From Good Goddess to Vestal Virgins

From Good Goddess to Vestal Virgins argues that the ritual roles played out by women were vital in defining them sexually and that these sexually defined categories spilled over into other aspects of Roman culture, including political ...

Author: Ariadne Staples

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113478788X

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 374

The role of women in Roman culture and society was a paradoxical one. On the one hand they enjoyed social, material and financial independence and on the other hand they were denied basic constitutional rights. Roman history is not short of powerful female figures, such as Agrippina and Livia, yet their power stemmed from their associations with great men and was not officially recognised. Ariadne Staples' book examines how women in Rome were perceived both by themselves and by men through women's participation in Roman religion, as Roman religious ritual provided the single public arena where women played a significant formal role. From Good Goddess to Vestal Virgins argues that the ritual roles played out by women were vital in defining them sexually and that these sexually defined categories spilled over into other aspects of Roman culture, including political activity. Ariadne Staples provides an arresting and original analysis of the role of women in Roman society, which challenges traditionally held views and provokes further questions.

Mr Wroe s Virgins

This is the story of those seven young women—faithful, cynical, canny, and desperate—and their charismatic leader, as they move headlong toward the historic trial that brings their household to its dramatic end.

Author: Jane Rogers

Publisher: ABRAMS

ISBN: 1468305654

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 814

A nineteenth century prophet claims seven young women for his own in this “engaging, serious and gleefully ironic novel” based on true events (The New York Times Book Review). A New York Times Notable Book In the 1820s, Prophet John Wroe settled his Christian Israelite church in Lancashire, England, where he and his followers awaited the end of the world. And when God told Wroe to find “comfort and succour” with seven virgins, his followers supplied him their daughters. This is the story of those seven young women—faithful, cynical, canny, and desperate—and their charismatic leader, as they move headlong toward the historic trial that brings their household to its dramatic end. With impeccable research into the era and the life of John Wroe, Jane Rogers delivers “a compelling story of astonishing depth, elucidating religious idealism, the beginnings of socialism and the ubiquitous position of women as unpaid laborers” (Publishers Weekly, starred review). “[Mr. Wroe’s Virgins] leaps headlong into the most ambitious and risky territories: faith, love and existential meaning.” —The New York Times Book Review “[Rogers] writes better than almost anyone of her generation.” —The Independent on Sunday

Outlander 07 Virgins

Both men have good reason not to go back to their homeland: both are nursing wounds, and despite their best efforts to remedy the situation, both are still virgins.

Author: Diana Gabaldon


ISBN: 9781780896618


Page: 112

View: 640

The Disease of Virgins

This is a compelling study of the origins and history of the disease. Following the continuity of the disease from its classical roots up, this study questions the nature of the disease and the relationship between illness and body image.

Author: Helen King

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415226627

Category: Medical

Page: 196

View: 267

"Helen King examines the origins and history of the disease, from its roots in the classical tradition to its extraordinary survival into the 1920s, despite changes in how the mechanisms of puberty and menstruation were understood, and enormous shifts in medical theories and technologies. From menstrual disturbance to eating disorders, from liver disease to blood disorder, the disease of virgins has been adjusted throughout its history to fit medical fashions. However, little changed in the underlying ideas about the female body, and the need to regulate the sexuality of young women."--BOOK JACKET.

Two Virgins

About the Book : - She tossed and turned, her body an alien creature full of strange, strong impulses beyond her control.

Author: Kamala Markandaya

Publisher: Penguin Books India

ISBN: 0143102494

Category: Ambition

Page: 200

View: 849

About the Book : - She tossed and turned, her body an alien creature full of strange, strong impulses beyond her control. Saroja lives in a village with her parents, aunt and beautiful elder sister Lalitha. Saroja s life is uncomplicated, and simple things give her joy like the birth of a calf or a taste of one of Chingleput s sweets. Lalitha, on the other hand, believes she is too good for the village. Ambitious and spoilt, she has dreams of being a movie star that are fulfilled when a film-maker casts her in his documentary on village life. Overnight Lalitha becomes the talk of the town; her latent sexuality manifests itself and she uses her elevated status to her advantage. Basking in Lalitha s reflected glory Saroja tries to imitate her womanly wiles, which results in confused ideas about sexuality and ambition. But when the family is faced with a scandal,Saroja emerges with a practical outlook on life. About the Author : - Kamala Markandaya (1924 2004) was born in Mysore. She studied history at Madras University and later worked for a small progressive magazine before moving to London in 1948 in pursuit of a career in journalism. There she began writing her novels; Nectar in a Sieve was the first of ten to be published in her lifetime. Nectar in a Sieve and A Handful of Rice continue to be taught in universities in India and abroad.

Church Fathers Independent Virgins

Church Fathers, Independent Virgins bears witness to the entrenched power of the Church to oppress, the continuing power of women to overcome, and the enduring effects of medieval sexual attitudes.

Author: Joyce E. Salisbury

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9780860915966

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 328

This startling study of early Christian attitudes toward sexuality begins with an account of the different stances adopted by the Church—from the Early Fathers' view that sex and the female body were irredeemably unholy, to Augustine's contention that sex was natural, but lust was evil. While the Church Fathers struggled to reach consistent theoretical conclusions, the underlying conflation of 'women' with 'sex' meant that patristic statements on chastity, virginity and marriage effectively read as ecclesiastical law governing women's conduct. Joyce Salisbury explains the relationship between Church doctrine and the position of women by placing these official views alongside an ascetic tradition which resisted the constraints imposed by sexual intercourse. Through an examination of texts of female and popular authorship, and the extraordinary lives of seven women saints—including the transvestites Castissima and Pelagia—she presents a markedly different picture of sexual and social roles. For many of these women, celibacy became a form of emancipation. Church Fathers, Independent Virgins bears witness to the entrenched power of the Church to oppress, the continuing power of women to overcome, and the enduring effects of medieval sexual attitudes.

Vestal Virgins Sibyls and Matrons

35 What made these priestesses “sacral” was that they were “both/neither virgins and/nor matrons” and “perhaps” their ... The priestesses' definition arose from correlations such as man to woman, virgin to matron, and wife to daughter.

Author: Sarolta A. Takács

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292773578

Category: Religion

Page: 220

View: 946

Roman women were the procreators and nurturers of life, both in the domestic world of the family and in the larger sphere of the state. Although deterred from participating in most aspects of public life, women played an essential role in public religious ceremonies, taking part in rituals designed to ensure the fecundity and success of the agricultural cycle on which Roman society depended. Thus religion is a key area for understanding the contributions of women to Roman society and their importance beyond their homes and families. In this book, Sarolta A. Takács offers a sweeping overview of Roman women's roles and functions in religion and, by extension, in Rome's history and culture from the republic through the empire. She begins with the religious calendar and the various festivals in which women played a significant role. She then examines major female deities and cults, including the Sibyl, Mater Magna, Isis, and the Vestal Virgins, to show how conservative Roman society adopted and integrated Greek culture into its mythic history, artistic expressions, and religion. Takács's discussion of the Bona Dea Festival of 62 BCE and of the Bacchantes, female worshippers of the god Bacchus or Dionysus, reveals how women could also jeopardize Rome's existence by stepping out of their assigned roles. Takács's examination of the provincial female flaminate and the Matres/Matronae demonstrates how women served to bind imperial Rome and its provinces into a cohesive society.

Queer Virgins and Virgin Queans on the Early Modern Stage

What is the effect of catching a queer pun's double meaning in a group rather than while alone? How can we characterize those auditors, within the convoluted, if fascinating, theories of erotic identity offered by queer theorists?

Author: Assistant Professor in the Department of English Mary Bly

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198186991

Category: Drama

Page: 213

View: 533

Queer Virgins and Virgin Queans looks at the early modern theater through the lens of obscure and obscene puns--especially queer puns, those that carry homoerotic resonances and speak to homoerotic desires. In particular, it resurrects the operations of a small boys' company known as the first Whitefriars, which performed for about nine months in 1607-8. As a group, the plays performed by this company exhibit an unusually dense array of bawdy puns, whose eroticism is extremely interesting, given that the focus of eros is the male body. The laughter recoverable from Whitefriars plays harnesses the pun's inherent doubleness to homoerotic pleasure; in these plays, 'the bawdy hand of the dial' is always 'on the pricke of noone'. Mary Bly's analysis depends on the nature of punning itself, and the inflections of language and the creativity that marked Whitefriars punsters, with special emphasis on the effect of puns on an audience. What happens to audience members who sit shoulder to shoulder and laugh at homoerotic quibbles? What is the effect of catching a queer pun's double meaning in a group rather than while alone? How can we characterize those auditors, within the convoluted, if fascinating, theories of erotic identity offered by queer theorists?

The Parable of the Ten Virgins

In what they all agree in; and that is, first, in that they are all virgins. What are these? To omit the Popish interpretation of their nuns and mock virgins, — I shall rather make use of Scripture to give light to interpret this place.

Author: Thomas Shepard

Publisher: Ravenio Books


Category: Religion

Page: 458

View: 363

Thomas Shepard (1605-1649) was a New England Puritan minister. Forbidden to preach in England, he emigrated to Massachusetts in 1635. The most eloquent measure of his classic The Parable of the Ten Virgins is that there is a scarcely a page in The Religious Affections where Jonathan Edwards does not reference Shepard's work.

Menacing Virgins

During the early centuries of Christianity , however , certain writers felt driven to redefine the classical conception of virginity , to reverse what had always been true — only a woman can be a virgin — and make it into a reflection ...

Author: Nancy Weitz

Publisher: University of Delaware Press

ISBN: 9780874136494

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 246

View: 269

The essays in Menacing Virgins: Representing Virginity in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance examine the nexus of religious, political, economic, and aesthetic values that produce the Western European myth of virginity, and explore how those complex cultural forces animate, empower, discipline, disclose, mystify, and menace the virginal body. As the title suggests, the virgin can be seen alternately or even simultaneously as menaced or menacing. To chart the history of virginity as a steady, evolutionary progression from a religious ideal in the Middle Ages toward a more secularized or sovereign ideal in the Renaissance would obscure how unstable a concept chastity is in both periods. What this collection demonstrates is that medieval and early modern attitudes toward virginity are not general and evolutionary, but specific, changeable, and often conflicted.

Laughing Gods Weeping Virgins

WEEPING VIRGINS Similar to the hermetics and monks, another Christian group that was urged to exclude laughter from their lives were virgins. What did monks and virgins have in common that made it so important for them not to indulge in ...

Author: Ingvild Sælid Gilhus

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415161975

Category: Religion

Page: 173

View: 309

Laughing Gods, Weeping Virgins analyses how laughter has been used as a symbol in myths, rituals and festivals of Western religions, and has thus been inscribed in religious discourse. The Mesopotamian Anu, the Israelite Jahweh, the Greek Dionysos, the Gnostic Christ and the late modern Jesus were all laughing gods. Through their laughter, gods prove both their superiority and their proximity to humans. In this comprehensive study, Professor Gilhus examines the relationship between corporeal human laughter and spiritual divine laughter from c`ussical antiquity, to the Christian West and the modern era. She combines the study of the history of religion with social-scientific approaches, to provide an original and pertinent exploration of a universal human phenomenon, and its significance for the development of religions.

The Cult of St Ursula and the 11 000 Virgins

Fifteenthcentury sources also mention a chapel dedicated to the 11,000 Virgins in Ribe Cathedral (1429)18 and an ... and has an altarpiece on the high altar dated 1450–1500 showing St Ursula flanked by the Virgin and Child and John the ...

Author: Professor Jane Cartwright

Publisher: University of Wales Press

ISBN: 1783168692

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 116

The cult of St Ursula and the 11,000 virgins was one of the most popular and relic-rich of all saints’ cults in the medieval period. This volume constitutes the first interdisciplinary collection of essays in English to explore the development and transmission of the legend of St Ursula in detail, considering a wealth of different sources including physical remains, literary texts, artistic representations and medieval music.

St Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Virgins of Cologne

South wall of choir , Church of the Eleven Thousand Virgins , Cologne . Photo : author . Fig . 2 : Church of the Eleven Thousand Virgins , Cologne . Exterior from east , showing thirteenth - century choir . Photo : author . Fig .

Author: Scott Bradford Montgomery

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039118526

Category: Art

Page: 207

View: 148

The cult of St. Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Virgin Martyrs of Cologne was the most widespread relic cult in medieval Europe. The sheer abundance of relics of the Eleven Thousand Virgins, which allowed for the display of immense collections, shaped the notion of corporate cohesion that characterized the cult. Though the primacy of St. Ursula as the leader of this holy band was established by the tenth century, she was conceived as the head of a corporate body. Innumerable inventories and liturgical texts attest to the fact that this cult was commemorated and referenced as a collective mass - Undecim millium virginum. This group identity informed, and was formulated by, the presentation of their relics, as well as much of the imagery associated with this cult. This book explores the visual, textual, performative, and perceptual aspects of this phenomenon, with particular emphasis on painting and sculpture in late medieval Cologne. Examining the ways in which both texts and images worked as vestments, garbing the true core of relics which formed the body of the cult, the book examines the cult from the core outward, seeking to understand hagiographic texts and images in terms of their role in articulating relic cults.

Rome s Vestal Virgins

Rome's Vestal Virgins examines one of the most important state cults in ancient Rome and the role of the virgin priestesses in ancient Roman religion and society. It analyses the rituals these priestesses enacted, both the public ...

Author: Robin Lorsch Wildfang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134151667

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 234

Comprehensive and thoroughly up-to-date, this volume offers a brand new analysis of the Vestal Virgins’ ritual function in Roman religion. Undertaking a detailed and careful analysis of ancient literary sources, Wildfang argues that the Vestals’ virginity must be understood on a variety of different levels and provides a solution to the problem of the Vestals’ peculiar legal status in ancient Rome. Addressing the one official state priesthood open to women at Rome, this volume explores and analyzes a range of topics including: the rituals enacted by priestesses (both the public rituals performed in connection with official state rites and festivals and the private rites associated only with the order itself) the division and interface between religion, state and family structure the Vestals’ participation in rights that were outside the sphere of traditional female activity. New and insightful, this investigation of one of the most important state cults in ancient Rome is an essential addition to the bookshelves of all those interested in Roman religion, history and culture.

Virgin Or Vamp

In this timely book, Benedict draws on her experience as a reporter and professor of journalism to examine the print press's treatment of four prominent sex crimes from the past decade - the Rideout marital rape trial in Oregon, the Big Dan ...

Author: Helen Benedict

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195086651

Category: Mathematics

Page: 309

View: 704

In the last few years, the national press has lavished coverage on several major sex-related scandals: the Clarence Thomas-Anita Hill hearings, the William Kennedy Smith rape trial, and the Mike Tyson case. With each event came lurid stories pitting either a loose or virginal woman against an unwilling or monstrous man. Such extreme coverage, argues Helen Benedict, perpetuates myths that are harmful to victims of these crimes (and sometimes to the accused). In Virgin or Vamp Benedict examines the press's treatment of four notorious sex crimes from the past decade--the Rideout marital rape trial in Oregon, the Big Dan's pool table gang rape in Massachusetts, the "Preppy Murder" in New York City, and the Central Park jogger case--and shows how victims are labelled either as virgins or vamps, a practice she condemns as misleading and harmful. Benedict also looks at other factors that perpetuate the misunderstanding of rape. For instance, she shows how the New York press presented the Central Park jogger rape case as motivated by racism because of its unwillingness to consider rape an issue of gender. She also addresses our inherent language bias, the press's tendency to use sexually suggestive language to describe crime victims, and its preference for crimes against whites. In conclusion, Benedict offers a number of solutions that will help reporters cover these increasingly common crimes without further harming the victims, the defendants, or public understanding.

The Parable of the Ten Virgins Opened and Applied

Ans . To omit the popish interpretation of their nuns , and mock - virgins , I shall rather make use of scripture to give light to interpret this place : for opening of it , know , the whole church may be called the spouse of Christ ...

Author: Thomas Shepard



Category: Bible


View: 351

The Feast of the Virgins and Other Poems

VIRGINS. The sun sails high in his azure realms; Beneath the arch of the breezy elms The feast is spread by the murmuring river. With his battle-spear and his bow and quiver, And eagle-plumes in his ebon hair, The chief Wakâwa himself ...

Author: Hanford Lennox Gordon

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3847202383

Category: Fiction

Page: 443

View: 453

This book is part of the TREDITION CLASSICS series. The creators of this series are united by passion for literature and driven by the intention of making all public domain books available in printed format again - worldwide. At tredition we believe that a great book never goes out of style. Several mostly non-profit literature projects provide content to tredition. To support their good work, tredition donates a portion of the proceeds from each sold copy. As a reader of a TREDITION CLASSICS book, you support our mission to save many of the amazing works of world literature from oblivion.

Portraits of the Vestal Virgins Priestesses of Ancient Rome

Upper torso of a headless statue of a Vestal Virgin 111 Fig. 23. Bust of a private woman, Julio-Claudian 112 Figures 24–63 are located at the end of chapter 7 Fig. 24. Cat. 1. Head of a Vestal Virgin Fig. 25. Cat. 1.

Author: Molly Lindner

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472118951

Category: Art

Page: 291

View: 360

Molly M. Lindner's new book examines the sculptural presentation of the Vestal Virgins, who, for more than eleven hundred years, dedicated their lives to the goddess Vesta, protector of the Roman state. Though supervised by a male priest, the Pontifex Maximus, they had privileges beyond those of most women; like Roman men, they dispensed favors and influence on behalf of their clients and relatives. The recovery of the Vestals' house, and statues of the priestesses, was an exciting moment in Roman archaeology. In 1883 Rodolfo Lanciani, Director of Antiquities for Rome, discovered the first Vestal statues. Newspapers were filled with details about the huge numbers of sculptures, inscriptions, jewelry, coins, and terracotta figures. Portraits of the Vestal Virgins, Priestesses of Ancient Rome investigates what images of long-dead women tell us about what was important to them. It addresses why portraits were made, and why their portraits—first set up in the late 1st or 2nd century CE—began to appear so much later than portraits of other nonimperial women and other Roman priestesses. The author sheds light on identifying a Vestal portrait among those of other priestesses, and considers why Vestal portraits do not copy each other's headdresses and hairstyles. Fourteen extensively illustrated chapters and a catalog of all known portraits help consider historical clues embedded in the hairstyles and facial features of the Vestals and other women of their day. What has appeared to be a mute collection of marble portraits has been given a voice through this book.

Dire Virgins

"You're a Dire Virgin," he states confidently, almost threateningly. Ice tears at me as he steers me and I stare at him. Does he know or is it merely a cheap guess like a watch I once owned. If he knows, then how did he learn?

Author: Ian Wood

Publisher: Ian Wood


Category: Humor

Page: 181

View: 972

One Choice - derides your friends! One Choice - turns out to be a huge mistake! One Choice - and it's thirty bucks down the drain! One Choice - can defame you! A parody of one example of the most insane flotsam of trilogies to surface after The Hunger Games. It's one of the few books that actually comes with a health warning: Quitting reading this novel now greatly reduces serious risks to your mental health. Remember: abstinence is the only guaranteed way to avoid pregnant pauses. Comes with a wealth of extras: Awful Q&A. Disgusted Guide. Dire Virgins Playlist! Faction Multi-Festering! Diss Questions. Bad Writing Tips (how to write your own pathetic YA trilogy).

Mary of All Virgins Our Lady of the Holy Trinity of God

and blood of Christ, who consecrates all the sacraments, is who guides our lives in faith as believers and who empowers us for our activity to proclaim Jesus as our Savior, Yahweh as our heavenly Father and the Virgin Mary as Our Lady ...

Author: Juan De La Cruz

Publisher: Palibrio

ISBN: 1506532241

Category: Political Science

Page: 362

View: 767

In this book the author presents in detail the mysteries that adorn the Virgin Mary and the Holy Spirit... Mary, the Woman who gives life to the one who gave life to Her, the Mother who engendered the Being who engendered Her, the Woman who engendered her Own Being, The one who existed before all existence, The one who gave Being to the Creator of everything, the one who locked up the Immense and Infinite God in her breasts, the One who locked up in her guts who does not fit in the whole world, the one who held in her arms the one who supports everything, the one who had the obligation to exercise vigilance over the One who sees everything, The one who took care of the Being who cares for everyone, The one who touched the confines of the One who has no end, the Word made Woman, to be Mother and Wife of God, Our Lady of the Holy Trinity of the Holy Spirit, Her Own Being, that is God. En este libro el autor presenta detalladamente los misterios que adornan a la Virgen María y al Espíritu Santo... María, la Mujer que da la vida a quien le dio la vida a Ella, la Madre que engendró al Ser que la engendró a Ella, la Mujer que engendró su Propio Ser, La que existía antes que toda existencia, La que dio el Ser al Ser creador de todo, La que encerró en sus Senos al Inmenso e Infinito Dios, Aquella que encerró en sus Entrañas a quien no cabe en todo el mundo, La que sostuvo en sus brazos al que todo lo sustenta, La que tuvo obligación de ejercer vigilancia sobre El que todo lo ve, La que tuvo a su cuidado al Ser que cuida de todos, La que tocó los confines de Quien no tiene fin; el Verbo hecho Mujer, para ser Madre y Esposa de Dios, Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad del Espíritu Santo, su Propio Ser, que es Dios.