging less-lethal weapon technologies. Illustrations.

Global Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

A : Existing DoD organizations have an inherent capability which could provide
an immediate response to the consequences of a terrorist use of a weapon of
mass destruction . This is a technical capability which could support
consequence ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Emergency medical services

Page:

View: 304


Use of Firearms and Their Control

TWO NATURE AND CLASSIFICATION OF FIREARMS Specifically , the definition
of “ firearms ” in general has been provided by Section 2 ( i ) ( e ) of the Arms Act ,
1959 as genus of which different types of firearms are considered as species .

Author: Anil Kumar Sinha

Publisher: Mittal Publications

ISBN: 9788170992875

Category: Firearms

Page: 175

View: 575


Countering the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

... involving the use or threat of use of nuclear, radiological, biological or chemical
weapons should not be underesti- mated nor overestimated. A sober and
accurate analysis and assessment are essential since many analysts perceive
this as ...

Author: Thanos P Dokos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135767920

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 898

As counter-profileration is expected to become the central element in the new national security policy of the US, such actions will constitute a central element of every major international conflict in the first decades of the 21st century. One of the most important geostrategic phenomena of the past decade has been the extraordinary diffusion of war-making capabilities from the developed North to the developing South. In the eyes of some proliferant states, possessing nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons would not only add to their regional stature, but would also offer an asymmetrical counter to the West’s massive superiority in conventional forces. In the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East, a number of countries are assumed to possess varying levels of NBC-weapons capabilities. Reasons for concern include the fact that such weapons have been used in the past; the region’s geographic proximity to Europe and the vital interests of the West (which is prepared, under certain circumstances, to use force to protect them); the multiplicity of conflicts and other security problems; and the general instability in the region (including the spread of religious extremism). This important and timely book assesses, in detail, the accuracy of predictions, and perceptions, about a possible military threat from the Southern Mediterranean (Muslim) world; and their impact on NATO’s political and military posture. Thanos P. Doxos presents an assessment of the Alliance’s options for dealing with the problem. This book represents an invaluable, topical resource for researchers and policy makers.

Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Lewis Dunn notes that ... war games on this subject have frequently revealed a
reluctance of players from the Washington national security elite to use nuclear
weapons against third - world countries , even in retaliation for nuclear use .

Author:

Publisher: Congress

ISBN:

Category: Arms race

Page: 123

View: 677


Treating Victims of Weapons of Mass Destruction

No satisfactory explanation has emerged for this general and unexpected
reluctance to use such weapons. It is true that the effectiveness of chemical
weapons declined significantly between 1915 and 1918: their use as a weapon
of surprise ...

Author: Patrick Barriot

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470066466

Category: Medical

Page: 237

View: 677

During the last century, the weapons of war became increasingly sophisticated and their effects ever more remote from the actual user. Militarization of nuclear atomic forces, chemicals and biological agents has considerably enlarged the arena of warfare, but of possibly even greater concern is the threat of such agents being deployed by terrorists. This book was originally published in French in 2004: subsequent events, such as the London bombings in July 2005, have only reinforced the importance of all doctors and emergency personnel understanding the various agents that could be used and having the knowledge to deal with victims of an attack or even an industrial accident. The book has therefore been translated into English to make it available to a wider audience. The book was coordinated by Chantal Bismuth, Professor of Medicine who has acted as an advisor for the Minister of Health in France and is an international consultant in toxicology. Her co–editor, Patrick Barriot, is an anaesthetist with operational experience in the Paris Fire Brigade and the 11 th division of Paratroops who is now responsible for the department of ‘Biological risks from new technologies’. The authors are representative of the doctors who would have to deal with the human casualties of warfare or a terrorist attack. They review all weapons of mass destruction, both chemical and biological, including the use of bacteria, anthrax and viruses such as variola and influenza. In each case, they describe the pathogenic agent, the human consequences, organizational aspects of care for the victims and best practice for treatment. As one author reports, “The infections caused by potential biological warfare agents are seldom taught in the course of medical studies and the majority of physicians never encounter these types of pathology in their daily professional practice. Since its eradication, people are not trained to recognize smallpox or to make the differential diagnosis between anthrax and bronchitis.” Other chapters cover the effects of nuclear weapons and radiation on humans as well as the features of Gulf War syndrome. An important chapter deals with the organization of medical responses to chemical or biological attack: “Planning, equipping, and training responder services are the best responses to the dispersion of chemical and biological agents.” The book addresses all those involved in the security of the civilian population, the organization of rescue services and the treatment of victims.

The Legality of Threat Or Use of Nuclear Weapons

Chapter Eight Constraints on Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons Based on
Human Rights , the Genocide Convention , and Environmental Law Before
analyzing law specifically governing resort to war and the conduct of hostilities
contained in ...

Author: John Burroughs

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825835163

Category: Law

Page: 169

View: 815

" ""The threat or use of nuclear weapons would generally be contrary to the rules of international law applicable in armed conflict, and in particular the principles and rules of humanitarian law ... There exists an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control."" - Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice, 8 July 1996 ""This book shows how courageous states from the developing world, working in concert with visionary lawyers, physicians and other sectors of international civil society, boldly obtained astonishing results from the highest court in the world. The World Court clearly ruled that the threat or use of nuclear weapons is illegal in almost all conceivable circumstances. The Court further underlined the unconditional obligation of the nuclear weapon states to begin and conclude negotiations on nuclear disarmament in all its aspects. It is now up to all of us to determine the follow-up, whatever the opposition. We cannot end this century without clear commitments and steps to eliminate nuclear weapons."" - Razali Ismail, Permanent Representative of Malaysia to the United Nations, President of the United Nations General Assembly, 1996-1997 ""It is not often that a judicial opinion on a given question is both hailed and criticized by participants on all sides of the question. This book, written by a leading member of the team that helped to prepare the case on the illegality of the threat and use of nuclear weapons, explains succinctly what the World Court, and the judges in their separate statements, did and did not say. In so doing, it makes a compelling case for the proposition that the Opinion represents a milestone on the road to nuclear abolition."" - Peter Weiss, Co-President, International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms The 20th century has been defined in large part by the unleashing of the terrible destructive power of the atom, and the subsequent struggle to overcome the threat of nuclear annihilation. If humankind survives, the 8 July 1996 Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice, and the extraordinary process that led up to it, will have played an essential role. The (Il)legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons is a concise yet thorough guide to the case. In straightforward language, it describes the history of this unprecedented initiative and summarizes and explains states' arguments to the Court, the Court's findings, and the separate statements of the judges. The author provides cogent expert analysis and, most importantly, reveals how the opinion imparts hope and points the way to the future: "" The Court has authoritatively interpreted law which states acknowledge they must follow, including humanitarian law protecting civilians from indiscriminate effects of warfare, the United Nations Charter, and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The implications are profound: abandonment of reliance on the threat and use of nuclear weapons as an instrument of national policy, and expeditious elimination of nuclear arsenals. The opinion can be cited as an authoritative statement of the law in any political or legal setting - including the United Nations and national courts and parliaments - in which nuclear weapon policies are challenged."" John Burroughs, an attorney for the Western States Legal Foundation in California, served as the legal coordinator for the World Court Project/International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms at the November 1995 hearings before the International Court of Justice. "

The Effects of Weapons on Ecosystems

... to the international community: the destruction by man of his environment and
its various ecosystems; and the harmful effects—both intended and unanticipated
—of the production, testing, stockpiling and use of weapons of mass destruction.

Author: J. P. Robinson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483157482

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 332

The Effects of Weapons on Ecosystems is a five-chapter book that describes the destruction of environment and its various ecosystems by humans. The book also explains the harmful effects, both intended and unanticipated, of the production, testing, stockpiling, and use of weapons of mass destruction. Organized into five chapters, the book begins with a classification of weapons of mass destruction and ecosystems. Subsequent chapter reviews the ecosystemic effects of weapons from data of ecological surveys of actual weapon test-sites and theaters of war. The book will clarify some outstanding issues on effects of weapons on ecosystems to concerned individuals, stimulate follow-up studies to advance the cause of disarmament and the protection of the environment, and lead to further action on these issues.

Police use of tasers

DEVELOPMENT OF LESS - LETHAL WEAPONS The Home Office considers and
reviews the range of equipment which may be less lethal than conventional
firearms and suitable for the police to use . This supports public and officer safety
 ...

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Home Affairs Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215556721

Category: Law

Page: 42

View: 833

In a brief report, the Home Affairs Committee highlights areas of concern in the supply of Tasers to police forces in England and Wales including the issue of having a monopoly distributor of Tasers. This monopoly supplier had their authority revoked after one of the directors of the company gave an 'unauthorised' Taser to police for use in the hunt for Raoul Moat. Following the revocation of the authority, the Home Affairs Committee held an urgent evidence session in response to suggestions that some police forces were due to run out of Taser stock. During the course of the evidence session, the Committee discovered that a new company had been awarded the authority to supply Tasers to police forces in England and Wales. The Committee expressed concern over a number of issues, including: that police forces in England and Wales were close to running out of Taser cartridges following the revocation of the authority of the original company; that there appeared to be widespread confusion about the parameters of the authority to supply Tasers. Not only did the company distribute an ’unauthorised' Taser to Northumbria Police, it had previously sold the same make of Taser to the National Police Improvement Agency; that the new holder of the authority to supply Tasers to police forces in England and Wales is extensively linked to the former distributor, the new company consisting of more or less identical personnel operating in the same premises with a near-duplicate website and also concern about the adequacy of a monopoly supplier business model in police procurement and urges the Home Office to examine other options in order to encourage competition and ensure that potential monopoly profits are not given to a particular company or group of individuals.

The Tradition of Non Use of Nuclear Weapons

RUssIA, bRItAIn, FRAnCe, ChInA, And the tRAdItIon while the united states is the
pivotal case in examining the tradition of non-use, a brief survey of the nuclear
policies of the other four core nuclear weapon states (Russia, Britain, France, and
 ...

Author: T.V. Paul

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804761310

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 575

An exploration of the rise, persistence, and impact of the tradition of non-use of nuclear weapons followed by nuclear powers for well over sixty years.

Assessing the Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Donald C. CLAGETT Office of Chemical and Conventional Weapons Affairs,
United States Department of State Abstract. The size of chemical industry and
rapid advances in science and technology increase the potential for illicit use of ...

Author: John L. Finney

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1607500841

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 533

Assessing the Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction is a collection of papers delivered at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop of the same name, which examined the role of independent scientists in assessing WMD threat. Such threat assessment has a profound impact on the policies of governments and international organizations. It raises numerous questions: What exactly is an independent scientist and what threatens their independence? What role do cultural dependencies play within assessments?

FRONTEX

We consider this further in Chapter 8 . ms Amendments to the Frontex Regulation
: the right to carry arms 131 . ... The right of guest officers to carry and use
weapons in a Frontex joint operation was one of the contentious issues when the
 ...

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: European Union Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780104012321

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 411

Evidence taken before Sub-committee F (Home Affairs).

Taser weapons use of tasers by selected law enforcement agencies report to the Chairman Subcommittee on National Security Emerging Threats and International Relations Committee on Government Reform House of Representatives

Once the Taser weapon's shock subsides, the individual can recover completely
in about 10 seconds. ... separate use-of-force policies that specifically addressed
Tasers, all of the agencies included the use of such weapons into their existing ...

Author:

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428931953

Category:

Page:

View: 399


Deadly Metal Rain The Legality of Flechette Weapons in International Law

The detailed overview of Israel's use of flechette weapons and the ensued
internal legal debate raise few important questions, mainly concerning the
weapon's use in the Gaza Strip. As the overview focuses on the period preceding
the Petition ...

Author: Eitan Barak

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004167196

Category: Law

Page: 259

View: 749

Relying on often unique sources, this book offers the only in-depth study on flechette weapons yet conducted. Its comprehensive exploration of the legal versus illegal implications of conventional weapons use make it an invaluable resource for weaponry policy analysts.

Under the Gun

These national trends , however , do mask differences among cities in the rate at
which various weapon types are employed . From the victimization survey data of
13 cities collected in 1975 , one finds large variation in weapon use in incidents ...

Author: James D. Wright

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412840613

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 579

In 1978, the Social and Demographic Research Institute of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, received a grant from the National Institute of Justice to undertake a comprehensive review of the literature on weapons, crime, and violence in the United States. The purpose of the project is best described as a "sifting and winnowing" of the claims and counterclaims from both sides of the Great American Gun War—the perennial struggle in Ameri­can political life over what to do, if anything, about guns, about violence, and about crime. The review and analysis of the available studies consumed the better part of three years; the results of this work are contained in this volume. The intention of any review is to take stock of the available fund of knowledge in some topical area. Under the Gun is no different: our goal has been to glean from the volumes of previous studies those facts that, in our view, seem firmly and certainly established; those hypotheses that seem adequately supported by, or at least approximately consistent with, the best available research evidence; and those areas or topics about which, it seems, we need to know a lot more than we do. One of our major conclusions can be stated in advance: despite the large number of studies that have been done, many critically important questions have not been adequately researched, and some of them have not been examined at all. Much of the available research in the area of weapons and crime has been done by advocates for one or another policy position. As a consequence, the manifest intent of many "studies" is to persuade rather than to inform. We have tried to approach the topic from a purely agnostic point of view, treating as an open question what policies should be enacted with regard to gun, or crime, control. Thus, we have tried to judge each study on its own merits, on the basis of the routine standards normally applied to social-scientific research, and not on the basis of how effectively it argues for a particular policy direction. It would, of course, be presumptuous to claim that we have set aside all our own biases in conducting this study. Whether or not our treatment is fair and objective is clearly something for the reader, and not us, to decide.