Designs on Nature

This book offers crucial resources, and challenges, to several disciplines, notably political science, public law, anthropology, policy analysis and sociology--not to mention to the life sciences themselves.

Author: Sheila Jasanoff

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691118116

Category: Political Science

Page: 374

View: 403

Biology and politics have converged today across much of the industrialized world. Less noticed, but no less important, are the rifts that have appeared among leading Western nations about the right way to govern innovation in genetics and biotechnology



Science and Spectacle in the European Enlightenment

The best known is Mademoiselle (and later citoyenne) Biheron (1719¥1795), a
pharmacist«s daughter who rose to fame ... the opportunity to present her
anatomical models to the Academy of Sciences, just like Desnoües before her.10
Thus, ...

Author: Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351901877

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 513

Air-pumps, electrical machines, colliding ivory balls, coloured sparks, mechanical planetariums, magic mirrors, hot-air balloons - these are just a sample of the devices displayed in public demonstrations of science in the eighteenth century. Public and private demonstrations of natural philosophy in Europe then differed vastly from today's unadorned and anonymous laboratory experiments. Science was cultivated for a variety of purposes in many different places; scientific instruments were built and used for investigative and didactic experiments as well as for entertainment and popular shows. Between the culture of curiosities which characterized the seventeenth century and the distinction between academic and popular science that gradually emerged in the nineteenth, the eighteenth century was a period when scientific activities took place in a variety of sites, ranging from academies, and learned societies to salons and popular fairs, shops and streets. This collection of case studies describing public demonstrations in Britain, Germany, Italy and France exemplifies the wide variety of settings for scientific activities in the European Enlightenment. Filled with sparks and smells, the essays raise broader issues about the ways in which modern science established its legitimacy and social acceptability. They point to two major features of the cultures of science in the eighteenth-century: entertainment and utility. Experimental demonstrations were attended by apothecaries and craftsmen for vocational purposes. At the same time, they had to fit in with the taste of both polite society and market culture. Public demonstrations were a favourite entertainment for ladies and gentlemen and a profitable activity for instrument makers and booksellers.

European Science Notes

THE GERMAN RESEARCH ASSOCIATION ( DFG ) The former GDR had more
than 60 governmental and sectoral agreements with the FSU ; it was the Soviet
Union's leading foreign partner in scientific and technological cooperation . Most
of ...

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Category: Research

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Romanticism in Science

An example of the tensions created by this development is to be found in the scientists congresses which attempted a first response to the fragmentation of scientific research.

Author: S. Poggi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 873

An example of the tensions created by this development is to be found in the scientists congresses which attempted a first response to the fragmentation of scientific research.

Motivation The Gender Perspective of Young People s Images of Science Engineering and Technology SET

Women in IT: The European situation and the role of publicprivate partnerships in
promoting greater participation of young ... (Online) Available at http://resources.
eun.org/insight/Science%20girls5.pdf[Accessed: 20 July 2010] Forrester. 2009.

Author: Apl. Prof. Dr. Felizitas Sagebiel

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3863882059

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 589

The authors discuss individual and societal factors which influence the gender biased image of science, engineering and technology (SET) prevalent in young people. From different angles the authors investigate the consequences of this often unattractive but also partly obsolete image for gendered study and occupational choices of girls and boys. Besides peers, school and media as main influencing socialisation instances the contributions focus on young people’s selfconcept regarding the development of gendered attitudes towards SET. Further this book includes approaches and concepts of inclusion measures aiming on changing the image of SET and attracting young people, and especially girls, for these study and job fields.



Science Across the European Empires 1800 1950

Traditionally , the colonial viewpoint has been left to the margins of scholarship in
the history of British science . 25 Yet there is increasing evidence that the '
imperial idea ' , to borrow A . P . Thornton ' s phrase , 26 when projected on the ...

Author: Benedikt Stuchtey

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: Colonies

Page: 376

View: 642

The volume investigates how the British, French, German, and Dutch empires influenced or were influenced by scientific exploration as a means Western culture used to gain entry to the non-Western world from around 1800 to the middle of the twentieth century. The transnational perspective aidsan understanding and comparison of the sciences as an instrument which the colonial powers employed to gain economic advantage and political control.The essays pay tribute to the 'metropolitan/centre' and 'colonial/periphery' viewpoints and to the different ways in which imperial expansion occurred. Science had specific meanings in the specific historical realities of European colonialism: the European case studies present similarities anddifferences in their imperial systems, and in the way in which science was used in relation to the level at which they interacted intellectually with the indigenous populations. As these were relationships of interdependence, science certainly helped to purvey solutions that were required by theimperial governments. However, it could equally well provide the basis for an institution of knowledge that was used by the colonized to create forms of civil disobedience ranging up to open resistance to the colonial power. Life sciences, natural history, and the 'non-exact' sciences could beincorporated within the colonial sciences by assimilation and transformation. This process helps us to comprehend the complex character of the interaction between Europe and the colonial world which is a major concern of the present volume. Its agenda lies in engaging with both the Europeanperspective and the viewpoints of colonial life, thus embodying the historiographical concept of 'entangled histories'.It was in the process of these multiple engagements between (1) Europeans and the colonial world, and (2) European scientists at home and abroad that colonial science emerged and developed. Certain features and legacies of modern imperial science are brought together as key elements not only ofWestern imperialism, but of a global intelligence system.

Science and Society

Dilemma of Academic Biology in Europe WILLIAM V . CONSOLAZIO The
observations reported in this article are the result of approximately a year ' s stay
in Europe , recently made possible by the National Science Foundation in its
newly ...

Author: Norman Kaplan

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 615

View: 787


Political Science in Western Europe

Jan Barents, International Political Science Association. was published in
Sweden : B . Kalnin ' s Der sowjetische Propagandastaat . Das System und die
Mittel der Massenbeeinflüssung in der Sowjetunion ( Government by
propaganda : the ...

Author: Jan Barents

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Political science

Page: 121

View: 203


Central European Political Science Review

Quarterly of Central European Political Science Association. A third group , on
the margins of Europe in more ways than one and at arm ' s length from the EU ,
includes Belarus ( increasingly seen as a pariah state ) and other countries of the
 ...

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Category: Political science

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Radical Philosophy

... requirement of falsificationstates of Europe and America , is reflected in an ism
; Kuhn argued that even that was too stringent intellectual crisis , especially in
those countries . for revolutionary science ; and Feyerabend has As they move
into ...

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Category: Philosophy

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The University of Kansas Science Bulletin

Tribe HOMALOTINI Subtribe Bolitocharina ( see Appendix 2 ) Subtribe
Gyrophaenina ( see Ashe , 1984 ) Subtribe Homalotina Anomognathus cribrum
Fauv . , S , New Guinea A. cuspidatus Er . , S , Europe Homalota borgeoni Bernh .
, S ...

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Category: Science

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Climate Change An Encyclopedia of Science Society and Solutions 3 volumes

According to British scientists, Europe's scorching heat wave of 2003 will be
considered typical seasonal weather by the middle of the 21st century and may
be below average in a century. The British team made a case that the summer of
2003 ...

Author: Bruce E. Johansen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440840865

Category: Science

Page: 1180

View: 106

This three-volume set presents entries and primary sources that will impress on readers that what we do—or don't do—today regarding climate change will dramatically influence what life on this planet will be like for untold numbers of generations. • Provides readers with a clearly written description of global-warming science and its role in shaping a body of knowledge regarding a worldwide issue that affects everyone • Suggests remedies for this serious problem, most notably a rapid rise in the implementation of wind power generation and a coming revolution in solar energy • Impresses on readers that what Americans and the citizens and governments of other nations around the globe do over the next decades will determine the future of this planet for many tens of thousands of years to come • Includes primary documents sourced from major scientific journals and from the many reports on recent climate change from governmental organizations, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and World Meteorological Organization (WMO), both part of the United Nations; and the U.S. government's National Climate Assessment

European Scientific Notes

At present , only the first of the three planned TSS missions is currently funded in
the NASA shuttle plans . NASA will provide the overall systems engineering and
and integration for the TSS , including the deployer of the satellite , science ...

Author:

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Category: Science

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Vocational Training European Journal

Lille France ) Europe and the crisis in science - based occupations ( ) This
phenomenon is less striking in Japan . The number of university students virtually
doubled between 1970 ( 1 300 000 ) and 2003 ( 2 500 000 ) , while the
percentage of ...

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Category: Vocational education

Page:

View: 521